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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Nov 2003
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Aug 2003
Volume 39, Issue 2 - May 2003
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Impact Fracture Behavior of Glass Fiber Polyethylene Composites
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 3, 2003, Pages 167~173
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.3.167
Many of researches regarding mechanical properties of composite materials are associated with humid environment and temperature. Especially the temperature is a very important factor influencing the design of thermoplastic composites. However, the effect of temperature on impact behavior of reinforced composites have not yet been fully explored. An approach which predicts critical fracture toughness G
was performed by the impact test in this work. The main goal of this work is to study the effect of temperature and span of specimen supports on the results of Charpy impact test for GF/PE composite. The critical fracture energy and failure mechanism of GF/PE composites were investigated in the temperature range of
by the Charpy impact test. The critical fracture energy showed the maximum at the ambient temperature, and it tended to decrease as the temperature increased or decreased from the ambient temperature. The major failure mechanisms are the fiber matrix debonding, the fiber pull-out and/or delamination and the matrix deformation.n.
Size selectivity of round traps for greenling (Hexagrammos otakii) in the western sea of Korea
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 3, 2003, Pages 174~180
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.3.174
This study investigated the size selectivity of the round traps for greenling (Hexagrammos otakii) in the western sea of Korea. The selection curve for the greenling from the experiments on Oct. 2000 and Ar. 2001 was fitted by Kitahara's method to a polynomial equation and two parameter logistic selection curve. The selectio curve of the latter was more reasonable than that of the former. The equation of selectivity curve obtained using a logistic function with least square method was , s(R)=1/1+exp(-1.1169R+6.4565), where R=1/m, and 1 and m are total length and mesh size, respectively. The size selectivity curve showed that the current regulated mesh size(35mm) in case of the round trap was close to the L50 (37.0mm) of the selection curve for the biological minimum length (21.4cm) of the greenling.
Performance and Manufacture of the Apparatus Generating Artificial Magnetic Field of 3-axis Type
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 3, 2003, Pages 181~188
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.3.181
The objects of this study were to discuss the performance of its using magnetic compass and to do a trial manufacture of the apparatus generating artificial magnetic field of 3-axis type to assess the performance of compass using terrestrial magnetism in the various magnetic field. The results obtained were summarized as follows: The magnetic field of each axis showed the linearly increase in accordance with the increase of electrical current. Average range difference between measured and calculated values was 0.33∼1.93μT and there were no big difference. The magnitude and direction of magnetic field showed some change in the edge of Helmholtz coil, but it appeared to stabilize in the center. In the horizontal magnetic force of 0.30gauss and 0.40gauss, the measured and calculated values of the damping characteristic of magnetic compass showed a good agreement. However, the confidence level was low at the horizontal magnetic force of 0.50gauss.
Development for Fishing Gear and Method of the Non-Float Midwater Pair Trawl Net (II) - Opening Efficiency of the Model Net according to Front Weight and Wing-end Weight -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 3, 2003, Pages 189~196
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.3.189
In this study, the vertical opening of the non-float midwater pair trawl net was maintained by controlling the length of upper warp. This was because the head rope was able to be kept linearly and the working depth was not nearly as changed with the variation of flow speed as former experiments in this series of studies have demonstrated. We confirmed that the opening efficiency of the non-float midwater pair trawl net was able to be developed according to the increase in front weight and wing-end weight. In this study, we described the opening efficiency of the non-float midwater pair trawl net according to the variation of front weight and wing-end weight obtained by model experiment in circulation water channel. We compared the opening efficiency of the proto type with that of the non-float type. The results obtained can be summarized as follows：1. The hydrodynamic resistance was almost increased linearly in proportion to the flow speed and was increased in accordance with the increase in front weight and wing-end weight. The increasing rate of hydrodynamic resistance was displayed as an increasing tendency in accordance with the increase in flow speed. 2. The net height of the non-float type was almost decreased linearly in accordance with the increase in flow speed. As the reduced rate of the net height of the non-float type was smaller than that of the net height of the proto type against increase of flow speed, the net height of the non-float type was bigger than that of the proto type over 4.0 knot. The net width of the non-float type was about 10 m bigger than that of the proto type and the change rate of net width varied by no more than 2 m according to the variation of the front weight and wing-end weight. 3. The mouth area of the non-float type was maximized at 1.75 ton of the front weight and 1.11 ton of the wing-end weight, and was smaller than that of the proto type at 2.0∼3.0 knot, but was bigger than that of the proto type at 4.0∼5.0 knot. 4. The filtering volume was maximized at 3.0 knot in the proto type and at 4.0 knot in the non-float type. The optimal front weight was 1.40 ton.
Development for Fishing Gear and Method of the Non-Float Midwater Pair Trawl Net (III) - Opening Efficiency of the Model Net attaching the Kite -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 3, 2003, Pages 197~210
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.3.197
The non-float midwater pair trawl was effective in the mouth opening and control of the working depth in midwater and bottom. In contrast, we confirmed that it was difficult to keep the net at surface above 30 m of the depth by means of the full scale experiment in the field and the model test in the circulation water channel. To solve this problem, the kites were attached to the head rope of the non-float midwater pair trawl. In this study, four kinds of the model experiments were carried out with the purpose of applying the kite to the korean midwater pair trawl. The results obtained can be summarized as follows: 1. The working depth of the non-float midwater pair trawl with the kite was shallower than that of the proto type and non-float type. The working depth of the kite type was approximately 20m with 2 kites and about 5m with 4 kites under 4.0 knot. The working depth was almost constant but the depth of the head rope sank approximately 15m and 10m according to the increase in the front weight and the wing-end weight, respectively. The changing aspect of the working depth was constant, but the depth of the head rope sank approximately 22m according to the increase in the lower warp length (dL). 2. The hydrodynamic resistance of the kite type was almost increased in a linear form in accordance with the flow speed increase from 2.0 to 5.0 knot. The increasing grate of the hydrodynamic resistance tended to increase in accordance with the increase in flow speed. The hydrodynamic resistance of the kite type was larger approximately 5～10 ton larger than that of the non-float type and the proto type. The hydrodynamic resistance of the kite type increased approximately 3ton with the changing of the front weight from 1.40 to 3.50 ton and approximately 4 ton with the changing of the wing-end weight from 0 to 1.11 ton and approximately 5.5 ton with the changing lower warp length (dL) from 0 to 40 m, respectively. 3. The net height of the kite type was increased approximately 10 m with the change in the kite area from
. The net height of the kite type was aproximately 50 m and 30 m larger than that of the proto type and the non-float type, respectively. The changed aspect of the net width was approximately 5m with the variation of the flow speed from 2.0 to 5.0 knot. 4. The filtering volume of the kite type was larger than that of the proto type and the non-float type by 28%, 34% at 2.0 knot of the flow speed and 42%, 41% at 3.0 knot, and 62%, 45% at 4.0 knot, and 74%, 54% at 5.0knot, respectively. The optimal towing speed was approximately 3.0 knot for the proto type and was over 4.0 knot for the non-float type, and the optimal towing speed reached 5.0 knot for the kite type. 5. The opening efficiency of the kite type was approximately 50% and 25% larger than that of the proto type and the non-float type, respectively.
The Study on the Corrosion Characteristics of Cr Plating in Marine Environment
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 3, 2003, Pages 211~217
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.3.211
Recently, with rapid development in marine and shipbuilding industries such as marine structures, ships and chemical plants for ship, there occurs much interest in the study on corrosion characteristics played an important role in mechanical design. This paper was studies on the corrosion characteristics of chromium plating in the marine environment. Under the various specific resistance, the electrochemical polarization test of chromium plating was carried out. And thus corrosion potential, polarization resistance, corrosion current density, control efficiency of corrosion and polarization control behavior of chromium plating are investigated. The main results are as the followed : 1. The polarization resistance of Cr plating and Ni become higher than that of base metal, also and these material become low with decrease of the specific resistance. 2. As the specific resistance decreases, the corrosion current density of Cr and Ni plating is lower than that of base metal. 3. The corrosion reaction of Cr plating, Ni plating and base metal vs. specific resistance is cathodic control.
Development of Biotelemetry Method by Combining the SSBL Method and the Pinger Synchronizing Method (1) - Design and production of system -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 3, 2003, Pages 218~229
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.3.218
A new biotelemetry method that the installation and the treatment of equipment is convenient and the instantaneously detailed location of the fish attached the pinger is able to track comparatively easily was developed. The receiving system in this biotelemetry method was advanced for track the detailed behavior of the fish by the miniature tracking pinger, because it was a burden to fish to add the pinger with the water temperature and the pressure sensor. By combining of the super short base line (SSBL) method to detect the direction of pinger and the pinger synchronizing method to measure the range from receiving transducer to pinger, the three dimensional locations of fish to the receiving transducer is gotten instantaneously. The receiving system is devised to realize the high precision or wide detection range by application of the basic design method for receiving system of biotelemetry developed by the present authors and the hydrophone array configuration. The measurement distance error in the pinger synchronizing method is minimized through the correction of which the deviation of transmission pluse period of pinger is caused by changing water temperature. A prototype system which is able to track the instantaneously detailed location of the fish by the SSBL and pinger synchronizing biotelemetry (SPB) method was produced.
An Effect on Fisheries Resources Enhancement of Hollow Jumbo Structure and a Search for Artificial Reefs by Side Scan Sonar in the Western Sea of Korea
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 3, 2003, Pages 230~238
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.3.230
An effect on the enhancing production of hollow 'jumbo' structures and the condition of artificial reefs (dice and hollow jumbo structure) by side scan sonar were described. The experiment of the capture of fish in the jumbo structures and control site (non-artificial site) by trammel net and traps was done twice every year from 1998 to 2000. The relative catches by trammel net between in the jumbo structure and in the control site was significantly different in number and in weight at 5% level and also that by traps significantly different in weight. The t-test of the catch of finespotted flounder showed that the hollow jumbo structure was regarded as a breeding field because the average size of the flounder in the jumbo site was smaller than that in the control site. The search on the condition of the artificial reefs (dice and hollow jumbo structure) was performed by side scanning sonar which showed various phase of it such as accumulated, dispersed, scouring and partly buried. The result implied that in the area of sand bottom with strong tide like the western sea of Korea, the current criterion for constructing artificial reef should be modified because of the sand moving on the bottom.
Fish length dependance of acoustic target strength for large yellow croaker
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 3, 2003, Pages 239~248
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.3.239
This paper was conducted as an attempt in order to construct the data bank of target strength for acoustic estimation of fish length in the coastal waters of Korea. The fish length dependence of acoustic target strength for 13 large yellow croakers (Pseudosciaena crocea) at 75 kHz was investigated and the prediction of the target strength by using the Kirchhoff-Ray Mode model (KRM model) was compared with target strength measurements. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. In the averaged target strength pattern for 13 large yellow croakers the maximum target strength was -35.13 dB at
on a tilted angle. 2. The relationship between fork length(L, cm) and averaged target strength(TS, dB) was expressed as follows; TS=23. 76log (L) -73.45 (r=0.47) TS=20log(L) -67.35 From this result, the conversion coefficient was -73.45 dB and 6.1 dB lower than the coefficient -67.35 dB where the value of the slope of the regression equation is forced to be 20. 3. Averaged target strength and a length conversion coefficient derived from a target strength histogram for 13 large yellow croakers of mean length 25.59 cm were -41.23 dB, -69.72 dB, respectively. 4. In the range of
, the prediction of the averaged target strength by the KRM model increased gradually with the increasing of
and was lower than the measured target strength.