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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Nov 2003
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Aug 2003
Volume 39, Issue 2 - May 2003
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Improvement of GPS positioning accuracy by static post-processing method
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 4, 2003, Pages 251~261
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.4.251
To measure the GPS position accuracy and its distribution according to the length of the baseline, 30 minutes to 24 hours observations at the fixed location were conducted with two GPS receivers (Ll, 12 channels) on May 29 to June 2, 2002. The GPS data received at the reference station, the rover station and the ordinary times GPS observation station operated by the National Geography Institute in Korea were processed in kinematic and static post-processing methods with a post -processing software. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The number of the satellite that could be observed continuously more than six hours was 16 and most of these satellites were positioned at east-west direction on May 31, 2002. The number of the satellite observed and the geometric dilution of precision (GDOP) determined by the average of every 10 minute for the day were 8 and 3.89, respectively. 2. Both the average GPS positions before and after post-processing were shifted (standalone: 1.17 m, post -processing: 0.43m) to the south and west. The twice distance root mean square (2drms) measured with standalone was 6.65m. The 2drms could be reduced to 33.8% (standard deviation 0=17.2) and 5.3% (0=2.2) of standalone by the kinematic and the static post-processing methods, respectively. 3. The relationship between the length of the baseline x (km) and the 2drms y (m) obtained by the static post-processing method was y=0.00l6x+0.006
. In the case of the positioning with the static post-processing method using the GPS receiver, it was found that a positioning within 20cm 2drms was possible when the length of the baseline was less than 100km and the receiving time of the GPS is more than 30 minutes.
A Study on Mode I Interlaminar Fracture Toughness of Hybrid Composites
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 4, 2003, Pages 262~268
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.4.262
This paper describes the effect of loading rate, specimen geometries and material properties for Mode I interlaminar fracture toughness of hybrid composite by using double cantilever beam (DCB) specimen. In the range of loading rate 0.2-20mm/min, there is found to be no significant effect of loading rate with the value of critical energy release rate (G_IC). The value of
for variation of initial crack length are nearly similar values when material properties are CF/CF and GF/GF, however, the value of
are highest with the increasing initial crack length at CF/GF. The SEM photographs show good fiber distribution and interfacial bonding of hybrid composites when the moulding is the CF/GF
A Fundamental Study on the Auditory Characteristics of Amberjack Seriola dumerili in the Coast of Jeju Island
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 4, 2003, Pages 269~275
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.4.269
In this paper, We examined auditory threshold and critical ratio of amberjack seriola dumerili, in the Jeju Island coastal waters, to find out hearing ability of the fish. The auditory threshold level, critical ratio and hearing index of amberjack were determinded by conditioning method using a sound coupled with electric shock in the condition of ambient noise or white noise in an experimental water tank. The audio-signals of pure tone and electric shock were from 80 HZ to 800 Hz and DC 7 V, respectively. Values for the critical ratios were calculated in terms of the masked thresholds using the noise projected to stable spectrum levels at all measurement frequencies of background noise. Masking noises were in the spectrum level range of 65 dB∼75 dB
. The auditory thresholds of amberjack within the test the frequencies were most sensitive at 300HZ as 94.5 dB. The critical ratios of fishes ranged from 36.4 to 52.8 dB. The noise spectrum level that started masking was about 58∼72 dB within frequencies.
Computation of Critical Speeds for Design of Torsional Shafting with Gear-Branched Systems
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 4, 2003, Pages 276~283
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.4.276
While designing a torsional shafting with various gear-branched systems, it is very important for system designers to obtain critical speeds accurately and easily. The author has studied the transfer stiffness coefficient method (TSCM) as a structural analysis algorithm. In this paper, the TSCM is applied to the computation of critical speeds for torsional shafting with gear-branched systems. The accuracy of the present method is confirmed by comparing with the results of the finite element method.
Optimum Design of Torsional Shafting Using Real-Coded Genetic Algorithm
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 4, 2003, Pages 284~290
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.4.284
It is very important to minimize the weight of shaft from the viewpoint of economics and manufacture. For minimizing effectively the diameter of shaft in torsional shafting, authors developed computer program using the real-coded genetic algorithm which is one of optimizing techniques and based on real coding representation of genetic algorithm. In order to confirm the accuracy and effectiveness of the developed computer program, the computational results by the developed program were compared with those of conventional strength, stiffness and vibration designs for a generator shafting.
Effect of corrosion environment on the SCC of Al-brass tube for vessel
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 4, 2003, Pages 291~297
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.4.291
Al-brass is usually used as the tube material of vessel's heat exchanger for seawater cooling system because it has high thermal conductivity and good mechanical properties and high corrosion resistance due to cuprous oxide (Cu20) layer against seawater. However, Al-brass tubes of heat exchanger for vessel at the actual environment is reported that local corrosion such as stress corrosion cracking occurred by synergism effect between mechanical factor and corrosion environment In this paper, the effect of corrosion environment on the stress corrosion cracking of Al-brass in various NH4OH of 3.5% NaCl solution, under flow by constant displacement tester. Based on the test results, the behavior of polarization, stress corrosion crack propagation and dezincification phenomenon of Al-brass are investigated. The main results are as follows：(1) Increasing range of potential from open circuit potential to repassivation gets lower, as the contain rate of NH4OH gets higher. (2) As contain rate of NH4OH gets higher, SCC of Al-brass is become activation but the protection film(Cu20) of Al-brass is created in 3.5% NaCl solution. (3) According as content of NH4OH increases in 3.5% NaCl solution, the dezincifiction area is spread. It is concluded that dezincification occurred by localized preferential anodic dissolution at stress focusing region.
Integrated CAD/CAE System for Planing Hull Form Design
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 4, 2003, Pages 298~304
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.4.298
In this paper a free-form hull design program and performance prediction program for planing boat is introduced. This program enables the designer to do complex geometric hull shape design on a personal computer and accurately to predict power requirements for a given loading and velocity. For a free form design, Bezier curve model is adopted as a basic representation tool of curves and surfaces, and this program has versatile functions to do fairing jobs with a convenient graphical user interface. After creating a hull form the geometric data is provided in a manner compatible with a variety of analysis tools including 'Motion Analysis(by Zarnick)' for prediction of motion characteristics in regular waves, 'Running Attitude (by Savitsky)' for prediction of the running attitude and required power.
Simulation on the shape of tuna longline gear
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 4, 2003, Pages 305~317
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.4.305
Underwater shape and hook depth in tuna longline gear are important factors to decide fishing performance. It also should be considered that management and analysis of hooked rate data from hooked fish species and sizes, and each fishing would be used as a reference data in the future fishing. In this research, after analyzing underwater shape of tuna longline gear by current direction and speed using simulation, experiments were executed in flume tank to verify accuracy of the analysis. Also using the depth of each hook from the simulation, a database system was setup to process the data of bait and hooked fish species. The results were as follows；1. When the attack angle and the shortening rate are fixed, a decrease of the hook depth is proportion to an increase of current speed. 2. When the shortening rate and current speed are fixed, a decrease of hook depth is proportion to an increase of attack angle. 3. When the attack angle and velocity of flow are fixed, a decrease of hook depth is proportion to an increase of shortening rate 4. As a result of comparison between the underwater shape by simulation and that by model gear, the result of the simulation was very close to that of model gear within
3% error range. 5. In this research, hooked rate database system using hook depth of simulation can analyze the species and size of fish by the parameter; bait. hook depth, so It could be helpful to manage and analyze the hooked data on the field.
Development of Biotelemetry Method by Combining the SSBL Method and the Pinger Synchronizing Method (2) - Evaluation for Precision of System -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 4, 2003, Pages 318~325
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.4.318
The new biotelemetry method and system that the installation and the treatment of equipment is convenient and the instantaneously detailed position of the fish attached the pinger is able to track comparatively easily had been developed, an availabilities of it were verified in water tank by using hydrophone and pinger. First of all, the receiving system for biotelemetry was calibrated so as to measure tracking of high precision or wide detection range. In the next place, the precision at narrow and wide beam array of receiving system by using hydrophone was investigated and the actual position was compared with measured hydrophone position. The mean standard deviations of the position by narrow beam array of receiving system were 6.4em in phase beam of fore-aft pair and 6.3em in starboard-port pair, and the wide beam array were 24em and 23em respectively. The precision of distance, position, and velocity at narrow beam array of receiving system by using pinger were investigated and the actual values were compared with measured values. The distance from receiving system to pinger was measured by the pinger synchronizing method, angle of direction of pinger was detected by the super short base line (SSBL) method. The three dimensional position of pinger to the receiving system was measured by combining of two kinds of methods (SPB method), the velocity of pinger was obtained with a differential of the three dimensional positions. The mean standard deviations of the distance by pinger synchronizing method in narrow beam array of receiving system was 1. 8 em, that of the position by SPB method was 7.7cm.
Development of Fishing Gear and Operating System in Purse Seine Fishery for Gizzard-shad(II) - Model Experiments for Improvement of the Net -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 4, 2003, Pages 326~336
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.4.326
In order to modify the construction of gizzard shad coastal purse seine net with possible to the laborsaving of fishing operation in the coastal small fishing vessels, the model experiments were carried out on the model nets for several conventional nets using in the field and the experimental nets was manufactured as 1/100 and 1/60 of the full scale net. The results obtained are summarized as follows；1. In the case of the conventional net and reduction rate 75% in conventional net with purse line the fishing efficiency decreased, the lead line was upward for the surface and the pursing depth of pursing line was very shallow to 2∼3m. 2. In the case of the net having maximum depth in center part designed in this study, the length of float and lead line was 60% of conventional net, the depth of net was fixed 20m to selvage line of the both of the end and extend gradually with 50m, 40m, 30m to the center. Among the these net, depth of pursing line was 20∼23m for 50m and 7∼15m for 40m, 30m the depth of net. These results were suitable for interception of fish school in fishing ground, but several problems will be caused by the depth and current of fishing ground.
Development of Acquisition and Analysis System of Radar Information for Small Inshore and Coastal Fishing Vessels - Position Tracking and Real-Time Monitoring-
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 4, 2003, Pages 337~346
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.4.337
This paper describes on the system and method for automatically tracking and real-time monitoring the position of target ships relative to the own ship using a PC based radar system that displays radar images and electronic charts together on a single PC screen. This system includes a simulator for generating the GGA and VTG information of target ships and a simulator for generating the TTM and OSD outputs from a ARPA radar and then host computer accepts NMEA0183 sentences on the maneuvering information of target ships from these simulators. The results obtained are summarized as follows；1. The system developed this study can be used as a range finder for measuring the distance between two ships and as a device for providing the maneuvering information such as distance and bearing to target ships from own ship on ECS screen. 2. From the result of position tracking for a selected target ship tracked with an update rate of 5 seconds using the
tracker, we concluded that the smoothing effect by the
tracker was very effective and stable except in the time interval until about one minute after the target is detected. 3. From the fact that the real-time maneuvering information of tracked ship targets via a local area network (LAN) from a host computer installed a radar target extractor was successfully transferred to various monitoring computers of ship, we concluded that this system can be used as a sub-monitoring system of ARPA radar.
Development of Acquisition and Analysis System of Radar Information for Small Inshore and Coastal Fishing Vessels - Suppression of Radar Clutter by CFAR -
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 39, issue 4, 2003, Pages 347~357
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2003.39.4.347
This paper describes on the suppression of sea clutter on marine radar display using a cell-averaging CFAR(constant false alarm rate) technique, and on the analysis of radar echo signal data in relation to the estimation of ARPA functions and the detection of the shadow effect in clutter returns. The echo signal was measured using a X -band radar, that is located on the Pukyong National University, with a horizontal beamwidth of
, a vertical beamwidth of
, pulsewidth of
and a transmitted peak power of 4 ㎾ The suppression performance of sea clutter was investigated for the probability of false alarm between
. Also the performance of cell averaging CFAR was compared with that of ideal fixed threshold. The motion vectors and trajectory of ships was extracted and the shadow effect in clutter returns was analyzed. The results obtained are summarized as follows；1. The ARPA plotting results and motion vectors for acquired targets extracted by analyzing the echo signal data were displayed on the PC based radar system and the continuous trajectory of ships was tracked in real time. 2. To suppress the sea clutter under noisy environment, a cell averaging CFAR processor having total CFAR window of 47 samples(20+20 reference cells, 3+3 guard cells and the cell under test) was designed. On a particular data set acquired at Suyong Man, Busan, Korea, when the probability of false alarm applied to the designed cell averaging CFAR processor was 10
.75/ the suppression performance of radar clutter was significantly improved. The results obtained suggest that the designed cell averaging CFAR processor was very effective in uniform clutter environments. 3. It is concluded that the cell averaging CF AR may be able to give a considerable improvement in suppression performance of uniform sea clutter compared to the ideal fixed threshold. 4. The effective height of target, that was estimated by analyzing the shadow effect in clutter returns for a number of range bins behind the target as seen from the radar antenna, was approximately 1.2 m and the information for this height can be used to extract the shape parameter of tracked target..