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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 47, Issue 4 - Nov 2011
Volume 47, Issue 3 - Aug 2011
Volume 47, Issue 2 - May 2011
Volume 47, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Flow resistance of bottom trawl nets and scale effect in their model experiments
Kim, Dae-Jin ; Kim, Dae-An ; Kim, Tae-Ho ; Shin, Hyeong-Ho ; Jang, Duck-Jong ; Cha, Bong-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 281~289
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.281
The purpose of this study is to identify the flow resistance of the bottom trawl net. The bottom trawl net being used in the training ship of Chonnam National University was selected as a full-scale net, and model nets such as 1/10, 1/25 and 1/50 of the actual net were made. Total resistance of the net part, the height of the net mouth and the flow resistance of components of the net such as wing, bag and cod-end part was measured, converted into full-scale and compared. Additionally, the model rule of Tauti (1934), which has been most frequently used in fishing net modeling experiments, was applied to interpret flow resistance and scale effect of model experiment was investigated. Presumed that the flow resistance R is
against the flow velocity of each net
, resistance coefficient k was calculated by substituting R,
and S of the net. From the result, it was found that k decreases exponentially when u increases which makes
. Whereas m of each net is ranged between 0.13-0.16 and there was not significant difference between nets. c does not show big difference in 1/10 and 1/25 model and the value itself was relatively bigger than in 1/50 model. The height of the net mouth of 1/25 and 1/50 model net h decreases exponentially according as
increases to make
. Whereas d and n values were almost same in two nets. Additionally, when resistance of cod-end, wing and bag part in 1/25 and 1/50 model nets, both nets showed big resistance in bag part when flow is 1m/s as more than 60%. Wing and cod-end part showed almost same value or wing part had little bit larger value. On the other hand, when reviewing the reasons why both models showed difference in 1/50 model while c value against the resistance coefficient k did not show big difference in 1/10 and 1/25 model, it is inferred that the difference occurred not from material difference but from the difference in net size according to scale. It was judged that they are the scale effects concomitant to the model experiments.
Relative efficiency of monofilament and multifilament nylon gill net forMarbled sole (Pleuronectes yokohamae) in the western sea of Korea
Kim, In-Ok ; Park, Chang-Doo ; Cho, Sam-Kwang ; Kim, Hyun-Young ; Cha, Bong-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 290~299
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.290
Field tests were carried out with five different mesh sizes (86.6, 101.0, 121.2, 137.7, 151.5mm) to study the relative efficiency of monofilament and multifilament gill net for Marbled sole, Pleuronectes yokohamae, in the western sea of Korea, 2007-2009. The relative efficiency was analyzed by length distribution, catch in number, catch in weight and weight per individual for Marbled sole. Statistical T-test was done to verify the efficiency between two gears. In the field tests, the total body length range, catch in number and weight of Marbled sole was 15.8-48.2cm, 728 and 254,939g, respectively. During the field tests, Marbled sole less than 15cm length which is prohibition size of fishing was not caught, but the caught number of Marbled sole less than 19.5cm length which is first maturity length was 13 (1.8%) and the caught number of Marbled sole more than 19.5cm was 715 (98.2%). Catches of monofilament gill net was average 1.4 times more efficient than multifilament gill net. The weight per individual and total length by mesh sizes in the two gears tended to gradually increase according to mesh size increasing. But there was little difference of weight per individual and total length by mesh sizes between two gears.
Catch and species composition with some different traps by depth in the deep-water of the East Sea
Park, Hae-Hoon ; Bae, Bong-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 300~315
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.300
The investigation for the catch and species composition in the deep sea of the East Sea was done to search marine organisms using some kinds of traps with small commercial fishing vessel near Goseong, Korea from 2008 to 2009. The experiments was carried out with some different traps at the depth of 200m, 400m, 700m and 1,000m. In 2008, the amount of catch with rectangular, cone and drum net traps was 91.4kg with twelve trips and the proportion of catch with rectangular and cone traps was high. Dominant species caught were Aniwan whelk (57%), snow crab (12%), hunchback sculpin (7%) and red snow crab (5%). The catch of Aniwan whelk was done well with rectangular and cone traps at the depth of 700-1,000m. Snow crab was mainly caught with rectangular and cone traps at the shallower depth of 200m, while red snow crab caught a lot with cone trap at the deeper depth of 700m. In 2009, the amount of catch with rectangular, cone and round traps was 92.4kg with nine trips. The proportion of catch with round trap was higher than that with cone trap. Dominant species caught were snow crab (67.1%), Aniwan whelk (14.8%) and northern shrimp (9.8%). Snow crab was caught well with round trap at the depth less than 400m.
Study on the UV illuminance to improve on attraction effect of fluorescent bait cage for pots
Chang, Ho-Young ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 316~326
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.316
In this study, the entrapped number is investigated on the UV light with different illuminance to fluorescent bait cage for swimming crab in order to find the appropriate illuminance which has the best attraction effect of fluorescent bait cage for pots. In addition, preference to the light, arrival time and residence time at light area are compared and analyzed to fluorescent bait cage and non-fluorescent bait cage for American lobster at the UV light and ordinary light according to the illuminance condition. Pot with red non-fluorescent bait cage at the no lighting (<0.01lux), pot with blue fluorescent bait cage at the 20W UV lighting (0.16lux) and pot with blue fluorescent bait cage at the 30W UV lighting (0.22lux) were soaked for 6 hours and the entrapped number of swimming crab was examined. The mean entrapped number of swimming crab in pot with red non-fluorescent bait cage at the no lighting (<0.01lux) was 1.0, but the mean entrapped number of swimming crab in pot with blue fluorescent bait cages at the 20W UV lighting (0.16lux) and 30W UV lighting (0.22lux) were 1.4 and 0.4, respectively (P<0.05). The rate of preference to the blue fluorescent bait cage at the UV lighting shows 1.6-4.8 times higher than that of preference to the red non-fluorescent bait cage at the ordinary lighting. In addition, The rate of preference to the blue fluorescent bait cage at the UV lighting is higher when the illuminance of ordinary light is same as or is lower than that of UV light (P<0.05). However, the preference to the light depending on gender shows no significant difference (P>0.05). The arrival time to UV light area of lobster is shown as 1.2-2.4 times faster than that to ordinary light area. Generally, it is shown that arrival time to UV light area is faster than the arrival time to ordinary light area when the illuminance of ordinary light is the same as or lower than that of UV light (P<0.05). However, arrival time to the light area depending on gender shows no significant difference (P>0.05). The residence time at UV light area of lobster is 1.2-1.7 times longer than that at ordinary light area. The residence time depending on different illuminance of ordinary light and genders showed no significant difference (P>0.05).
The study on the Anchovy's (Engraulis japonica) reaction to several light colors in a tank
Bae, Bong-Seong ; Cho, Sam-Kwang ; Cha, Bong-Jin ; Park, Seong-Wook ; An, Heui-Chun ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 327~337
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.327
This study was conducted to develop energy-efficient LED lamps with an excellent fishing performance for an anchovy scoop net by comparing the functions of 6 different lamps- incandescent, blue LED, green LED, white LED, yellow LED and red LED lamp. We used incandescent and red LED lamps only for the initial test and then excluded because those showed the lowest herding capacity. According to the result, yellow LED showed lower herding capacity in comparison with the blue, green and white one. Although the herding performance of the blue, green and white LED was similar in almost tests, herding speed to the each light was different. The anchovies were gathered into the blue LED as the speed of 39.88cm/s that was the fastest. Green LED was the second as the speed of 33.28cm/s. White LED was the slowest as the speed of 26.73cm/s. We will have field tests because we found the result that yellow LED's herding performance was better than green LED's for 5 seconds comparing after starting in some tests.
Effective sampling of estuarine fauna by a passive net in theWest Sea of Korea occurring strong tide
Hwang, Sun-Do ; Im, Yang-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 338~343
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.338
To obtain the effective sampling estuarine fauna by a passive net in the West Sea of Korea occurring strong tide, catch were collected by bag nets with various sampling trials off Ganghwa Island in November 2009. We compared the difference of community structures (on spring tide vs. neap tide, total sample vs. subsample and 4 nets vs. 1 net) with each species composition as a sampling unit by the Pearson chi-square test. Number of individual at the spring tide was more abundant than that at the neap tide (p<0.0001) although number of species at the spring tide was not significantly different with that at the neap tide (p=0.174). Both number of species (p=0.138) and number of individual (p=0.096) were not significantly different between total sample and random subsample. Number of species was not significantly different between the subsample by 1 net and the subsample by 4 nets (p=0.515), but number of individual was a little different on both samples (p=0.024). In conclusion, we suggest the subsample by 1 net at spring tide as the effective sampling estuarine fauna by a passive net in the West Sea occurring strong tide.
Determination factors for catch rate of the target species between circle hook and straight shank hook in the Korean tuna longline fishery
An, Doo-Hae ; Kwon, You-Jung ; Bigelow, Keith ; Moon, Dae-Yeon ; Lee, Sung-Il ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 344~355
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.344
We conducted experiments to compare the catch rate of bigeye tuna and yellowfin tuna between circle hooks and straight shank hook in the Korean tuna longline fishery at the eastern and central Pacific Ocean from 2005 to 2007. We analyzed difference of fork length, survival and hooking location between a circle hook and a straight shank hook for both tunas, respectively. There was no difference in the mean fork length size of yellowfin tuna caught on the two type of hook but bigeye tuna was significant. In case of survival, there was no difference between two hook type, but the difference of hooking location was significant for both species. We also analyzed to find determinants of both tunas catch rate using generalized linear models (GLMs) which were used latitude, longitude, year, month, depth, hook type, bait type and so on as independent variables. Spatial factors, latitude and longitude, and temporal factors, year and month, affected catch rate of bigeye tuna and yellowfin tuna. And also, depth such as a marine environment factor was influenced on catch rate.
Recruitment characteristics of jack mackerel, Trachurus japonicus, in the waters around the Geumo Islands by using both sides fyke nets
Kim, Hee-Yong ; Choi, Mun-Seong ; Seo, Young-Il ; Lee, Sun-Kil ; Cha, Hyung-Kee ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 356~368
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.356
Species composition of fishes and the recruitment properties of jack mackerel, Trachurus japonicus, in the waters around the Geumo Islands in the mid-South Sea were investigated by using both sides fyke nets every month from February to December 2010. During study period, a total of 30,503 fishes (1,380.4 kg) were collected and classified into 2 classes, 16 orders, 61 families and 121 species. The dominant species was jack mackerel occupying 80.5% of total individuals and 44.4% of total biomass. The fork length range of jack mackerel was 5.5-26.8 cm and individuals about 6 cm was appeared only in the middle and southern area of the Geumo Islands in May. The new recruitment of jack mackerel appeared from May in the waters around the Geumo Islands is probably caused by the warm water intrusion associated with the development of stratification due to the extinction of seasonal coastal cold waters by the increase of solar radiation heat. Furthermore, the jack mackerels less than 6 cm recruiting in the mid-South Sea in spring were considered as mixed ones by individuals spawned in the East China Sea and in the waters around the Jeju Island considering the collected time, migration period and spawning time of them.
Stock assessment by ecosystem risk analysis of large purse seine fishery in the southern sea of Korea
Seo, Young-Il ; Zhang, Chang-Ik ; Lee, Jae-Bong ; Cha, Hyung-Kee ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 369~389
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.369
Changes in ecosystem risks were evaluated using the ecosystem-based fisheries assessment (EBFA) approach of Zhang et al. (2009, 2010) and the comprehensive ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM) plan was made for the southern sea of Korea in this study. The risk assessment of the southern sea ecosystem was conducted by establishing ecosystem management objectives and by estimating risk scores (RS) for indicators. To conduct this analysis a number of indicators and their reference points for assessing these risk scores were developed in this study. The number of indicators in the risk analysis was 28 for the quantitative tier 1 analysis and 30 for the qualitative tier 2 analysis. The objective risk index (ORI), species risk index (SRI) and fisheries risk index (FRI) were calculated from the risk scores. Comparing the past (1988) and the current (2008) status of fisheries resources, management implications were discussed. The fishery risk index (FRI) of large purse seine fishery in the southern sea of Korea decreased substantially from 0.972 in 1988 to 0.883 in 2008, and improvement in the management of fisheries operated in the southern sea of Korea.
Pilot research on species composition of Korean purse seine catch at cannery
Lee, Sung-Il ; Kim, Zang-Geun ; Sohn, Haw-Sun ; Yoo, Joon-Taek ; Kim, Mi-Jung ; Lee, Dong-Woo ; Kim, Doo-Nam ; Moon, Dae-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 390~402
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.390
A preliminary study on species composition of a Korean purse seine catch landed at cannery was conducted in April 2011. In the cannery, all tuna catch are sliding through a sorting grid panel that filters and drops fish in the buckets by size class (above 9kg, 3.4-9kg, 1.8-3.4kg, 1.4-1.8kg and below 1.4kg). In cannery processing, species sorting was made for skipjack tuna and yellowfin tuna only from catches greater than 3.4kg during filtering but not for bigeye tuna because of difficulties in species identification between bigeye tuna and yellowfin tuna under frozen state. As no species identification was carried out for catch groups less than 3.4kg in the cannery process, this study focused on sorting out skipjack tuna and yellowfin tuna from these groups and then identifying bigeye tuna from all size groups of yellowfin tuna. Using the mixture rate of species obtained from the samples taken, species composition of the landed catch was estimated. As results, cannery research showed 95% for skipjack tuna, 3% for yellowfin tuna and 2% for bigeye tuna in species composition, while vessel logbook data represented 96%, 3% and 1% for skipjack tuna, yellowfin tuna and bigeye tuna, respectively. The proportion of bigeye tuna identified in the cannery was slightly higher than shown in logbook data by 1%.
Fishing characters of skate ray, Raja pulchra by the offshore longline fishery in Heuksan-do, Korea
Jo, Hyun-Su ; Hwang, Hak-Jin ; Kwon, Dae-Hyeon ; Jeong, Gyeong-Suk ; Choi, Kang-Ho ; Cha, Byung-Yeul ; Im, Yang-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 403~410
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.403
Catches, CPUE, fishing season, disc width composition and fishing ground were studied to rebuild skate ray, Raja pulchra resource by the offshore longline fishery in Heuksan-do, Korea. Annual catches and CPUE of skate ray were increased from 2003 to 2010 (CPUE: from 2007 to 2010) continuously. The main fishing season of the skate ray was from December to next May. Disc width at 50% maturity for Raja pulchra by sex were estimated to be 65.83cm, 57.01cm by female and male respectively. The range of disc width was 22.3-112.0cm and the average disc width was 66.9cm, 60.0cm by female and male of Raja pulchra respectively during 2007-2010. Annual average of disc width of female skate ray was decreased from 2007 to 2010. The fishing grounds were formed from the coastal water off Hong-do to the coastal water off Gyeogyeolbiyeol-do, Korea. The center of fishing ground in October was formed in the northwestern coastal water off Gyeogyeolbiyeol-do and separated from that of the other months.
Measurement of swimming ability of silver fish (Plecoglossus altivelis) using a Particle Imaging Velocimetry
Bae, Jae-Hyun ; Lee, Kyoung-Hoon ; Shin, Jong-Keun ; Yang, Yong-Su ; Lee, Ju-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 411~418
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.411
As a fish way is a structure for fish migrating well toward upper stream due to breaking river flow by a dam or dammed pool, the specific fish's swimming ability is one of the main factors in making a plan and managing it. In addition, it also needs to understand the current field in fish road to evaluate its performance. This study is aimed to analyze the swimming patterns with current velocity changes using a Particle Imaging Velocimetry (PIV) in order to understand the swimming ability of silver fish (Plecoglossus altivelis) that is one of the fishes migrating through the fish way of Nakdong River, and to analyze the 2 dimensional current field near to silver fish at swimming momentum. The results showed that average values of tail beat frequencies for continuous swimming with current velocity were 2.8 Hz at 0.3 m/s, 3.2 Hz at 0.4 m/s, 3.8 Hz at 0.5 m/s, respectively. The wake would be produced by direction turning of fish's tail fin and its magnitude would be verified by the difference of pressure. The pressure turbulent flow produced by its tail beat would be made in both sides, and then, the magnitude of wake should be the source of moving direction. The swimming momentum will help to support the primary factor in making a suitable design for specific fish species migrating toward the district river.
Simulation of fish reaction against cage net with an individual fish behaviour model
Hwang, Bo-Kyu ; Shin, Hyeon-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 419~427
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.419
Simulation technique for the fish behavior was applied to estimate fish school movement in the cage net. Individual-based fish behavior model (Huth and Wessel, 1991) was evaluated in a free area to understand the characteristics for the model, and the movement in the cage net was simulated by defining the fish reaction against the displacement of cage net. As a result, the distance to the net was not considerably changed and the space among fishes in cage net was slightly decreased by reducing the net space. Swimming area was, however, significantly affected by changing the net space and the relationship between swimming area and net displacement was theoretically estimated as y=-0.21x+1.02 (
=0.96). these results leads the conclusion that individual-based model was appropriated to describe the fish school reaction in the cage net and be able to use for evaluating the influence on cultured fish.
Marine traffic survey to improve safety of vessel traffic at Busan South Port
Kim, Seok-Jae ; Park, Moon-Gap ; Lee, Yoo-Won ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 428~434
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.428
To establish a vessel safety management system for improving the safety of vessel's traffic and preventing vessel's traffic accidents, the state of marine traffic in the Busan South Port was investigated and analyzed as preliminary survey of the countermeasures. As a result of the study, there are 1,158 vessels in a day, 48 vessels in an hour, and the maximum traffic is about 118 vessels between 16:00 and 17:00 hours everyday, which requires to establish and operate a traffic control system necessarily for ensuring vessel's traffic safety. Furthermore, passages of tanker, passenger ship, cargo vessel and government vessel showed to sail along main traffic lane to be obtained enough sea depth at the survey area. However, passages of fishing vessel and launch showed to sail freely at all survey area owing to outstanding maneuverability and a shallow draft. Some vessels of launch sailed along main traffic lane, but other vessels crossed to sail it. The passages to cross main traffic lane is higher the risk of collision. Therefore, safety measures are urgently needed for the operation of the Busan South Port management system and the prevention of marine pollution.
Remodeling of tuna purse seiner for improving fishing performance
Hong, Jin-Keun ; Kang, Il-Kwon ; Jeong, Seong-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 47, issue 4, 2011, Pages 435~442
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.435
In an attempt to respond to the increase in international oil prices and reduce operating expenses, ship remodeling was carried out on a 740ton class tuna purse seiner. To strengthen the competitiveness of the fisheries industry by improving vessel performance, a bulbous bow was newly equipped. The slipway and rudder area were also lengthened and enlarged with the propeller and main engine remained unchanged. To reduce the hull resistance, a circle type bulbous bow was attached on the hull behind bow thruster and thus the cost for exchanging electrical equipment for bow thruster was reduced. The new rudder area was expanded 15% more than the old one within the extent that the existing mechanical control part and rudder stock were not changed. To prevent fishing net damage and stabilize wake field, slipway was lengthened to the optimal position. All of the new design of remodeling parts went through the model tests in towing tank and CWC. Besides resistance test, all of necessary model test results were delivered for hydrodynamic character for the modified ship. The maneuvering simulation to verify that the remodeled ship satisfies the IMO rules was performed in both zigzag and turning tests. The estimated resistance with new bulbous bow and lengthened stern was reduced by 4.8% in the 2-dimensional analysis and 17.4% in the 3-dimensional analysis in comparison of conventional ship. The average reduction of resistance was estimated about 10%. Maneuvering character of modified hull form was found to satisfy all regulations under IMO. The remodeling of tuna purse seiner can not only improve fishing performance but also contribute to reduction of operating cost by saving energy for the fisheries industry.