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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 49, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 49, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 49, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 49, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Development of a low energy used anchovy dragnet using a numerical method
Yang, Yong-Su ; Lee, Chun-Woo ; Lee, Kyounghoon ; Park, Subong ; Park, Seong-Kwae ; Kang, Min-Joo ; Lee, Jihoon ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 49, issue 3, 2013, Pages 175~187
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2012.49.3.175
Fuel consumption in fisheries is a primary concern due to environmental effects and costs to fishermen. Much research has been carried out to reduce the fuel consumption related to fishing operations. The fuel consumption of fishing gear during fishing operation is generally related to hydrodynamic resistance on the gear. This research demonstrates a new approach using numerical methods to reduce fuel consumption. The results from the simulation were verified with results that mirrored the model experiments. By designing the fishing gear using drawing software, the whole and partial resistance force on the gear can be calculated as a result of simulations. The simulation results will suggest suitable materials or gear structure for reducing the hydrodynamic forces on the gear while maintaining the performance of the gear. Furthermore, the efficiency of low energy used anchovy dragnet as economic point of view will be dealt. This research will helpful to reduce the GHG emissions from fishing operations and lead to reduce fishing costs due to fuel savings.
A study on the selectivity of grid type escape device for the reduction of small size of fish in set net
Kim, Tae-Kyung ; Kim, Hyung-Seok ; Lee, Ju-Hee ; Kim, Seonghun ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 49, issue 3, 2013, Pages 188~199
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2012.49.3.188
This thesis is the fundamental study on the adaptation of escape device for reducing small size of fish in set-net. The escape devices for experiments were made the grid-type devices with three different slit sizes (15, 20 and 25mm). The experiments of size selectivity on escape devices were conducted by using two kinds of species as black rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli) and sea perch (Lateolabrax maculatusi) in the experimental tank. The size selectivity curve was fitted by using a logistic function and the parameters of selectivity curve were estimated by a maximum likelihood method. In the results; 50% selection ranges for the grid-type escape devices with three different slit sizes were; a black rockfish was 13.30, 19.22 and 22.06cm and a sea perch was 17.64, 20.91 and 22.78cm, respectively. The 50% selection range of a black rockfish was wilder than a sea perch about 1.1~1.3 time. Therefore, the small size of fish are able to reduce by using the grid type escape device. However, the optimum slit size of grid should be decided to consider the size of target species and economics of catches.
Size selectivity of the net pot for common octopus Octopus minor used in the southern coastal sea of Korea
Kim, Seonghun ; Park, Seongwook ; Lee, Kyounghoon ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 49, issue 3, 2013, Pages 200~207
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2012.49.3.200
This paper presents the mesh selectivity of a net pot for common octopus Octopus minor for the sustainable resources management of common octopus. The filed experiments were carried out the total 10 times in the southern part of coastal sea in Korea from March to May in 2010 using net pots of five different mesh sizes (16, 18, 20, 22 and 26mm). The test of size selectivity, indicated a 50% selection value on the logistic master curve of 3.195, whereby 50% of individuals with a mantle size of approximately 70.3mm selected a mesh size of 22mm. Considering that 50% of common octopus entering sexual maturity have a mantle size of 70.6mm, the optimum mesh size should be equal to, or larger than 22mm.
Development of the silver-white decoy for squid automatic jigging machine and fishing performance
An, Young-Il ; Jang, Ung-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 49, issue 3, 2013, Pages 208~217
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2012.49.3.208
Decoys for automatic jigging machines, the body part of a squid hook, have been developed in small and existing sizes in consideration of squid food, color blindness, and retinomotor responses and in utilization of pearl pigment, PP of high transparency, and combined mixture. In comparison of the developed silver-white decoy and existing decoys, the optical characteristics were examined, and the fishing performance of small size silver-white squid hooks was assessed in application of 4 fishing boats with the squid automatic jigging machine and metal halide fishing lamp in July, 2012. The luminances of the three squid hook colors-green, dark green and silver-white-increased as the intensity of illumination increased. Among these, the increase of silver-white was particularly distinguished. As to the average contrast of squid hooks, that of silver-white was 10.33, which was the highest, and then green 1.86 and dark green -0.10 in the order. As to the fishing performance of the silver-white hook, that of the 202 Geumyeong-ho and 101Yongjin-ho which caught squids were similar to that of the existing green hook and was relatively low in the case of the Dongbu-ho. However, that of the Haengbok-ho which caught relatively small squids whose average length was 19.9cm and installed silver-white hook in all automatic jigging machines was significantly excellent. In order to enhance the fishing performance of small size silver-white hooks, therefore, it would be effective to install in every automatic jigging machines of fishing boat and to start fishing before July by which small squids are caught.
Characteristics on the fishing performance of a drift net for yellow croaker (Larimichthys polyactis) in accordance with the thickness of a net twine
Kim, Seonghun ; Park, Seong-Wook ; Lee, Kyounghoon ; Lim, Ji-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 49, issue 3, 2013, Pages 218~226
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2012.49.3.218
The objective of this study is to estimate the optimal net twine thickness of drift net for yellow croaker. The filed experiments of the fishing performance were conducted with three kinds of drift net with different monofilament diameters (No.3=0.284mm, No.4=0.330mm, No.5=0.370mm) the total eight times in the southwest coastal sea of Korea. And the physical properties tests on the monofilaments of experimental net were carried out to estimated breaking load and softness in dry and wet conditions, respectively. From the results, the No.3 mono. was the strongest break load per unit area in dry and wet conditions. And the softness showed that the No. 3 mono. was the most soft than another experimental monofilaments. The fishing performance was; the No. 3 drift net showed the most catches. Conversely, the catches of No. 4 and No. 5 drift net showed the half on the catches of No. 3 drift net. Consequently, the diameter of monofilament in the drift net for yellow croaker should carefully choose to consider the economic sides such as the amount of catches and the cost of catches.
Characteristics of periodical movement of live squid (Todarodes pacificus) hooked on the branch line of a red sea bream long line
Koo, Myung Sung ; Ishizaki, Munechika ; Kim, Suk Jong ; Fuwa, Shigeru ; Archdale, Miguel Vazquez ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 49, issue 3, 2013, Pages 227~237
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2012.49.3.227
In Jeju Island, red sea bream is mainly caught by long line with a live squid as bait. The movements of artificial jigs in the fishery are supposed to be an important factor for catching the target organism as well as bait. To develop new fishing method for long line fishery, movements of the bait which was squid were tried to be characterized. In a water tank experiment, a live squid was hooked by a fish hook attached to a model long line. And then movements of squids in the water tank were recorded for 20 minutes by a video camera. Recorded movement of the squid was just periodically up-and-down moving, with a dominant frequency of 0.125Hz, and amplitude of 10.8cm.
Species composition and community structure caught by shrimp beam trawl in the marine ranching ground of Taean, Korea
Park, Jun ; Jo, Hyun-Su ; Im, Yang-Jae ; Cha, Byung-Yeul ; Kwon, Dae-Hyeon ; Ryu, Dong-Ki ; Hwang, Hak-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 49, issue 3, 2013, Pages 238~249
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2012.49.3.238
Species composition and seasonal variation of aquatic organism in the marine ranchig ground of Taean, Korea were investigated using shrimp beam trawl from January to December 2010. A total of 99 species,
of aquatic organism were collected. Among them, fish include 9 orders 33 families 54 species, crustaceans include 2 orders 15 families 30 species, cephalopods consist of 3 orders 4 families 5 species, gastropods include 2 orders 3 families 4 species, echinoidea sp. include 1 order 2 families 2 species, bivalves were composed of 2 orders 2 families 2 species, and holothuroids include 1 family 1 order. According to the dominants by month, Palaemon gravieri was dominant in January, Cynoglossus joyneri was dominant in February, March, and June, and Hexagrammos otakii was dominant, in July. And Oratosquilla oratoria was dominant echinoidea sp. was dominant in April, May, and August and in September, October, November, and December. Cluster analysis based on species composition of the 38 most common species showed that the species were separated into 5 different groups. Group A was composed of species which were abundant in spring and summer, group B was composed of year-round residents, and group C was composed of species which were abundant in autumn.
Dominant causes on the catch fluctuation of a set net fishery in the mid-south sea of Korea
Kim, Heeyong ; Song, Se Hyun ; Lee, Sunkil ; Kim, Jong-Bin ; Yoo, Joon-Taek ; Jang, Dae-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 49, issue 3, 2013, Pages 250~260
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2012.49.3.250
The annual and monthly fluctuation in the species composition and the catch abundance of dominant species were analyzed using the daily sales slip catch data by a set net in the offshore waters off Dolsan Island in Yeosu from March 2004 to December 2011. Mean catch from 2004 to 2011 is 372M/T and the maximum and the minimum catch are 526 M/T in 2005 and 27 2M/T in 2009, respectively. The dominant species were Engraulis japonicus mainly in spring and Scomberomorous niphonius in Autumn and therefore the set net catch that is dominated by S. niphonius's catch was much higher in autumn than in spring. Through comparative analyses for the environmental factors to the annual catch fluctuation, it is revealed that the water temperature variation affected the recruitment property of S. niphonius to the fishing ground but the effect of typhoon on the catch fluctuation was not distinct. Furthermore, the big blooming event of jellyfish, particularly Nemopilema nomurai, that occurred in 2009 showed a tendency of faster appearance and later extinction until December. The occurring characteristic of N. nomurai became a direct cause that brought about the lowest total catch in 2009 since the dominant species catch of the set net fishery was concentrated mostly in Autumn.
Growth characteristic of Pacific cod, Gadus macrocephalus in theWest Sea of Korea
Kim, Heeyong ; Kim, Sanghwa ; Im, Yangjae ; Hwang, Hak Jin ; Huh, Sunjung ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 49, issue 3, 2013, Pages 261~269
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2012.49.3.261
The age and growth of the Pacific cod, Gadus macrocephalus were investigated using left sagittal otoliths of 682 individuals collected in the West Sea of Korea from January to December 2007. The seasonal changes in the ratio of an opaque zone to interval between annular rings revealed that the narrow translucent parts of the otolith were annual growth rings formed between February and March once a year. The spawning period was December to January and therefore the duration from fertilization to the complete formation of the opaque zone became thirteen months. From the parameters calculated using the average length when the year ring was formed, the estimated von Bertalanffy growth equations were
for females and
for males when is total length in age t.
Application of hydro-acoustic survey technique for abundance estimation of juvenile cod (Gadus macrocephalus) in Jinhae bay, Korea
Kim, Ju-Il ; Hwang, Bo-Kyu ; Lee, Yoo-Won ; Lee, Kyonghoon ; Shin, Hyeon-Ok ; Kim, Jung Nyun ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 49, issue 3, 2013, Pages 270~281
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2012.49.3.270
Hydro-acoustic surveys with scientific echo sounder were carried out to estimate the total density and distribution of the juvenile cod in Jinhae bay, Korea. The surveys were conducted 4 times from May to June using 2 frequency method (38kHz and 120kHz) and beam trawl were used to investigate the species composition. Also the catch amounts of juvenile cod were compared with the cod density estimated by the hydro-acoustic method. It was confirmed that the juvenile cod was stayed in Jinhae bay in early June and There was the relationship between catch of juvenile cod and the estimated density by hydro-acoustic survey. The number of juvenile cod was consequently about 365,000 fish (CV 12.9%) in May and 113,000 fish (CV 9.2%) in May based on the hydro-acoustic data.
A quantitative analysis of GHG emissions from the Korean large scale purse seine fishery using LCA method
Lee, Jihoon ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 49, issue 3, 2013, Pages 282~290
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2012.49.3.282
The global warming related to GHG (greenhouse gases) emissions from industries is a major issue globally. Furthermore, GHG emissions from the fishery industries also represent an important issue, as indicated by "The Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries" at the Cancun, Mexico, meeting in 1992 and by the Kyoto protocol in 2005. Korea pronounced itself to be a voluntary exclusion management country at the 16th IPCC at Cancun, Mexico, in 2010. However, few analyses of GHG emissions from Korean fisheries have been performed. Therefore, a quantitative analysis of GHG emissions from the major Korean fisheries is needed before guidelines for reducing GHG emissions from the fishing industry can be established. The aim of this study was to assess the present GHG emissions from the Korean Purse seine fishery using the LCA (life cycle assessment) method. The system boundary and allocation method were defined for the LCA analysis. The fuel consumption factor of the purse seine fishery was also calculated. The GHG emissions for the edible fish were evaluated by determining the weights of whole fish and gutted fish. Finally, the GHG emissions required to produce 1kg of whole fish and 1kg of edible fish were deduced. The results will help determine the GHG emissions from the fishery. They will also be helpful to stakeholders and the government in understanding the circumstances involved in GHG emissions from the fishing industry.
Economic analysis on development of low-carbon gear for anchovy boat seine
Park, Seong-Wook ; Lee, Kyounghoon ; Kang, Min-Joo ; Park, Seong-Kwae ; Lee, Chun-Woo ; Lee, Jihoon ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 49, issue 3, 2013, Pages 291~300
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2012.49.3.291
The main purpose of this study is to analyse economic feasibility of low-carbon-oriented gear for anchovy boat seine. The results of benefit/cost analysis showed that use of the low-carbon fishing gear is economically feasible. Considering the fuel saving and relatively low
emission by reducing the resistance of gear, net present value by such type 1 gear improvement was estimated about -2,490 ~ -1,580 million won with the benefit-cost ratio 0.81~ 0.88. And net present value by such type 2 gear improvement was estimated about 6,540 ~ 7,780 million won with the benefit-cost ratio 1.79 ~ 1.94. Development of lowcarbon trawl gear would render significant contributions to reducing
emission in fishing operations and lead to reduce fishing costs due to fuel savings.
Characteristics of bridge task in Korean coastal large trawler
Kim, Min-Son ; Shin, Hyeon-Ok ; Lee, Ju-Hee ; Hwang, Bo-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 49, issue 3, 2013, Pages 301~310
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2012.49.3.301
To suggest a standard concerning with the arrangement of bridge equipment, the authors conducted the video observations with 3CCD (charge coupled device) cameras installed on the ceil of the bridge for monitoring the working activities of two bridge teams (the skipper/mate1 and the skipper/mate2) in a Korean coastal large trawler(gross tonnage: 139) for five days from July 30th. 2010 and analyzed of the data. Work elements coded by the work activities were input on the sheet of work analysis by the time unit of 1 sec according to the time occurred. A single work element among the work activities for every 5 minutes was denoted as the number of occurrence. The frequency of equipment usage was limited only in the usage of the equipment. In the case of the navigation and the towing net two ranks were integrated and analyzed. On the other hand, in the case of the casting net and the hauling net, two processes were integrated to as one and then analyzed separately as two ranks. As the results, 15 elements of work was carried out between two bridge teams for the observation; lookout, radar, GPS plotter, fish finder, net monitor, fishing deck, RPM indicator, rudder angle indicator, compass card, for maneuver; steering, ship speed control, trawl winch operation and external communications, paper works and others. It was found that the work load of the skipper per 5 minutes accordance with the navigation, the casting net, the towing net and the hauling net are 20.5 times, 11.9 times, 38.0 times and 9.5 times respectively, the mates are 65.2 times, 66.5 times, 85.7 times and 59.1 times respectively. The radar was shown the highest frequency of the equipment usage and the next was the fish finder, the GPS plotter and the external communications in the case of the navigation. In the case of the towing net the frequency of usage was high the ranking as the radar, the net monitor, the fish finder, the GPS plotter, the steering system and the external communications. In the case of the integrated process both of the casting and hauling net the trawl winch was shown the highest frequency to the skipper and the next was the GPS plotter and the radar, and the steering system was shown the highest frequency to the mate and the next was the radar, the ship speed control system, the GPS plotter, the net monitor and the fish finder.
Comparative analysis of fishing operation with the difference of deck layout of Korean coastal large trawler
Kim, Min-Son ; Kang, Kyong-Mi ; Lee, Ju-Hee ; Shin, Hyeon-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean society of Fisheries Technology , volume 49, issue 3, 2013, Pages 311~326
DOI : 10.3796/KSFT.2012.49.3.311
For providing a basic data concerning with a fishing deck layout design of a trawler the authors conducted the video observations about the working activities of crews on the deck in the different layout of two Korean coastal large stern trawlers (gross tonnage: 139). The winch of the trawler-A was installed on the aft of the fishing deck and the trawler-B, on the forward of the fishing deck. The work and activities of the deck hands on both trawlers were observed using the CCD (charge coupled device) camera installed on each trawler's deck for one month from August 3, 2010. The video data was analyzed by the hierarchical task analysis (HTA) method. In results, numbers of tasks to require deck hands during the hauling net and the casting net were 25 and 28 for the trawler-A and 27 and 48 for the trawler-B, respectively. The working processes were represented a same in both of the trawlers. Location for controlling the deck machineries, the location installed trawl winch, kinds of deck machineries, crew's custom for using deck machineries were the factor affecting to the number of the task. In the case of the improvement suggested in the results is carried out, the reduction percentages of the number of task in the trawler-A and trawler-B were estimated as 24.5% and 51.3%, respectively. Through this study it was found that the quantitative analysis is possible for the work processes, work methods and the work contents in the trawler. Also the suggestion for improving the fishing deck layout design of the trawler was possible by finding out the factors increasing the number of tasks and removing the tasks. We expect that the results of this paper are used as a basic data for designing the layout of deck machineries in the trawler in the future.