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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Horticultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Fruit Quality and Freezing Damage of 'Kyoho' Grapes by Girdling
Kwon, Yong-Hee ; Lee, Byul-Ha-Na ; Shim, Sung-Bo ; Shin, Kyoung-Hee ; Chung, Kyu-Hwan ; Choi, In-Myung ; Park, Hee-Seung ;
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, volume 29, issue 2, 2011, Pages 81~86
The effects of girdling on fruit quality and cold resistance of 'Kyoho' grapes were investigated. Girdling treatment was conducted on the trunk at 10 cm above ground with 1 cm width and grapes were harvested at 90 and 110 days after full bloom to compare the fruit quality. First harvesting rate in girdling treatment was higher than that in non-girdling treatment and coloration was also higher in girdled vines at the final harvest. In other words, coloring process of grape was promoted and enhanced by girdling, but this effect of coloring improvement was decreased after successive girdling treatment. Fruit quality showed no difference between the treated and non-treated berries, but fruit cracking rate was lower in girdled treated berries. Girdled trees were weakened and suffered from freezing damage. Especially, most grapevines withered up after being girdled for three consecutive years. Although girdling had effect on improving the berry coloring significantly, the effect wore off with continuous girdling. And it was possible that consecutive girdling leaded to wither and growth suppression especially in grapevines. These adverse effects may make the continuous girdling technique unsuitable in practice for 'Kyoho' grape.
Effects of Hot Water and Chilling Treatments of Bulblets Propagated by Tissue Culture on Sprouting and Bulb Development in Korean Native Lilies
Kim, Min-Hui ; Lim, Young-Hee ; Oh, Wook ; Yun, Hae-Keun ; Kim, Kiu-Weon ;
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, volume 29, issue 2, 2011, Pages 87~94
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of hot solution soaking and chilling treatment on sprouting and enlargement of bulblets obtained through in vitro culture in Korean native lilies with ornamental values. In vitro bulblets of Lilium cernuum, L. hansonii, L. hansonii for. mutatum, L. leichtlinii, and L. tsingtauense were soaked in distilled water or 100
solution maintained at
for two hours (hot water treatment) and/or exposed at
for 0, 4, or 8 weeks (chilling treatment) and then planted in plastic trays filled with media and grown in a greenhouse at
and under 16 h photoperiod. In all species, no bulblet propagated by tissue culture sprouted without chilling or hot water treatment due to dormancy. For dormancy breaking,
hot solution treatment increasing sprouting by 55-96%, whereas distilled water or GA was not effective in sprouting. Chilling treatment for 4 weeks induced sprouting by 50-70% in L. cernuum and L. leichtlinii, whereas 8 weeks was needed for sprouting of L. hansonii and L. hansonii for. mutatum. Combined treatment of hot water and chilling treatments synergistically promoted sprouting. Especially, in L. cernuum and L. hansonii,
hot solution soaking prior to chilling for 4 weeks promoted sprouting by 35-45% compared with the reverse order. Enlargement of bulblets resulted from increase in fresh weight and diameter was promoted by the treatments that increased the sprouting percentage of bulblets. Only in L. cernuum, shoots emerged from bulblets soaked in hot
solution or chilled at
and shoot emergence rate was highest in bulblets soaked in hot
solution and then chilled for 8 weeks. From these results, the most effective method for bulblet sprouting and enlargement was to soak in hot
solution and then chill for 4 weeks in L. hansonii, hansonii for. mutatum, and leichtlinii, and to soak in hot
solution and then chill for 4 weeks in L. cernuum and tsingtauense.
Impact of Physicochemical Properties of Root Substrates on Growth of Mother Plants and Occurence of Daughter Plants in 'Seolhyang' Strawberry Propagation through Bag Culture
Choi, Jong-Myung ; Park, Ji-Young ; Latigui, Ahmed ;
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, volume 29, issue 2, 2011, Pages 95~101
The influence of physicochemical properties of root substrates on the growth of mother plants and occurrence of daughter plants in 'Seolhyang' strawberry propagation were investigated through plastic bag cultivation. Six different formulations of root substrates were coir dust + perlite (5:5, A), coir dust + perlite (6:4, B), coir dust + perlite (7:3, C), coir dust + coconut chip (7:3, D), coir dust + coconut chip (6:4, E), and peatmoss + vermiculite (5:5, v/v; F). The total porosities (TP) and container capacities (CC) of all root substrates were higher than 85% and 55%, respectively, indicating that all substrates were in the acceptable range. But the TP and CC of F substrate were 91.5% and 60%, respectively, which were the highest among the root substrates tested. In the soil chemical properties analyzed before planting and after harvesting of 'Seolhyang' strawberry mother plants, the root substrates of A, B, C, and F had higher electrical conductivity and
-N concentrations than those of D and F. The root substrates of A, B, C, and F had heavier runner fresh and dry weights, longer runner lengths, and more daughter plant occurrence than those of D and F. The treatment F had higher tissue N content than any other treatments at 120 days after the transplanting of 'Seolhyang' strawberry and statistical differences were not observed among remained 5 substrates. The treatment of F also had the higher tissue contents of other nutrients except N analyzed at 120 days after transplanting. These results indicated that soil chemical properties rather than physical properties severely influenced the growth of runners and occurrence of daughter plants.
Root-zone Temperature Control of Tomato Plant Cultivated in Perlite Bag during Summer Season
Kim, Sung-Eun ; Kim, Young-Shik ; Sim, Sang-Youn ;
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, volume 29, issue 2, 2011, Pages 102~109
This research was conducted to establish efficient methods to control root-zone temperature of tomato plant when cultivated in perlite bag during the summer season. Tomato plants were grown with four selected treatments; covering irrigation pipe by aluminum insulation material (Insulate), discarding nutrient solution inside the irrigation line before each irrigation (Discard), skipping irrigation for two hours from 13:00 to 15:00 (Skip), or no treatment as a control (Non). Based on the analysis of plant development index, all plants with selected treatments grew more vigorous and vegetative in similar growth patterns. The discard treatment exhibited the best root-zone temperature control among the treatments. The discard treatment also resulted in the best root growth and above-ground growth, followed by skip, Insulate and Non. The total yields were obtained by the order of Insulate, Discard, Non and Skip. However the marketable yield was obtained by the order of Discard, Insulate, Skip and Non. The net incomes treated with Discard and Insulate were 9,687,600 and 9,396,000 Korean won per hectare, respectively, exhibiting higher incomes than that of Non. Therefore, it was concluded that insulation of the irrigation pipe and discarding nutrient solution inside the pipe before each irrigation were the most desirable and economical methods in terms of costs and yields.
Effects of Earthenware Vase on Vase Life of Cut Gerbera Flowers and Microbial Multiplication
Lim, Young-Hee ; Oh, Wook ;
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, volume 29, issue 2, 2011, Pages 110~115
To examine the availability of onggi (earthenware) as a floral vase, we compared the vase life of cut gerberas (Gerbera jamesonii) with generally used vases made of glass and porcelain. After holding cut gerbera 'Honeymoon' and 'Golden Time' in vases made of glass, porcelain, and onggi containing holding solution (tap water or preservative solution), vase life, fresh weight, and water uptake of cut flowers, and total number of microbes in holding solution were collected. In onggi vase, vase life of both the cultivars was longer than the other vases and floral preservative prolonged vase life compared with tap water. Cut gerberas applied with preservative solution in onggi vase maintained their ornamental value for more than 14 days. Cumulative water uptake by cut gerberas was greatest in onggi vase, where 'Honeymoon' and 'Golden Time' absorbed water by 19.2 and 15.8 mL, respectively, for 10 days. Fresh weight of cut flowers in onggi vase was greater than those of the others, and the preservative solution delayed the reduction of fresh weight compared with tap water. Especially, onggi vase with preservative solution maintained 89% of the initial fresh weight at the 8th day of the treatments due to smooth water uptake with comparison with 71% in porcelain. Total number of microbes in the holding solution was smallest in onggi vase. At the 8th day, microbes number in onggi vase was 435 cfu/mL, that was 20-30% level of those of glass and porcelain vases. In conclusion, onggi vase inhibited microbial proliferation in holding solution, maintained water uptake by cut flower, and delayed bending of flower stalks due to vascular blockage, and then prolonged vase life in gerbera. Therefore, onggi with numerous micropores will be a good material for flower vase and preservative solution can improve its function.
Construction of a Full-length cDNA Library from Korean Stewartia (Stewartia koreana Nakai) and Characterization of EST Dataset
Im, Su-Bin ; Kim, Joon-Ki ; Choi, Young-In ; Choi, Sun-Hee ; Kwon, Hye-Jin ; Song, Ho-Kyung ; Lim, Yong-Pyo ;
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, volume 29, issue 2, 2011, Pages 116~122
In this study, we report the generation and analysis of 1,392 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from Korean Stewartia (Stewartia koreana Nakai). A cDNA library was generated from the young leaf tissue and a total of 1,392 cDNA were partially sequenced. EST and unigene sequence quality were determined by computational filtering, manual review, and BLAST analyses. Finally, 1,301 ESTs were acquired after the removal of the vector sequence and filtering over a minimum length 100 nucleotides. A total of 893 unigene, consisting of 150 contigs and 743 singletons, was identified after assembling. Also, we identified 95 new microsatellite-containing sequences from the unigenes and classified the structure according to their repeat unit. According to homology search with BLASTX against the NCBI database, 65% of ESTs were homologous with known function and 11.6% of ESTs were matched with putative or unknown function. The remaining 23.2% of ESTs showed no significant similarity to any protein sequences found in the public database. Annotation based searches against multiple databases including wine grape and populus sequences helped to identify putative functions of ESTs and unigenes. Gene ontology (GO) classification showed that the most abundant GO terms were transport, nucleotide binding, plastid, in terms biological process, molecular function and cellular component, respectively. The sequence data will be used to characterize potential roles of new genes in Stewartia and provided for the useful tools as a genetic resource.
Rapid and Unequivocal Identification Method for Event-specific Detection of Transgene Zygosity in Genetically Modified Chili Pepper
Kang, Seung-Won ; Lee, Chul-Hee ; Seo, Sang-Gyu ; Han, Bal-Kum ; Choi, Hyung-Seok ; Kim, Sun-Hyung ; Harn, Chee-Hark ; Lee, Gung-Pyo ;
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, volume 29, issue 2, 2011, Pages 123~129
To identify unintended vertical gene-transfer rates from the developed transgenic plants, rapid and unequivocal techniques are needed to identify event-specific markers based on flanking sequences around the transgene and to distinguish zygosity such as homo- and hetero-zygosity. To facilitate evaluation of zygosity, a polymerase chain reaction technique was used to analyze a transgenic pepper line B20 (homozygote), P915 wild type (null zygote), and their F1 hybrids, which were used as transgene contaminated plants. First, we sequenced the 3'-flanking region of the T-DNA (1,277 bp) in the transgenic pepper event B20. Based on sequence information for the 3'- and 5'-flanking region of T-DNA provided in a previous study, a primer pair was designed to amplify full length T-DNA in B20. We successfully amplified the full length T-DNA containing 986 bp from the flanking regions of B20. In addition, a 1,040 bp PCR product, which was where the T-DNA was inserted, was amplified from P915. Finally, both full length T-DNA and the 1,040 bp fragment were simultaneously amplified in the F1 hybrids; P915
B20. In the present study, we were able to identify zygosity among homozygous transgenic event B20, its wild type P915, and hemizygous F1 hybrids. Therefore, this novel zygosity identification technique, which is based on PCR, can be effectively used to examine gene flow for transgenic pepper event B20.
Allelism and Molecular Marker Tests for Genic Male Sterility in Paprika Cultivars
Lee, Jun-Dae ; Do, Jae-Wahng ; Han, Jung-Heon ; An, Chul-Geon ; Kweon, Oh-Yoel ; Kim, Yong-Kwon ; Yoon, Jae-Bok ;
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, volume 29, issue 2, 2011, Pages 130~134
Paprika (Capsicum annuum L.), a colored bell-type sweet pepper, is one of the most important money making vegetable crops in Korea. The cultivation area, total production, and exports of paprika are gradually getting increased, but the paprika cultivars used in Korea are all imported. It was well-known that the genic male sterility (GMS) is the main way to produce paprika hybrid seeds. However, it is little known that how many and what kinds of ms genes are used for breeding of paprika
varieties. In this study, eight paprika cultivars ('Special', 'Debla', 'Plenty', 'Fiero', 'Boogie', 'Fiesta', 'Derby', and 'Minibell'), popularly cultivated in Korea and three different genic male sterile lines ('GMSP', 'GMS3', and 'GMSK') were used. For allelism test among the
cultivars, half diallel crosses were performed. The result demonstrated that the most of the GMS in paprika cultivars except for 'Minibell' were same allele. To identify which GMS gene(s) were used for paprika
cultivars, top crosses between previously known GMS lines and the
cultivars were performed. As a result, we found that the
genes were alleles for the GMS of 'Minibell' and for the other cultivars, respectively. We also confirmed that the GMS gene identification using GMSK-CAPS marker linked to the
gene and the PmsM1-CAPS marker linked to the
progenies of 'Minibell' and 'Fiesta' and 'Derby' cultivars, respectively. In addition, we developed the PmsM2-CAPS marker for 'Plenty', 'Fiero', and 'Boogie' cultivars. We expect that these markers will be very useful for breeding new maternal (male sterile) line of paprika.
Isolation and Characterization of a Doritaenopsis Hybrid GIGANTEA Gene, Which Possibly Involved in Inflorescence Initiation at Low Temperatures
Luo, Xiaoyan ; Zhang, Chi ; Sun, Xiaoming ; Qin, Qiaoping ; Zhou, Mingbin ; Paek, Kee-Yoeup ; Cui, Yongyi ;
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, volume 29, issue 2, 2011, Pages 135~143
In the Doritaenopsis hybrid, like most of the orchid species and hybrids, temperature is crucial for the vegetative-to-reproductive transition, and low temperature is required for bud differentiation. To understand the molecular mechanism of this process, an orchid GIGANTEA (GI) gene, DhGI1, was isolated and characterized by using the rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) PCR technique. Sequence analysis showed that the full-length cDNA is 4,022 bp with a major open reading frame of 3,483 bp, and the amino acid sequence showed high similarity to GI proteins in Zea mays, Oryza sativa, Arabidopsis thaliana and other plants. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR revealed that DhGI1 was expressed throughout development and could be detected in roots, stems, leaves, peduncles and flower buds. The expression level of DhGI1 was higher when the plants were flowering at low temperature (22/
day/night) than the other growth stages. Further analysis indicated that the accumulation of DhGI1 transcripts was significantly increased at low temperature, and concomitantly, initiation of the peduncle was observed. However, DhGI1 levels were low under high temperature (30/
) conditions, and flower initiation was inhibited. These results indicate that the expression of DhGI1 is regulated by low temperature and that DhGI1 may play an important role in inflorescence initiation in this Doritaenopsis hybrid at low temperatures.
Comparison of Nutrient Components and Physicochemical Properties of General and Colored Potato
Jang, Hye-Lim ; Hong, Ju-Yeon ; Kim, Nam-Jo ; Kim, Min-Ha ; Shin, Seung-Ryeul ; Yoon, Kyung-Young ;
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, volume 29, issue 2, 2011, Pages 144~150
This study was conducted to investigate the nutrient components and physicochemical properties of general ('Superior') and colored potato. Proximate composition, reducing sugar, free sugars, free amino acids, organic acids, minerals were analyzed, and Hunter color values were measured in the study. 'Rose' and 'Blue' (colored potatoes) contained high levels of reducing sugar, and total free sugar content was greatly different according to varieties. Glutamic acid, arginine and
-aminobutyric acid were detected to be the three major amino acids in colored potato, and the major organic acids of general potato were oxalic acid, tartaric acid, malic acid and citric acid. All potato contained high level of potassium, calcium and magnesium. The Hunter 'L' value was the highest in 'Jaseo'; Hunter 'a' value was high in 'Blue' and 'Jasim'; Hunter 'b' value was the highest in 'Haryoung'. Overall, colored potato had higher amount of nutrients and physicochemical properties than 'Superior'. Therefore, colored potatoes are expected to be highly valuable items for the development and applications of a functional food. In addition, these results will provide fundamental data for improving sitological value, breeding of new cultivar and promoting of roughage usage.
Control Efficacy of Gray Mold on Strawberry Fruits by Timing of Chemical and Microbial Fungicide Applications
Nam, Myeong-Hyeon ; Kim, Hyeon-Suk ; Lee, Won-Keun ; Gleason, Mark L. ; Kim, Hong-Gi ;
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, volume 29, issue 2, 2011, Pages 151~155
The fungus Botrytis cinerea causes fruit rot of strawberry and the damages can result in harvest losses upto 50%. Proper timing of fungicide application is essential for successful control of Botrytis fruit rot, fenhexamid plus iminoctadine tris, cyprodinil plus fludioxonil, fludioxonil alone, and Bacillus subtilis QST713 were applied to individual buds, flowers, and green and red fruit of cultivar 'Seolhyang' ex vivo. Cyprodinil plus fludioxonil or fludioxonil alone was applied i) before and after a 5-hr period of low-temperature (
) incubation ex vivo ii) in field trials. Strawberry flowers and red fruit were more susceptible to B. cinerea than the green fruits. Incidence of Botrytis rot with fenhexamid plus iminoctadine tris and cyprodinil plus fludioxonil was the lowest at flowering, whereas B. subtilis QST713 did not significantly among treatments. In 2010, incidence of Botrytis fruit rot was significantly reduced when fludioxonil was applied two times at 1 week intervals from 50% bloom in field trials. Cultivars Redpearl and Seolhyang were more susceptible to low-temperature than cvs. Maehyang and Akihime. Cyprodinil plus fludioxonil application was effective when applied before onset of the low-temperature treatment period. Fludioxonil showed the most effective when it was sprayed one and more than two times in before and post low-temperature condition, respectively. These results demonstrate that fungicide selection and timing can interact with stage of fruit development and low-temperature in determining effectiveness of suppression of Botrytis fruit rot.
Breeding of a New Bright Yellow Gerbera 'Sunmyo' with High Yield for Cut Flower
Park, Jae-Suk ; Chung, Mi-Young ; Kim, Chang-Kil ;
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, volume 29, issue 2, 2011, Pages 156~159
A new bright yellow gerbera (Gerbera hybrida Hort.), 'Sunmyo' was bred from a cross between red medium-gerbera 'Beauty' and yellow gerbera 'Tamara' in 2001. Characteristics trials were conducted three times from 2004 to 2006. Bred cultivar 'Sunmyo' showed bright yellow color (YG12B), black center, semi-double type, and middle size flower with stable flower shape. The average yield of 'Sunmyo' increased up to 37% (70.0 stems per year) as compared to control cultivar 'Biro' (51.0 stems per year). The vase life is 7.5 days. The survival rate is 85.0%, and days to first flowering are 95 in the plastic house passing the winter season.
A New Rose Cultivar 'Suryeo' with White-pink Flower Color
Kim, Ju-Hyoung ; Kim, Si-Dong ; Kim, Seung-Deok ; Kim, Tae-Jung ; Rho, Chang-Woo ; Min, Kyeong-Beom ; Paek, Kee-Yoeup ;
Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, volume 29, issue 2, 2011, Pages 160~163
A new rose cultivar was bred by crossing the red-yellow standard cultivar 'Konfetti' and pink standard cultivar 'Laser' at the Chungcheongbuk-do Agriculture Research and Extension Services. The cross was completed in 2003, after varietal characteristics was tested for 3 years from 2005 to 2007, 'Suryeo' was finally selected in 2007 and registered on the grant of plant variety rights in 2009. The cultivar was developed for a standard-type cut flower with white-pink petals. 'Suryeo' produced 149 stems/
in a year and had 64 petals per flower. This new cultivar needed 48 days to flower and showed 12 days vase life. The length of cut stem was about 78 cm, and the fresh weight of stem was 50 g. This cultivar showed high resistance against powdery mildew.