Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Medicinal Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Identification of Endophytic Bacteria Isolated from Rusty-colored Root of Korean Ginseng (Panax ginseng) and Its Induction
Choi, Jae-Eul ; Ryuk, Jin-Ah ; Kim, Jin-Hee ; Choi, Chun-Hwan ; Chun, Jong-Sik ; Kim, Young-Jun ; Lee, Hyang-Burm ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~5
While the rusty-colored root is common in ginsengs culture and, often results in a severe economic loss, the major factors have not been found. This study was focused on the determination of a potential relationship between rusty root and endophytic bacteria. The number of endophytes was
fw in normal ginseng roots compared to
fw in rusty ones. Of 31 isolates from rusty ginseng roots, twenty-four isolates repeatedly induced severe to moderate rust on root while seven isolates induced slight rust. The bacteria responsible for rusty ginseng roots were mainly Gram negative aerobic. Rust inducing bacteria were identified as Agrobacterium tumefaciens, A. rhizogenes, Burkholderia phenazinium, Ensifer adharens, Lysobacter gummosus, Microbacterium luteolum, M. oxydans, Pseudomonas marginalis, P. veronii, Pseudomonas sp., Rhizobium leguminosarum, R. tropica, Rhodococcus erythropolis, Rh. globerulus, Variovorax paradoxus on the basis of bacteriological characters and 16S rDNA sequences analysis. The results in this study strongly suggested that the rusty ginseng roots were produced by infection and growth of endophytic bacteria.
Lateral Root Formation and Growth of Soybean Sporouts Treated with Various Solutions
Kang, Jin-Ho ; Park, Cheol-Jong ; Yoon, Soo-Young ; Jeon, Seung-Ho ; Hong, Dong-Oh ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2005, Pages 6~10
Lateral roots of soybean sprouts should deeply affect their quality and marketability. The study was done to compare the effects of ocher, chitosan, corn kennel, tea (Thea sinensis L.) and hard rubber tree (Eucommia ulmoides Oliver) leaf extracts on lateral root formation, growth and morphological characters of the sprouts. Seeds of three cultivars, Pungsannamulkong, Sowonkong and Junjery, were imbibed for 5 hours into their 10% solutions and cultured for 6 days. The cultured sprouts were classified into 4 categories to calculate their composition rates on the base of hypocotyl lengths;>7 cm (A), 4 to 7 cm (B), < 4 cm (C) and not germinated (D), and their morphological characters, fresh and dry weights were measured. Composition rate of A was the lowest in Junjery of the three cultivars, while that of C showed reverse result compared to A. This results was the most distinct in hard rubber tree leaf extracts (HRTLE) of the five treatments. In HRTLE treatment, lateral root formation rate were formed in almost of Sowonkong although reduced in order of Pungsannamulkong and Junjery. However, there was no significant difference between the other treatments. Lateral roots per sprout were the lowest in HRTLE treatment of the 5 treatments. In all treatments except the chitosan treatment, the roots were most formed in Sowonkong but least in Junjery. Sprout length adding hypocotyl and root was the shortest in Junjery compared to the other two cultivars. and was the longest in tea leaf extract treatment but the shortest in HRTLE treatment. The result in total fresh weight of sprouts was similar to that of the sprout length.
Growth and Morphological Charactersistics of Soybean Sprouts Treated with Leaf Extracts of Thea sinensis L. and Eucommia ulmoides Oliver
Kang, Jin-Ho ; Park, Cheol-Jong ; Yoon, Soo-Young ; Jeon, Seung-Ho ; Her, Chang-Young ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2005, Pages 11~16
Soybean sprouts presoaked to leaf extracts were on sale as taking a growing concern about wellbeing foods. The study was carried out to compare the effects of culture period after presoaking tea (Thea sinensis L.) and hard rubber tree (Eucommia ulmoides Oliver) leaf extracts on lateral root formation, growth and morphological characters of the sprouts. Seeds of three cultivars, Pungsannamulkong, Sowonkong and Junjery, were imbibed for 5 hours into 10% solutions immediately before 5, 6 and 7 day cultures. The cultured sprouts were classified into 4 categories to calculate their composition rates on the base of hypocotyllengths; >7 cm (A),4 to 7 cm (B),< 4 cm (C) and not germinated (D), and their morphological characters, fresh and dry weights were measured. Rate of A was the lowest in Junjery of the three cultivars, while that of C showed reverse result compared to A. Similar results to that of A were observed between the three cultivars in sprout length including hypocotyl and root, diameters in middle and hook parts of hypocotyl, total fresh and dry weights. Regardless of tea and hard rubber tree leaf extract treatments, longer culture periods increased rate of A due to decrements of B, C and D, and also did the growth and the morphological characters mentioned above. Although longer culture periods reduced the increment of lateral roots, the latter treatment was more delayed in their formation and less in the roots per sprout than the former one. The growth and the morphological characters above were less in the latter treatment than in the former one in general, meaning that hard rubber tree leaf extract could more repress growth of soybean sprouts than tea leaf extract.
Effect of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver Leaf Extract Concentration on Growth and Morphological Characteristics of Soybean Sprouts
Kang, Jin-Ho ; Park, Cheol-Jong ; Yoon, Soo-Young ; Jeon, Seung-Ho ; Kim, Hee-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2005, Pages 17~20
Natural products has been occasionally used in place of growth regulators to control lateral root formation and growth of soybean sprouts. The study was done to measure the effects of treatment concentration of hard rubber tree (Eucommia ulmoides Oliver) leaf extract on lateral root formation, growth and morphological characters of the sprouts. Seeds of three cultivars, Pungsannamulkong, Sowonkong and Junjery, were imbibed for 5 hours into water, its 5 and 10% solutions immediately before 6 day culture. The cultured sprouts were classified into 4 categories to calculate their composition rates on the base of hypocotyl lengths; >7 cm (A),4 to 7 cm (B),<4 cm (C) and not germinated (D), and their morphological characters, fresh and dry weights were measured. Rate of A was decreased with increased concentrations, while that of C showed reverse result compared to A. Regardless of concentrations, the former rate was less in cv. Junjery than in cv. Pungsannamulkong and Sowonkong than in cv. Junjery although the latter rate was truly opposite to the former one. In 10% treatment concentration, lateral roots were less formed in cv. Junjery although nearly formed in cv. Pungsannamulkong and Sowonkong. In all the 3 cultivars, lateral roots per sprouts were decreased with increased treatment concentration. shorter and thicker sprout was observed in cv. Junjery than in the other cultivars, and in increased concentrations compared to relatively lower ones. Total fresh weight was the greatest in cv. Sowonkong due to mainly increment of its hypocotyl, but was reduced with increased concentration due to mainly decrement of hypocotyl in all the cultivars.
Classification by Morphological Characteristics and their Correlation of Polygonatum Species Collected from Gyeongnam Area
Shim, Jae-Suk ; Park, Jeong-Min ; Jeon, Byong-Sam ; Kang, Jin-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2005, Pages 21~29
This study was done to obtain their morphological traits to analyse genetic diversity and intraspecific relationship of 47 Polygonatum species collected from Gyeongnam province. Plant height was the highest in P. thunbergii but the shortest in P. involucratum. Growth habit and its colors were classified to 3 groups, respectively. Leaf shapes were sorted to 5 groups including lanceolate with petiole or none, petiole colors were done to 3 groups including a species having dark green leaves of purple colored margin. Flower shapes were divided as 3 groups of urceolate, tubular and gourd shapes, and its colors were white, greenish white and light green, especially light green in a species with gourd shape. Filament shapes were two types of flatness and cylinder. Peduncle color and bract attached below it showed 4 types, respectively. Fruit shapes were sorted to 3 groups. In 100-fruit weights P. ordoratum var. pluriflorum showed the greatest but P. involucratum did the least. Two species were completely resistant to leaf brightness although 7 species showed less than 7 % infection rates. Rhizome yields ranged from 4.4 g to 94.8 g per plant, showing their significant variation. In correlation analysis between 9 major characters, rhizome yield per plant was positively correlated with plant height, stalk diameter, leaf number, leaf length and width, and rhizome diameter but leaf brightness was negatively done with plant height, stalk diameter, leaf number and length, 100-seed weight, rhizome yield per plan and rhizome diameter.
Interspecific Relationship of Polygonatum Species Collected from Gyeongnam Area Using Cluster Analysis
Shim, Jae-Suk ; Park, Jeong-Min ; Jeon, Byong-Sam ; Kang, Jin-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2005, Pages 30~34
Polygonatum species are a useful medical crop in Korea but basic study in the species was not well conducted. The study was carried out to analyse genetic diversity and intraspecific relationship of 47 Polygonatum species collected from Gyeongnam province. Their analysis was done through principle component analysis and average linkage cluster analysis with their twelve morphological traits. The result of principle component analysis showed the Prin 1, Prin 2 and Prin 3 represented 79% of total variation. By the 0.7 average distance of the cluster analysis and the calculated Euclidian distance, the 47 collected species were grouped into five groups. Group I included 22 collected species representing P. ordoratum var. pluriflorum, group II did 5 ones representing P. involucratum, group III was divided into two subclasses, 2 species including P. inflatum and 7 species including P. thunbergii, group IV also consisted of 2 subclasses, a species similar to P. thunbergii and P.involucratum, respectively, and finally group V included 8 species representing P.lasianthum var. coreanum. meaning that the useful germplasms can be collected from relatively small area.
Changes of Paeonol and Paeoniflorin Contents in Chinese Moutan (Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews) Cultivars with Different Harvesting Times and their Parts
Choi, Kyung ; Zhao, Fei ; Li, Yuhua ; Choi, Jun-Won ; Lee, Hak-Ju ; Kwon, Yeong-Han ; Park, Kwang-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2005, Pages 35~40
We analyzed six cultivars of Chinese Moutan, Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews, using HPLC for the investigation of appropriate root harvesting time and distributions of paeonol and paeoniflorin according to the seasonal changes. The contents of paeonol remained nearly constant at different harvesting times. However, the paeoniflorin contents have changed significantly during the harvesting time. These showed the increasing tendency in May, July and September. We compared the distribution of two compounds between two cultivars with different flower forms, Dan Feng and Wu Long Feng Sheng. The contents of paeonol were very low in the leaf and annual shoot. This tendency was not changed during five harvesting times. But the paeoniflorin existed abundantly in the leaf and root. The contents of paeoniflorin in the leaf were highest in May, and gradually decreased.
Anticancer and Immune Activities of the Extracts from Amorpha fruticosa L.
Kim, Jung-Hwa ; Kim, Dae-Ho ; You, Jin-Hyun ; Kwon, Min-Chul ; Lee, Hyun-Jung ; Lee, Hak-Ju ; Lee, Hyeon-Yong ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2005, Pages 41~47
This study was performed to experiment about useful biological activities of the parts of the extracts from Amorpha fruticosa LINNE. Experimental studies were progressed through the anticancer activities and immune activities such as cell cytotoxicity, inhibition activities of cell growth, cell growth of human B and T cell, productivity of cytokines and natural killer cell activities. The cell cytotoxicity using human Lung normal cell (HEL299) was showed cytotoxicity of below 22% by extracts of Amorpha fruticosa L. in 1.0 g/l concentration. The anticancer activities were increased in over 70% by roots extracts of Amorpha fruticosa L. in A549 and AGS cells. The immune cell growth using human immune B and T cells was increased against control by barks extracts of Amorpha fruticosa L. The secretion of cytokines
from human immune B and T cells was showed secretion of the amount of cytokines by roots extracts of Amorpha fruticosa L. Also NK cell growth was increased against control all of the extracts of Amorpha fruticosa L. From the results, the roots and barks extracts of Amorpha fruticosa L. were showed useful biological activities.
Karyotype Analysis and Physical Mapping of rDNAs Using McFISH in Jeffersonia dubia Benth
Kim, Soo-Young ; Choi, Hae-Woon ; Koo, Dal-Hoe ; Kim, Chan-Soo ; Bang, Jae-Wook ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2005, Pages 48~51
Karyotype analysis and chromosomal locailization of 45S and 5S rDNAs using McFISH (multi-color fluorescence in situ hybridization) were carried out in Jeffersonia dubia Benth., which is one of medicinal plants belonging to Berberidaceae. The somatic metaphase chromosome number was 2n=2x=12 and the size of chromosomes ranged
. The chromosome complement consisted of two pairs of metacentrics (chromosomes 1 and 3), two pairs of submetacentrics (chromosomes 2 and 4) and two pairs of subtelocentrics (chromosomes 5 and 6). In McFISH, one pair of 45S rDNA site was detected on the centromeric region of chromosome 2 and three pairs of 5S rDNA sites were detected on the short arm of chromosomes 4, 5 and 6, respectively.
Physicochemical Properties of Red Ginseng on Storage Condition of the Fresh Ginseng
Kim, Chun-Suk ; Jung, In-Chan ; Kim, Se-Bong ; Yang, Deok-Chun ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2005, Pages 52~56
This study was compared the quality of red ginseng and characteristic changes of physicochemical properties according to the storage period (non storage, two days, six days, eight days, ten days) and store temperature
. The water content of the fresh ginseng has a tendency to decrease as storage time increases. When we store the fresh ginseng for 10 days, the ideal storage temperature is considered to be
degrees. The amount of total nitrogen has a tendency to increase more than that of no storage as storage period approaches to 10 days. In the storage temperature, the amount of total nitrogen has a tendency to increase in the order of 1) room temperature, 2) freezing storage, 3) cold storage more than no storage. Cold storage has larger contents of total phenolic compounds than room temperature and freezing storage according to storage temperature. When we analyze the changes of a relative density of eight elements, ginsenoside
in red ginseng's saponin Rf according to storage condition, the relative density of
against Rf diminishes in each storage condition as storage time increases. And it is also thought that density change of ginsenoside appears because of the materials, and change tendency according to storage condition is not clear. From functional nature on the evaluation of the quality, taste and fragrance of red ginseng according to storage district, it is evaluated that it is most recommendable for red ginseng to be transported and stored in
degrees to keep its best condition.
Transformation of Korean Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) with Salt Toleranc SAL1 Gene
In, Jun-Gyo ; Yang, Deok-Chun ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 13, issue 1, 2005, Pages 57~62
Salt-tolerant transgenic Panax ginseng plants were produced by introducing the SAL1 geue (3'(2'), 5'-bis-phosphate nucleotidase) that confers tolerance to the salts through Agrobacterium tumefaciens co-cultivation. Cotyledon explants of immature ginseng zygotic embryos cultured on Murashige and Skoog medium lacking growth regulators formed somatic embryos directly with below 10%, but the 74% tranformation rate were observed at the treatment of phytohormone with 1.0 mg/l 2,4-D and 0.5 mg/l kinetin. Somatic embryos were initially cultured on MS medium supplemented with 250 mg/l cefotaxime for 3 weeks and subsequently subcultured five times to a medium containing 100 mg/l kanamycin and 250 mg/l cefotaxime. Upon development into the cotyledonary stage, these somatic embryos were transferred to on the medium containing 50 mg/l kanamycin and 10 mg/l gibberellic acid to induce germination and strong selection. Integration of the transgene into the plants was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction with specific primers. The ginseng transformants with well-developed shoots and roots were successfully acclimatized in a greenhouse when they were planted in soil.