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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Medicinal Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Genetic Analysis of Polygonati Rhizoma and Polygonati odorati Rhizoma using Random Amplified Microsatellite Polymorphism
An, Sun-Min ; Ryuk, Jin-Ah ; Kim, Young-Hwa ; Chae, Byoung-Chan ; Kim, Hong-Jun ; Kim, Ki-Hoon ; Kang, Kwon-Kyoo ; Ko, Byong-Seob ; Lee, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2006, Pages 125~129
Two herbal medicines of the Polygonatum genus, namely Polygonati Rhizoma and Polygonati Odorati Rhizoma, are difficult to distinguish from each other through exterior morphologic aspects. Furthermore, because the standard components for physiochemical distinction have not yet been standardized, the identification of these medicines through botanic taxology is based on genetic methods of random amplified microsatellite polymorphism (RAMP). For the RAMP evaluation, we used five sets of UBC microsatellite primers 811, 818, 834, 836, 842 and random primer M1. Although no specific band that could clearly distinguish Polygonati Rhizoma from Polygonati Odorati Rhizoma was found, 11 Polygonatum plants could be divided into two groups by this method. P. sibiricum and P. stenophyllum were classified to group I and the others were to group II. As P. sibiricum and P. stenophyllum were very similar in genetic and morphologic perspective, the results suggest that P. stenophyllum belongs to the Polygonati Rhizoma family.
Selection and Technical Development for Seed Pelleting Material of Codonopsis lanceolata Trautv
Choi, Kyeong-Gu ; Lee, Youn-Su ; Cha, Kwang-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2006, Pages 130~133
This study was conducted to select Codonopsis lanceolata seed's new pelleting particulate materials and adhesives. Different adhesives (Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), Polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), Xanthan gum (XG), Arabic gum (AG)) and particulate materials (Illite, Diatomite, Pyrophyllite + Illite + Diatomite (PID), Pyrophyllite + Illite + Talc (PIT), Bentonite + Talc (BT)) were tested for seed pelleting. PID for Codonopsis lanceolata seed pelleting appeared to be the best particulate material. Among the pelleting adhesives, PVP was the best adhesive for seed pelleting, and the optimum concentration for germination of pelleting seed was 1 %. Germination rate of the pelleted seeds treated with PID particulate material and PVP adhesive was higher (86.8%) than those of raw seeds (85.5%).
and MDG of pelleted Codonopsis lanceolata seed required five and eight days at soil moisture content of 50%, respectively.
Change of Productivity According to Cultivation Years and Planting densities in Saururus chinensis Baill
Nam, Sang-Young ; Kim, In-Jae ; Kim, Min-Ja ; Yun, Tae ; Lee, Cheol-Hee ; Park, Sung-Gue ; Lee, Woo-Young ; Jong, Seung-Keun ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2006, Pages 134~138
The result that test 3 years since 2002 allowing 6 processing such as
to supply basis data of method of cultivation establishment investigating productivity of Saururus chinensis by the number of cultivation years and planting distance, is as following. Plant height of foliar growth was good 1 year eats little, but 2 years planting distance
, 3 years was best in
and there were many the number of tillerings 1, 2, all 3 years do high plant density, and rhizoma growth is 1, 2 years does high plant density, it was good tendency, but 3 years is best in
. 1 year is most in planting distance
, 2 years
, 3 years
year accumulation quantity
year accumulation quantity
, 20 cm in goods foliar amount.
Dyeability and Antibacterial Activity against Food Poisoning Bacteria Dyed with Geranium nepalense Extracts
Park, Yun-Jum ; Kim, Hyun-Ju ; Park, Yong-Seo ; Cho, Ja-Yong ; Jang, Hong-Gi ; Heo, Buk-Gu ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2006, Pages 139~142
This study was conducted to develop antibacterial hand towel and dishcloth against food poisoning bacteria, and to examine the dyeability and the antibacterial activity of cotton fabrics against food poisoning bacteria, which was dyed with 1 % extracts of Geranium nepalense at
minutes. Surface colors of cotton fabrics treated nothing, alum
, and calcium hydroxide
with mordants showed grayed-yellow group, that treated copper sulfate
with mordant was grey-brown group, and that treated sulfate of iron
made grayed-green group. Hue value of cotton fabrics dyed with the extracts of Geranium nepalense and dried until twenty times was an order of descent Y, that dried thirty to forty an order of descent YR. Cotton fabrics dyed with the extracts of Geranium nepalense had the antibacterial activity against food poisoning bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coil and Salmonella typhimurium by over 99.99%. And that dried over thirty times showed the antibacterial activities against food poisoning bacteria by 52.91%.
Growth Characteristics and Available Component of Saururus chinensis Baill in Different Soil Texture
Kim, In-Jae ; Kim, Min-Ja ; Nam, Sang-Young ; Yun, Tae ; Kim, Hong-Sig ; Jong, Seung-Keun ; Hong, Seong-Su ; Hwang, Bang-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2006, Pages 143~147
This study was carried to investigate the effect of soil texture on the growth and the contents of quercetin-glycoside and lignans, and to improve the qualities of Saururus chinensis Baill. Soil texture resulted no significant effects on the number of nodes, the number of leaves, the number of branches and dry matter ratio. However, the shoot dry weight was higher in sandy loam, loam, silt loam and sand soil in that order. Although the weight of rhizomes of below 5 mm in diameter was not significantly different among soil textures, the weight of rhizomes between 5.1 and 10.9 mm and the weight of rhizomes of above 11 mm in diameter ranged
and was larger in clay loam than in other soil textures. No significance difference was showed in rhizome dry ratio ranging from 19.1 to 20.8%. The amount of quercetin-glycoside in leaves was higher in loam and sandy loam and ranged from 219.3 to 222.4 mg/100 g of quercetin-glycoside quercitrin, rutin, isoquercitrin and hyperin were higher in that order. On the other hand, quercetin-glycoside contents in stem were 14.8 mg/100 g and 12.4 mg/100 g in sandy and sandy loam, respectively, and were higher than in other soil textures of quercetin-glycoside constituents, the content of rutin was the highest. The content of lignans was increased in clay loam, loam, sandy loam, and sandy in that order of lignans, the manassatin B was the highest.
Quantitative Analysis of Phenolic Compounds in Different parts of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer and Its Inhibitory Effect on Melanin Biosynthesis
Hwang, Eun-Young ; Choi, Sang-Yoon ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2006, Pages 148~152
Comparison of four phenolic compounds among three different parts of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer was performed in this study. Contents of esculetin, p-coumaric acd, quercetin, maltol in the ethyl acetate fraction were determinated by HPLC analysis. The main root has a highest concentration of p-coumaric acid and the leave has a highest concentration of quercetin and esculetin. This ethyl acetate fraction of the leaves exhibited higher depigmenting activity and lower cell toxicity than the other parts of ginseng. In addition, it showed that quercetin and esculetin among phenolic compounds highly inhibited melanin biosynthesis in ginseng. It implies that leaves of ginseng may be used as skin whitening herb. Quercetin and esculetin proved to be active compounds in the leaves of ginseng.
Growth and Flowering of Orostachys japonicus A. Berger Affected by Transplanted Seedling Size
Jeon, Seung-Ho ; Hong, Dong-Oh ; Lee, Chang-Woo ; Kim, Hong-Young ; Shin, Sung-Cheol ; Kang, Jin-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2006, Pages 153~157
Floret flowering of Orostachys japonicus, a monocarpic and short day plant, should be controlled to continue cultivating. The study was done to examine the effect of transplanted seedling size (large, 18 leaves; medium, 13 leaves; small, 8 leaves) on growth, morphological characters, and flowering. Night-break treatment of 2 hours at midnight were done on August 25 and afterward samples were taken every 2 weeks. Growth, morphological and flowering related characters were measured from each sample. With larger seedling transplanted, plant height, inflorescence length, number of leaves including bracts and stem diameter were increased. Leaves and bracts, stem, root, shoot and total dry weights were increased as transplanted seedlings became larger. Although formed florets were inclined with larger transplanted seedling, they were not flowered because of the night-break treatment, meaning that the larger transplanted seedlings, the more economic yield.
Growth Characteristics and Adaptability of Introduced Achyranthes bidentata Blume in Korea
Kim, Dong-Hwi ; Sung, Jung-Sook ; Kim, Myeong-Seok ; Park, Chun-Geun ; Park, Hee-Woon ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2006, Pages 158~162
Achyranthes bidentata was recorded to new medicinal crop in a revised 8th edition of the Korean pharmacopoeia. Therefore, A. bidentata began to use for same purpose with Achyranthes japonica which was cultivated since old times in Korea. This study was conducted to investigate the adaptability of A. bidentata in Korea. The germination rate and speed of A. bidentata seeds were higher than those of A. japonica in
. The growth of A. bidentata was greater than that of A. japonica until the 60 days after transplanting, but growth after that was the opposite. There were remarkable differences between two species in growth characteristics such as flowering date, leaf fall date, plant height, stem color and no. of branches. The flowering and leaf fall date of A. bidentata were earlier than A. japonica by July 7 and September 26. The plant height and number of branches of A.japonica were longer and more than A. bidentata, but the cluster length and no. of flowers per cluster of that were shorter and fewer than this. Number of supporting roots of A. bidentata and A. japonica was 10.7 and 14.6 per plant, respectively. The average yield was not different between two species. The yield of A. bidentata was 166 kg/l0 a in Suwon and 309 kg/10 a in Naju of Korea. The suitable cultivation region of A. bidentata was judged to southern area of Korea.
Cultural Practices of Bulbils for Seed-Tuber Production in Dioscorea batatas Decne
Shin, Jong-Hee ; Park, Sang-Gu ; Park, Sang-Zo ; Lee, Bong-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2006, Pages 163~167
The various cultural practices of bulbils were tested for seed tuber production in Chinese yam (Dioscorea batatas Decne.). To obtain amount of seed tuber, yam bulbils were sowed from early April to early May. The late sowing reduced average tuber weight, and consequently the amount of small tubers less than 20g increased highly. The optimum seeding rate of bulbils was 200 kg/10 a for production of seed-tubers. The average tuber weight was decreased according to increasing of seeding rate, so the amount of small tubers among total harvested tubers increased greatly at high seeding rate. Tuber size was affected by bulbil size. Seeding of the larger size bulbils result in increased sprouting rate, each tuber weight and tuber yield per unit area.
Antioxidant Activity and Whitening Effect of Extraction Conditions in Curcuma longa L.
An, Bong-Jeun ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Park, Tae-Soon ; Pyeon, Jeong-Ran ; Bae, Ho-Jung ; Song, Mi-Ae ; Baek, Eun-Ji ; Park, Jung-Mi ; Son, Jun-Ho ; Lee, Chang-Eon ; Choi, Kyung-Im ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2006, Pages 168~172
Curcuma longa L. of Zingiberaceae family, has been reported to have radical scavenging activity and antiinflammatory effect. On these facts, biological activity and whitening effect were examined to evaluate a bioactivity of the extracts of Curcumma longa L. by extraction conditions as a possible pharmaceutical material. When compared extraction methods, supercritical extraction was the best showing various biological activities and whitening effect. The highest electron donating ability
were detected and SOD-like activity was inhibited up to
in supercritical extraction. To evaluate the whitening effect, tyrosinase inhibitory activity was conducted 89% of tyrosinase inhibitory effect examined at
. From these results, we suggest that the supercritical extracts from Curcuma longa L. is useful for cosmetic ingredients.
Effect of Inorganic Components on the Seedling Growth Performance of Kalopanx pictus Nakai
Lee, Cheul-Ho ; Shin, Chang-Ho ; Kim, Kyu-Sick ; Choi, Myung-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2006, Pages 173~177
Terminal buds and young leaves of Kalopanax pictus are in a great demand as a edible vegetable. Its bark of stems and roots have been used as the resources of folk medicine in Korea. Recently, attempts to cultivate the plant have being tried in farms and mountain villages. This study was conducted to determine effect of inorganic elements on seedlings growth of K. pictus. Levels of inorganic elements in the leaves were variable based on macro and micro inorganic elements. Among the inorganic elements in the leaves of K. pictus seedlings, level of N was high, while other ions were low in the order of K, Ca, P, Mg, Mn, Fe and Zn. A highly significant correlations between the seedling growth and the level of N, P, K, and Na in the leaves, while a low positive significant correlations between the growth and the level of either Mg or Mn and no significant correlations between the growth and the level of Ca, Fe, Cu, and Zn. The most affecting inorganic ion on the seedling growth was N, and followed by the order of K, P, Mg, Mn and Na.
Characterization of 18S rDNA in Polygonatum spp. Collections
Yun, Jong-Sun ; Kim, Ik-Hwan ; Park, Jae-Seong ; Lee, Cheol-Hee ; Hong, Eui-Yon ; Yun, Tae ; Jong, Seung-Keun ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2006, Pages 178~182
This study was conducted to investigate the variation in sequence, the base composition and the sequence similarity of 18S rDNA (18S ribosomal RNA coding region) in the 10 Polygonatum spp. collections. The entire 18S rDNA region of 10 Polygonatum spp. collections ranged from 913 bp to 914 bp. There were 8 variable sites in the entire 18S region, and they were attributable to nucleotide substitution and deletion.
transition happened in 4 sites, and
transition happened in 1 site.
transversion happened in 1 site, and deletion happened in 2 sites. Transition rates were five times that of transversion. Base compositions of 18S rDNA were
in thymine and
in cytosine. The A + T content of 18S rDNA of 10 Polygonatum spp. collections averages 48.99%, ranging from 48.80% to 49.18%, and the G + C content averages 51.01%, ranging from 50.82% to 51.20%. Pairwise sequence comparisons indicated that 18S rDNA sequence similarity ranged from 99.7% to 100%.
Comparison of Quality on the Raw and Red Ginseng in Korean and American Ginseng
Chung, Chan-Moon ; Shin, Ju-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 14, issue 3, 2006, Pages 183~187
This study carried out to analize quality in the evaluation based on the grades such as raw ginseng and red ginseng between Korean (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolium L). American ginseng was small in root length, root diameter and root weight and emergence many secondary root from rhizome and main root. Therefore body form was bad compared with Korean ginseng. As for yield of dry, Korean ginseng was 30.4 % and American ginseng was 33.8% but as for yield, Korean ginseng was 80.4% and American ginseng was 72.2%. There were as many Korean ginseng in raw ginseng first grade by about twice compared with American ginseng. However there were many American ginseng in second grade. On the other hand, Korean ginseng producted high Chunsam compared with American ginseng. The cause of decreasing quality was inside cavity and inside white in Korean and American ginseng. Especially, the inside white occurrence about 3 times compared with inside cavity in American ginseng. In the case of distribution of weight size, Korean ginseng was much above 20Ji but American ginseng was much under 20Ji.