Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Medicinal Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
Quantitative Analysis of The Fruit Flesh of Prunus mume Siebold & Zuccarni.
Lee, Oh-Kyu ; Lee, Hak-Ju ; Shin, Yu-Su ; Ahn, Yun-Gyong ; Jo, Hyun-Jin ; Shin, Hyeon-Cheol ; Kang, Ha-Young ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 143~147
The fruit flesh of four Prunus mume cultivated varieties, P. mume 'Nanko', P. mume 'Viridicalyx', P. mume 'Baigo', P. mume var, microcarpa 'Koshusaisho' Siebold & Zuccarni, were ground and extracted with ethyl acetate and their chemical components were analyzed by GC/MS-SIM. In the ten compounds which was used fer the calibration, maleic anhydride, citraconic anhydride, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, vanillin, linoleic acid, ethyl linoleate, and squalene were determined in all the four cultivated varieties. However, palmitic acid was detected only in P. mume var. microcarpa 'Koshusaisho'. Isopropyl palmitate was found only in P. mume 'Baigo' and var, microcarpa 'Koshusaisho', while stearic acid was determined in P. mume 'Nanko', 'Viridicalyx', and var, microcarpa 'Koshusaisho'. In the variation of quantities, maleic anhydride was contained 245.4, 153.6, 20.1, and 2.7 ppm in P. mume 'Baigo', 'Nanko', var. microcarpa 'Koshusaisho', and 'Viridicalyx', respectively. Citraconic anhydride was also contained 637.4, 543.1, 150.7, and 38.7 ppm in P. mume 'Baigo', 'Nanko', var. microcarpa 'Koshusaisho', and 'Viridicalyx', respectively. The amounts of stearic acid were 105.5, 64.4, and 32.3 ppm in P. mume var. microcarpa 'Koshusaisho', 'Viridicalyx', and 'Nanko', respectively. Squalene was found in amounts of 7.6, 1.7, 1.0, and 0.5 ppm in P. mume var. microcarpa 'Koshusaisho', 'Baigo', 'Nanko', and 'Viridicalyx', respectively. The amounts of other minor compounds also were varied in the P. mume cultivated varieties.
Effects of Organic Fertilizers on Growth and Yield in Liriope platyphylla WANG et TANG
Lee, Chung-Yeol ; Kim, Yung-Chul ; Choi, In-Soo ; Min, Kyung-Kap ; Seong, Jae-Duk ; Kim, Seong-Man ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 148~151
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of several organic fertilizers on the growth and root yield of Liriope platyphylla was planted 30 cm
10 cm in field from 1998 to 1999. Six treatments of organic fertilizers applied : N.P.K, NPKC (N,P,K+Compost), NPKCO (N.P.K+Compost+Oilcake),NPKCOF (N.P.K+Compost+Oilcake+Fowldropping), NPKCOFP (N.P.K+Compost+ Oilcake+Fowldropping+plant ash), CO (Compost+Oilcake), COF (Compost+Oilcake+fowldropping). Organic matter, available phosphate, and MgO are NaO of soil increased in all of plots with the addition of organic fertilizers. The leaf length, number of leaves and of tillers were increased by the use of organic fertilizers compared to N.P.K fertilizers compared with N.P.K fertilization. The number of tubers were increased by using the organic fertilization N.P.K fertilization and showed higher in the soil depth of 0
20 cm. The dry root yield was showed higher in organic fertilizers than in N.P.K fertilizer and highest dry root yield resulted from NPKOF 39% and NPKCOFP 49%.
Effects of Shading Treatments on Photosynthetic rate and Growth in Codonopsis lanceloata Trautv.
Won, Jun-Yeon ; Lee, Chung-Yeol ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 152~156
The Condonopsis lanceolata Trautv. was planted in field to investigate the effect of afterwards shading in the condition of sun light of fifty six percent on the characteristics of photosynthesis according to leaf position at flowering stage. The vine length and leaf area were increased with shading treatment in comparison with that of non-shading. Dry weight of leaf and vine indicate opposite tendency with the result above. SLA (specific leaf area) was much more increased in shaded leaves than that obtained from non-shading treatment. The shaded leaves of plant show a higher SPAD value than that of non-shaded leaves. The net photosynthetic rate and stomatal conductance were increased as the PAR was increased. And it is the maximum valve (PAR of 700-1000
/s of PAR) of all leaves. Overnurse and light saturation point of the Condonopsis lanceolata Trautv. shading-treated was improved in comparison with control as net photosynthetic rates of leaves positioned on each part of the stem was increased.
Changes of Soil Chemical Properties and Root Injury Ratio by Progress years of Post-Harvest in Continuous Cropping Soils of Ginseng
Yeon, Byeong-Yeol ; Hyeon, Geun-Soo ; Bae, Yeoung-Seuk ; Lee, Sung-Woo ; Seong, Nak-Sul ; Kang, Seung-Weon ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 157~161
To study the cause of the injury by continuous cropping and the countermeasure for reduction on it's injury in ginseng cultivation by the period passed since post-harvest, and previous soil management far planting, the injury by continuous cropping was investigated from 2004 to 2005 at the continuous cropping field of National Institute of crop Science in Jungpyong county, Korea. There was negative correlation between the ratio of survived root and the Period Passed since post-harvest. The ratio infected by Cylindrocapon destructans and Fusarium spp. in root was about 81
95% at continuous cropping field that passed by 3
4 years since post-harvest. Though the previous soil management for planting was somewhat effective to increase the ratio of survival root, but which was not effective to protect the infection of Cylindrocapon destructans and Fusarium spp. in root. There was no significant difference in reducing rotted root between management and nonmanagement. When previous soil management for planting was programed, it should be considered that Cylindrocapon destructans was detected at continuous cropping field that passed by above 10 years after harvesting.
Enhancement of Immune Activities of Kadsura Japonica Dunal. through Conventional Fermentation Process
Kim, Cheol-Hee ; Kwon, Min-Chul ; Kim, Hyo-Sung ; Ahn, Ju-Hee ; Chio, Geun-Pyo ; Choi, Young-Beom ; Ko, Jung-Rim ; Lee, Hyeon-Young ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 162~169
Immune activities of two different extracts of Kadsura japonica Dunal. by typical extraction processes using water and ethanol at 60
C and 100
C were compared to them by ultrasofication system and through traditional fermemtation process. The fermented broth Kadsura japonica Dunal. definitely improved the growth of human B and T cell up to 30% and 22%, respectively, compared to the control. The secretion of TNF-
and IL-60 was also enhanced by the addition of the fermented broth, up to 35%. NK cell activation was significantly improved up to 1.4 times higher than the case of adding other extracts. It was also found that this broth could yield higher nitric oxide production from macrophage than Lipopolysaccharides (LPS). It can be concluded that Kadsura japonica has immune activities and, in general, the culture broth from a conventional fermentation has higher immune activities, possibly by yielding immuno-modulatory compounds, not existed in typcial extraction systems as the result of HPLC analysis.
Comparison of Immune modulatary and Anticancer Activities according to the Parts of the Styrax japonica Sieb. et Zucc.
Kwon, Oh-Woung ; Kim, Cheol-Hee ; Kim, Hyo-Sung ; Kwon, Min-Chul ; Ahn, Ju-Hee ; Lee, Hak-Ju ; Kang, Ha-Young ; Lee, Hyeon-Yong ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 170~176
This study was performed to anticancer activities and immune modulatary activities according to the parts of the S. japonica Sieb. et Zucc. The cytotoxicity on human kidney cell (HEK 293) was showed below 27.4% in adding the methanol extracts. The anticancer activity were increased in over 60% by barks extracts in AGS and MCF-7 cells. The immune cell growth using human immune B and T cells was improved by the barks extracts of S. japonica Sieb. et Zucc. in adding 1.0mg/ml concentration. The secretion of the IL-6 and TNF-
from human immune B and T cells was showed secretion for the amount of cytokines by bark extracts of S. japonica Sieb. et Zucc. NK cell growth was increased against control all of the extracts of S. japonica Sieb. et Zucc. Densitometric analysis of Bcl-2 revealed that possible to decrease potentialities of taking cancer in adding of extracts from S. japonica Sieb. et Zucc. From the results, the roots and barks extracts of S. japonica Sieb. et Zucc. were showed useful biological activities.
Effect of Nurseries on Production of High Quality Seedlings in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer
Choi, Byeong-Yeol ; Yoon, Seong-Tak ; Kim, Young-Ho ; Yi, Eun-Sub ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 177~182
This study was conducted to produce high quality ginseng seedlings by improvement of the physical properties of nursery soil. In order to select optimum nursery conditions, nursery types were treated with the yangiik nursery and semi-yangiik nursery. Soil conditioners were treated with two different materials of puffed rice husks and perlite. This experiments were tested at Gyunggido Agricultural Research and Extention Services, Hwaseng, from 2003 to 2004. Soil permeability was better at the plot of yangiik nursery than that of semi-yangjik nursery, and was better at plot of puffed rice husks than that of perlite. Soil porosity was improved 2.2% at plot of yangjiik nursery compare at that of semi-yangjik nursery, and was improved 2.0% at plot of puffed rice husks compared to control. There was no difference in the number of ginseng plants per kan among treatments. Root length was longer at plot of yangjik nursery than that of semi-yangjik nursery. More available ginseng plants per kan were obtained from the plot of yangjik nursery by more 252 seedlings than that of semi-yangjik nursery, but there was no significant difference between soil conditioners. The number of available seedlings per kan produced from yangjik nursery was 21.7% higher than those produced by semi-yangjik nursery. The number of available seedlings per kan produced from plot of puffed rice husks was 16.3% higher than that of control.
Antioxidative Activity and Nitrite Scavenging Ability of Methanol Extract from Salvia plebeia R. Br.
Lim, Jin-A ; Yun, Bo-Won ; Baek, Seung-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 183~188
Efficacy of antioxidative activity and nitrite scavenging ability of methanol extract from Salvia plebeia was investigated. Electron-donating ability of extract at RC
g/ml. After addition of 0.92 mg/ml extract, autooxidation of pyrogallol decreased to 62.11% by superoxide dismutase-like activity. In antioxidative activity of extract against linoleic acid during incubation times of 1,2, and 4 days at 40
, lipid peroxidation values significantly decreased by 72.86%, 77.18%, and 78.32% with addition of 0.2 mg/ml, respectively. Total phenolic content was determined as gallic acid equivalents (GAE) and values revealed as 202.35
g/ml of extract. Nitrite scavenging ability showed the most remark-able effect at pH 1.2, exhibited to 44.29% by addition of 0.2 mg/ml. These results suggest that methanol extract from Salvia plebeia can be used as bioactive and functional materials.
Changes of Major Components and Growth Characteristics According to Harvesting Times of Artemisia capillaris Thunberg
Ju, In-Ok ; You, Dong-Hyun ; Song, Young-Eun ; Jang, Ik ; Ryu, Jeong ; Choi, So-Ra ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 189~193
We investigated the changes of growth characteristics and major components according to harvesting times in Artemisia capillaris. Flower buds farmed on July 30 and flowers were all open on August 30 and seeds were mature in September, As the growth by harvesting time was the best on August 30 so fresh weight and dry weight were the highest. Especially, in this time, plants had no leaves and fresh weight was investigated as 243.7 g composed of 109.6 g capitulum and 134.1 g stem. Scoparone content, a major component, was the highest as 6.50 mg/g DW in capitulum on August 30. Also capillarisin appeared in both leaf and capitulum except stem and capitulum was shown the most capillarisin content as 1.65 mg/g DW on July 30.
Effect of Blue and Yellow Polyethylene Shading Net on Growth Characteristics and Ginsenoside Contents in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer
Kim, Geum-soog ; Lee, Min-Jung ; Hyun, Dong-Yun ; Park, Chun-Geun ; Park, Ho-Ki ; Cha, Seon-Woo ; Lee, Sung-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 194~198
Yield and ginsenoside contents of ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) is affected by light intensity and quality, and the color and the thickness of PE shading net when PE net is utilized for shading material. This study was carried out to investigate the effect of light quality on root yield and ginsenoside contents off-year-old ginseng by using polyethylene shading net with each blue and yellow color, Spectral irradiance under blue and yellow shading net showed the peak at 498 nm and 606 nm, respectively, which made distinct difference in light quality. Heat injury ratio of blue shading net was increased distinctly more than that of yellow shading net in summer season because of higher transmitted quantum (23%)and air temperature (0.3
C) in blue shading net than those of yellow shading net. Chlorophyll content and leaf area under yellow shading net were higher than those of blue shading net, and its heat injury ratio was lower than those of blue. These effects may led to 48% higher increase of root yield under yellow shading net than that under blue shading net. The content of total ginsenoside in taproot was not significantly differed between blue and yellow shading net, while the content in lateral and fine root was significantly increased in blue shading net compared to yellow shading net. PDM ratio of blue shading net showed more significant increase in lateral root than that of yellow shading net. All of Rb
ratio in three parts of root under blue shading net was higher than that of yellow shading net, but there were no significant increase in the ratio of lateral root.
Characteristics of Major Diseases causing Eleutherococcus senticosus Max
Lee, Jae-Hong ; Jeong, Haet-Nim ; Kang, An-Seok ; Choi, Kang-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 199~202
This study was carried out to provide pest control information for the cultivation of Eleutherococcus senticosus Max. As a result of investigation of the diseases and insect pests, three pathogens and three insect pests were identified from the field sample, respectively. The identified insects pests were aphids, stinkbugs and Bothrogonia japonica. Occurrenre peaks of aphids were occurred on June and August, and generally young leaves and flower buds were injured mainly. The identified diseases were black ring spot caused by Phoma sp., gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea and leaf blights caused by Rhizoctonia solani. The black ring spot was the most severe disease and was investigated from the beginning of June, and the incidence of the disease was 30% higher than that on September. As a result of growth test under different temperature conditions on PDA, these pathogens showed the best mycelial growth rate between 25
C and 30
C, and these results indicate that these diseases occur on hat summer season.
Effects of Antioxidant and Flavor Compionents of Zingiber mioga Rosc
Lee, Jang-Won ; Chon, Sang-Uk ; Han, Seung-Kwan ; Ryu, Jeong ; Choi, Dong-Geun ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 203~209
In order to promote utilization of the Yangha (Zinger mioga Rosc.) as functional food and natural spices, and 95.93%, from the dried one 7.63%, and from powder 9.81%, respectively. Crude protein content from the Yangha powder was 11.21%, and contents of crude fat, crude ash and crude fiber were 2.44%,10.78%, and 14.47%, respectively. Most of compositions from Yangha powder were higher than those from raw and the dried one, except fer water content. Antioxidative effect was investigated through Rancimat and DPPH methods. Oxidative stability of Yangha powder was the highest of4.21Al. Furthermore, the free radical scavenging activity of Yangha powder (76.61%) was higher than that of raw (49.35%) or the dried one (61.78%). Volatile flavor compounds of Yangha was extracted by steam distillation and extraction method. The extracts were analyzed and identified by gas chromatography and GC-MS spectrometry. One hundred twenty two volatile flavor components were identified, and the major component was terpene compounds including
-phellandrene, 1,4-terpineol, and
Effect of Plant Growth Regulators, Media and Celling Agents on In Vitro Microtuber Production of Pinellia ternata Breit
Kim, Yong-Kyung ; Lee, Ji-Yeon ; Kim, Eung-Hwi ; Cho, Dong-Ha ; Park, Sang-Un ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 210~214
The study was carried out to establish in vitro microtuber production from leaf and petiole explant cultures of Pinellia ternata. Culture conditions were optimized by investigating the effect of plant growth regulators, different media, and gelling agents on the efficiency of microtuber indurtion. Among the different combinations of plant growth regulators tested, the combination of 0.1 mg/l 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic (2,4-D) and 0.5 mg/l 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) showed the highest yield fer microtuber production from leaf (3.9) and petiole (4.7) explant culture on MS medium far 6 weeks. SH(Schenk and Hildebrandt) medium was the most effective medium for microtuber induction and the half strength SH medium was better than SH medium for microtuber production from both leaf and petiole culture. Gelrite was better than agar in the formation of microtubers and 4% Gelrite showed the highest number of microtubers per explant frome leaf (5.9) and petiole (7.8) culture. Germination rate of microtubers after cold storaged for one months long was 86% from in vitro culture and 43% from autoclaved soil.
Analytical Optimum of Ginsenosides according to the Gradient Elution of Mobile Phase in High Performance Liquid Chromatography
Park, Ji-Yeong ; Won, Jun-Yeon ; Lee, Chung-Yeol ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 215~219
This study was conducted to analyze not only for the quality guaranteed of red ginseng but also for the minor ginsenosides. Although several studies have reported to analyze ginseng saponins, those were focused to major saponins, including 6 to 7 ginsenosides. As increase of interest in medicinal effect of ginseng products, anasis of various ginsenosides in both red and white ginseng are strongly demanded. To perform optital condition of 12 ginsenoside analysis, We controlled HPLC conditions, such as the gradient elution of the mobile phase. We found the adequate separation method for 12 ginse-nosides. The optimum condition was as following : H
CN ratios were 82/18, 70/30, 55/45 and 50/50, respectively. Sol-vent flow rate was 1.00 ma/min. Column temperature was kept to 35
C. UV detector was set to 203 nm.
Analysis of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) in Panax ginseng C.A. Mayer
Yu, Yong-Man ; Oh, She-Chan ; Sung, Bong-Jae ; Kim, Hyun-Ho ; Youn, Young-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 15, issue 3, 2007, Pages 220~226
For the analysis of hazard factors and the development of GAP (Good Agricultural Practices) Ginseng, 10 ginseng cultural farms wished certified GAP were selected at Geumsan-gun area, a representative site of ginseng cultivation in Korea. In order to verify the safety of GAP ginseng, possible contamination of pesticide and heavy metal residues, and microbial hazard were analyzed. Soil and water around ginseng cultivation field, and ginseng were investigated. Eighty-one pesticides including carbendazim were used as typical pesticide against plant pathogens and insect pests of ginseng plant and general crops. There was no excess the maximum residue limit (MRL) in residue figure of the soil. Including the residue figure of the arsenic (0.81 ml/kg) and 7 other heavy metals was also suitable to cultivate the ginseng plant. The irrigation water and dilution water for pesticide application were also safety level for GAP. Fresh ginsengs from the farms were sampled and investigated pesticide residues and contaminations of bacteria. Among 23 pesticides tested, we didn't detect any kinds of pesticide residues, but tolclofos-methyl was frequently found in the other ginseng field. On the investigation of microorganism hazards, 2 gram negative bacteria and 1 gram positive bacterium were found in the fresh ginseng. Number of total bacteria was
cfu/ml, which was less than the other agriculture products. At these results, 10 selected ginseng farms were good cultural places for GAP ginseng production and the ginseng cultured from Geumsan-gun area were a good safe far human.