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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Medicinal Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Enhancement of Immune Activities of Opuntia ficus-indica L. Miller by Ultrasonification Extraction Process
Kwon, Min-Chul ; Han, Jae-Gun ; Jeong, Hyang-Suk ; Qadir, Syed Abdul ; Choi, Young-Beom ; Ko, Jung-Rim ; Lim, Tae-Il ; Lee, Hyeon-Young ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 16, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~8
Immune activities of Opuntia ficus indica L. Miller were investigated through aqueous extracts associated with ultrasonification process at
, and showed the highest promotion of human B and T cell growth, up to 52% and 41%, respectively, compared to the control. The secretion of TNF-
and IL-60 was also enhanced by the addition
of the extracts, up to 48%. NK cell activation was significantly improved up to 1.3 times higher than the case of adding other extracts. It was also found that extracts from O. ficus indica could yield higher nitric oxide production from macrophage than Lipopolysaccaharides (LPS). It can be concluded that, in general, the extracts treated with ultrasonification has higher Immune acitivities than others, possibly by higher yielding immune-modulatory than conventional extraction process. The optimum condition for the extraction of O. ficus-indicais water extraction associated with ultrasonification.
Enhancement of Immune-Potentiation of Cichorium endivia L. by Ultrasonification Extraction Process
Kwon, Min-Chul ; Han, Jae-Gun ; Qadir, Syed Abdul ; Ahn, Ju-Hee ; Lee, Dal-Ho ; Lee, Hyeon-Yong ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 16, issue 1, 2008, Pages 9~15
Immune-potentiation of Chicorium endivia L. were investigated on follows extracts associated with ultrasonification process at 60 kHz and showed the highest promotion of human B and T cell growth, about
compared to the control. The secretion of TNF-
and IL-6 was also enhanced by the addition
of the extracts. NK cell activation was Improved up to 1.37 times higher than the control, through adding extracts. It was also found that extracts from C. endivia L. could yield higher nitric oxide production from macrophage than Lipopolysaccaharides (LPS). It can be concluded that, in general, the extracts treated with ultrasonification has higher immune activity than others, possibly by higher yielding immune-modulatory activity than conventional extraction process. The optimum condition for the extraction of C. endivia L. is ethanol extraction at
associated with ultrasonification.
Growth and Flowering of Orostachys japonicus A. Berger as Affected by Transplanting Time
Lee, Chang-Woo ; Jeon, Seung-Ho ; Kim, Hong-Young ; Shin, Sung-Cheol ; Kang, Jin-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 16, issue 1, 2008, Pages 16~19
Shoot parts of a monocarpic and short day plant Orostachys japonicus have been used as a herbal medicine. The study was carried out to examine the effect of transplanting time (May 30, June 30, July 30) of its seedlings on its growth, morphological characters, and flowering. Two hours night-break treatment at midnight was done since Aug. 25 when samples were taken afterward every 4 weeks. Growth, morphological and flowering related characters were measured from each sample. Plant height and inflorescence length became longer with delayed transplanting time. Number of leaves including bracts and stem diameter were more and thicker when transplanted on June 30 than two other treatments. Leaves and bracts, stem, root, shoot and total dry weights showed nearly the same result to the number of leaves although floret dry weight were increased as transplanting time was delayed. Although florets were most formed when transplanted on June 30, they were not flowered because of the night-break treatment, meaning that the transplanting time had little effect on its growth and anthesis of the florets.
Phylogenetic Analysis of Ji-Mo (Anemarrhena asphodeloides) on the Basis of Chloroplast DNA Sequences
Kim, Myung-Kyum ; Jigden, Baigalmaa ; Sun, Hua ; Noh, Jong-Hun ; Kim, Se-Young ; Yang, Deok-Chun ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 16, issue 1, 2008, Pages 20~26
Anemarrhena asphodeloides (Korean name "Ji-Mo") has been used for oriental medicinal purposes in Korea, China and Japan. In this study, 29 A. asphodeloides samples were collected including 3 certified A. asphodeloides plants and many commercially marketed A. asphodeloides products. Chloroplast trnL-F regions of the "Ji-Mo" samples were sequenced and used to identify whether the samples were genuine A. asphodeloides or not. As the result, the trnL-F sequences of all the "Ji-Mo" samples were shown to be identical and it was proven that commercially available medicinal products "Ji-Mo" are genuine A. asphodeloides. Phylogenetic tree of. A. asphodeloides using the trnL-F sequences was constructed and compared with phylogenetic tree using rubisco large subunit (rbcL) gene sequences. In these tree, A. asphodeloides was affiliated in the family Agavaceae in the order Asparagales. It is proven that trnL-F phylogenetic tree is useful to study taxonomic position of A. asphodeloides.
Crassirhizomae rhizoma Exhibits Anti-Allergic Activity through Inhibition of Syk Kinase in Mast Cells
Kim, Young-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 16, issue 1, 2008, Pages 27~32
This study aimed to investigate the anti-allergic activity and the mechanism of action of Crassirhizomae rhizoma (CR). The extract of CR exhibited potent inhibitory activity in mast cells; its
for rat basophile leukemia (RBL)-2H3 mast cells and
for bone marrow-derived mast cells by antigen stimulation. It also suppressed the expression of TNF-
and IL-4 mRNAs in RBL-2H3 cells. In an in-vivo animal allergy model, it inhibited a local allergic reaction, passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA), in a dose-dependent manner. With regard to the mechanism of action, CR inhibited the activating phosphorylation of Syk kinase, a key signaling protein for the activation of mast cells. Taken together, these results strongly suggested that the anti-allergic activity of CR is mediated through the inhibition of histamine release and allergic cytokine production by the inhibition of Syk in mast cells.
Investigation into Disease and Pest Incidence of Panax ginseng in Jeonbuk Province
Kim, Hee-Jun ; Cheong, Seong-Soo ; Kim, Dong-Won ; Park, Jong-Suk ; Ryu, Jeong ; Bea, Young-Suk ; Yoo, Sung-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 16, issue 1, 2008, Pages 33~38
This study was carried out to reduce the number of chemical treatment by optimal apply for the disease and pest and obtain the basal data of environmental-friendly cultivation in Panax ginseng in 2006. The result by checking disease Incidence and pests fried in ginseng field of jeollabuk-Do was as follows. The kind of disease occurred in Jinan was 8 including Rhizoctonia solani, 7 with Botrytis cinerea in Jeongeup, and also 6 with Botrytis cinerea in Kochang within Jeollabuk-Do. It was required thorough disease control before the rainy season because the occurrence time was peaked around July. Also, the most serious disease in Jeollabuk-Do was Alternaria alternata, Botrytis cinerera, and Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. The actual harmful pests in ginseng field were Asusta despecta steboldiana and Holotrichia sp. and in other method using black light trap, Maladera orientalis, Ostrinia furnacalis, and Holotrichia morosa were mainly trapped.
Colchicine-Induced Polyploidy and It's Agronomic Characters in Bupleurum falcatum
Son, Tae-Kwon ; Lee, Sang-Chul ; Chung, Il-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 16, issue 1, 2008, Pages 39~43
The effect of colchicine treatment on the agronomic performance and polyploid formation of Bupleurum falcatum using flow cytometry technique was investigated. The roots of 4-leaf stage plants were treated with colchicine (0.5%) for 3, 6, 12, and 24 hours and then transplanted in the field. Agronomic characters (survival rate, plant height, chlorophyll content, bolting rate) were recorded at 4 weeks and 6 months after transplanting while flow cytometry technique was conducted for determination of polyploid formation. Flow cytometry technique revealed polyploid nuclear DNA formation in colchicine treated plants. The highest number of polyploids was obtained at the shortest colchicine treatment time indicating an inverse relationship between colchicine treatment time and polyploid formation. Results also showed that survival and bolting rates were inversely related with the treatment time while plant height and chlorophyll were not significantly affected by the treatment. This study showed a convenient method for determination of colchicine-induced polyploid in B. falcatum and its superior agronomic performance at shorter treatment time.
Cultivation Limit of Vitex rotundifolia, Tetragonia tetragonoides and Glehnia littoralis at Coastal Area and Physiological Vitality of RAW 264.7 cell and HL-60 cell
Kim, Ji-Hoon ; Park, Sun-Soon ; Song, Chang-Khil ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 16, issue 1, 2008, Pages 44~50
The cultivation boundary areas and biological activator efficacies of Vitex rotundifolia, Tetragonia tetragonoides and Glehnia littoralis were investigated. Investigation of coastal areas revealed the East and West cultivation boundary areas of Vitex rotundifolia and Gelhnia littoralis to be the Taean Peninsula, Taean-gun and Gangwon-do, Donghae-City. The East and West coastal cultivation boundary areas of Tetragonia tetrragonoides are Jeollanam-do and Kyeongsangbuk-do, Ulleung-gun. The natural habitat is less than 200 m from the coastal area. Most of the Vitex rotundifolia, Tetragonia tetragonoides and Glehnia littoralis grow naturally in a region of mixed sand, clay and loam, in direct sunlight. No dominant vegetation was located. To analyze anti-inflammatory efficacy, RAW 264.7 cells were used. Vitex rotundifolia, Tetragonia tetragonoides and Glehnia littoralis inhibited inflammation by 37%, 12% and 10% in
, respectively. However, the anti-inflammatory efficacy of Glehnia littoralis was invalid. Analysis of anti-cancer activity was accomplished using HL-60 cells. Glehnia littoralis revealed 60% and 72% inhibition activity in
respectively. No cytotoxicity inhibition activity was investigated in Vitex rotundifolia and Tetragonia tetragonoides.
Determination of Steroids and Tetracyclic Triterpenes in Orostachys japonicus A. Beger Grown under Various Cultivation Conditions Using Gas Chromatography
Lee, Sung-Joong ; Kang, Jin-Ho ; Bae, Dong-Won ; Jin, Jong-Sung ; Shin, Sung-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 16, issue 1, 2008, Pages 51~56
The content of two steroids-campesterol (1) and
-sitosterol (2), and four triterpenes-taraxetrone (5),
-amyrin (6), (-)-friedelin (7), glutinol (8) in the Orostachys japonicus A. Berger cultivated under various conditions was estimated and compared with those in wild one. The present investigation disclosed that there are no significant difference in their contents between cultivated Orostachys japonicus A. Berger and wild one. from viewpoint of the content of the steroids 1 and 2, and the triterpenes 5-8, the quality of cultivated Orostachys japonicus A. Berger is not inferior to the wild one.
Changes of Pharmacological Components and Growth Characteristics According to Cultivation Years of Artemisia capillaris Thunb
Choi, So-Ra ; You, Dong-Hyun ; Ju, In-Ok ; Jang, Ik ; Kim, Jong-Yeob ; Park, Chun-Bong ; Ryu, Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 16, issue 1, 2008, Pages 57~61
This experiment was carried out to search for changes of growth and pharmacological component contents by cultivation years in Artemisia capillaris. Percentage of ovenwintering in 1-year old was high as 95.3% but that in 2-years old was very low as 64.2%. Plant height was the highest in 2-years old among the treatments. By the way, number of stems and branches were shown wide difference by cultivation years, so those were the best in 3-years old. It was thought that 3-years old plants dispersed and used their nutrients by increasing branches. Fresh weight was the highest as 200.0 g in 3-years old, whereas weight of capitulum included scoparone, effective component, was the highest as 109.6 g in 2-years old and low as 96.4 g in 3-years old. In general components, crude protein and ash were more included in 1-year old and crude lipid and fiber were more included in 2 and 3-years old. Especially, content of crude fiber in stem was the highest in 3-years old. Pharmacological components were the most existed in capitulum of 2-years old, so contents of scoparone and capillarisin were 6.5 mg/g DW, 1.65 mg/g DW, respectively.