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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Medicinal Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Nov 1995
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jul 1995
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
Selecting the target year
Effect of Sowing Date and Mulching Materials on Growth and Yield of Scutellaria baicalensis Georg
Park, Gyu-Chul ; Park, Tae-Dong ; Park, In-Jin ; Choi, Kyong-Ju ; Kim, Chang-Chul ; Kim, Myung-Suck ; Her, Gill-Hyun ; Chung, Byong-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 3, issue 3, 1995, Pages 165~172
This study was carried out to investigate effects of poly-ethylene (P. E.) films mulching according to the different sowing date on growth and yield of Scutellarja bakalensjs G. In sowing date at Apr. 20, the number, length, diameter and yield of root was increased. In black P. E. film mulching, the growth of shoot and root was better and weed control was more effective than open field cultivation during hot season. Therefore dry weight of root was increased by 5% at Apr. 20 as compared with Apr. 1 in P. E. film mulching and that of black P. E. film mulching cultivation was increased by 13% as compared with transparent P. E. film mulching cultivation. But in nonmulching cultivation, the yield of root was increased at Apr. 1
Effect of Diameter and Length of Root on Yield in Rehmannia glutionosa Libosch
Choi, In-Sik ; Park, Jae-Seong ; Cho, Jin-Tae ; Son, Seok-Yong ; Han, Dong-Ho ; Chung, In-Myeong ; Lee, Jung-Ii ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 3, issue 3, 1995, Pages 173~180
This experiment was carried out to clarify the effect of root diameter and length on yield in Rehmannja glutionosa on experimental fields of Chungbuk Provincial Rural Development Administration. Emergance date was faster Sand 10 days with root diameter 3mm and 9mm than that of root diameter 6mm. Emergance ratio was high in the order of 6mm >7mm > 9mm with root diameter, and bolting ratio was increased in the order of 9mm > 6mm > 3mm with root diameter. Leaf length had no differences betwere root diameter and length, and leaf width had same tendency. Content of inorganic matter such as T - N,
was high measuring date was delayed, and higher in root than leaf. Sugar content was higher in November than in October and had no differences with root diameter, but was more decreased as the root length was longer. Yield was increased 9 % with root diameter 9mm. Comparing with root length, yield was higer 5% with 6cm than that of 1, 172kg/10a with 3cm, and decreased 25% with 9cm. And the profitable root was considered root diameter 8mm and root length 6cm.
Effect of Temperature, Light Intensity and
Concentration on Photosynthesis and Respiration of Wasabia japonica Matsum
Choi, Sun-Young ; Lee, Kang-Soo ; Eun, Jong-Seon ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 3, issue 3, 1995, Pages 181~186
This study was carried out to know the effect of temperature, light intensity and
concentration on photosynthesis and respiration in Wasabi (Wasabia japonica Matsum). The optimum temperature for photosynthesis in Wasabi was
and dark respiration rate was increased with the increasing of temperature from,
. Light compensation point was
in Wasabi and
in Corn, and light saturation point was
, similar in Wasabi and Corn.
, compensation point was 67.3ppm in Wasabi and 11.6 ppm in Corn. Photorespiration rate in Wasabi leaf at
light intensity was 3.3 mg
, and then was gradually decreased as light intensity decreased. Stomatal frequency was about
on the adaxial surface and
on the abaxial surface, and the size of stomata was about 1
on the adaxial surface and
on the abaxial surface of the leaf.
Effect of Root Powder Addition of Bupleurum falcatum on Broiler Productivity, Serum Contents and Development of Organs
Cho, Seong-Koo ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 3, issue 3, 1995, Pages 187~194
The male broiler chichens (Hibreed Ross P. S 120 birds) were experimented for 6 weeks in cage. while experimental diets were feded to addition 0, 0, 0. 2, 0. 5 and 1.0% levels with Root Powder of Bupleurum Falcatum Linne (RPBFL). The results were as following; The tast of RPBFL added diets was favorite as the feed intake of RPBFL diets were increased than control diet. Body weight gain (1. 845g) in 1. 0% RPBFL diet was higher enhenced by 226g/per bird than control (1. 619g). was effected above 14%. Feed requierment was the lowest by 2. 02 in control, and was significantly enhenced to 1. 81 in 1. 0% RPBFL diet (P<0. 01). The amounts of carcass ratio were significantly defferent effected from the broilers feding diet added with 1. 0% RPBFL (P<0. 01). Greater amounts of chest meat was produced by 253g from the broilers fed diet added 1. 0% RPBFL, was enhenced 42g than the control broilers. The chest meat vs live body weight ratio was increaced in 1. 0% added diet. According to the tendency be increased' of the RPBFL levels, the drumstick weight was enhenced with 1. 0% RPBFL diet. The ratio of the drumstick vs live body weight was improved in 1. 0% RPBFL diet. The weights of liver. spleen, heart and gizzard were heavied according to live body weight, then was improved in 1. 0% RPBFL diet. Fat accumulation (abdominal and gizzard surrounding) was greater abserved by 50. 12g from the broiler fed ration with 1. 0% RPBFL. Content of total serum protein was high concetration in control, then was decrased by RPBFL level. Total serum cholesterol and triglyceride contents were increased in proportion to fat accumulation ratio.
Rooting Promotion in Cutting Propagation of Tea
Kim, Joung-Woon ; Kim, Tae-Surk ; Shin, Gil-Ho ; Kim, Ju-Hee ; Park, Jang-Hyun ; Cho, Kyung-Suk ; Choi, Hyoung-Koog ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 3, issue 3, 1995, Pages 195~199
These experiments were conducted to promote the rooting in tea cutting bymeans of several root media, growth regulators, cutting material and cutting condition The results are summarized as follows. The rate of rooting was higher in the softwood than in the hardwood, and the best cutting season was about August 10 in the hardwood, about April 10 in the softwood. The most suitable root medium was the Masato at which the rate of rooting was 71%, 87% each in the softwood and in the hardwood. When growth regulators, such as oxyberon, rootone were sprayed upon the hardwood, the rate of rooting was promoted to 4 - 9 % better than that of no treatment. But such a good effect was not recognized significantly in the softwood.
Effect of Sowing Date and Planting Density on Growth and Yield in Safflower
Kang, Seung-Weon ; Lee, Jang-Woo ; Park, Kyeong-Yeol ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 3, issue 3, 1995, Pages 200~206
This experiment was carried out in the field to investigate the effects of sowing date and planting density under non - or P. E. - mulching cultivation on growth and yield of safflower. The optimum sowing date for safflower in the central and northern area of Korea was March 20th directly after thawing of frozen soil. P. E. - mulching cultivation was profitable with increasing the kernel yield 20% higher than in nonmulching cultivation. With respect to the the planting density, non - mulching
(20.000plants per10are) and P. E. - mulching
(13,330 plants per 10 are) were optimum respectively.
Plug Seedling Production Using Tissue Cultue Regenerants and Their Seeds in Bupleurum falcatum L.
Park, Cheol-Ho ; Yu, Chang-Yeon ; Seo, Jeong-Sik ; Kim, Ki-Sik ; Park, Seung-Ue ; Chang, Byoung-Ho ; Ahn, Sang-Deuk ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 3, issue 3, 1995, Pages 207~216
This study was conducted to establish technologies for plug seedling production using somatic embryos-derived regenerants and their seeds in Bupleurum falcatum L. Among distilled water, GA (0.1mg/l) and putrescine (0.lmg/l) treated to regenerants for acclimatization, GA was most effective to develop shoots and roots, 1/2X MS medium and NAA 0.1mg/l + BA 0. 5mg/l enhanced the growth rates of the regenerants and increased dry weight. Activated charcoal effected to grow markedly leaves and roots of the regenerants at the level of 0.4 %. Regenerants increased their plant height, root length and dry weight at
. Plug seedlings originated from seeds of the tissue culture regenerants showed the maxium growth on the mixture of peatmoss soil (2) and mountain sand (1) .Root length, leaf area and dry weight of plug seedlings increased significantly when No.1, 2 and 3 of Wondergrow solution were mixed in the ratio of 1.3 - 0.9 - 0.1. Light supplement (4%) and high temperature
promoted the growth of plug seedlings as well as dry weight. Ninety days seedlings were more vigorous and adaptable for transplanting than other seedlings.
Differences of Essential Oil Content in Valeriana fauriei var. dasycarpa Hara, V. officinalis var lalfolia Miq and V. wallichii DC
Choi, Young-Hyun ; Kim, Young-Hoi ; Lee, Jong-Chul ; Cho, Chang-Hwan ; Kim, Choong-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 3, issue 3, 1995, Pages 217~225
In this study the essential oil and pharmacologically active components of different valerian species (Valeriana fauriei var. dasycarpa Hara and V. officinalis L. from Korea and V. wallichii DC from Nepal) were analyzed to search for native plant resources that can be used for medicinal herb and tobacco flavoring. The oil contents in dry roots of V. fauriei, V. officinalis and V. walhchii were 1. 71%, 0. 82% and 0. 83 %, respectively. The composition of the essential oil among different valerian species was compared. In V. fauriei 47 compounds were identified, while 21 and 25 compounds were identified in V. officinalis and V. wallichii. The major compounds in the oil of V. fauriei were bornyl acetate (33.8%) and camphene (10.8%), cedrol (4. 1 %), -pinene (3. 2%) and unidentified sesquiterpene alcohol (3. 0%). The major compounds were borneol (62. 5%) and
(6. 8%) and spathulenol (2. 1%) in V. officinalis, and borneol (74. 3%) and
(2.7%) and -sesquiphellandrene (2. 3%) in V. wallichii. Among the components known as major pharmacologically active compounds in European or Japanese valerian roots, valeranone, valerenal and -kessyl acetate was detected in a small amount in V. fauriei, but kessoglycol diacetate was not detected in V. faudei and V. officinalis Among the valepotrate compounds, major pharmacologically active components in V. wallichii, valtrate was detected in a small amount in V. fauriei and V. officinalis., and detected 1. 42% in V. wallichii. Didrovaltrate was also detected in the three valerian species tested, but acevaltrate was not detected except V. wallichii. On the other hand, antioxidative activity was slightly higher in V. fauriei than those of V. officinalis.
Comparison of Analytical Methods for Saikosaponins in Bupleurum falcatum L.
Kim, Kwan-Su ; Lee, Seoung-Tack ; Seong, Nak-Sui ; Lee, Jung-Il ; Chae, Young-Am ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 3, issue 3, 1995, Pages 226~232
Extraction methods and instrumental analytical conditions were compared to establish a fast and appropriate analytical method to determine saikosaponins in Bupleurum falcatum. Using HPLC, analysis of diene-saikosaponin treated with 2% acid was faster than that of saikosaponin itself. Among various extraction methods, extraction by standing in methanol at room temperature showed highest efficieny, and extraction with boiling methanol was shorter in analytical time and showed good chromatogram. And we could analyze many samples faster using HPTLC but the analytical accuracy was low. In extraction and analysis of saikosaponins, extraction with boiling methanol and acidic treatment was fast and easy analytical method. And for selecting useful lines in component breeding, we think TLC method was better.
Anther Culture of Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc.
Kwon, Tae-Oh ; Kim, Tai-Soo ; Lee, Seung-Yeob ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 3, issue 3, 1995, Pages 233~239
The effects of media, growth regulators, low-temperature treatments, culture temperature and light were investigated to improve the callus induction and growth in the anther culture of Comus officinalis Sieb. et Zucco. The frequency of callus induction was more effective on WPM medium than MS medium, and it was highest as 54% in WPM medium supplemented with Img/L NAA. Callus growth was stimulated on MS medium supplemented with 2mg/L NAA. Effect of temperature and light on the callus induction and growth was highest as 62% in the treatment for 16/8 hrs. (light/dark) at
Effect of low - temperature treatment on callus induction was highest as 19. 5% in the treatment for 36 hrs. at
. For organization, green cells and rootings were promoted on MS medium supplemented with O. 5mg/L 2,4-D and 1 mg/L kinetin. The prevention of callus browning was effective on the medium containing
ABA or 5mg/L
. The supplement of ABA or
,were maintained callus activity for 4-5 weeks and they were promoted the development of green cells.
Cultural Environments on Growth and Tuberlet Yield of Pinellia ternata(Thunb.) Breit
Kim, Young-Jin ; Park, Moon-Soo ; Park, Ho-Ki ; Kim, Sun ; Kim, Tai-Soo ; Chang, Young-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 3, issue 3, 1995, Pages 240~245
This study was conducted to find out environment conditions in order to increase of growth and yield of tuberlets in pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit. The optimal temperature conditions for the growth of tuberlets were good rather temperature fluctuations than constant one and the optimal photoperiod was a 6hr-photoperiod. The growth of tuberlets to the kinds and concentration of growth regulators was good for 0. lppm 2.4- D, 10ppm kinetin and 50ppm gibberellin treatment. In colchicine soaking treatment, the growth of tuberlets was bad, but bulblets formation was good for 0. 05% colchicine treatment for 48hr. -soaking. In colchicine dropping treatment, dry tuber yield was good for 0. 1% colchicine treatment with once dropping for one day.
Difference in Rooting in the Scion from Different Node of Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort
Kim, Chung-Guk ; Im, Dae-Joon ; Lee, Seoung-Tack ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 3, issue 3, 1995, Pages 246~250
Scions from the one- and two-years old and the nodes of Ligusticum chuanxiong stem were used to study the rooting ability with the treatment of plant growth regulators planted to different bed soils as the alternative propagation for the present method by rhizome. The rooting ratio in the scion from the one- and the two-years old plants showed any difference, but that was ranged from 94% to 100% in the first node and from 56% to 64% in the second node from the bottom of the stem. The scion of first node from both the plants showed more than 90% in the root ratio and 16 in the number of rooting and growed more than 31cm in the root length. The Rootone-F and 250ppm of NAA were most effective for the promotion of rooting. Rooting ratios in the sand and in the mixture of vermiculite and perlite as bed soils were about 18%, but that in the cultured soil considerably decreased.
Increment of Germanium Contents in Angelica keiskei Koidz. and Panax ginseng G.A. Meyer by In Vitro Propagation
Lee, Man-Sang ; Lee, Joong-Ho ; Kwon, Tae-Oh ; Namkoong, Seung-Bak ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 3, issue 3, 1995, Pages 251~258
This study was carried out to find optimum concentration of germanium compounds and pH of medium on the induction and growth of callus from A. keiskei and P. ginseng and to intend to increase Ge. absorption by calli while those calli were subculturing on MS medium. Callus from a. keiskei was rarely induced under light condition. Under dark condition, callus induction from A. keiskei was good up to 5ppm, retarded at 50ppm of
, or C. E. Ge. O., and rarely done at 100 ppm of
but was somewhat well at 100 ppm of C. E. Ge. O. The induction and growth of callus was good in order of pH 5. 7 > pH 5. 4 > pH 6. 0 Under light condition, the growth of callus induced from P. ginseng was poor at
, or C. E. Ge. O., but shooting from callus occurred frequently. Under dark condtion, the growth of callus from A. keiskei was good up to 5 ppm of
, or C. E. Ge. O. and was rarely done at 50 ppm of
, but was somewhat well even at 100 ppm of C. E. Ge. O. Shooting from callus occurred frequently in a. keiskei, especially at pH 5.7. The growth of callus from P. ginseng was poor at 10 ppm of
, or 50 ppm of C. E. Ge. O. Under dark condition, the amount of Ge absorption by callus induced from A. keiskei was much higher than that from P. ginseng. The amount of Ge. absorption by callus treated with
, was higher than that treated with C. E. Ge. O.
Cultivating Status of Paeonia lactiflora Pallas in Central Part of Gyeong Bug Province
Kim, Se-Jong ; Park, So-Deuk ; Whang, Wheong-Baeg ; Kim, Jae-Cheol ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 3, issue 3, 1995, Pages 259~264
This study was carried out to find cultivation condition of peony in Euiseong district from 1994 to 1995. 1. Age distribution in cultivation of peony was from 30's to 50's and cultivated years was mainly from 5 years to 10 years, but there was more than 15 years 2. Cultivating area per house hold were 1300 pyeong average, there were moderate
pyeong and also those are occupied 22.6% more than 2000 pyeong. 3. The mothods of transplanting in Euiseong peony which Euiseong district was mostly divided peony but Yeongchen district used seedling stock. No. of sprout was mostly
and planting time was mainly from Mid to Late of October. 4. The percentage of sterilization of soil and seedling stock was 77. 4%, in mulching by vinyl in transplanting 64. 5% in black vinyl and 25. 8% in white one. 5. Number of plant in peony planting was
plant per l0a even more there was more than 8000 plant. 6. Chemical spraying time in peony field was 2 time in
years cultivating, and
years one. 7. Condition of fertilizer application in peony field was 40% in non-application, but
in 2 year to 3 years, and the time of fertilizer was mainly 3 time. 8. Drying time peony after havesting was from 12 to 24 hours by briquet stove and 24 hours by machine of hot wind, also dry method of peony was mixed briquet stove and hot wind machine.