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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Medicinal Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
Selecting the target year
and Citric Acid on Germanium Content of Callus and Plant in Angelica koreana MAX
Park, Byoung-Woo ; Lee, Joong-Ho ; Kwon, Tae-Oh ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 101~108
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of growth regulators and
on the induction and proliferation of callus and the effect of
and citric acid on the Ge content of callus from explants and plant, Angelica koreana Max. The results obtained were summarized as follows. The callus induction was most effective on MS (Murashige and Skoog) medium containing 1. 0ppm 2, 4 - D with petiolule. The proliferation of callus was most effective at 2. 0ppm 2, 4 - D on the medium, at 2. 5ppm
on the medium containing 2. 0ppm 2, 4 - D, and at
citric acid on the medium at pH6 containing 2. 0ppm 2, 4 - D and 2. 5ppm
in MS medium up to 20ppm, the more Ge content in callus. Ge content in callus was highest when the medium was supplemented with 0. 1mM citric acid and the pH of medium was low. The Ge content in plant was high in order of leaf > root > stem. Application
to the soil increased Ge content in plant and application of 1mM citric acid with
resulted in increasing Ge content highest in plant, but application more than l0mM citric acid resulted in Ge content decreased. Application of
increased Ge content in callus and plant but had a tendency to decrease some mineral content, on the other hand application of
citric acid with
had a tendency to increase mineral content.
Differences of Major Compounds in Valerian fauriei var. dasycarpa HARA and Valerian officinalis L. Grown at Different Places in Korea
Cho, Chang-Hwan ; Choi, Young-Hyun ; Kim, Kun-Soo ; Ahn, Tae-Jin ; Han, Ok-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 109~113
This study was conducted to know the effect of cultivation area with different sea levels on essential oil content and its composition and content of major active compounds in Valerian fauriei var. dasycarpa HARA and Valerian officinalis L. The total contents of essential oil were not different according to the locality in both valerian, however, its compositions were varied. The major components in V. fauriei were detected bornyl acetate and sesquiterpene alcohol in three cultivation areas. The major compounds were borneol, borney acetate,
in V. officinalis other. Among the valepotrate components known as major pharaceutically active components in Europe and Nepal valerian, valtrate was detected in a small amount in V. fauriei, but its quantity was not changed according to the cultivation area.
Effect of Seeding Date on the Growth and Yield of Cynanchum wilfordii Hemsley
Choi, In-Sik ; Son, Seok-Yong ; Cho, Jin-Tae ; Park, Jae-Seong ; Han, Dong-Ho ; Chung, In-Myeong ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 114~118
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of seeding date on the growth and yield of Cynanchum wilfordii. Hemsley emergence date was May 16 with seeding on March 20 and was June 4 with seeding on April 30, and required days to emergence was shortened as seeding date was delayed. Vine length was longer about 5cm with seeding on March 30 than that of seeding on march 20 and no. of leaves was small about 5 to 16 as seeding date was delayed. Root length was longer about 0. 9cm to 1. 8cm as seeding date was delayed than that of seeding on March 20, but no. of roots had no differences among seeding dates. Yield of root was more increased 18% with seeding on March 30, 10% with seeding on April 10 and April 20 than 207kg/10a with seeding on March 20. As the results of regression analysis, the optimum seeding date of Cynanchum wilfordii Hemsley was considered April 6 in plain area of central inland.
Effect of Plant Growth Regulators on Bulblet Formation and Plant Regeneration in Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.
Park, Chul-Hyoung ; Ryu, Jeom-Ho ; Han, Kwang-Soo ; Doo, Hong-Soo ; Choi, Sun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 119~125
To improve the efficiency of mass propagation in vitro of Fritillaria thunbergii, bulb scale and nodes were cultured in LS medium supplemented with the combination of 2, 4-D and kinetin or NAA and BA. The number and size of bulb, the number of adventitious shoot, the ratio of callus formation, rooting, and the effects of light and dark on the culture, plant regeneration from calli, and the gelling substances were investigated. The combination of 2, 4-D and kinetin in media was more effective than the media of NAA and BA for the bulblet formation. The media supplemented with 2 mg/L 2, 4-D and 1 mg/L kinetin,
2, 4-D without kinetin and
BAA only were effective in the adventitious shoot development. Callus formation and root formation, respectively were effective in the medium supplemented with 2mg/L 2, 4-D and 1mg/L kinetin. In bulb formation, the medium with 5 mg/L kinetin was effective, and the most of bulbs were formed from the axillary bud of node part. In bulb formation, shoot growth, callus and root formation, the light culture for 16 hours per day was better than that in the dark culture. Bulb was nicely formed in the medium with 0. 2 mg/L 2, 4-D, 1 mg/L kinetin. The medium without hormone was most effective for plant regeneration. The phytagel was more effective than agar in the medium as the gelling agent.
Plant Regeneration by the Stem Culture in Houttuynia cordata Thunberg
Choo, Byung-Gil ; Ryu, Jeom-Ho ; Doo, Hong-Soo ; Kwon, Tae-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 126~131
Plant regeneration from the stem tissue of Houttuynia cordata Thunberg was investigated. The medium supplemented with the combination of 2, 4-D 1 mg/L and kinetin 0. 5 mg/L was the most effective for the embryogenic callus formation. The internode segment produced more callus formation than the leaf segment.
medium was the most effective for the embryogenic callus formation. The medium supplemented with the 1% activated charcoal produced the whole plant directly without the callus formation from the nodes. The medium supplemented with the combination of NAA 0. 2 mg/L and BA 1 mg/L was the most effective for the plant regeneration from the embryogenic callus.
The Effect of Culture Methods and Plant Growth Regulators on Bulblet Formation and Growth in Scale Segment Culture of Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.
Paek, Kee-Yoeup ; Yu, Kwang-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 132~138
This experiment was carried out to establish a year-round production system of pathogen-free stock through micropropagation in Fritillaria thunbergii as medicinal bulbous plant. The effect of different types of culture method and plant growth regulators, activated charcoal and mannitol on bulblet formation and subsequent growth were investigated. The MS solid medium containing 1. 0 mg/L kinetin and 0. 3 mg/L NAA was effective on bulblet formation and propagation rate compared to liquid and suspension culture. Addition of activated charcoal at 0. 01% to 0. 1% in the medium promoted bulbing of cultured bulblets and shoot formation. Addition of 1% to 2% mainnitol in MS medium was effective on the formation of bulblet and subsequent growth of bulblets compared to control. In addition of inhibitors,
B-9 and Chloromequat had effective to stimulate bulblet growth but their effects were not so much as mannitol treatment. ABA treatment had detrimental effect on survival rate of explant and bulblet formation.
Effects of Cultural Condition on the Yield and Contents of Effective Components in Alisma orientale(Samuels.) Juzepcz.
Kim, Geum-Soog ; Kim, Jung-Kon ; Seong, Jae-Duck ; Park, Chang-Kie ; Suh, Hyung-Soo ; Kwack, Yong-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 139~144
This research was carried out to clarify effects of cultural condition on the content of Alisol B-monoacetate, whose function is antihypercolesterol in blood, and yield in Alisma Rhizomes. When the corm part of Alisma Rhizomes was extracted by shaking extraction at
and reflux extraction at
four times, the total content of Alisol B-monoacetate was 0. 402%, 0. 425% and 0. 402% at
respectively. The recovery rate was 97% by three times extraction at
, and 96% and 97% by three times extraction at
respectively. When the corm was harvested on Oct. 30, the content of Alisol B-monoacetate was 0. 46% but it was increased to 0. 71% on Nov. 30. In the case of Oct. 30, the corms of
size were determined to contain the highest level of Alisol B-monoacetate (0. 53%), and the content was decreased as the corn size was increased. This tendency was also adopted on Nov. 30. On the other hand, the content of crude protein and starch was changed rarely by the period of harvest. When the planting depth was
, the yield was the highest as 206kg/10a, and the yield was decreased as the planting depth was deep. The variation of the content of Alisol B-monoacetate was small as 0. 33% to 0. 39% by planting depth. From the above results it could be concluded that the optimum time for harvest of Alisma Rhizomes is Nov. 30 and the optimum planting depth is
Effect of Dietary Root Powder Mixture of Angelicae gigantis and Bupleurum falcatum on Growth Performance, Organ Weight and Serum Components in Broiler Chicken
Cho, Seong-Koo ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 145~152
The dietary Root Powder Mixture of Angelicae gigantis Radix and Bupleurum falcatum Linne (RPM of AGR & BFL) was feded for 6 weeks to added 0. 0, 0. 4, 1. 0, 2. 0% respectively in the broiler diets. The ,RPM of AGR & BFL was found to be palatable as birds consumed moreyof the test diets than the control diet. The BW gain of 1. 0% RPM of AGR & BFL group was higher than the control group. Feed efficiency (F/G) was improved significantly (P by feeding of 1. 0% RPM of AGR & BFL diet. The carcass weight was improved by feeding with 1. 0% added diet and the carcass ratio was increased in added diets. The amounts of chest meat and drumsticks were heaver in 0. 4% added deit than control. There was no consistent trend in various organ weight by the addition of RPM of AGR & BFL. Fat accumulation of abdominal and gizzard surrounding was highly measured in the broiler fed 0. 4% RPM of AGR & BFL diet. Total serum protein, cholesterol and triglyceride contents were tended to increased with 2. 0% RPM of AGR & BFL ration, and in the 1. 0% addled diet to enhenced BW gain total serum protein, cholesterol and triglyceride concentration were analyzed the lowest among treatments.
Effects of Topping on Growth and Root Yield in Bupleurum falcatum L.
Seong, Jae-Duek ; Park, Yong-Jin ; Kim, Geum-Soog ; Kim, Hyun-Tae ; Suh, Hyung-Soo ; Kim, Sung-Man ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 153~156
This study was carried out to know the proper method of stem cutting (defloration) to improve growth and yield of root in B. flacatum L. Dryed yield of two-year old roots was increased by cutting at 50cm height. Root yield was increased by 56% (1, 670kg/ha) than that of control in the case of twice stem cutting at 50cm height on both June 16 and July 16.
Studies on Planting Density and Labor - Saving in Machine Sowing for Astragalus membranaceus Bunge
Kim, Young-Guk ; Chang, Young-Hee ; Lee, Seung-Tack ; Yu, Hong-Seob ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 157~162
Experiments were conducted from 1994 to 1995 to understand the effects of the labor-saving seeding and planting density on growth and root yield of Astragalus membranaceus. The drilling seeder reduced seeding time than the hand seeding; It takes 3. 5hrs/l0a to seed by drilling seeder while 33. 0hrs/l0a by hand seeding, which labor reducing rate was 89. 4 %. Emergence rate in the drilling seeder was increased 17% than in the hand seeding, so the root yield were increased 23% to 136. lkg/l0a in using drilling seeder compared to 110. 3kg in hand seeding. On the effect of planting density on the growth characteristics plant height was long in dense planting and stem diameter was thick in spacious planting. Root diameter and dry root weight root per plant were decreased in dense planting and root yield was highest in optimum planting densities
in the harvest of 1 year old plants in Astragalus membranaceus. The gross profit were increased 23% to 1,933 thousand won per l0a in the drilling seeder compared to 1,566 thousand won in the hand seeding, also the managing costs were reduced 18% to 406 thousand won per l0a in the drilling seeder than 494 thousand won per l0a in the hand seeding.
Studies on the Characteristics of Seed Germination of Lycoris genera
Park, Yun-Jum ; Chung, Youn-Ohk ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 163~171
The influences of temperature, harvest time, sowing time, seeding media, moisture content of media and light on the seed germination of Lycoris are as follows, Both L. koreana and L. aurea had over 90% seed setting, and seed maturity came in September or early October. It took six months to have over 60% seed germination. The optimum germination temperature was
, and the alternating treatment was effective at
. The optimum harvest-time was around Sep. 20, and the optimum seed-time was immediately after havest. The optimum seeding media was sand loam, and the optimum moisture content was PF 1. 9/400ml seeding media. The dark condition was more effective for the seed germination than the light condition.
Effects of Chemicals, Decoating and Low Temperature Treatments on Seed Germination in Lycoris aurea
Park, Yun-Jum ; Chung, Youn-Ohk ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 172~177
The influences of testa-removal of seed, partial cutting of embryo, xylene treatment, growth regulator, chemical treatment and low temperature treatment on the seed germination of Lycoris aurea were investigated. The germination rate of the testa-removed seeds was higher than that of the whole seeds, and the seeds treated by testa-removal+xylene was 63% of germination.
was more effective than kinetin treatment, and seeds treated with
200ppm showed 60% of germination.
was more effective than KOH treatment, and seeds treated with 0. 1%
was 76% of germination. The seeds, stored for two months at
, showed the highest germination rate with 93%
The Current Status of Cultivation of Scutellaria baicalensis GEORGI in Yeocheon, Korea
Kwon, Byung-Sun ; Kim, Koang-Mo ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 4, issue 2, 1996, Pages 178~181
A medicinal herb, Scutellaria baicalensis G., can be a potential cash crop if proper cultural practices are established with proper genotypes. In this report the current status and future measure in cultivation of Scutellaria baicalensis G. in the southern parts of Korea are illustrated. We hope that this report stimulates research to investigate for the establishment of not only cultural practices such as sowing period after harvesting of barley, fertilizer application, planting density, weed control, and disease and insect control but also ideotype and disease resistant genotypes for the high yield of the herb.