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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Medicinal Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
Isolation and Determination of Paeoniflorin and Albiflorin in Korean Peony(Paeonia lactiflora Pall) Root
Choung, Myoung-Gun ; Kang, Kwang-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 249~254
From Korean cultivated peony root, paeoniflorin and albiflorin, which are generally considered to be principal components of peony root, were isolated by silicagel column chromatography. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic methods
and their purities were 98% and 93%, respectively. The concentrations of paeoniflorin and albiflorin in ten Korean cultivated peony lines were determined by reverse phase HPLC. The concentrations of paeoniflorin ranged from 1. 56 to 4.04% and those of albiflorin ranged from 0.04 to 1. 98% in ten Korean cultivated lines. In the ten cultivated lines, the concentrations of albiflorin in Punggi lines were higher than other lines.
Weed Control in the Field of Cnidium officinale Makino
Kwon, Tae-Young ; Jung, Ki-Chai ; Park, No-Kwuan ; Park, Sun-Do ; Choi, Boo-Sull ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 255~259
The effects of slow-release fertilizer, C. D. U. (cyclo-di-urea), vinyl mulching and herbicides in different combinations were tested for weed control as well as the growth and yield of Cnidium officinale and economics were analyzed. Black vinyl mulching, ethalfluralin EC+white vinyl mulching, and ethalfluralin EC controlled weed completely till 60days after planting. When pendimethalin GR was sprayed more than 4.5kg/10a weed control value was
, so significant difference was recognized with the recommended application rate (3.0kg/10a).
Multivariate Analysis of Quantitative Characteristics in Alisma plantago L.
Kwon, Byung-Sun ; Lim, June-Taeg ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 260~265
Varietal distances were measured by Euclidian
statistics in 1, 891 possible comparisons among sixty two varieties of Alisma plantago with seven characters such as leaf width, leaf length, stem length, number of stems per plant, root diameter, and yield of fresh and dry root. A complete linkage cluster analysis based on the Euclidian distance
was attempted. Sixty two cultivars of Alisma plantago were largely classified into five subgroups. Group 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 included twelve, twenty one, seventeen, five and seven cultivars, respectively. Most of the varietal groups were not associated with their geographical origins. Stem length and root weight among the seven characters were the largest contributors to the
in both intra- and inter- groups.
Classification of Korean Native Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge by Cluster Analysis
Han, Seoung-Ho ; Park, Sang-Il ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 266~275
Anemarrhena asphodeloides BUNGE is one of important medicinal crops, which has been collected or/and cultivated for its rhizomes. The main medicinal ingredient of the A. asphodeloides Bunge rhizomes is a saponin, which is known to have medical values for diaphoresis, sedatives and biuresis. However, studies on cultural methods and breeding works on this plant have not been made in detail. To increase productivity and to improve quality of crops, it is important to collect cultivated and wild lines, to classify them based on morphological and genetic characteristics, and to select superior pure lines at first. Therefore, total 20 A. asphodeloides lines collected were cultivated at the fieldof Chungnam Provincial Administration of Rural Development in 1995 to study the agronomic characteristics and to classify them based on morphological characteristics. Characteristics related with reproductive organ such as the number of spikes per plant and peduncle length showed greater variations than vegetative organrelated characteristics such as leaf length and rhizome length based on the coefficient of variation. Vigorous shoot growth resulted in better development of reproductive organs such as peduncle length and number of spikes per plant. However, the development of spikes was negatively correlated with chlorophyll content. Characteristics of underground parts were more significantly correlated with spike characteristics than aerial part characteristics. A. asphodeloides tested in this study were classified into 2 groups (group A and group B) based on centroid linkage cluster analysis. Group A showed more vigorous shoot growth with more leaves and spikes per plant, longer peduncle length, thicker peduncle diameter and higher shoot dry weight than group B. Group A could be further classified into 2 sub-groups based on leaf size, spike length and peduncle diameter, while group B also could be classified based on number of leaves, number of spikes and shoot dry weight.
Studies on Seed Germination Characters and Germination Inhibitors of Bupleurum falcatum L.
Lee, Sang-Hyun ; Lee, Sang-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 276~283
This experiment was conducted to investigate the optimum temperature and the effects of sulfuric acid, flowing water and
on the germination of Bupleurum falcatum. At the same time, the effect of germination-related compounds in Bupleurum falcatum seed was tested. Among the tested temperatures
the highest germination rate was obtained at
. The optimum soaking time of sulfuric acid was 5 minutes at the concentration of both 0.1 and 1.0%. At the same time, the germination rate was highest when Bupleurum falcatum seed was washed for 2 days in the flowing water before germination test. The effect of
on the germination was highest at 100 ppm out of 10, 50 and 100 ppm. Regardless of treatments, the germination rate of Jeongseon species was higher than that of Mishima species. SEM photographs revealed that most of germination-inhibiting substances in the seed coat were washed away by rinsing in the flowing water for 2 days thus the seed coat became more smooth. The 4, 000 ppm alcohol extract of Bupleurum falcatum seeds inhibited the germination of lettuce seeds as much as 41.7% in Jeongseon species and 58.3% in Mishima species. The higher extract concentration from seed of Bupleurum falcatum, the lower the germination of lettuce seeds was obtained. Out of phenolic acids, the contents of orchinol, pyrogallol, and p-hydroxybenzoic acid were highest in both varieties. Compared with Mishima species, Jeongseon species showed much higher content of salicylic and vanillic acid.
Yield Variation in Different Harvest Time of Coix lachryma L. var. Ma-yuen STAPF
Yi, Eun-Sub ; Lee, Jun-Seok ; Kim, Ki-Jung ; Lee, Hyo-Seung ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 284~288
In order to study on suitable harvest time of adlay utilizing self-feeding combine harvester with four rows, which is originally designed for rice harvest, harvesting were carried out at four different times (40, 50, 60 and 70 days after anthesis) . For efficient operation, appropriate working rows were 2 rows at 50 days after anthesis and working speed was 0.26m/sec at 60 days after anthesis. Theoretical working capability was 11.23a/hr at 60 days after anthesis. As the harvesting was delayed, water content of adlay decreased. Water content of culm+leaf was
and water content of grain was 34.2% at 60 days after anthesis. The later adlay was harvested. the higher the percent of ripened grain was. But the immature grain was decreased. Remnants was less than 1.8% at 60 days after anthesis. The later adlay was harvested, the heavier volume weight was. Yield was the highest at 60 days after anthesis. When utilizing self-feeding combine harvester with four rows, which was originally designed for rice harvest, suitable harvesting time was 60 days after anthesis. Therefore, theoretically suitable harvest time was 68 days after anthesis.
Effects of Growth Regulators and Explants on Direct Somatic Embryogenesis in Liquid Culture of Rehmannia glutinosa
Park, Ju-Hyun ; Chae, Young-Am ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 289~293
The effects of plant regulators on direct somatic embryogenesis in liquid culture of Rehmannia glutinosa were investigated and the proper explant for direct somatic embryo formation was studied. Direct somatic embryos were induced from leaf segments culture in the MS liquid medium containing 0.5 mg/l of both IAA and NAA, while IBA of 1.0 mg/l was required for the same effect. Many somatic embryos were directly formed at the concentration of 2.0 mg/l cytokinin such as BA, kinetin and zeatin, but somatic embryogenesis was relatively poor at above or below this level. Relatively more somatic embryos were induced in the combination of 1.0mg/l IAA and 2.0mg/l zeatin. Formation of somatic embryos begun after 6 weeks on stem segments, while 7 weeks both on petiole and leaf. However, overall production of somatic embryos after 8 weeks was higher in leaf segment than that of stem segment.
Comparison of Chemical Constituents of Upland Wasabia japonica Matsum Grown by Different Propagation Methods
Kim, Sang-Yeol ; Park, Kee-Choon ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 294~301
Fatty acid, amino acid and organic acid contents were analyzed by gas chromatography, amino acid analyzer and high pressure liquid chromatography, respectively, in order to compare the chemical constituents of upland wasabi plant propagated by seed and auxiliary bud. Total fatty acid content and fatty acid composition of upland wasabi were not affected by the propagation methods. Generally, fatty acid content of leaf was higher than that of other parts such as enlarged stem, petiole, peduncle and root. In fatty acid composition, leaf had highest content of linolenic acid, 60-63%, in plant propagated by both seed and auxiliary bud, followed by palmitic acid, oleic acid and linoleic acid in the order. Similarly, total amino acid content was not influenced by propagation methods but plant propagated by seed had higher amount of amino acid content in enlarged stem, petiole and root than that by auxiliary bud -propagated plant. A total of 17 amino acids including 7 essential amino acids were identified in both seed and auxiliary bud propagations. Like total fatty acid content and fatty acid composition, leaf contained high amount of amino acids, especially glutamic acid, asparatic acid and leucine. Organic acid contents were similar in both propagation methods. The major organic acid in upland wasabi was acetic acid (60.0-78.2%), followed by succinic acid (9.9-29.7%) and malic acid (2.9-7.9%). Maleic acid content was least (0.5-2.6%). The result indicates that content and composition of fatty acid, amino acid, and organic acid in upland wasabi were not influenced by propagation methods.
Activity of Antioxidative Components from the Stem of Acer mono Max
Kwon, Yong-Soo ; Kim, Myong-Jo ; Choi, Yong-Hwa ; Kwak, Sang-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 302~306
One flavan 3-ol derivative was isolated from the stem of Acer mono Max, along with two known coumarins. On the basis of spectroscopic evidence, the structures of these compounds were established as (-) - epicatechin, scopoletin and isoscopoletin. Antioxidative activity of (-) - epicatechin was examined by the DPPH free radical scavenging method. Antioxidative activity of (-) - epicatechin
was more greater than those of
Seedling Emergence and Growth Affected by Priming and
Treatments to Three Campanulan Plant Seeds
Kang, Jin-Ho ; Kim, Dong-Il ; Kang, Shin-Yun ; Shim, Young-Do ; Han, Kyung-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 307~313
Seed germination test done in laboratory does not coincide with field emergence in general. The experiments were carried out to examine the effect of priming and
, treatment to seeds of Platycodon grandiflorum; Codonopsis lanceolata and C. pilosula on lapsed time to first seedling emergence, seedling emergence, morphological characters and growth and the cause of poor emergence of C. pilosula. No-treatment as Control (water), priming or
treatment was done with only distilled water for 2 days,
150 mM for 2 days or
0.1 mM for 3 days, respectively. Seedling emergence rate was counted every 2 days but morphological characters and dry weight of shoot and root were measured on 38 days after sowing. Their internal seed structures were examined with Scanning Electron Microscope. C. pilosula had poorer seedling emergence rate than P grandiflorum and C. lanceolata showing nearly same rate: Compared to the other treatment (s) P. grandiflorum displayed higher rate in priming and
, treatments but C. lanceolata or C. pilosula did the greatest rate in only
or priming treatment, respectively.
treatment to seeds of P. grandiflorum and C. lanceolata shortened the lapsed time to seedling emergence in comparison with Control, 2-days water imbibition before sowing. In all the species plant height and number of leaves per seedling became shorter and less in priming treatment than the other treatments except plant height of C. Pilosula while their hypocotyl length was nearly same in all treatments. Although priming treatment had nearly similar effect to morphological characters,
treatment forced greater shoot, root and aftermath total dry weight per seedling. Poor seedling emergence of C. pilosula was caused by its seed defect like cleavage or lack of embryo, poor development of embryo and endosperm or their separation.
Effect of Fertilizer Levels on Dry Root Yield in Scutellaria baicalensis Georg Cultivated after Barley
Park, Gyu-Chul ; Kwon, Byung-Sun ; Park, Hong-Jae ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 314~317
This study was carried out to determine the effect of various fertilizer levels on the growth and yield of Scutellaria baicalensis Georg cultivated after the barley in the southern coastal areas of Korea under the non-mulching condition by direct sowing culture. The flowering date of medium dressing plot
and heavy dression plot
were July 23. The flowering date of the medium and the heavy dressing plot was delayed by 3days compared with that of non-fertilizing plot. The growth characteristics such as stem length, diameter of main stem, number of branch per plant, main root length, main root thickness and dry weight of stem leaves were more increased at medium dressing plot than that of other fertilizer levels. The root dry weight of in Scutellaria baicalensis Georg cultivated after barley was highest at the fertilizing plot of N,
= 9 : 13.5 : 9kg/10a. The dried-root yield was 178kg in medium dressing plot, 167kg in standard dressing pot, and 126kg in non-dressing plot. The dried-root yield of medium dressing plot was 7% and 41% higher than that of standard dressing pot and non-dressing control plot, respectively.
Effects of Irrigation and Sowing Time on Growth and Yield of Bupleurum falcatum L.
Kim, Jae-Chul ; Kim, Jung-Hye ; Ryu, Joung-Ki ; Kim, Ki-Jae ; Park, Jun-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, volume 5, issue 4, 1997, Pages 318~324
When Bupleurum falcatum field was irrigated three times with 20mm at intervals of 10days after sowing, establishment was inproved (64%) and root yield increased to 58kg/10a. And in early growing stage, 30mm irrigation six times at intervals of 10days increased the number of harvested plants per square meter and resulted in yield increase by 26% over yield from natural plot. 20mm irrigation in sowing time at intervals of 10days and 30mm irrigation in early growing stage at intervals of 10days kept adequate soil moisture content (soil moisture tension:
and resulted in better establishment, growth and yield of Buleurum falcatum.