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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Nov 2008
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Sep 2008
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Jul 2008
Volume 30, Issue 3 - May 2008
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Mar 2008
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
THE EFFECT OF REPETITIVE DISTRACTION AND COMPRESSION ON NEW BONE FORMATION DURING DISTRACTION
Yoon, Byung-Wook ; Kim, Yeo-Gab ; Oh, Jung-Hwan ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 30, issue 5, 2008, Pages 407~416
Purpose: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of repetitive distraction and compression on new bone formation during distraction period. Materials and methods: Sixteen healthy rabbits, weighing about 2.5kg, were used in this experiment. A unilateral mandibular osteotomy was performed in the left mandible and the distractor(Track 1
, Gebruder Martin
, Germany) was fixed with four screws (Cross driver screw
, Gebruder Martin
, Germany). After 4 days, the mandibles were distracted at a rate of 0.6mm/day for 10 days to obtain the amount of 6mm distraction in the control group(n=4). In the experimental group A(n=6), they were distracted at a rate of 1.2mm/day for 5 days and then compression of 0.6mm length and distraction of 0.6mm per 12 hours were carried out as counter direction for 5 days, relatively. In the experimental group B(n=6), distraction of 1.2mm length and compression of 0.6mm length per 12 hours were repeated for 10 days to obtain the amount of 6mm distraction finally. The experimental animals were sacrificed at 2 and 4 weeks after surgery and block specimens were obtained. With histologic and histomorphometric analysis, we observed the histologic changes of the cells and bone formation after H-E and Masson- Trichrome staining and then, measured Bone Deposition Rate with TOMORO
ver. 3.5(Olympus, Japan), Results: Histologically, new bone formation was examined in all experimental groups and the control. But, the ability of bone formation of the experimental group A was somewhat better than any other groups. On the histomorphometric analysis, Bone Deposition Rate was higher in the experimental group A
than in the control group
and in the experimental group B
. These data showed significant differences statistically(p<0.05). Conclusion: These results show that the distraction osteogenesis using repetitive compression and distraction force in the early consolidation period may be effective for new bone formation.
EFFECT OF VARIOUS INODIZING CHARACTERISTICS ON BONE INTEGRATION OF TITANIUM IMPLANT SURFACE DESIGN
Cha, Soo-Ryun ; Lee, Jun ; Min, Seung-Ki ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 30, issue 5, 2008, Pages 417~427
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of anodizing surface to osseointegration of implant by using of resonance frequency analysis (RFA), quantitative and qualitative assessment of an anodically modified implant type with regard to osseous healing qualities. A total of 96 screw-shaped implants were prepared for this study. 72 implants were prepared by electrochemical oxidation with different ways. 24 (group 1 SP) were prepared at galvanostatic mode in 0.25M sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid. 24 (group 2GC) were prepared at galvanostatic mode in calcium glycerophosphate and calcium acetate and 24 (group 3 CMP (Calcium Metaphosphate) Coating were prepared at galvanostatic mode in 0.25M sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid followed by CMP coating. Rest of 24 (control group were as a control group of RBM surface. Bone tissue responses were evaluated by resonance frequency analysis (RFA) that were undertaken at 2, 4 and 6 weeks after implant placement in the mandible of mini-pig. Group 1 SP (anodized with sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid implants) demonstrated slightly stronger bone responses than control Group RBM. Group 2 GC (anodized surface with calcium glycerophosphate and calcium acetate implants) demonstrated no difference which were compared with control group. Group 3 GMP (anodized and CMP coated implants) demonstrated slightly stronger and faster bone responses than any other implants. But, all observation result of RF A showed no significant differences between experimental groups with various surface type. Histomorphometric evaluation demonstrated significantly higher bone-to-implant contact for group 2 GC. Significantly more bone formation was found inside threaded area for group 2 GC. It was concluded that group 2 GC (anodized surface with calcium glycerophosphate and calcium acetate implants) showed more effects on the bone tissue responses than RBM surface in initial period of implantation. In addition, CMP showed a tendency to promote bone tissue responses.
EFFECTS ON ER,CR:YSGG LASER ON PERI-IMPLANTITIS
Choi, Sung-Lim ; Kim, Jin-Hwan ; Hwang, Dong-Hyeon ; Min, Seung-Ki ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 30, issue 5, 2008, Pages 428~436
For Longevity of implant, considerations of biomechanical and microbiological aspects must be done. Recently, due to the remarkable development of bone grafting procedure. Implant has been implanted into the more favorable sites but peri-implantitis resulted from periodontal bacteria may obscure the long-term prognosis. Although many different modalities have been introduced to treat the failed implant. Implant's surface and irreversible bony destruction around the implant prevents good result. After Er,Cr:YSGG (waterlase) laser using the wave-length of 2780nm has been introduced to dental field, good results have been reported. Because waterlase uses the hydrokinetic force of water. It is excellent device to detoxify the implant surface mechanically without the heat generation and damage to the implant surface. We designed to evaluate waterlase effect on the peri-implantitis has been occurred after implantation. Four beagle dogs were involved. We have made four premolar extraction in each right and left side of the lower jaw and placed two implants in the anterior of the jaw as a control and six implant were placed posterior in each socket after extraction immediately as an experimental group. We tied floss-silk in each implant to make peri-implantitis intentionally. After three months, we explored peri-implant sites on each experimental fixtures. Using waterlase laser irradiation was performed on that implantitis sites under 3W, air 30% and water 20% intensity for 2 minutes. In control group, we repositioned the flap to cover the exposed fixture without any supportive care. Three months later, we sacrificed experimental animals and extracted and preparated bone blocks with Donath and Breuner (982), Donath (988)'s methods and examined under microscope. We have obtained good re-osseointegration around fixtures after treating with waterlaser irradiation. But it was shown fibroosseointegration in the control group.
ELECTOROGLOTTOGRAPH IN NORMAL ADULT ; PRELIMINARY STUDY FOR ELECTROGLOTTOGRAPHIC STUDY OF SWALLOING DISORDER
Kim, Young-Bin ; Lee, Ju-Kyung ; Leem, Dae-Ho ; Baek, Jin-A ; Ko, Seung-O ; Im, Ik-Jae ; Kim, Hyun-Ki ; Shin, Hyo-Keun ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 30, issue 5, 2008, Pages 437~446
Electroglottography (EGG) is a simple and non-invasive technique for analyzing the vibratory patterns of the vocal folds by detecting impedance changes across the larynx. An abnormal electroglottogram is shown in patients who have a dysphagia associated with neuromuscular disorder. Electroglottography offers reliable informations for diagnosis of swallowing disorder and gives quantitative datas. The purpose of this study is to provide the normal value of electroglottography in normal adults. We took electroglottograms of 80 adults who have no problem in swallowing and utterance. EGG data were analyzed to find out the value of Pitch, Jitter and Closed quotient with a commercially available software. There were significant differences between a usual voice and loud voice in 3 measures on the EGG signalmean pitch, Avg. jitter, mean quotient. To get a proper electroglottography, phonation of a usual voice was better than a loud voice. Four measurements- S.D pitch, Avg. Jitter, Mean closed quotient, S.D closed quotient- were independent of sex for adult. Three measurements- Mean pitch, S.D pitch, Mean closed quotient - were independent of age for adult aged twenties to fifties. The Avg. Jitter of twenties appeared to be lower than those of forties and fifties. The S.D closed quotient of twenties appeared to be lower than those of thirties, forties and fifties.
ANALYSIS OF SPEECH PATHOLOGIC EVALUATION FOR CHILDREN WITH ANKYLOGLOSSIA
Lee, Ju-Kyung ; Kim, Young-Bin ; Leem, Dae-Ho ; Baek, Jin-A ; Shin, Hyo-Keun ; Ok, Seung-O ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 30, issue 5, 2008, Pages 447~456
There is close relationship between intraoral structural anomaly and speech- functional problem. Patient with cleft palate patients & ankyloglossia is a typical example, patients with structural anomaly is repaired toward normal structure by operation. Ankyloglossia may cause functional limitation even after adequate surgical treatment speech disorders being one of them. Interindividually, they vary a lot, showing typical articulation specifics. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare speech for children with ankyloglossia and general public, to determine whether ankyloglossia is associated with articulation problem. We wanted to present criteria for indication of frenectomy. The group of subject is composed of 10 childrens with ankyloglossia and articulation problem, visited the Oral and Maxillofacial surgical unit, dental hospital, Chonbuk university. The average age is 5 Y 7M, M : F ratio is 8 : 2 at the time of speech test. Control group is composed of 10 members without oral structural anomaly. The average age is 5 Y 10M, M : F ratio is 3 : 7 at the time of speech test. Outcomes were measured the PPVT(Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test), PCAT(Picture Consonant Articulation Test), Nasometer II test result obtained each group, statistically measured by Mann-whitney's U Test. There was no difference for 'chronological age-age equivalent' between two group. There was significant difference for 'consonant accuracy' between two group, showed more lower scores in subject group. There was more 'consonant error' in subject group, mostly showed/1/,/s/. A major modality of 'consonant error' was mostly distortion and replacement. There was no significant difference between two group for nasality.
A RETROSPECTIVE EVALUATION OF IMPLANT INSTALLATION WITH MAXILLARY SINUS AUGMENTATION BY LATERAL WINDOW TECHNIQUE
Ki, Se-Il ; Yu, Min-Gi ; Kim, Young-Joon ; Kook, Min-Suk ; Park, Hong-Ju ; Shet, Uttom Kumar ; Oh, Hee-Kyun ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 30, issue 5, 2008, Pages 457~464
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical results of implants which were installed with maxillary sinus elevation by using lateral window technique. Materials and methods: We performed the maxillary sinus elevation by lateral window technique to 87 patients who visited Dept. of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Chonnam National University Hospital from January, 2003 to January, 2007. When the residual bone height was from 3 mm to 7 mm, the sinus elevation and simultaneous implant installation was mostly performed. When the residual bone height was less than 3 mm, the sinus elevation was performed and the delayed implant installation was done after 5 or 6 months. No artificial membranes were used for coverage of the lateral bony window site and freeze dried fibrin sealant was applied to the grafted bone. The mean follow-up period was 28.5 months (ranged from 10 months to 48 months) Results: 1. Unilateral sinus elevations were performed in 51 patients and bilateral sinus elevations were performed in 36 patients. And the total number of sinus elevation procedure was 123 cases. 2. The sinus elevation and simultaneous implant installation was performed in 89 sinuses and 249 implants were installed. The sinus elevation and delayed implant installation was performed in 44 sinuses and 141 implants were installed. The total number of implants were 390 in 133 sinuses. The average healing period after sinus elevations was 6.1 months in delayed implant installation. 3. Only autogenous bone, autogenous bone mixing with allografts or autogenous bone mixing with xenografts were used as graft materials. 4. The average period from first surgery to second surgery was about 7.2 months. 5. Some patients complications, such as perforation of sinus membrane, swelling, infection and exposure of cover screw. Two implants were removed in the infected sinus. 6. The survival rate of implants with maxillary sinus elevation by lateral window technique was 99.5% and the success rate of implants was 95.1%. Conclusions: These results indicated that the implants which were installed with maxillary sinus elevation by lateral window technique showed high survival and success rates.
SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA ARISING FROM CHRONIC OSTEOMYELITIS OF THE MANDIBLE
Park, Young-Wook ; Park, Jung-Min ; Jang, Jae-Hyun ; Kim, Ji-Hyuck ; Kwon, Kwang-Jun ; Lee, Suk-Keun ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 30, issue 5, 2008, Pages 465~472
We experienced a rare case of oral squamous cell carcinoma arisen from gingival tissues overlying prolonged chronic osteomyelitis of the mandible. A 66 years old man complained of unhealed extraction sockets of left mandibular second premolar and first molar, and showed extensive leukoplakia in the gingival tissues of the same area. The inflammation of the socket granuloma became severe and extended into adjacent mandibular proper, resulted in diffuse suppurative chronic osteomyelitis of mandibular body, exhibiting irregular osteolytic changes of mandibular trabecular patterns in mottled radiolucent appearance. The leukoplakia was initially diagnosed under microscope, and the involved gingival tissues were radically removed. Thereafter, the gingival soft tissue inflammation involving the mandibular osteomyelitis was hardly healed for two years. During the period of repeated surgical treatments for the inflamed lesion, nine biopsies were taken sequentially. Until the eighth biopsy, there consistently showed the suppurative osteomyelitis with ingrowing gingival tissues into the bony inflammatory lesion. The gingival epithelium showed the features of leukoplakia but no evidence of malignant changes. However, the ninth biopsy, taken about 2 years after initial diagnosis, showed the early carcinomatous changes of the gingival epithelium. The neoplastic epithelial cells were relatively well differentiated with many keratin pearls, and infiltrated only into underlying connective tissues. So, we presumed that the present case of squamous cell carcinoma was caused by the persistent inflammatory condition of the mandibular osteomyelitis, and also suggest that the leukoplakia should be carefully removed in the beginning to prevent the neoplatic promotion of the chronic inflammation.
INTRODUCTION OF RADIOFREQUENCY REDUCTION OF MASSETER MUSCLE AND CASE REPORTS
Jee, Yu-Jin ; Lee, Deok-Won ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 30, issue 5, 2008, Pages 473~479
Asians tend to have prominent mandibular angle. The causes of wide lower third of the facial contour are obtuse mandibular angle and hypertrophy of masseter muscles. In cases of hypertrophy of masseter muscles, conventional treatment intends to the contraction of masseter muscle. Recently, volumetric reduction of masseter muscles using botulinum toxin type A injection and radiofrequency (RF) reduction have been introduced. The use of RF energy for masseter muscle reduction is known as a safe, simple, and effective method for aesthetic lower facial contouring. The purpose of this study is to present the effects of RF reduction applied to hypertrophy of masseter muscles, to review and to encourage RF practices in oral and maxillofacial region.
A CASE REPORT OF COMPLICATIONS DURING MANDIBULAR TRANSVERSE SYMPHYSIS WIDENING
Suh, Chung-Whan ; Kang, Kyung-Hwa ; Choi, Moon-Gi ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 30, issue 5, 2008, Pages 480~488
Orthodontists often treat cases which are difficult to treat with conventional orthodontics. In such cases, it could be treated with surgical procedures with the help of an oral surgeon. Especially, transverse deficiency of the mandible can be corrected by widening the transverse width of mandibular symphysis, using distraction osteogenesis. Transverse widening of mandibular sympysis is known as a safe treatment but still complications could occur during the treatment. We are reporting some complications of cases that mandibular symphysis transverse widening were applied. Some cases showed complications because of the inappropriate osteotomy line. Since straight vertical osteotomy line was inclined to the left, only the left bony segment was likely to expand. According to bio-mechanical considerations, it will be better to perform a step osteotomy, cutting the eccentric area of the alveolar crest and the centric area of the basal symphyseal area. Complications could also occur by the failure of the distraction device. The tooth borne distraction device was attached on the lingual side of the tooth with composite resin. During the distraction period, it was impossible to obtain appropriate distraction speed and rhythm because of frequent fall off of the distraction device. Therefore, distraction device should be attached firmly with orthodontic band or bone screw, etc. Tooth mobility increasement could also occur as a complication. 'Walking teeth phenomenon' was observed during the distraction period, showing severe teeth mobility and pain during mastication. These symptoms fade out during the consolidation period. Since the patient could feel insecure and uncomfortable, it should be notified to the patient before the procedure. Finally, alveolar crestal bone loss could occur. Alveolar crestal bone loss occurred because of lack of distraction device firmness and teeth trauma caused by lower lip biting habit. Therefore, adequate firmness of the distraction device and habit control will be needed.
ANTRAL POLYP VERSUS MAXILLARY SINUSITIS
Park, Young-Wook ; Chung, Ji-Hun ; Kim, Yun-Hee ; Lee, Sang-Shin ; Kim, Yeon-Sook ; Lee, Suk-Keun ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 30, issue 5, 2008, Pages 489~494
A patient complaining of chronic dull pain in the right maxillary area showed slight haziness and small ovoid radiopacity in the right antrum, which was not extended into the choanal area in radiographic views. At operation, lots of mucoid fluid admixed myxoid soft tissues was discharged and the polypoid mucosal tissues were removed. In histological examination, the removed tissues showed a polyp by the overgrowth of dermal connective tissues exhibiting severe myxoid degeneration. Throughout the entire specimen, the inflammatory reaction was diffuse but not so remarkable to produce the mucosal thickening and necrosis. The polypoid tissues were diffusely infiltrated with neutrophiles and plasma cells, but few eosinophils, resulted in the extensive myxoid degeneration together with severe vascular degeneration. Therefore, we suggest that the antral polyp is basically different in its pathogenesis and prognosis from the common maxillary sinusitis of odontogenic origin, thus the antral polyp should be carefully diagnosed when the inflamed antral lesion is recurred and diffusely degenerative with myxoid changes.
SOLUTIONS AND PREVENTION OF PROBLEMS ARISING FROM ALVEOLAR DISTRACTION OSTEOGENESIS : 4 CASE REPORTS
Kim, Young-Ran ; Kim, Yeo-Gab ; Lee, Baek-Soo ; Kwon, Yong-Dae ; Yoon, Byung-Wook ; Choi, Byung-Joon ; Yu, Yong-Jae ; Oh, Jung-Hwan ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 30, issue 5, 2008, Pages 495~499
For the successful placement of dental implants, adequate alveolar bone height and width are required. Alveolar distraction osteogenesis is an effective method that resolves insufficient alveolar bone height for dental implant placement, and thus has been clinically applied with satisfactory results. But, minor and major problems may occur during the treatment. In the following report, we studied for such problematic cases. The problems are as follows: 1) sharp edges of the transport segment, 2) infection, 3) soft tissue dehiscence, 4) limitation of distraction, 5) numbness, 6) insufficient bone formation. But, most of them were answered by simple solutions and did not jeopardize the final outcomes. Distraction osteogenesis can be considered a safe and predictable procedure for lengthening the alveolar bone.
ANGIOMYOMA OF THE LINGUAL ASPECT OF THE MANDIBULAR SECOND MOLAR: A CASE REPORT
Choi, Mun-Kyung ; Yoon, Kyu-Ho ; Park, Kwan-Soo ; Cheong, Jeong-Kwon ; Shin, Jae-Myung ; Baik, Jee-Sun ; Park, Ji-Hyun ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 30, issue 5, 2008, Pages 500~504
Angiomyoma is the vascular type of leiomyoma that the tumor cells are originated from vascular smooth muscle cells. It's frequently found in the subcutaneous tissues of the lower extremities. Such case of an angiomyoma within the oral cavity is rarely found. From a series of 7748 smooth muscle tumors of all types, only 0.06% were found in the oral cavity. This is a rare case of a young woman appeared with oral angiomyoma located in the left mandibular posterior region with plain radiograph, CT and histologic review.