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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Nov 2010
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Sep 2010
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Jul 2010
Volume 32, Issue 3 - May 2010
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Mar 2010
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Radiographic Bone Density Around Immediately Placed Titanium Implant on the Extraction Socket of Diabetic and Insulin-Treated Rat Maxilla
Park, Kun-Hyun ; Park, Su-Hyun ; Lee, Sung-Hwy ; Pyo, Sung-Woon ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 389~395
Purpose: Although it is generally accepted that patients with controlled diabetes have similar rates of success for dental implants as healthy individuals, the use of dental implants in diabetic patients is controversial. In addition, the impact of diabetes on the healing of bone associated with immediately place dental implants is not completely understood. The purpose of this study was to measure bone response to implants radiologically in uncontrolled and insulin-controlled diabetic rats. Materials and Methods: Twenty rats were divided into control, insulin-treated and diabetic groups. The rats received streptozotocin (60 mg/kg) to induce diabetes; animals in the insulin-treated group also received three units of subcutaneous slow-release insulin. Two titanium implants (
mm) were placed in the extraction socket of the maxillary first molars of the animals and were harvested at 3 days, 1, 2 and 4 weeks. The bone density was measured by digital radiography using gray-level analysis (histogram) in the regions of interest (ROI) at four points: two mesial and two distal to both sides of the implant. Results: The results showed that the osseointegration of the implants was impaired in the diabetic rats compared to the control and the insulin-treated rats. The radiographic evidence demonstrated marked destruction of bone around the implants in the diabetic group. Both the control and the insulin-treated groups had a significantly higher bone density on radiograph than the diabetic group from the 1 week of the experiment (P<0.05 for each comparison). Conclusion: The present study revealed that the immediate placement of titanium implants in the maxilla of diabetic rat lead to delay in the maturation of bone adjacent to implants. It is expected that the reduced predictability of success of immediate implantation in patient with the uncontrolled diabetes.
The Effect of ER:YAG Laser & ER,CR:YSGG Laser on the Tissue of the Inflammation-Induced Mouse
Park, Tae-Il ; Lee, Hyung-Seok ; Lee, Hee-Jong ; Chae, Chang-Hoon ; Lee, Young-Joo ; Byeon, Kwang-Seob ; Hong, Soon-Min ; Choi, Mee-Ra ; Park, Jun-Woo ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 396~405
Purpose: This study was performed to find out the effects of the Er:YAG laser (Key Laser) & Er,Cr:YSGG laser (Water Laser) on inflammatory tissues. Materials and Methods: It was performed on about 20 g, 6 weeks male ICR mouses. They were grouped into the control (negative), the inflammation induced 'control'(positive), Er,Cr:YSGG laser exposured group after inducing inflammation, Er:YAG lasere exposured group after inducing inflammation each 15 mouses. The mouses were applicated 0.5% DNFB 1 cc on ear skin twice a day for 4 days until symptom expression. After laser exposure, ear tissues were extracted and defined gene expression by RT-PCR. Then, tissue staining, lymphocytes observation, electromicroscophic laboratory were carried out. Results: Interleukin-
was expressed much less in the A-laser exposed group. Interleukin-
& Tumor Necrosis Factor-
were expressed 7 times lesser in the A-laser exposed group. The number of Lymphocytes related to inflammation was decreased rapidly in the A-laser exposed group in vivo. he number of cavity recovered normal was a little bigger in the A-laser exposed group after 5 days Conclusion: The expression of IL-
, hitologic change, observation with electron microscope shows that Erbium laser exposure causes lesser inflammation with A-laser rather than B-laser.
Usefulness of Bardach's Technique for Secondary Correction of Cleft Lip Nasal Deformity
Ryu, Sun-Youl ; Gu, Hong ; Yang, Ji-Woong ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 406~415
Purpose: The secondary correction of cleft lip nasal deformity still presents a difficult surgical problems. The present study was aimed to investigate the usefulness of Bardach's technique for secondary correction of cleft lip nasal deformity. Materials and Methods: The subjects were eight patients with unilateral and bilateral cleft lip nasal deformity, who had secondary correction by using Bardach's rhinoplasty technique. Age range was from 2 to 21 years and mean age was 10.6 years. There were 3 boys and 5 girls. Six patients had bilateral and two patients had unilateral cleft lip. Facial photographs were taken before and twenty days after the operation. By using Adobe photoshop, the columella height and the nostril width were measured from the facial frontal photograph and Worm's eye view. The degree of improvement was calculated and statistically analyzed. Results: The degree of improvement of the columella length and the nostril width after Bardach's technique was
respectively. Bardach's technique resulted in projecting the nasal tip, lengthening the columella, medially advancing the alar bases, restructuring the lower lateral cartilages, and changing orientation of the nostrils from horizontal to oblique. The profile view shows projection of the nasal tip, lengthening of the columella, and the change in the nasolabial angle. The scars remained at the philtrum were matter little in compared with improvement of the nasal appearance. Conclusion: These results indicate that Bardach's technique is an useful surgical technique for secondary correction of cleft lip nasal deformity.
Complications Related to Orthognathic Surgery
Kim, Jin-Ha ; Kim, Su-Gwan ; Oh, Ji-Su ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 416~421
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of intra- and postoperative complications of orthognathic surgery and their relevance. Materials and Methods: The clinical records and X-rays of 418 patients who underwent surgery at Chosun University Dental Hospital, Korea, over a 12-year period between 1998 and 2009 were examined. Results: The followings are some of the most common complications which happened during the oper-ations: Inadequate osteotomy in 25 cases, excessive bleeding in 11 cases, nerve injuries in 6 cases, soft tis-sue injuries in 8 cases, and tooth injury, and insertion of foreign bodies in 4 cases respectively. The most frequent complications which happened after surgery are shown below. Paraesthesia in 262 cases, dyspnea in 78 cases, pain in cervical region in 49 cases, open bite in 14 cases, plus 62 cases where other complications occurred. Despite the great variety of complications, severe life threatening complication frequency seems to be extremely low. Conclusion: Orthognathic surgery appears to be a relatively safe procedure but complications related to orthognathic surgery do still occur. Accurate evaluation and precise surgery are needed to minimize complications.
C-Reactive Protein Changes in Oral Cancer Patients After Resection and Reconstructive Surgery
Kim, Chul-Hwan ; Hwang, Seung-Yeon ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 422~430
Purpose: The aim of this study is that we evaluate the change of the White Blood Cell(WBC) count, Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) and C-reactive Protein (CRP) values, and try to make standardization for postoperative sequels before and after the oral cancer resection and reconstructive surgery. Materials and Methods: The study was comprised of 34 patients (male 15, female 19) who were diagnosed as an oral cancer and had performed ablation and reconstructive surgery at Dankook university dental hos-pital. Each blood specimen was collected from patients and estimated WBC count, Neutrophil count, ESR, CRP on first, third, fifth, seventh day efore and after surgery and analyzing inter relationship between each value. Classifying Group I (resection with reconstructive surgery patients) and Group II (resection without reconstructive surgery patients). Also classifying group A (below 4 hours of operation time), Group B (4 to 8 hours of operation time), Group C (above 8 hours of operation time), each group was analyzed and compared. The Following results were induced. Results: (1) In coefficient of correlation, the CRP and WBC has highest value except WBC count and Neutrophil count. (2) There was no significant difference any lapse in the progress between Group I and II of WBC count, Neutrophil count, but the CRP shows statistically higher level in group I than group II at immediate postoperative day, and 1 to 5 days after surgery. (3) There is no significant difference any lapse in the progress between Group A, B, C of WBC count, Neutrophil count, but CRP shows statistically significant difference in 1 day, 3 days after surgery Conclusion: It should be suggested that, determination of CRP is most valuable parameter for postopera-tive management and determination of postoperative clinical changes than other parameter such as WBC count, neutrophil count, and ESR values in oral cancer patient after resection and reconstructive surgery, based on the results of this study.
Clinical and Radiographic Evaluation of Recurrent Odontogenic Keratocysts
Jo, Hyung-Woo ; Choi, So-Young ; Kim, Hyun-Soo ; Kwon, Tae-Geon ; Jang, Hyun-Jung ; Lee, Sang-Han ; Kim, Chin-Soo ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 431~436
Purpose: It is estimated that the odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) makes up 10% to 12% of all developmen-tal odontogenic cysts. The lesion has been of particular interest because of its specific histopathologic fea-ture, high recurrence rate, and aggressive behavior. Materials and Methods: We investigated 266 OKCs of Korean patients for the sex of patient, the age of the patient, the location of OKC, the recurrence rate related to radiographic impression. Results: The male-to-female ratio was 1.47:1, showing a slight male predilection. Odontogenic keratocysts had a peak of occurrence in the third decade of life. The mandibular angle and ascending ramus area (49.6%) is the most frequent site of OKCs in the jaws. Fourteen cases of unilocular (12%) and 5 cases of multilocular (20%) OKCs recurred. Thirteen cases of smooth (12.9%) and 6 cases of lobulated (14.6%) OKCs recurred. Seventeen cases of OKCs without perforation of cortical bone (12.5%) and 2 cases of OKCs with perforation of cortical bone (33.3%) recurred. Fifteen people of patients with single lesion (12.2%) and 4 people of patients with multiple lesions (66.7%) recurred. Conclusion: In this resul, we consider multiple odontogenic keratocysts can recur more easily. So we have to treat them more carefully and need long-time follow-ups.
Complications of Tonsillectomy
Yoon, Kyung-Sung ; Hong, Su-Ryun ; Jung, Su-Jin ; Kim, In-Ho ; Lee, Hyun-Su ; Yang, Su-Nam ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 437~441
Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence and characteristics of tonsillectomy complica-tions, especially about postoperative hemorrhage. Materials and Methods: This study was performed by reviewing the chart of patients who had been operated tonsillectomy in the Cheongju Hankook hospital from 1997 to 2006. Results: Postoperative hemorrhage was occurred to 13.66% of patients. 9.76% of patients had a mild hemorhage but, 3.9% of pateints had a severe hemorrhage which was controlled under general anesthesia. Conclusion: Post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage can lead to expire of patient if uncontrolled. So, operator should have thorough knowlegde about anatomy of tonsil and, manage the complication.
Clinical Comparative Study for Maxillary Sinus Augmentation Using Deproteinized Bovine Bone Mineral and Mineralized Allograft
Jo, Ji-Ho ; Kim, Su-Gwan ; Moon, Seong-Yong ; Oh, Ji-Su ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 442~446
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of popular bone graft materials mineralized allograft and deproteinized bovine bone mineral. Materials and Methods: One hundred seven implants of 78 patients, accompanied by sinus lift using the lateral window technique and simultaneous implantation, were sampled. In addition, some patients with severe systemic conditions were excluded. The initial bone heights of all patients ranged from 3-6 mm. All of the sample cases were treated at our hospital from January 2005 to January 2008. Techniques other than the lateral window technique were excluded, and only one graft material (
) was accepted for inclusion.
was used in 63 implants of 41 patients, whereas Bio-
) was chosen for the remaining 44 implants of 37 patients. The diameters of the particles used ranged from 0.25-1.0 mm, and the volume was 0.5-2 cc (mean, 1.5 cc). Results: The survival rate of the implant fixtures was 99.07% when the lateral window technique was used. Among all of the cases, cases in which
was used demonstrated a survival rate of 98.4%, whereas Bio-
) resulted in 100% survival. With respect to the alveolar bone height, no significant differences were detected between the two graft materials that failed. Conclusion: According to the result reported above, the two common materials for sinus augmentation do not have clinically significant difference. Rather, host factors, such as the height of residual bone, which could be disclosed during questioning patients' systemic conditions, might have greater effects on the prognosis.
Simultaneous Maxillo-Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis in Hemifacial Microsomia: a Case Report
Kim, Il-Kyu ; Park, Jong-Won ; Lee, Eon-Hwa ; Yang, Jung-Eun ; Chang, Jae-Won ; Pyun, Yeong-Hun ; Ju, Sang-Hyun ; Wang, Boon ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 447~453
The hemifacial microsomia is characterized by variable underdevelopment of the craniofacial skeleton, external ear, and facial soft tissues. So, patients with hemifacial microsomia have an occlusal plane canting and malocclusion with facial asymmetry. Distraction osteogenesis (DO) with an intraoral or extraoral device is a technique using tension to generate new bone with gradual bone movement and remodeling. DO has especially been used to correct craniofacial deformities such as a hemifacial microsomia, facial asymmetry, and mandible defect that could not adequately be treated by conventional reconstruction with osteotomies. It has a significant advantage to lengthen soft and hard tissue of underdeveloped site without bone graft and a few complication such as nerve injury or muscle contracture. A 13-years old girl visited our clinic for the chief complaint of facial asymmetry. She had a left hypoplastic maxilla and mandible, occlusal plane canting and malocclusion. We diagnosed hemifacial microsomia and lanned DO to lengthen the affected side. Le Fort I osteotomy, left mandibular ramus and symphysis osteotomy were performed. The internal distraction devices fixed with screw on maxillary and mandibular ramus osteotomy sites. External devices were adapted to lower jaw for DO on symphysis osteotomy site and to upper jaw for rapid maxillary expansion (RME). At 7days after surgery, distraction was started at the rate of 1mm per day for 13days, and after 4months consolidation periods, distraction devices were removed. Simultaneous multiple maxillo-mandibular distraction osteogenesis with RME resulted in a satisfactory success in correcting facial asymmetry as well as occlusal plane canting for our hemifacial microsomia.
Use of Double Buccinator Myomucosal Flap for Treating Secondary Velopharyngeal Insufficiency: a Case Report
Kim, Tae-Woon ; Choi, Jin-Young ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 454~458
Velopharyngeal insufficiency is defined as a status in which nasal cavity and oral cavity can not be sepa-rated when speaking, swallowing by any reason. It has been treated by palatorrhaphy, pharyn-geal flap, local flap, free flap etc. When the size of the defect is small, it can be restored by palatorrhaphy, pharyngeal flap etc. But they are not proper for treatment of the large size of defect. In that case, local flap and free flap are more beneficial. Although large defect can be restored by free flap technique, but it is very complex, time-consuming and may bring about esthetical, functional complications of donor site. Buccinator myomucosal flap is a kind of local flap and reported for the first time by Bozola et al in 1989 and it has become a useful way for reconstruction of large intraoral defect. Authors experienced the use of buccinators myomucosal flap for treating secondary velopharyngeal insufficiency with large soft palate defect and obtained good result. So we report the case with literature reviews.
Alveolar Bone Distraction Osteogenesis at Maxillary Anterior Region for Forward-Downward Movement
Yang, Hoon-Joo ; Lee, Su-Yeon ; Hwang, Soon-Jung ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 459~466
Alveolar distraction osteogenesis (ADO) has been regarded as an acceptable treatment for the alveolar bone deficiency. For ADO at anterior maxillary area, the vector should be oriented to forward and down-ward direction to get an adequate occlusion with mandibular teeth and to increase bone length and width for implant placement. However, the conventional commercial distraction devices for ADO are designed to allow mainly downward movement of alveolar segment, even though a forward movement can be obtained a little by controlling of inclination of device. To make ADO with controllable bidirectional vector possible, we used customized devices using self-manufactured ABDUL (Alveolar Bone Distractor Using Lag screw principle) and commercial orthodontic palatal expansion device (
). In all cases (n = 4), ADO could be performed successfully and dental implants were able to placed with adequate occlusion. We report the procedures, advantages and disadvantages of these methods.
Eagle's Syndrome Presenting Unilateral Facial Nerve Palsy: Case Report
Shin, Hee-Jin ; Kwon, Young-Wook ; Cho, Sung-Min ; Kim, Change-Hyen ; Park, Je-Uk ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 467~472
Eagle's syndrome is the manifestation of elongated styloid process that is not a common entity in dental clinics. Without the knowledge of this syndrome misdiagnosis can be made and therefore differential diag-nosis with other diseases of oral and maxillofacial area is required. The symptoms of elongated styloid process are cervical pain, foreign body sensation, dysphagia and pharyngeal pain. A 27 years old male vis-ited our hospital. He had cervical pain with unilateral facial nerve palsy. Along with meticulous clinical examinations, 3D-CT, Plain radiographic studies were used to make the diagnosis. In computed tomogra-phy, Lt. styloid process was elongated and fractured. Patient have undergone surgical resection of elongat-ed styloid process and have been carefully observed. Characteristically, preoperative facial nerve palsy showed rapid postoperative recovery. The other clinical symptoms that were present in the initial visit were diminished. The purpose of this article is to report a case of Eagle's syndrome presenting unilateral facial nerve palsy that was treated with transoral surgical approach with literature review.
Organized Hematoma in the Maxillary Sinus
Kim, Jae-Jin ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 473~477
Organized hematoma of the maxillary sinus is a rare, nonneoplastic benign lesion with locally destructive behavior that may mimic a malignancy. Clinically, symptoms do not usually occur while the lesion remains localized to the maxillary sinus. Because there is gradual enlargement of the lesion causing erosion and displacement of the adjacent bony structures, symptoms such as epistaxis, cheek swelling, nasal obstruc-tion, headache, and exophthalmos become manifest. Radiologically, unilateral cases are much more fre-quent than bilateral, and Waters' view shows complete opacity of the expanded maxillary sinus and some masses. CT scan shows a large heterogeneous enhancing mass causing considerable expansion of the max-illary sinus with bony erosion. On MR imaging, the mass usually has a variable signal intensity on T1- and T2- weighted images, ranging from low to high. After contrast administration, discrete areas of enhance-ment are present within the mass. Although the disease is essentially benign and nonneoplastic, differen-tial diagnosis from neoplastic disease including malignancy both clinically and radiologically has been always problematic. Accurate preoperative diagnosis of organized hematoma of the maxillary sinus is important to avoid unnecessary extensive surgery, because this condition is curative with a simple, conservative surgical approach and rarely recur. Organized hematoma of the maxillary sinus should be included in the differential diagnosis when patients have recurrent epistaxis, slow-growing mass of the cheek, nasal obstruction, and expansile mass in the maxillary sinus. A 33-year-old man was referred to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery with a three-month history of slowly growing painful swelling of the left cheek. The mass of the maxillary sinus was resected by a Caldwell-Luc approach. Histopahtoly showed only a fibous encapsulated organized hematoma. To our knowledge, organized hematoma of the maxillary sinus has not been previously described in the Korean literature of the oral and maxillofacial surgery. We report a case of organized hematoma of the maxillary sinus presenting with an enlarging maxillary sinus mass.
Bisphosphonate Related Osteonecrosis of Jaw on Mandibular Molar Area: a Case Report
Park, Jae-An ; Yoon, Kyu-Ho ; Cheong, Jeong-Kwon ; Bae, Jung-Ho ; You, Kyung-Ha ; Jo, Kyu-Hong ; Shin, Jae-Myung ; Baik, Jee-Seon ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 478~483
Bisphosphonates are synthetic analogue and have high affinity on bone remodeling site. Since they have a long half-reduction time, they accumulate at bone and act for a long time. They are widely used in osteo-porosis derived from imflammatory bowel disease or postmenopausal osteoporosis patient for bone mineral density improvement. In addition, they neutralize hypercalcemia owing to bone metastasis of malignancy. However, a jaw bone necrosis was recently reported in some patients who have taken bisphosphonates for a long time. It is called Bisphosphonate Related Osteonecrosis of Jaws (BRONJ). It can come spontaneous-ly, but more often after oral surgery including tooth extraction. In this case, a 80-year-old woman was treated with bisphosphonate (sodium alendronate) for 2 years to improve bone mineral density. She had her left lower second molar tooth extracted at local clinic. After extraction, she had inflammatory symptoms like a pain, a cheek swelling, and a discharge of pus. She was referred to our clinic for treatment. We treated meticulously from dressing to surgery. After following up about 1.5 years, the jaw lesion was successfully healed. So we report this case.
Cemento-Ossifying Fibroma in the Fracture Area of Mandibular Body: a Case Report
Jung, Tae-Young ; Kim, So-Hyun ; Jo, Hyun-Joo ; Park, Sang-Jun ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 484~487
Cemento-ossifying fibroma is a true osteogenic neoplasm. It is also called as ossifying fibroma or cementify-ing fibroma. Small lesions seldom cause any symptoms and are detected only on radiographic examination. Large lesions result in a painless swelling of the involved bone. In radiographic features the lesion most often is well defined and unilocular. It may appear completely radiolucent, or more often varying degrees of rdiopacity. It is composed of fibrous tissue that contains a variable mixture of bony trabeculae,cementum-like spherules, or both. Treatment of most lesions generally is enucleation of tumor. However, some lesions which have grown large and destroyed considerable bone, may necessitate surgical resection and bone grafting. This case was the bony lesion that was found by accident in patient with mandibular left body and subcondylar fracture. In radiographic examination, there was a mixed radiolucent and radiopaque lesion in mandibular left body area with fracture line. We treated on mandibular left body and subcondylar fracture and enucleated the lesion on the left body area simultaneously. At surgical exploration, the lesion was well demarcated from the surrounding bone, thus permitting relatively easy separation of the tumor from its bony bed. In histopathologic examination, the lesion contained bony trabeculae and cementum-like spherules within a background of cellular fibrous connective tissue. It finally diagnosed as cemento-ossify-ing fibroma from the result of biopsy.
Correlation Between Mandibular Condylar Process Fracture and Temporomandibular Joint
Moon, Chul-Woong ; Kim, Su-Gwan ; Oh, Ji-Su ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 32, issue 5, 2010, Pages 488~492
This review evaluates the literature on the relationship between mandibular condylar process fracture and temporomadibular joint (TMJ). The topic of condylar fracture generated more discussion and controversy than any other field of maxillofacial trauma associated with TMJ. Disturbance of occlusal function, devia-tion of mandible, internal derangements of TMJ, and ankylosis of the joint with resultant inability to move the jaw are sequelae of condylar process fracture. Thus it is necessary to understand how the masticatory system adapts to the structural alterations that accompany fractures of the mandibular condyle. Treatment of condylar process fracture include two methods ; closed treatment and open treatment. If one chooses totreat closed, one must understand that adaptations in the musculature, skeleton, and dentition will be necessary. Open treatment of condylar process fractures probably requires fewer adaptations within the masticatory system to provide a favorable functional outcome. However, one must weigh the risk of open surgery against the possible improvement in outcome. The risks are not just surgical risk, but biological risk as well, such as disruption of the blood supply to the condyle. This review presents relevant aspects of change of TMJ associated with condylar process fracture.