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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Nov 2011
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Sep 2011
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Jul 2011
Volume 33, Issue 3 - May 2011
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Mar 2011
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Jan 2011
Selecting the target year
Effect of Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound with Adipose-Derived Stem Cells on Bone Healing around a Titanium Implant in Tibia of Osteoporosis-Induced Rats
Lee, Kwang-Ho ; Choi, Yeon-Sik ; Shin, Sang-Hun ; Chung, In-Kyo ; Kim, Gyoo-Cheon ; Kim, Cheol-Hun ; Kim, Uk-Kyu ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 33, issue 3, 2011, Pages 199~209
Purpose: Osteoporosis, is a major health problem for the elderly and post-menopausal women and shown to alter the properties of bone as well as impair bone healing around titanium implants in both human and animals. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of LIPUS with adipose-derived stem cells on the healing process around a titanium implant in rats with osteoporosis. Methods: Sixteen osteoporosis-induced rats were divided into two groups: an adipose-derived stem cell injected with Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound (LIPUS) application group and a control group. Titanium screw implants (diameter, 2.0 mm: length, 3.5 mm, Cowell Medi, Korea) were placed into both tibia of 16 rats, on 8 rats as the control group and the other 8 rats as the experimental group. Rats were sacrificed at different intervals from 1, 2, 4 and 8 weeks after implantation for histopathologic and immunohistochemical analyses. Results: Histopathological analysis revealed newly formed bone in experimental group earlier than that in control group. Especially at 1 week after implantation, more amounts of new bone matrix and collagen around the implant in the experimental group were seen compared with the control group. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the levels of osteoprotegerin (OPG) expression in the experimental group were increased at early stages compared with that of control group until 2 weeks after implantation. But after 2 weeks, the expression level of OPG similar in both groups. The expression levels of receptor activator of nuclear factor kB ligand (RANKL) were stronger in the experimental group than the control group until 2 weeks after implantation. After 4 weeks, expression of RANKL in experimental group was similar to the control group. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that LIPUS with Adipose-Derived Stem Cells in implantation could promote bone healing around titanium implants in rats with osteoporosis.
The Effect of Injection of Steroid and 5-Fluorouracil on Hypertrophic Scars of Rabbit
Kim, Kyung-Rak ; Ryu, Sun-Youl ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 33, issue 3, 2011, Pages 210~217
Purpose: This study was to evaluate the synergistic effects of combined therapy of steroid and anti-neoplastic drug injection on hypertrophic scars in a rabbit model. Methods: Adult male white rabbits weighing about 2.5 kg were used. After full thickness wounding (about 6 mm) over the ventral surface of each ear sized was made, either saline (control group), triamcinolone, 5-fluoruracil, and mixture of triamcinolone and 5-fluoruracil were injected once 16 days after the wound was made. Rabbits were sacrificed 2, 4 and 8 weeks after injection, and tissue specimens were prepared for histologic and histomorphometric examinations. Results: With the combined injection of triamcinolone and 5-fluoruracil, collagen fiber thickness was arranged in a somewhat irregular manner 2 weeks after injection. After 4 weeks, blood vessels and inflammatory cells were decreased, and collagen fibers were arranged in an almost parallel manner. By 8 weeks, almost same amount of connective tissue compared with adjacent normal tissue was observed. Conclusion: These results indicated that combined injection of triamcinolone and 5-fluoruracil reduced the amount of hypertrophic scars by inhibition of fibroblasts and inflammatory cells. Therefore, combined injection of triamcinolone and 5-fluoruracil is a more potent and effective treatment of hypertrophic scars compared with the single injection of either triamcinolone or 5-fluorouracil.
Initial Stability after Bilateral Sagittal Split Ramus Osteotomy Application in Patients with Mandibular Prognathism
Kwon, Myung-Hee ; Leem, Dae-Ho ; Baek, Jin-A ; Shin, Hyo-Keun ; Ko, Seung-O ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 33, issue 3, 2011, Pages 218~224
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the post-operative skeletal stability after surgical correction of patients with mandibular prognathism by bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) and to evaluate the horizontal relapse tendency after the surgery. Methods: Twenty-six patients with Class III dental and skeletal malocclusion were selected for this retrospective study. Fifteen of them underwent BSSRO for mandibular setback and eleven of them underwent two-jaw surgery (Lefort I and BSSRO). In each patient, lateral cephalometric radiographs were taken pre-operatively, post-operatively within 1 week, and post-operatively after eight months. After tracing of the cephalometric radiographs, various parameters were measured. The analyses were done by linear measurement to evaluate the change in position of hard tissue B point, pogonion and mandibular plan angle by examination on lateral cephalograms. Results: The horizontal relapse rate was 27.1% at B point and 31.6% at pogonion in patients who underwent BSSRO. The horizontal relapse rate of the group where the amount of correction exceeded 10 mm was 25.69% at B point. Conclusion: There were no statistical differences on the magnitude of setback and direction of rotation of the mandible in mandibular stability. There were also no statistical differences between single mandibular surgery and two-jaw surgery for mandibular stability.
An Evaluation of Initial Stability after Maxillary Posterior Impaction
Ahn, Sang-Wook ; Kwon, Taek-Kyun ; Lee, Sung-Tak ; Song, Jae-Min ; Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Hwang, Dae-Seok ; Shin, Sang-Hoon ; Chung, In-Kyo ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 33, issue 3, 2011, Pages 225~232
Purpose: This study was designed to retrospectively evaluate the postsurgical initial stability of the Le Fort I osteotomy with posterior impaction and rigid internal fixation for the correction of mandibular prognathism with midface deficiency. Particular attention was paid to the magnitude and direction of the initial postsurgical change. Methods: 20 healthy patients with mandibular prognathism and midface deficiency participated in this study. All patients underwent Le Fort I osteotomy with posterior impaction and mandibular setback BSSO by one surgeon. Preoperative (T0), immediate postoperative (T1) and follow-up period (T2) cephalograms were taken and analyzed. Change between T0~T1 and T1~T2 was measured and analyzed. Results: Between T0~T1, significant differences were observed in all measurements except the ANS point and mandibular plane angle. Between T1~T2, only the occlusal plane angle was significantly changed. No significant changes were found in all other measurements. Conclusion: This study indicates that Le Fort I osteotomy with posterior impaction is stable at initial stages. Although changes in the occlusal plane angle were observed, it was caused by tooth movement after post-operative orthodontic treatment. However, more studies with larger samples are required to form definitive conclusions. Conclusion: This study indicates that Le Fort I osteotomy with posterior impaction is stable at initial stages. Although changes in the occlusal plane angle were observed, it was caused by tooth movement after post-operative orthodontic treatment. However, more studies with larger samples are required to form definitive conclusions.
Measurement and Algorithm Calculation of Maxillary Positioning Change by Use of an Optoelectronic Tracking System Marker in Orthognathic Surgery
Park, Jong-Woong ; Kim, Soung-Min ; Eo, Mi-Young ; Park, Jung-Min ; Myoung, Hoon ; Lee, Jong-Ho ; Kim, Myung-Jin ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 33, issue 3, 2011, Pages 233~240
Purpose: To apply a computer assisted navigation system to orthognathic surgery, a simple and efficient measuring algorithm calculation based on affine transformation was designed. A method of improving accuracy and reducing errors in orthognathic surgery by use of an optical tracking camera was studied. Methods: A total of 5 points on one surgical splint were measured and tracked by the Polaris
(Northern Digital Inc Co., Ontario, Canada) optical tracking system in two cases. The first case was to apply the transformation matrix at pre- and postoperative situations, and the second case was to apply an affine transformation only after the postoperative situation. In each situation, the predictive measuring value was changed to the final measuring value via an affine transformation algorithm and the expected coordinates calculated from the model were compared with those of the patient in the operation room. Results: The mean measuring error was
using the affine transformation at pre- and postoperative situations and the average value after the postoperative situation was
. The farther a coordinate region was from the reference coordinates which constitutes the transform matrixes, the bigger the measuring error was found which was calculated from an affine transformation algorithm. Conclusion: Most difference errors were brought from mainly measuring process and lack of reproducibility, the affine transformation algorithm formula from postoperative measuring values by using of optic tracking system between those of model surgery and those of patient surgery can be selected as minimizing the difference error. To reduce coordinate calculation errors, minimum transformation matrices must be used and reference points which determine an affine transformation must be close to the area where coordinates are measured and calculated, as well as the reference points need to be scattered.
Factors Affecting Survival of Maxillary Sinus Augmented Implants
In, Yeon-Soo ; Park, Young-Wook ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 33, issue 3, 2011, Pages 241~248
Purpose: The aim of this study was to present the clinical results of maxillary sinus augmentation implants and to evaluate the effects of various factors on the implant survival rate. Methods: In a total of 112 patients, 293 implants after sinus augmentation were performed. The total survival rate and the influence of the following factors on implant survival were evaluated; patient characteristics (sex, age, smoking, general disease), graft material, implant surface, implant installation stage, site of implant placement, length and width of implant, closure method for osseous window, residual alveolar bone height. Results: 1. Age ranged from 16 to 70 yr, with a mean of 45.7 yr. 2. Cumulative survival rate for the 293 implants with the maxillary sinus augmentation procedure was 94.9%. 3. Simultaneous implant installation was performed in 122 patients and delayed implant installation was performed in 117 implants. The average healing period after sinus elevation was 7.3 months for delayed implant installation and this procedure had a significantly higher survival rate. 4. There were no significant differences in sex, age, smoking, general disease, site of implant placement, length and width of implant, residual alveolar bone height and the survival rate. 5. RBM (Resorbable Blasting Media) implant surface and allograft groups had significantly lower survival rates. Conclusion: These data suggest that maxillary sinus augmentation may give more predictable results for autogenous bone grafts and delayed implant placement.
Clinical Evaluation of Simultaneous Implants Placement Following Augmentation of the Maxillary Sinus with Deproteinized Bovine Bone
Kim, Hyun-Kuk ; Kim, Jin-Wook ; Kim, Chin-Soo ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 33, issue 3, 2011, Pages 249~255
Purpose: Placement of endosseous implants in the atrophic maxilla is often restricted because of the lack of supporting bone. In this article, augmentation of the maxillary sinus floor with deproteinized bovine bone to enable insertion of endosseous implants is described. The technique is aimed at providing a cortical layer on top of the graft to ensure a reliable seal of the maxillary sinus and to achieve optimal stability of the bone graft in case of simultaneously placement of dental implants. Methods: The procedure was used in 200 patients (839 implants), using deproteinized bovine bone. The mean follow-up was 28.5 months. No inflammation of the bone grafts nor of the maxillary sinus occurred. The patients received implant supported overdentures or bone-anchored bridges. Results: The survival rate of implant restoration of this study was 97.6%. The total average of marginal bone loss in radiographs was
mm. Insufficient primary stability, bony quality, and infection were thought to be associated factors in the failed cases. Conclusion: This study documented that deproteinized bovine bone, when used as a grafting material for augmentation of the sinus floor, may lead to proper osseointegration of a endosseous implant.
Maxillary Sinus Augmentation Using Autogenous Teeth: Preliminary Report
Jeong, Kyung-In ; Kim, Su-Gwan ; Oh, Ji-Su ; Lim, Sung-Chul ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 33, issue 3, 2011, Pages 256~263
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of autogenous tooth graft materials after maxillary sinus bone grafts. Methods: The study involved 23 implants in 22 patients who visited the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and the Department of Periodontics, Chosun University Dental Hospital, in 2008 and received autogenous tooth graft materials for maxillary sinus bone grafts. Results: For eight patients with maxillary bone graft materials prior to implant placement, the healing period averaged five months. For eleven patients with simultaneous maxillary bone graft and implant placement, eight patients received a second surgery, with an average healing time of six months. Three patients had a longer observation period with only a fixture implanted. Three patients who received only a bone graft required more time to implant placement because of the lack of residual bone and also for personal reasons. Only 5 patients had biopsies performed and complications such as infection and dehiscence healed well. The application of autogenous graft materials to the maxillary bone graft sites did not exert any significant effects on the success rates. When a mixture of graft materials was used, the post-surgical bone resorption rate was reduced. Histological analysis showed that new bone formation and remodeling were initiated during the three-to-six month healing period. Bone formation capacity increased continuously up to six months after the maxillary bone graft. Conclusion: According to this analysis, excellent stability and bone-forming capacity were seen in cases where autogenous materials were used alone or mixed with other materials. Autogenous tooth graft materials may be substituted instead of autogenous bones.
Extraction Socket Preservation and Reconstruction Using Autogenous Tooth Bone Graft: Case Report
Kim, Young-Kyun ; Kim, Su-Gwan ; Kim, Kyung-Wook ; Um, In-Woong ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 33, issue 3, 2011, Pages 264~269
An extraction socket was preserved and reconstructed using an autogenous tooth bone graft powder and block in two patients. The grafted site was healed 3 to 3.5 months after surgery. Implant treatment was successfully completed.
Sequential Management of Pierre Robin Sequence: Case Report
Kim, Bae-Kyung ; Kwon, Yong-Dae ; Ryu, Sun-Youl ; Choi, Yong-Ha ; Ohe, Joo-Young ; Suh, Joon-Ho ; Ko, Su-Jin ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 33, issue 3, 2011, Pages 270~275
Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) is known as an anomaly consisting of respiratory obstruction with glossoptosis, micrognathia and cleft palate in a newborn. The etiology of PRS is not known, but several factors may be involved simultaneously. Mortality rate of PRS is about 5~30% and the treatment method is divided into both conventional treatments and surgical interventions. If the respiratory obstruction is not resolved by the conventional method, surgical treatment, such as subperiosteal release of the floor of the mouth, tongue-lip adhesion, tracheostomy, distraction osteogenesis may be needed. This study reports a case of PRS in a newborn male at 20 days, with dyspnea and feeding difficulties. Clinical examination showed micrognathia with glossoptosis and cleft palate as the typical PRS triad. We tried surgical intervention with subperiosteal release of the floor of the mouth and tongue-lip adhesion and surgery was successful. At
months, we also repaired the incomplete cleft palate successfully using 2-Flap palatoplasty.
Facial Nerve Palsy after Bilateral Sagittal Split Ramus Osteotomy: Case Report
Jin, Soo-Young ; Kim, Su-Gwan ; Kim, Hak-Kyun ; Moon, Seong-Yong ; Oh, Ji-Su ; Jeong, Kyung-In ; Jeon, Woo-Jin ; Yun, Dae-Woong ; Yang, Seok-Jin ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 33, issue 3, 2011, Pages 276~280
BSSRO (bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy) is an effective surgical method for maxillofacial deformities. Rigid fixation using a plate and screws can stabilize bony segments and induce early mouth opening. Though this procedure has a low complication rate, normal function and esthetic recovery is achieved through proper and early management of the complications. Complications consisting of temporomandibular disorders, sensory disturbances due to inferior alveolar nerve damage, open bite, malunion or nonunion, and facial nerve palsy occur, but these rarely develop. Facial nerve palsy causes the muscles involved in facial expression to depress, which results in ocular dryness or retinal damage. When facial nerve palsy develops, early management involving steroid medication and physical therapy is effective. In the case of severe damage, surgical intervention should be considered. A 20-year-male patient came to the oral and maxillofacial surgery department for orthognathic surgery. The mandible was set back by BSSRO under general anesthesia. Facial nerve palsy was observed on the left side of the face: steroid and vitamins were administered early and physical therapy was performed daily. These forms of management can aid in function and allow for gradual esthetic recovery. Presumed causes were excessive soft tissue retraction or soft tissue injury by the osteotome at the horizontal osteotomy of the ramus. Careful dissection, retraction and a precise osteotomy are needed for protection of the facial nerve. If nerve damage is observed, early management can help in the recovery of facial nerve function and esthetics.
Techniques for Reparation of Perforations of the Maxillary Sinus Membrane: Article Review
Lim, Hyoung-Sup ; Kim, Su-Gwan ; Kim, Hak-Kyun ; Moon, Seong-Yong ; Oh, Ji-Su ; Jeon, Woo-Jin ; Yun, Dae-Woong ; Yang, Seok-Jin ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 33, issue 3, 2011, Pages 281~285
Sinus floor elevation is a predictable and standard procedure for the treatment of the posterior maxilla before insertion of dental implants. Although overall complication rates are low, complications can occur including sinus membrane perforation, infection of sinus, swelling and hemorrhage. The most common complication is membrane perforation. Recently, various techniques and materials for repair of perforation to the sinus membrane have been proposed. The purpose of this article is to report on various techniques and materials that can be used for repair of perforations to the sinus membrane. The search protocol used was the following electronic database: Pubmed, with a time limit from 1998 to 2009. The key words such as 'sinus lift', 'sinus augmentation', 'sinus floor elevation', 'sinus graft', 'sinus perforation', 'repair of sinus perforation' and 'repair of sinus membrane' were used, alone and in combination, when searching the database. Various techniques have been proposed to manage of perforation of sinus membranes. These include that the use of collagen membranes, demineralized freeze-dried human lamellar bone sheets, processed human allografts, lamella bone, buccal fat pads and suturing. Implant success rate ranges from 69.9% to 98.9%.
HIV Screening Using the
Rapid HIV-1/2 Antibody Test (OraQuick Test) in Dentistry: A Literature Review
Im, Jae-Hyung ; Kim, Su-Gwan ; Oh, Ji-Su ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 33, issue 3, 2011, Pages 286~291
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of OraQuick tests in previously reported articles. Methods: The literature was searched using Pubmed Medline with keywords, such as "OraQuick" or "rapid HIV test". Articles that included the specificity and sensitivity of this device were reviewed. Results: A total of 11 journal articles including 3 domestic articles were reviewed. The sensitivity of the OraQuick Test was reported to be 97.8 to 100% and its specificity was 98.8 to 100%. Conclusion: The results indicated that the simple OraQuick assay has proven to be accurate and it can be used to detect patients with HIV and to prevent the spread of HIV on test screens.