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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Nov 2012
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Sep 2012
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Jul 2012
Volume 34, Issue 3 - May 2012
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Mar 2012
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
Selecting the target year
Effect of Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound on Bone Healing around Titanium Implant in Tibia of Diabetes Mellitus Induced Rats
Seo, Young-Kyo ; Kim, Uk-Kyu ; Park, Sang-Jun ; Lee, Soo-Woon ; Kim, Yong-Deok ; Hwang, Dae-Seok ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 34, issue 3, 2012, Pages 163~172
Purpose: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been shown to alter the properties of the bone and impair bone healing around a titanium implant. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS), which has been known to stimulate the bone healing, improve the osseointegration of the titanium implant in tibia of DM-induced rats. Methods: 16 rats were received streptozotocin (60 mg/kg) for inducing diabetes. A total number of 32 titanium implants were placed bilaterally into both tibiae of these rats. The right tibia of each rat received LIPUS application (10 min/day) during 7 days post-operation, while the left side received no treatment. The study was carried on for six weeks and the rats were sacrificed at 1, 2, 4, and 6 weaks postoperatively (4 rats for each week) for histomorphometric and histologic analysis. Bone-implant contact and bone area were measured. Comparisons between the groups were made using statistical analysis on histomorphometric analysis. Results: The histomorphometry parameters showed that the bone-implant contact and the bone area values have decreased in the late osseointegration periods (4, 6 weeks) compared to the early osseointegration periods (1, 2 weeks) in both two groups. The bone-implant contact values of the LIPUS group were somewhat higher than those of controls at 1, 2 weeks, but the difference was not statistically significant. The bone area values of the LIPUS group were also higher than those of controls at 1, 2 weeks, but the difference was not statistically significant as well. Conclusion: Results of this study indicate that LIPUS may have positive effects on early osseointegration but could not improve the long term stability of dental implants.
Change of Glycosaminoglycan Distribution and Collagen Fibers Arrangement on Temporomandibular Joint Following Anterior Disc Displacement of the Rabbits
Kim, Uk-Kyu ; Chung, In-Kyo ; Kim, Kyu-Cheon ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 34, issue 3, 2012, Pages 173~179
Purpose: This study was to determine the effects of surgical induction of anterior disc displacement (ADD) on the distribution of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and collagen fiber arrangement in the rabbit temporomandibular joint (TMJ) tissues including articular cartilage of condyle, disc, retrodiscal tissue, and articular eminence. Methods: We used van Gieson staining and Alcian blue critical electrolyte concentration (CEC) method to observe change of collagen fibers on disc and to measure GAG up to 10 weeks in TMJ tissues after surgical induction of ADD on 25 rabbits. Results: CEC measurements for GAG showed 0.3 M, 0.4 M, 0.6 M, and 0.8 M at 1 week, 2 weeks, 3, 4, and 8 weeks, 10 weeks, respectively. This result indicated that GAGs shifted to highly sulphated ones as time passed. Disruption of collagen fiber arrangement in the disk occurred at 10 days and aggravated at 3 weeks. Conclusion: Our study showed degenerative osteoarthritis changes in rabbit TMJ following surgical induction of ADD up to 10-week period.
Discrepancies in Soft Tissue Profile of Patients for Orthognathic Surgery between Preoperative Lateral Facial Photograph, Lateral Cephalogram and Supine Position on Operation Table
Jung, Young-Eun ; Yang, Hoon-Joo ; Hwang, Soon-Jung ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 34, issue 3, 2012, Pages 180~185
Purpose: An accurate preoperative analysis of the patient is essential in orthognathic surgery in order to acquire superior results. In profile, the location of the chin's position may change according to the neck's inclination. This may ultimately affect the amount of surgical movement. During acquisition of cephalometric radiographs, or in supine position, there is a discrepancy in the neck's inclination. This means that there are also various discrepancies between the actual profile and the various preoperative profile images. In the clinical situation, the decision in performing genioplasty usually lies in the analysis of the patient's profile on the operating table at the final stages of orthognathic surgery. This study aims to analyze the different preoperative profile images and to compare their discrepancies. Methods: Fifty eight patients undergoing orthognathic surgery were chosen. These patients were divided into three groups according to angle's classification of malocclusion, as class I, II or III. The right profile of these patients in centric occlusion was taken in natural head position (NHP). This was set as the 'actual profile image.' Another right profile image was taken on the operating table after insertion of the nasotracheal intubation and with muscle relaxants in effect. This was also taken in centric occlusion. The angle (denoted 'A') between the soft tissue glabella-pognion and the true vertical plane was found in the above-mentioned profile images and in the cephalometric radiographs. The differences of these values were analyzed. Results: There were differences in Angle 'A' in all of the preoperative images. These values were however, not statistically significant. Conclusion: In order to gain an esthetic profile during orthognathic surgery, the NHP is shown to be the most reliable position. Images reproducing such head positions should be used in the treatment planning process.
A Retrospective Clinical Study of Survival Rate for a Single Implant in Posterior Teeth
Han, Sung-Il ; Lee, Jae-Hoon ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 34, issue 3, 2012, Pages 186~199
Purpose: Single implants, of which screw loosening has been observed frequently, presents problems such as fixtures fractures, marginal bone loss, and inflammation of the soft tissue around the implant. However, the single implant is more conservative, cost effective, and predictable compared to the 3 unit bridge with respect to the long-term outcome. This study evaluated the survival rate as well as future methods aimed at increasing the survival rate in single implants in posterior teeth. Methods: Among the implants placed in the Dankook University Dental Hospital department of Oral & Maxillofacial surgery from January 2001 to June 2008, 599 implants placed in the maxillar and mandibular posterior were evaluated retrospectively. Survival rates were investigated according to implant location, cause of tooth loss, gender, age, general disease, fixture diameter and length, surface texture, implant type and shape, presence of bone graft, surgery stage, surgeons, bone quality and opposite teeth. Results: Out of 599 single implants in posterior teeth, 580 implants survived and the survival rate was 96.8%. The difference in survival rate was statistically significant according to the implant location. The survival rate was low (84.2%) in implants exhibiting a wide diameter (
) and the surface treated by the acid etching group demonstrated a significantly lower survival rate (91.1%). One stage surgical procedure, which implemented a relatively better bone quality survival rate (100%), was higher than the two stage surgical procedure (96.1%). The survival rate of type IV bone quality (75%) was significantly lower than the other bone quality. Conclusion: Single posterior teeth implant treatments should use an improved surface finishing fixture as well as careful and safe procedures when performing implant surgery in the maxilla premolar and molar regions since bone quality is poor.
Repair of Complete Cleft Lip Using Extended Mohler Repair
Park, Young-Wook ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 34, issue 3, 2012, Pages 200~204
In the repair of unilateral complete cleft lip, the most popular method is the rotation-advancement by Millard. Despite advantages of Millard repair, a few pitfalls exist. Above all, some of the scars, at the height of the cleft side philtral ridge, cross the Langer's line. Further, in the repair of complete cleft lip, small triangular lateral lip flap is often added in the base of an advancement flap to level the Cupid's bow. Moreover, preservation of the advancement flap has some negative effects on a primary nasal repair. As a result, the shape of philtrum is somewhat unnatural. Therefore, I applied the extended Mohler repair in the six cases of complete wide cleft lip to get a more esthetic scar. As a result, more natural, straight philtral ridge was obtained, without adding small triangular flap in the base of the advancement flap.
Idiopathic Localized Lipodystrophy of Subcutaneous Fat after Cyst Enucleation of Jaw: Report of 3 Cases
Lee, Ba-Da ; Na, Hye-Young ; Kim, Nam-Kyoo ; Kim, Hyung-Jun ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 34, issue 3, 2012, Pages 205~208
Lipodystrophy is a disorder characterized by the loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue which is inherited or heterogeneously acquired. We report 3 uncommon cases of localized lipodystrophy on face which distinguished 1 year after cyst enucleation of mandibular posterior area.
Three-year Follow-up after Autogenous and Xenogenic Jaw Bone Grafts
Seo, Mi-Hyun ; Kim, Soung-Min ; Kim, Hyun-Soo ; Lee, Jeong-Keun ; Myoung, Hoon ; Lee, Jong-Ho ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 34, issue 3, 2012, Pages 209~214
This case report assessed the three-year follow-up results after autogenous and xenogenic bone grafts of the jaw. Autogenous particulated bone with osteogenesis and osteoinductive properties and xenogenic Bio-Oss
(Geistlich Pharma AG, Wolhusen, Switzerland) graft materials with osteoconductive propertes were grafted into cystic cavities that remained after multiple cystic enucleation in the right upper posterior maxilla and the left lower posterior mandible. Six months later, increased radiopacity in the grafted area was seen. Three-year follow-up results with clinical and panoramic radiography after autogenous and xenogenic bony mixtures in jaw are reviewed and discussed.
Cemento-Ossifying Fibroma in the Maxilla: A Case Report
Lee, Chang-Youn ; Kim, Ju-Won ; Jang, Chang-Su ; Yim, Jin-Hyuk ; Yang, Byoung-Eun ; Kim, Jwa-Young ; Pai, Hyun-Kyung ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 34, issue 3, 2012, Pages 215~219
Cemento-ossifying fibroma (COF) is a benign fibro-osseous tumor with fibrous tissue, abnormal cement and bone, or a combination of such elements. These are slow-growing lesions and are more frequent in women. Here, we report the case of a 28-year-old Korean woman. The patient having no underlying disease complained about facial swelling and asymmetry. A firm mass with impacted molars and teeth deviation on the right maxilla was observed. A computed tomography scan was taken and an incisional biopsy was performed. Following this, COF was diagnosed. Complete surgical removal of the lesion was carried out. A post-operative follow-up was conducted and 3 months later the patient reported no discomfort or any sign of recurrence in regards to the lesion. Differential diagnosis with fibrous dysplasia and the COF is important because of the treatment choice. We report a case of COF and offer a review of the literature on this article.
Osteonecrosis of Maxilla in Wegener's Granulomatosis: Case Report
Kim, Il-Kyu ; Chang, Jae-Won ; Ju, Sang-Hyun ; Pyeon, Young-Hoon ; Jung, Bum-Sang ; Han, Ji-Young ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 34, issue 3, 2012, Pages 220~225
Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is an autoimmune disease of unknown etiology characterized by the triad of necrotizing granulomatous lesion in the upper and lower respiratory tracts or both, disseminated vasculitis involving both small arteries and veins, and necrotizing glomerulonephritis. The most common oral lesions associated with WG are ulceration and strawberry gingivitis. A 47-years old man in medical care associated WG was consulted our Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery for the chief complaint of toothaches. Pre-operative panorama showed the alveolar radiolucency and the loss of lamina dura regarding the left upper teeth. An oropharyngeal magnetic resonance imaging also revealed the increased bone marrow signal intensity on the left maxilla. Under the impression of maxillary osteonecrosis due to WG, maxillary saucerization with removal of involved teeth was performed. We obtained good results and report the first case of WG in Korea, with the review of literatures regarding oral and general systemic features.
Cryosurgical Treatment of Ameloblastoma: Case Report
Choi, Moon-Gi ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 34, issue 3, 2012, Pages 226~232
Although an ameloblastoma is a benign tumor histologically, it may act malignantly. It has locally destructive and recurrent tendencies. Many different strategies have been attempted in order to cure an ameloblastoma including curettage, enucleation, marsupialization, and resection with a safty margin. Curettage, enucleation, and marrsupialization can be classified into a conservative treatment and resection with a safty margin can be classified into a radical treatment. Radical treatment has better results than the conservative treatment. Thus, more radically conservative treatment methods are needed in order to improve the treatment results. The cryosurgery can be applied an ameloblastoam. In particular, with regards to the solid and intramural type, the application of the cryosurgery has its advantages over the conservative treatment. After resection of the diseased area we don't need to discard the diseased segment. Instead, by placing the segment in liguid nitrogen, the diseased segment can use the autogenous tray for packing several bone materials.