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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Nov 2013
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Sep 2013
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Jul 2013
Volume 35, Issue 3 - May 2013
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Mar 2013
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
Comparison of the Change in the Pharyngeal Airway Space, Tongue and Hyoid Bone Positions according to the Orthognathic Surgical Methods of Mandibular Prognathism
Lee, Yoon-Sun ; Han, Se-Jin ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 35, issue 4, 2013, Pages 211~220
DOI : 10.14402/jkamprs.2013.35.4.211
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the changes in the pharyngeal airway space, tongue and hyoid bone positions according to the orthognathic surgical methods of mandibular prognathism. Methods: The subjects included 30 patients (16 males, 14 females) with the skeletal class III malocclusion. Group 1 (10 patients) underwent bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) only; group 2 (10 patients) underwent BSSRO with genioplasty; and group 3 (10 patients) underwent BSSRO, Le Fort I osteotomy. We measured the lines between the selected upper air way, hyoid bone and tongue landmarks on the lateral cephalometric x-ray films of skeletal class III. The measurements were made preoperation, within 1 week after the operation, 3~6 months after the operation and 1 year after the operation. We compared and analyzed the measurements with matched paired t-test and independent samples t-test. Results: There were no postoperative changes in the nasopharyngeal airway space in group 3. The measurements of group 3 also increased during the follow-up period as compared to the preoperative measurements. In group 1, 2 and 3, the immediate postoperative oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal airway spaces were decreased. In the following period, the hypopharyngeal airway space returned to the preoperative positions, but the oropharyngeal airway space was not significantly changed. The upper and lower tongue was posteriorly repositioned immediately after the surgery. During the follow-up period, the lower tongue position returned to the preoperative position, and the upper tongue position was not significantly changed. Immediately after the surgery, the B point was moved to the posterior position, and a slight anterior advancement was found in the follow-up period. Conclusion: Patients who received the mandibular setback surgery showed a decrease in the posterior airway space, and those who underwent maxillary advancement showed a significant increase of the nasopharyngeal airway space, which remained stable during the evaluation period. The change of the airway space, position of the hyoid bone and tongue did not differ according to the presence or absence of genioplasty.
Clinical Study on the Efficacy of the Autogenous Tooth Bone Graft Material (AutoBT)
Han, Min Woo ; Lee, Jeong Keun ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 35, issue 4, 2013, Pages 221~226
DOI : 10.14402/jkamprs.2013.35.4.221
Purpose: This study is to evaluate the efficacy of the autogenous tooth bone graft material, clinically and radiologically, as related to implant installation. Methods: In oral and maxillofacial surgery department of Ajou University Hospital, guided bone regeneration (GBR), implant placement combined with GBR, sinus graft, implant placement combined with sinus graft, and defect filling were performed in 46 patients, using autogenous tooth bone. Among these, 66 implants were inserted with autogenous tooth bone. Implant stability quotient (ISQ) was measured by Osstell Mentor (Integration Diagnostics, Goteborg, Sweden) on 39 implants on the operation date and 4 months later, and on 21 implants 9months on the average at the final setting of restoration. Twenty-eight implants with GBR and sinus graft (GBR group: n=14, sinus graft group: n=14) were evaluated radiologically to measure the resorption of grafted autogenous tooth bone after loading. Results: The average initial stabilization of the installed implants was 67 ISQ, and the average secondary stabilization at 4 months later was 76. The average bone loss of GBR group as measured 8.0 months after application of prosthesis loading was 0.29 mm and the average bone loss of the sinus graft group as measured 7.6 months after application of prosthesis loading was 0.66 mm, respectively. In the histological assessment, formation of the new bone and continuous trabecular bone pattern was identified around autogenous tooth bone. Conclusion: Based on these results, we concluded that autogenous tooth bone is an excellent bone graft material that can substitute the autogenous bone.
Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus Infection in the Korean Oral Cancer Patients
Kim, Hyun Soo ; Seo, Mi Hyun ; Kim, Soung Min ; Cho, Young Ah ; Lee, Suk Keun ; Lee, Jong Ho ; Myoung, Hoon ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 35, issue 4, 2013, Pages 227~235
DOI : 10.14402/jkamprs.2013.35.4.227
Purpose: High risk human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main source of cervical cancer, nearly up to 100%. Because there are no affordable data regarding the incidence of HPV in different sites of oral cavity, the purpose of this study is to review the previous article and to find out about the incidence and types of HPV in specific areas of oral cavity. Methods: We examined a total of 106 patients with oral cavity cancer for HPV detection. Available DNA chip (MY-HPV chip kit
, Mygene Co., Korea) was used for the detection of low risk HPV types (6, 11, 34, 40, 42, 43, 44) and high risk HPV types (16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 54, 56, 58). Patients were previously diagnosed as invasive cancer of oral cavity. Specimen used for HPV detection was extracted from the main mass during resection and were tested for HPV type, performed by a DNA chip method. Results: Histologic results showed that there were squamous cell carcinomas, mucoepidermoid carcinomas, cystadenocarcinomas, leiomyosarcoma and etc. Among HPV positive cancer, 2 patients showed positive for high risk HPV type 16, 3 patients showed positive for low risk HPV type 6 and the other 2 patients were positive for other types of HPV. Of the 7 patients with HPV positive, 4 patients were on the tongue, 3 on the lower gingiva. Conclusion: Most of the HPV positive cancers were on the tongue in our study. Cervical cancer of HPV infection is reported to be increasing in our society and because HPV infection largely spreads by sexual contact, the incidence of oral cancer with HPV infection is greatly assumed to be on the increase, simultaneously. Because the incidence of HPV on specific areas of oral cavity among oral cancer patients is not identified, more studies are ongoing.
Cervico-facial Infection Due to Dental Origin: A Retrospective Clinical Study
Ryu, Kyung-Sun ; Lee, Hyun-Kyung ; Kim, Do-Young ; Kim, Moo-Gun ; Jung, Tae-Young ; Park, Sang-Jun ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 35, issue 4, 2013, Pages 236~242
DOI : 10.14402/jkamprs.2013.35.4.236
Purpose: The objective of this retrospective study is to evaluate the factors affecting the spread of odontogenic infection. Furthermore, this study was performed to apply to future treatments. Methods: A total of 65 patients, who had received treatment for odontogenic infections from 2010 to 2012 for 3 years, were enrolled in this study. The causes of infection, presence of systemic disease, and complications, durations of treatment, treatment methods, and inflammation levels were compared with the data. Results: Patients over 70 years with systemic disease required immediate drainage, systemic antibiotic therapy and hospitalization. We can determine the direction of the early diagnosis and treatment through blood tests (white blood cells, neutrophil, C-reactive protein [CRP]) and computed tomography. Patients over 70 years with systemic disease had the highest percentage. In addition, these patients showed high levels of inflammation index, such as CRP average of 24.8 and needed for a long-term treatment period and a wide range of surgical incision & drainage several times. Systemic diseases, particularly diabetes mellitus and hypertension, accelerate the spread of infection and had a negative effect that delays healing. Eventually, five of the 65 patients showed serious systemic complications. Conclusion: When evaluating cervico-facial infected patients due to odontogenic infection, the most important thing is deciding the appropriate diagnosis and degree of disease. Considering the patient's systemic status and age, we need to decide the treatment plan. Especially, those patients over 70 years with systemic disease should be treated with rapid surgical approach, and the use of a wide range of antibiotics and intensive care. If proper treatment principle does not apply, severe life-threatening complications will result, such as necrotizing fascitis, acute airway obstruction, mediastinitis, and others.
Correction of Bilateral Tessier No. 2, 3, and 12 Facial Cleft with Anopthalmia
Moon, Seong-Yong ; Kim, Seong-Gon ; Park, Young-Ju ; Park, Young-Wook ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 35, issue 4, 2013, Pages 243~247
DOI : 10.14402/jkamprs.2013.35.4.243
Oblique facial cleft is a rare congenital deformity. Its incidence has been reported as 0.24% of all reported cases of facial cleft. We report on a patient who had a left-sided oblique facial cleft with anopthamia, including lip and palate, nose alar base, and medial canthus. The patient also had a right-sided oblique facial cleft, which included lip and palate, nose alar base, medial canthus, and upper eye brow. Primary closure of the facial cleft was performed using multiple Z-plasty after excision of scar tissue.
Reconstruction with Anterolateral Thigh Free Flap in Substitute for Radial Forearm Free Flap with Vascular Variation
Yoon, Sang-Yong ; Kim, Sung-Hee ; Song, Jae-Min ; Lee, Ju-Min ; Nam, Su-Bong ; Kim, Uk-Kyu ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 35, issue 4, 2013, Pages 248~255
DOI : 10.14402/jkamprs.2013.35.4.248
Reconstruction techniques of orofacial defects caused by wide excision of the intraoral malignant lesions are various. Although radial forearm free flap is a common donor site on reconstruction of soft tissue defect, anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap also has an established site in orofacial soft tissue reconstruction as the favored donor flap with recent progress of the microsurgical technique. A 59-year-old female complained of hyperplastic mass on the right retromolar and buccal cheek, which was diagnosed as a squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) by an incisional biopsy. Before the operation, we planned a wide excision of the SCC lesion, supraomohyoid neck dissection, reconstruction with radial forearm free flap (RFFF), and split thickness skin graft. We accidentally found an arterial variation of the forearm area during elevation of RFFF, and changed the plan of reconstruction operation to reconstruction with ALT free flap. Operative sites was healed well during the post-operative period, and we referred to the department of radiation oncology for post-operative radiotherapy.
Correction of Post-traumatic Lower Lip Asymmetry Using Botulinum Toxin Type A
Seok, Hyun ; Lee, Sang-Woon ; Kim, Min-Keun ; Kim, Seong-Gon ; Park, Young-Wook ; Park, Sang-Wook ; Park, Young-Ju ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 35, issue 4, 2013, Pages 256~259
DOI : 10.14402/jkamprs.2013.35.4.256
Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) inhibits muscle contraction, which leads to reversible muscle atrophy and paralysis. Therefore, BTX-A injection can be an effective treatment of facial asymmetry that originated from the uncoordinated muscle movement. A 52-year-old patient was referred from another hospital for the correction of post-traumatic sequelae. The patient had prominent scar in the mandibular symphysis area with asymmetric lower lip movement. The reason for this asymmetric lower lip movement was due to damage in the lower lip depressor muscle. After the injection of BTX-A on the lower lip depressors, asymmetric lip movement has been improved.
Nerve Injury from Overfilled Calcium Hydroxide Root Canal Filling Paste for Maxillary Lateral Incisor Endodontic Treatment
Na, Kwang Myung ; Kim, Jong-Bae ; Chin, Byung-Rho ; Kim, Jin-Wook ; Kim, Chin-Soo ; Kwon, Tae-Geon ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 35, issue 4, 2013, Pages 260~264
DOI : 10.14402/jkamprs.2013.35.4.260
Calcium hydroxide root canal filing paste (vitapex) is widely used as canal filling paste for infected canal. However, chemical burn is possible because of the high alkali base of calcium hydroxide. A 57-year old woman was admitted to our clinic for consistent dull pain and paresthesia in the left upper lip, zygoma and buccal cheek area, which developed during an endodontic treatment of the left lateral incisor. Radiographic finding showed radiopaque material, which exits from the left incisor root apex, and was within the left canine and first premolar buccal soft tissue. The overfilled Vitapex extended to the soft tissue was surgically curetted. The result of the surgical curettage was favorable. Though slight hypoesthesia on the upper lip was still remained, paresthesia on zygomatic and buccal cheek area was completely recovered. As far as we know, this is the first case report of infraorbital nerve damage from overfilled Vitapex material.
Anatomical Review of Anterolateral Thigh Flap for the Oral and Maxillofacial Reconstruction
Kim, Soung Min ; Park, Jung Min ; Oh, Jin Sil ; Myoung, Hoon ; Lee, Jong Ho ;
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, volume 35, issue 4, 2013, Pages 265~275
DOI : 10.14402/jkamprs.2013.35.4.265
The anterolateral thigh flap (ALTF) is a versatile fasciocutaneous or myocutaneous flap, which can be harvested incorporating several skin islands and muscle components. The perforator of the ALTF is usually derived from the descending or transverse branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery, and these vessels are based mainly on musculocutaneous perforators traversing the vastus lateralis muscle, and also based on the septocutaneous vessels running in between the rectus femoris and vastus lateralis muscle. Despite its usefulness for the oral cavity reconstruction, anatomic variations of these nutrient vessels, such as three main branches of ALTF and its relations with sartorius, vastus lateralis, tensor fasciae latae and rectus femoris muscle, have been reconstructive surgeons to be hesitated for the selection of ALTF. For the better understanding of ALTF as a routine reconstructive procedure in oral and maxillofacial surgery, various anatomical findings must be learned and memorized by young doctors in the course of the special curriculum periods for the Korean national board of oral and maxillofacial surgery. This review article will discuss the vascular anatomy and relavant anatomical variations of ALTF with Korean language.