Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Biomolecules & Therapeutics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
Selecting the target year
Fertility Study of LBD-001 a Recombinant Human Interferon
, in Rats
Lee, Eun-Bang ; Cho, Sung-Ig ;
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 297~300
LBD-001, a recombinant human interferon
produced by genetically engineered yeast as a host system, was administered intraperitoneally to Sprague-Dawley male rats from premating to mating period at least for 60 days and to female rats from at least for 2 weeks before mating to early gestation period (from day 0 to 7 of gestation) at dose levels of
I.U./kg/day. In the positive control group, ethynylestradiol (
/kg/day) was subcutaneously administered only to female rats during the early gestation period. Effects of the test agents on reproductive performances of the male or female rats and embryonic development were as followings; (1) No significant changes by the treatment of LBD-001 were observed in general behaviors, body weight, food and water consumption, and necropsy of parent animals. However, significant decreases of body weight, food consumption, and water consumption were observed in (
-treated female rats. (2) Mating performances and fertility of parent animals were not significantly affected by the treatment of LBD-001. In (
-treated females, however, the fertility was completely inhibited. (3) No changes in resorption rate and external abnormality of F1 fetuses were observed by the treatment of LBD-001. The results show that LBD-001 at the dose of
I.U./kg/day or less does not affect general toxicity and reproductive function of parent animals and embryonic development of F1 fetuses.
Teratological Study of LBD-001, a Recombinant Human Interferon
, in Rats
Cho, Sung-Ig ; Lee, Eun-Bang ;
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 301~309
LBD-001, a recombinant human interferon
produced by genetically engineered yeast as a host system, was intravenously administered to pregnant female rats (Sprague-Dawley) from day 7 to 17 of gestation at dose levels of 0.35
, and 1.38
I.U./kg/day. As the control groups, hydrocortisone sodium succinate (5 or 10 mg/kg/day) was also similarly administered. Teratological effects of the test agents on fetuses and development of offsprings (F1 rats) were investigated. (1) No significant changes by the treatment of LBD-001 were observed in body weight, food and water consumption, feeding and nursing behaviors, and autopsy of pregnant or lactating mother rats. However, in hydrocortisone sodium succinate (10 mg/kg/day)-treated group, significant decreases of body weight on day 16, 18, and 20 of gestation and food consumption on day 20 of gestation and outstanding atrophy of thymus and adrenals were observed in two rats autopsied on day 20 of gestation. (2) No significant changes in resorption rate, skeletal or visceral development of fetuses, and physical or sensory development of offsprings (Fl) by the treatment of LBD-001 were detected. In hydrocortisone sodium succinate (10 mg/kg/day)-treated group, however, there were significant decreases of body weight of fetuses, delay of ossification, temporary delay of body weights of offsprings (F1) on day 1 and 3 of lactation, and increased tendency of stillborn rate and malformation rate of bone. The results show that LBD-001 at the dose of 1.38
I.U./kg/day or less is not teratogenic in organogenesis of fetuses and the development of offsprings (F1). Meanwhile, hydrocortisone sodium succinate (10 mg/kg/day) seems to delay ossification of fetuses and temporarily retard the development of offsprings (Fl).
Acute Oral Toxicity of KDRD-002 in Rats
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 310~313
Acute oral toxicity studies of KDRD-002 (Coriolus versicolor polysaccharide :DDB= 19.2:1) were carried out in Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes. In this study, we daily examined number of deaths, clinical signs, body weights and pathological examinations for 7 days after single oral administration of KDRD-002 with different dose levels. KDRD-002 did not show any toxic effect in rats and oral LD
value was over 3.25 g/kg in rats.s.
Subacute Oral Toxicity of KDRD-010 in Rats
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 314~322
The subacute toxicity was investigated in Sprague-Dawley rats orally treated with KDRD-010 at the doses of 0.056, 0.28, and 1.4 g/kg for one month. There were no clinical signs and pathological changes compared with control group. Body weights were not significantly changed between control and treatment groups. In hematological and biochemical serum parameters, all mean values appear to be within the normal range. In pathological examinations, hemorrhages of lung was observed in one male rat at low dose group and one female rat at high dose group of KDRD-010, but it was not considered to be caused by KDRD-010. These results suggest that KDRD-010 dose not induce any significant subacute oral toxicities in Sprague-Dawley rats.
Subacute Toxicity of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin (rHu-EPO) in Beagle Dogs
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 323~329
A recombinant human erythropoietin (rHu-EPO), was administered intravenously to beagle dogs at doses of 100, 500 and 2, 500IU/kg/day for 30 days. There were no significant clinical signs such as body weight, food intake, physical and opthalmic examination, urine analysis, etc. Any toxic response was not observed except for enlarged spleen and extramedullary hematopoiesis. No observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) of rHu-EPO for 30 days was considered to be 100IU/kg/day in beagle dogs.
Acute Toxicity Study of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin(rHu-EPO) in Rats
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 330~333
Acute intravenous toxicities of rHu-EPO (recombinant human erythropoietin) were investigated in Sprague-Dawley rats. Seven days after administration of rHu-EPO, we examined the clinical signs, mortalities, body weight and etc. No clinical signs and mortalities of toxicity were observed in animals. Also, a significant change of body weights was not observed. These results suggest that LD
value was >25,000 unit/ kg in Sprague-Dawley rats and the acute intravenous toxicities of rHu-EPO were not significant.t.
Antigenicity of DA-3285, Recombinant Human Erythropoietin, in Guinea Pigs and Mice
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 334~338
Antigenicity of DA-3285, human recombinant erythropoietin which was produced from mammalian cells, was examined in guinea pigs and mice. In active systemic anaphylactic test, mild anaphylactic signs were observed in guinea pigs sensitized subcutaneously with DA-3285 or DA-3285 incorporated with complete Freund's adjuvant(CFA) when challenged with high dose(1000 IU/Kg) of DA-3285. Other groups showed negative responses. In mouse-rat passive cutaneous anaphylaxis test, 20% sera of mice immunized with DA-3285 or DA-3285 mixed with aluminum hydroxide(alum) showed mild positive responses. In the case of indirect haemagglutination reaction(IHA) test, when sheep red blood cells coated with DA-3285 was incubated with mouse serum, all the serum samples were showed negative responses. These results suggest that DA-3285 has a very weak antigenic potential and probably would not induce systemic allergic reactions in clinical uses.
Reproductive Toxicity of SM-101(sulbactam.metampicillin): Peri- and Postnatal Study in Rats
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 339~348
A new composite antibiotic, SM-101 (sulbactam·metampicillin), was at dose levels of 0, 250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg/day administered intravenously to pregnant and subsequently delivered Sprague-Dawley rats from day 17 of gestation to day 21 of lactation. Effects of test agent on dams and growth, behaviour and mating performance of Fl offspring were examined. In dams, one death occurred at 1000 mg/kg. The increase in kidney weight of the 250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg group was found. In F1 offspring, both delayed incisors eruption and decreased body weight were observed in females of the 1000 mg/kg group. The increase in the weights of liver and kidney was found in males of the 1000 mg/kg group. No treatment-related abnormalities were observed in each treated group in terms of behaviour and reproductive performance. In F1/F2 fetuses, no drug-induced abnormalities occurred at all doses tested. The results show that the no effect dose level (NOEL) of SM-101 is under 250 mg/kg/day for dams and 500 mg/kg/day for F1 offspring, and over 1000 mg/kg/day for F1/F2 fetuses.
Comparisons in Pharmacokinetic Profiles of New Platinum Coordination Complexes, KBP31705-C127 and KBP30603-901 with Cisplatin and Carboplatin
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 349~353
The present study examined pharmacokinetic profiles of KBP31705-Cl27 and KBP30603-901, new platinum coordination complexes synthesized as anticancer candidates, in comparison with two well-known platinum-containing anticancer agents, cisplatin and carboplatin in rats. Under sodium pentobarbital anesthesia of male Sprague-Dawley rats, urinary bladder, and femoral artery and vein were catheterized for urine collection, blood sampling and drug injection, respectively Following i.v. administration of cisplatin (2 mg/kg), KBP31705-C127 (2 mg/kg), carboplatin (20 mg/kg) or KBP30603-901 (20 mg/kg), blood samples were collected at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 15, 20, 30, 45, 60 and 120 minutes. Urine samples were collected at 1-hr interval for 4 hr. Platinum concentrations in plasma and urine were measured using an inductively coupled plasmamass spectrometer. The plasma concentration-time curves were biphasic for all drugs during the time period studied. Compared with cisplatin, KBP31705-C127 showed similar decay patters in the alpha- and betaphases with slightly lower plasma concentrations. Urinary platinum excretion for cisplatin and KBP31705-C 127 was 56 and 52% of the administered dose in 4 hr, respectively. With regard to carboplatin and KBP 30603-901, a similar decay pattern was also observed in the alpha-phase. The half life of KBP30603-901 in the beta-phase, however, was much longer than that of carboplatin, which was consistent with the urinary excretion results that 46 and 59% of the administered dose were excreted in the urine in 4hr, respectively. The results suggest that platinum coordination complexes are primarily excreted via the renal route and KBP30603-901 can elicit longer duration of action due to slower renal excretion compared to carboplatin.
Four-week Oral Toxicity Study of DA-9601, an Antiulcer Agent of Artemisia spp. Extract, in Rats
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 354~363
This study was conducted to investigate the repeated dose toxicity of DA-9601, an antiulcer agent of Artemisia app. extract, in rats. DA-9601 was administered orally once a day for 4 weeks to 10 males and 10 females per group at doses of 0(vehicle control), 125, 500 or 2000 mg/kg/day. Throughout the study, no treatment-related deaths and clinical signs were observed. In female rats receiving 125 mg/kg of DA-9601, water consumption increased slightly on day 4, 11 and 25. Hematological examination showed a decrease of MCV and an increase of PLT in male rats at the doses of 500 and 2000 mg/kg groups. Blood biochemistry revealed slight decreases of cholesterol, BUN and Na in male rats and decreases of total bilirubin and creatinine and slight increases of globulin and Cl in female rats. The organ weights at the end of 4 weeks showed slight changes in some organs of treated groups. But, all these changes were not considered to be of toxicological importance, because they did not show dose-response relationship and relevance to gross and microscopic findings. Histopathologically, abnormal treatment-related changes were not observed in any organ and target organs were not detected. On the basis of these results, the NOAEL(no-observed-adverse-effect level) of DA-9601 was estimated to be more than 2000 mg/kg/day under the conditions tested.
Primary Skin and Eye Irritation Test of 0.3% DA-5018 Cream, a New Non-narcotic Analgesic
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 364~372
The primary skin and eye irritation test of 0.3% DA-5018 cream, a capsaicin analogue, were carried out in rabbits. As control materials, Zostrix-HP cream (0.075% capsaicin cream) and the base of 0.3% DA-5018 cream were used in the same manners. In the primary skin irritation test, the Primary Irritation Index (P.I.I.) was 1.6, 1.9 and 0.5 in groups treated with 0.3% DA-5018 cream, Zostrix-HP cream and the base of 0.3% DA-5018 cream, respectively. The irritation ratings of 0.3% DA-5018 cream and Zostrix-HP cream were mildly irritating. The base of 0.3% DA-5018 cream was evaluated as a non-irritating material. In the eye irritation test, 0.3% DA-5018 cream and Zostrix-HP cream could be considered as mildly irritating materials. But, the base of 0.3% DA-5018 cream was a non-irritating material. These results suggest that 0.3% DA-5018 cream has mildly irritating activity and its irritancy is similar to that of Zostrix-HP cream.
Effects of Novel Potassium Channel Opener KR-30450 and its Metabolite KR-30818 on the Smooth, Muscle of the Guinea Pig
Jung, Yi-Sook ; Moon, Chang-Hyun ; Yoo, Sung-Eun ; Shin, Hwa-Sup ;
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 373~377
The effect of potassium channel openers, KR-30450, KR-30818 and lemakalim have been compared against several spasmogens in guinea pig bronchi. In guinea pig bronchi, KR-30450 had a greater relaxant effect than lemakalim and KR-30818 against tone induced by histamine
M: KR-30450, 0.108
0.077; KR-30818, 0.403
0.023; lemakalim, 0.968
0.036) and prostaglandin
M: KR-30450, 0.018
0.001; KR-30818, 0.028
0.003; lemakalim, 0.138
0.019). Relaxant effect of KR-30450 and KR-30818 were significantly reduced by 20 min pretreatment of tissues with
M glibenclamide, a selective blocker of ATP-sensitive potassium channel. Against acetylcholine-induced tone in guinea pig bronchi, however, these compounds had little effect. In summary, KR-30450 and KR-30818 showed greater relaxant effect than lemakalim in guinea pig bronchi (KR-30450>KR-30818>lemakalim). These relaxant actions are suggested to be mediated at least in part by a mechanism which involves the opening of ATP-sensitive potassium channel.
Antimicrobial Activities of LB20304a, a New Quinolone Antibiotic
Kwak, Jin-Hwan ; Kim, Mu-Yong ; Paek, Kyoung-Sook ; Kwon, Oh-Hun ; Lee, Kyung-Won ; Kim, In-Chull ;
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 378~384
In vitro activities of LB20304a were compared with those of grepafloxacin (OPC-17116), Q-35, ciprofloxacin, and sparfloxacin against 380 clinical isolates collected from general hospitals in 1996. LB 20304a was the most active agent against gram-positive strains including staphylococci, streptococci and enterococci. LB20304a was also very active against gram-negative bacteria and its activity was comparable to that of ciprofloxacin but better than those of grepafloxacin, Q-35 and sparfloxacin. The therapeutic effect of LB20304a was superior to those of sparfloxacin and ciprofloxacin against systemic infection by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus K283 (MRSA) in neutropenic mice. Against urinary tract infection induced by Escherichia coli 851E in mice, LB20304a was more active than sparfloxacin and ciprofloxacin. However, LB 20304a was slightly less active than that of ciprofloxacin against urinary tract infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa 1912E, but better than that of sparfloxacin.
General Pharmacology of Urinary Trypsin Inhibitor (UTI)
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 385~390
General pharmacological properties of urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI) following intravenous administration of 1,000,000 units/kg were examined in terms of effects on central nervous system, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system in mice, rats and rabbits. Administration of UTI (1,000,000 units/kg, iv) had no effect on central nervous system; no influences on pentobarbital sleeping time, spontaneous activity, normal body temperature, chemoshock produced by pentylenetetrazole solution, writhing syndromes induced by 0.6% acetic acid solution, and motor coordination of mice. The administration of UTI (1,000,000) units/kg, iv) in rats had no effect on systolic blood pressure and pulse rate. UTI (500,000 units/kg, iv) given to anesthetized rabbits showed no effect on respiratory rate. However, it showed significant elevation of respiratory rate at the concentration of 1,000,000 units/kg. Gastric secretion of rat and intestinal motility of mice were not influenced by the dose of 1,000,000 units/kg. In terms of autonomic nervous system, the material did not show direct effect and inhibitory or augmentative action of histamine- or acetylcholine-induced contraction at the concentration of 2,000 units/ml in the isolated ileum of guinea pig.
A Study on the Contact Allergic Skin Sensitization of 0.3% DA-5018 Cream, a Non-narcotic Analgesic Agent, with Guinea Pig Maximization Test
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 391~397
The aim of this study was to assess the allergenic potential of 0.3% DA-5018 cream, a non-narcotic analgesic agent, using a guinea pig maximization test. Five male and female guinea pigs in the experimental group were sensitized in two steps. First, ,0.3% DA-5018 cream was injected intradermally, and 7 days later, the material was applied topically. After another 2 weeks test material was applied, the skin response was evaluated by visual observation. Five male and female guinea pigs served as cream base group, negative(ultreated) group or positive (2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene, DNCB) group, respectively. 0.3% DA-5018 cream provoked slight erythema in 1 out of 5 cases in male and female guinea pigs sensitized with 0.3% DA-5018 cream or cream base. The animals challenged with cream base also showed slight erythema in 1/5 female guinea pig sensitized with 0.3% 3A-5018 cream or 2/5 male guinea pjgs sensitized with cream base, respectively. Histologically, however, no indication of skin sensitization was observed in all of these cases. The positive control group was sensitized with 0.1% DNCB suspended in olive oil and challenged with 0.01% and 0.1% DNCB ointment, all the animal showed remarkable skin reactions and obvious skin sensitization reactions in a dose dependent manner. From the challenge test it was evident that 0.3% DA-5018 cream did not elicit positive skin reaction interpreted as delayed hypersensitivity reactions, compared with cream base or untreated control group. These findings indicate that allergenic side effects by 0.3% DA-5018 cream is not likely in the clinical use.
Studies on the Interaction of Glut4 and Cytoskeletal Protein
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 398~401
The glucose transporters found in the plasma membrane of all animal cells are known to have 12 putative transmembrane domains. Among 7 cytoplasmic loops, the fourth loop is the largest one. Since previous studies showed that cofilin, an actin-modulating protein, was found to interact with the largest cytoplasmic loop of (Na, K)ATPase, we tested if cofilin interacts with the largest cytoplasmic loop of Glut4. We demonstrated by the two-hybrid system that the largest cytoplasmic loop of Glut4 did not show any interaction with cofilin, suggesting that cofilin is not required for the membrane targeting process of other membrane proteins but only for a P-type ATPase.
Effects of Oxidative Stress on Apoptosis and Antioxidant Enzyme Levels
Kim, Choonmi ; Lee, Ji-Young ;
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 402~407
Effects of oxidative stress on the induction of apoptosis and the activity of antioxidant enzymes were investigated in HL-60 cells using
and cisplatin which generate oxygen species in the cell. Various concentrations of oxidants were treated to cells and at different incubation time, cells were harvested for assays. Cell viability, morphology by propidium iodide staining and DNA fragmentation by agarose gel electrophoresis were observed to determine whether they induce apoptosis. The activity of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase and catalase was also measured to evaluate the cellular response to the oxidative damage. The results are as follows:
induced apoptosis at 10
M after 6h incubation, while it took 12h for cisplatin. Both oxidants induced the superoxide dismutase activity at a tolerable low concentration. However, at a concentration which causes apoptotic cell death, the enzyme level was dropped markedly at first and then recovered to the normal level after which it declined again, probably due to cell death. On the other hand, changes in the activity of catalase were not significant at most concentrations except the statistically significant decrease at 24h after 10
treatment. In this study,
- and cisplatintreated cells showed similar results in apoptotic response and enzyme activities, suggesting that anticancer activity of cisplatin may be related, at least in part, to the production of oxygen free radicals.
Hyperglycemic Effect of Conformationally Rigid Sulfonylurea Derivatives
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 408~410
3, 4-Dihydro-3-oxo-2H-1, 2, 4-benzothiadiazine-1, 1-dioxides were synthesized as conformationally rigid analogues of sulfonylurea hypoglycemic agents. All the compounds prepared showed hyperglycemic activity. The hyperglycemic activity was enhanced for the diabetic rats in which the blood glucose level was increased by 30-70%.
Acute Subcutaneous Toxicity Study of Syndella Gel, Topical Drug Containing Deproteinised Dialysate of Calf′s Blood and Micronomicin Sulfate in Rats
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 411~414
Single subcutaneous administration to S.D rats of both sexes was performed to investigate the acute toxicity of Syndella gel, a new topical drug containing deproteinised dialysate of calf's blood and micronomicin sulfate.
values for S. D rats were 23,047 mg/kg for male and 23,725 mg/kg for female. The death occurred within 24 hours after administration at doses over 19,200 mg/kg. The main cause of death seemed to be respiratory disturbance by acute shock. Major general symptoms induced by injection subcutaneously with Syndella gel were underactivity, decreased respiratory rate, salivation, tremor and loss of consciousness. No significant body weight changes and gross findings of internal organs in treatment groups in comparison with those of control groups was observed at any dose levels in Syndella gel.
Skin Irritation Study of the Syndella Gel, Topical Drug Containing Deproteinised. Dialysate of Calf′s Blood and Micronomicin Sulfate Rabbits
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 415~418
This study was conducted to investigate the skin irritation toxicity of Syndella gel, a combination topical drug containing a deproteinised dialysate of calf's blood and micronomicin sulfate in the ratio of 20 to 1, in New Zealand White rabbits. In the primary skn irritation test with male New Zealand White rabbits, there was no treatment-related effect on clinical sign, nd body weight was not significantly changed. The Primary Irritation index (PII) was 0.33, indicating that Syndella gel was a mildly irritating formulation.
Design and Pharmaceutical Evaluation of Biphenyl Dimethyl Dicarboxylate Elastic Capsules
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 419~427
To solubilize practically insoluble biphenyl dimethyl dicarboxylate (DDB), which has been used for the treatment of chronic hepatitis as tablets or hard capsules, the solubilities of DDB in various hydrophilic, oily and hydrocarbon vehicles, and aqueous surfactant solutions were measured by high performance liquid chromatography. It was found that, among the vehicles studied, polyethylene glycol (PEG) 300 revealed the best solvency, and the solubility reached 17.6 mg/ml at 37
. The addition of glycyrrhizic acid ammonium salt (GAA) to DDB-PEG 300 solution (5-20 mg/g) inhibited the formation of precipitates, and at the concentration of 10 mg/g, any precipitaction was not observed even after 2 years at 4
. Furthermore, GAA markedly enhanced the permeation of DDB through the rabbit duodenal mucosa in a concentration dependent manner. The addition of copolyvidone (ca. 1.0%) to DDB-GAA-PEG 300 system (1 : 0.5 97.5 w/w) was most effective in preventing the considerable precipitation of DDB-PEG 300 solution (7.5 mg/750 mg) when mixed with water of 300-900 ml at 37
. GAA showed a synergistic effect in the prevention of precipitate formation. This finding suggests that this DDB formulation may form less precipitation when DDB soft capsules disintegrate and diffuse into the gastrointestinal fluid, resulting in improving the bioavailability Dissolution rate of DDB (7.5 mg) from sort elastic capsules of DDB-GAA-PEG 300 system was rapid. The supersaturation state was maintained for 2 hr at the concentration of 7.35
3.3 mg in 900 ml of water without precipitation. The total amount of DDB dissolved from this new formulation was 5.3 and 6.1 times higher, when compared to marketed DDB tablets (25 mg) and capsules (7.5 mg), respectively.
Protective Effect of Carthamus tinctorius L. Semen on Hepatotoxicity by Carbon Tetrachloride in Rats
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 428~436
The protective effect of Carthamus tinctorius L. Semen on the carbon tetrachloride induced liver damaged rats were studied. First, methanol extract was prepared and the extract was fractionated with hexane,
, BuOH and
respectively. Animals were divided into 6 groups and each group was treated with each fraction respectively. To investigate the hepato-protective effect of Carthamus tinctorius L. Semen AST, ALT, albumin, TP, cholesterol, TG, creatinine and total bilirubin values were measured in each treated group and compared with those of control group. GST activity was increased in BuOH group compared with the control group. In malondialdehyde levels, all fractions was decreased compared with the control group. In histopathologic examination, hexane and
fractions of Carthamus tinctorius L. Semen observed mild degree of ballooning degeneration. The results show the protective effect of Hexane,
, BuOH and
fractions on hepatotoxicity of
by decreasing ALT, AST, bilirubin, cholesterol, TG and BUN. It seems that the decrease of MDA are related to the recovery effect. The protective effects of Carthamus tinctorius L. Semen fractions in hepatotoxic pathogenesis by
was suggested in blood chemistry analysis and histopathologic examination.
Hypoglycemic Effect of Tabebuia avellandae on Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 437~442
Hypoglycemic effect of Tabebuia avellandae was investigated in the streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats by injections of STZ (45 mg/kg, i.v.). Rats weighing 200-250 g were divided into 6 groups: normal, STZ-control, hexane fr., CHCl
fr., BuOH fr. and
fr. group. Normal and STZ-control rats received 3% Tween 80 only. Four groups of diabetic rats were administered orally at doses of 100, 400, 300 and 400 mg/kg/day of hexane, CHC1
, BuOH and
fr. respectively. Fractions were administered orally to the rats for 7 days after STZ injection. All rats were anesthetized with ether, blood samples were taken by cardiac puncture for clinical chemistry and the rats were killed by exsanguination. Liver, kidney, heart and spleen were removed, weighed and analyzed. We measured glucose, protein, cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the plasma and glycogen, cholesterol and triglyceride levels in liver. The extent of blood glucose decrement in rats administered
fraction was greater than that in the STZ-control rats. The serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly lowered by administration of
fraction compared with those of STZ-control group. Treatment of rats with Tabebuia avellandae fractions caused decreases in STZ-induced elevation of cholesterol and triglyceride. Liver triglyceride level was significantly lowered hexane and BuOH fraction group compared with STZ-control group. These results suggest that
fraction of Tabebuia avellandae has the hypoglycemic action against STZ-induced diabetic rats.
The Effects of Taheebo on the Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes in the Rats during Pregnancy and in the Fetal Life
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, volume 4, issue 4, 1996, Pages 443~448
The effects of Taheebo on the diabetic-piegnant rats and their fetus was investigated. It has been reported that diabetic condition of the pregnant rats can affect the process of liver formation and damage the respiratory function in the fetus. Therefore we investigated the effects of Taheebo on the prevention of liver damage and respiratory failure in the fetus and those results were compared with that of dexamethasone (DXM). In pregnant rats, streptozotocin(STZ, 45 mg/kg, 0.01 M citrate buffer) was injected into the pregnant rats on the third day of pregnancy. Methanol extracts of Taheebo(500 mg/kg p.o.) was administered once daily during pregnancy. DXM (10
/g i.p.) was injected into the pregnant rats in 16th and 18th days of pregnancy. Body weights were measured and fetal number and abortion rate in pregnancy rats were determined. Lecithin/sphingomyelin ratio in amniotic fluid and malondialdehyde, glycogen, triglyceride, protein and cholesterol levels in the liver homogenate were determined. Also blood glucose level was analyzed. Body weights of maternal rats were increased in the all groups except the DXM group. Fetal number of the Taheebo treated group was similar to the control group, and a significant increase in the body weights of fetus was observed in the STZ treated group and the Taheebo treated group compared with the control group. Blood glucose of fetus produced hypoglycemia in the control group and hyperglycemia in the diabetic-pregnant rats. The protein and cholesterol levels in fetus liver were significantly increased in the DXM treated group compared with the control group. Triglyceride content was significantly increased in all groups compared with the control group. Liver malondialdehyde level of fetus in the STZ treated group was similar to the control group. Glycogen level was significantly increased in the all groups compared with the control group. Methanol extract of Taheebo showed hypoglycemic effect on the pregnant rats. However, we could not observe any hypoglycemic effect on the fetus. There's no difference between the control and Taheebo treated group in terms of the levels of triglyceride, cholesterol, protein and glycogen in the fetus liver. Further study to identify the effect of Taheebo on the fetus is under investigation.