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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sport Biomechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
The Kinematical Analysis of Supported Athlete's Technical Motion in Javelin Throw
Lee, Soon-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, volume 23, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.5103/KJSB.2013.23.1.001
The purpose of this study was to provide information on athletes' characteristics and advantages and disadvantages by analyzing the kinematic factors having a decisive influence on competitive abilities such as release conditions in the delivery phase on major Korean javelin athletes. Two supported javelin throwers of the Korean national team participated in this study. The total average time required of the delivery phase was 0.31(
). The athletes' release angle was 33.2 to 41.7 degrees. The attack angle varied widely from -3.5 to 5.9 degrees. The Javelin heights of Subject A and B were 95.9 and 89.2%Ht. The average stride length were 180.6 and 176.7cm. The center of mass velocity of LFD and REL was relatively low in all the subjects. The average deceleration rates of center of mass velocity of Subject A and B were 57.2 and 48.9%lose. The left knee angles of Subject A and B were 160.1 and 155.5 degrees in LFD, 153.0 and 164.0 degrees in REL. The joint velocity of upper limb segments was relatively low in all the subjects. The maximum average wrist velocity of Subject A and B was 18.2 and 16.3 m/s in REL.
The Biomechanical Analysis of the First Hurdling in Men's 110m Hurdle between Skilled and Less-Skilled Hurdle Players
Gil, Ho-Jong ; Yoon, Sukhoon ;
Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, volume 23, issue 1, 2013, Pages 11~17
DOI : 10.5103/KJSB.2013.23.1.011
The purpose of this study was to provide a fundamental information for enhancing 110m hurdlers' performance through conducting comparative biomechanical analysis between Skilled Group(SG) and Less-Skilled Group(LSG) those who are not in the first section of 110m hurdles. To persue the purpose of this study, total of 10 hurdlers participated. Then they were divided into two groups; SG: five hurdlers who have won awards with 14-second range at 2010 national track and field event, and LSG: five hudlers who did not win any awards with 15-second range. Three-dimensional motion analysis with 12 infrared cameras(Oqus 300, Qualisys) and 1 force plate(Type 9286AA, Kistler) was performed. From this study following conclusions were obtained. 1) For the overall runtime, SG revealed faster elapsed time than that of LSG. 2) At E4, LSG showed greater trunk angle than that of SG. 3) At E3 LSG revealed higher angular velocities than that of SG. 4) No significant differences was found for AP GRF between groups but LSG showed greater VGRF than that of SG.
A Biomechanical Analysis of 540
Dwihuryeochagi of Taekwondo
Kang, Dong-Kwon ; Kang, Suh-Jung ; Yu, Yeon-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, volume 23, issue 1, 2013, Pages 19~24
DOI : 10.5103/KJSB.2013.23.1.019
The aim of the study was a quantitative analysis of elite athlete's
Dwihuryeochagi and effects of ground movements to the jumping height and kicking velocity. Eleven elite players(Taekwondo demonstration team) participated in this study. In order to get the kinetic and kinematic variables, ten Vicon cameras and a force plate were used. Foot segment velocity(FSV), vertical ground reaction force(GRF), impulse, ground time(GT) in phase 1, trunk angular velocity(TAV), vertical center of gravity(COG), flight time(FT) in phase 2 and kicking leg segment velocity(KSV) in phase 3 were measured and analyzed. Results indicated that there were similar patterns of variables among phases between subjects. Non-significant correlation(r=.145) between flight time(FT) and impulse was found. Also non-significant correlation(r=.119) between center of gravity(COG) and impulse was found. In conclusions, there were similar strategies in phase 1, phase 2, and phase 3 between subjects.
Plantar Pressure in Skilled and Unskilled Players during Baseball Batting
Moon, Won-Ho ; Lee, Joong-Sook ; Kim, Chang-Hyun ; Jang, Young-Min ; Jeong, Jin-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, volume 23, issue 1, 2013, Pages 25~35
DOI : 10.5103/KJSB.2013.23.1.025
This study examined 24 right-handed amateur baseball players. Twelve who had played baseball for more than 6 years were grouped as skilled players, while 12 who had played for 1-3 years were the unskilled player group. The swing motion was divided into four event phases: stance, backswing, impact, and follow-through. The mean and maximum plantar pressure, center of pressure, and ground reaction force were measured during each event phase. The mean and standard deviations for each variables were calculated and differences were validated with the independent sample t-test. A p-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. The results were as follows. 1)The ideal stance is a stable, balanced position with more than 65% of weight on the right foot. There was significant difference in mean left plantar pressure, while the maximal plantar pressure and mean right plantar pressure did not differ significant. 2)The effective backswing of a skilled player is comprised a rightward shift in weight to build maximum energy. More than 90% of the weight was on the right foot. There was a significant difference in the mean left plantar pressure, while the maximal plantar pressure and mean right plantar pressure did not differ significantly. 3) For an effective impact, a rapid shift in weight to the left foot is essential, so that a power hit is obtained. Significant difference in the mean and maximum plantar pressures of both feet were observed. 4)Follow-through requires wight balance, more on the right than the left, without leaning leftward. There was no significant difference in the mean or maximum plantar pressure. 5)The center of plantar pressure should move from the center of the foot to the toe. 6)The analyses of the ground reaction force suggest that a good swing involves a gradual shift in weight to the right side and a rapid leftward shift at impact. Good balance, with the center of gravity on the right side at follow-through, is also required.
Effects of the 12 Weeks Horse Riding Exercise on a Capacity for Locomotion of a Body and Bilateral Balance and Trunk Sway Velocity in Elementary and Middle School Student during the Sit-to-Stand
Cho, Hyo-Gu ; Jung, Tae-Woon ; Kwon, Moon-Seok ;
Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, volume 23, issue 1, 2013, Pages 37~43
DOI : 10.5103/KJSB.2013.23.1.037
The purpose of this study was to analyze the 12-week horse riding exercise effect on the locomotion of a body and bilateral balance and flexion/extension of trunk during the sit-to-stand(STS) in elementary and middle school students. One-hundred eleven participants were divided into three groups. Each group was subject to a different horse riding exercise: control group(n = 36), 1 time/week group(n=37), and 3 times/week group(n=38). Two-way repeated ANOVA was used to compare weight transfer time(WTT), trunk flexion velocity(TFV), trunk extension velocity(TEV), mean rising index(MRI), mean weight asymmetry( MWA) among the groups, and STS changes in before and after 12 weeks. There was a group interaction in WTT, TFV, TEV, MRI, and MWA with different responses to horse riding exercise participation. There was a significant increase in 1 time/week group and 3 times/week group of WTT, TFV, TEV, and MRI. Additionally, MWA(an index of a capacity for bilateral balance) in lower extremity was decreased in 3 times/week group. It seems that horse riding exercise positively affected musculoskeletal function of the trunk and lower extremity by accelerating locomotion and bilateral balance.
Development of Volleyball Match Analysis Program through Polygon Clipping Algorithm
Hong, Seong-Jin ; Lee, Ki-Chung ;
Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, volume 23, issue 1, 2013, Pages 45~51
DOI : 10.5103/KJSB.2013.23.1.045
The current study developed the analysis program by employing the Polygon Clipping Algorithm to calculate the open area on the court when players try to spike a ball. The program consists of two kinds of output screen. First, on the main output screen, it is possible to calculate both blocked area by net and blockers, and opened area to avoid the blocked area when players spike the ball. Additionally, the secondary output screen shows the moving path of setter and the location of set. Main output screen indicates hitting points of spiking, blocking, and open area. Also, it is possible to analyze the movement of setter, location of set, and hitting point of attacker. The program was tested by comparing real coordinate value and location coordinate value which is operated on the program. To apply this program in the field, future study needs to develop the program that can calculate three dimensions coordinate fast by tracking the location of players or ball in real time.
The Comparison of Sphere Fitting Methods for Estimating the Center of Rotation on a Human Joint
Kim, Jin-Uk ;
Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, volume 23, issue 1, 2013, Pages 53~62
DOI : 10.5103/KJSB.2013.23.1.053
The methods of fitting a circle to measured data, geometric fit and algebraic fit, have been studied profoundly in various areas of science. However, they have not been applied exactly to a biomechanics discipline for locating the center of rotation of a human joint. The purpose of this study was to generalize the methods to fitting spheres to the points in 3-dimension, and to estimate the center of rotation of a hip joint by three of geometric fit methods(Levenberg-Marquardt, Landau, and Sp
th) and four of algebraic fit methods(Delogne-K
sa, Pratt, Taubin, and Hyper). 1000 times of simulation experiments for flexion/extension and ad/abduction at an artificial hip joint with four levels of range of motion(10, 15, 30, and
) and three levels of angular velocity(30, 60, and
/s) were executed to analyze the responses of the estimated center of rotation. The results showed that the Sp
th estimate was very sensitive to the marker near the center of rotation. The bias of Delogne-K
sa estimate existed in an even larger range of motion. The Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm of geometric fit and the Pratt of algebraic fit showed the best results. The combination of two methods, using the Pratt's estimate as initial values of the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm, could be a candidate of more valid estimator.
Effects of Knee Joint Muscle Fatigue and Overweight on the Angular Displacement and Moment of the Lower Limb Joints during Landing
Kim, Tae-Hyeon ; Youm, Chang-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, volume 23, issue 1, 2013, Pages 63~76
DOI : 10.5103/KJSB.2013.23.1.063
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of knee joint muscle fatigue and overweight on the angular displacement and moments of the lower limb joints during landing. Written informed consent forms, which were approved by the human subject research and review committee at Dong-A University, were provided to all subjects. The subjects who participated in this study were divided into 2 groups: a normal weight group and an overweight group, consisting of 15 young women each. The knee joint muscle fatigue during landing was found to increase the dynamic stability by minimizing the movements of the coronal and horizontal planes and maintaining a more neutral position to protect the knee. The effect of body weight during landing was better in the normal weight group than in the overweight group, with the lower limbs performing their shock-absorbing function in an efficient manner through increased sagittal movement. Therefore, accumulated fatigue of knee joint muscles or overweight may be highly correlated with the increase in the incidence of injury during landing after jumping, descending stairs, and downhill walking.
Comparisons of Kinematic Factors and Stiffnesses of the Lower-limb Joints between Transfemoral Amputees and Normal Adults
Yi, Jae-Hoon ; Lee, Jung-Ho ; Hah, Chong-Ku ;
Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, volume 23, issue 1, 2013, Pages 77~83
DOI : 10.5103/KJSB.2013.23.1.077
The purpose of this study was to compare kinematic variables and stiffnesses of ankle joints between normal person and transfemoral amputee gait in order to develop or fit prosthetic leg. Twenty subjects (ten normal persons and ten transfemoral amputees) participated in this experiment, and walked three trials at a self-selected pace. The gait motions were captured with Vicon system and variables were calculated with Visual-3D. The velocity, stride length, stride width, cycle time, double limb support time and right swing time of gaits were statistically significant. Because coefficients of variability of normal persons on velocity, double limb support time and swing time were greater than transfemoral amputees, normal persons controlled these gait variables effectively. The stiffnesses of ankle joints were not statistically significant, but patterns of stiffnesses of ankle joints during three rockers were absolutely different. The negative correlations between stiffnesses of ankle joints and cycle time and swing time were presented. These differences suggest that developing and fitting prosthetic leg were demanded. Further studies should develop fitting program and simulator of prosthetic leg.
Effect of Active Change of Foot Progression Angle on Lower Extremity Joint During Gait
Go, Eun-Ae ; Hong, Su-Yeon ; Lee, Ki-Kang ; An, Keun-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, volume 23, issue 1, 2013, Pages 85~90
DOI : 10.5103/KJSB.2013.23.1.085
Efficient gait is compensate for a lack of exercise, but the wrong walking can cause disease that joints, muscles, brain and body structure(Scott & Winter, 1990). Also many researchers has been studied gait of positive mechanism using analytical methods kinetic, kinematic. This study is to identify nature of knee adduction moment, depending on different foot progression angle and the movement of rotation of pelvis and body. Health study subject conducted intended walking with three different angles. The subjects of this study classified three types of walking; walk erect, pigeon-toed walk and an out-toed gait. Ten university students of K without previous operation and disease record selected for this study. For accuracy of this study, three types of walking carried out five times with 3D image analysis and using analysis of ground reaction force to analyze nature of knee adduction moment and the movement of rotation of pelvis and body. Firstly, the HC(heel contact) section value of intended walk erect, pigeon-toed walk and an out-toed gait was not shown statistically significant difference but TO(toe off) section value was shown that the pigeon-toed walk statistically significant. The value of pigeon-toed walk was smallest knee adduction moment(p< 0.005). Secondly, X axis was the change of rotation movement body and pelvis when walk erect, pigeon-toed walk and an out-toed gait. Shown statistically Y axis was not shown statistically significant but Z axis statistically significant(p<0.05). These result show the significant differences on TO section when walking moment reaches HC, it decides the walking types and rotates the foot.