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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Medical and Biological Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 1992
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 1992
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 1992
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 1992
Selecting the target year
A Systems Approach to Immune Response for Cancer Treatment
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 3, 1992, Pages 181~188
This paper provides an overview of system analysis of immunology. The theoretical research in this area is aimed at an understanding of the precise manner by which the immune system controls Infec pious diseases, cancer, and AIDS. This can provide a systematic plan for immunological experimentation by means of an integrated program of immune system analysis, mathematical modeling and computer simulation. Biochemical reactions and cellular fission are naturally modeled as nonlinear dynamical processes to synthesize the human immune system! as well as the complete organism it is intended to protect. A foundation for the control of tumors is presented, based upon the formulation of a realistic, knowledge based mathematical model of the interaction between tumor cells and the immune system. Ordinary bilinear differential equations which are coupled by such nonlinear term as saturation are derived from the basic physical phenomena of cellular and molecular conservation. The parametric control variables relevant to the latest experimental data are also considered. The model consists of 12 states, each composed of first-order, nonlinear differential equations based on cellular kinetics and each of which can be modeled bilinearly. Finally, tumor control as an application of immunotherapy is analyzed from the basis established.
Measurement of Leg Arterial Compliance of Normal and Diabetics
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 3, 1992, Pages 189~194
As people's income and intake of animal fat rapidly increase, so does choresterol concentration in blood. Thus diseases such as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus(NIDDM)myocardial infraction, high blood pressure, cerebral stroke resulting from atherosclerosis rapidly increase recently. It is very difficult to diagnose atherosclerosis early since its progress is so slow and there is no sypmtoms in the beginning of the disease. In this study a mechanical characteristic, compliance, of the lower leg arteries was measured noninvasively. Changes of blood volume and pressure were measured using impedance plethysmgraphy and mercury sphygmomanometer, respectively. The compliance was calculated by dividing the change of blood volume by the change of pulse pressure ( systolic-diastolic pressure ) . Subjects were 24 asymptomatic persons ranging (rom 30 Ic 58yeras and 14 diabetics from 41 to 59years. The compliances, mean, and systolic pressures were statistically analyzed using a t-test be- tween the healthy and diabetic groups. The average compliance of the healthy and diabetic group was measured 2.79 and 1.82U1/mmHg/cm, respectively and these were significantly different(p<0.01). It was also found that the compliance is a better parameter in differentiating the vascular disease than mean or systolic blood pressure.
A Study for Acoustic Cues of Pyoung-An Do Dialect Using LPC
Song, Chul-Gyu ; Lee, Myoung-Ho ; Kim, Young-Bae ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 3, 1992, Pages 195~200
This paper deal with the acoustic cues of Pyoung-An Do dialect using linear prediction. Also, this paper descrbes a statistical comparison between standard tone speech data and Pyoung-An Do dia lects. The analysis done mainly focused on the distribution of formants and pitch periods accord to ac- cents variation. For the purpose of objective comparison, the experiments are performed by extracts for- mant LPC spectrum and pithch periods from average magnitude difference function waveforms. Summing up the results, In disyllable words (VCV pattern) , prepositioned vowels have longer phona lion time than postpositioned vowels and the intrin, iii phonation time is whore longer in the low vowels than in the high ones. The africative consonants show the mixed characteristics of the plosive and frlc ative consonants. The remarkable acoustic cues are the low frequency noise-like waves just before the 1st formants in the plosive consonants, the high frequency noise-like waves in the fricative consonants, and phonation time is not affected by the kinds of prepositioned or postpositioned vowels.
A Study on the Promotion of Indirect Light Receiving Efficiency
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 3, 1992, Pages 201~208
In the indirect optical bio-telemetry, high frequency response and low minimum detectable optical power can be achieved by using photodiode with small light receiving area which minimizes junction capacitance. But, on the other hand, S/N ratio becomes low because the optical signal current is small. To solve such a problem, we attach plato-convex lens in front of photo diode, The results of comput- er simulation and experiments suggest promotion of light receiving efficiency and possibility of multi- telemetry system through directivity of convex lens in one room.
Experimental Localization of flow Limiting Segment
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 3, 1992, Pages 209~216
A new experimental technique is proposed to localize the flow limiting segment(FLS) during forced expiration. The present technique is based on the pressure drip across FLS and a consequent change in airway resistance, which can provide an accurate and objective location of FLS. During forced expiratory maneuver artificially induced by a strong negative pressure (-100mmHg) applied at the trachea in an anesthetized open chest dog, airway resistance( R) was calculated from air flow and airway pres- sure signals at various airway locations and lung volumes, At the lung volumes above 10 % VC, FLS located in the trachea 6cm lower from the larynx. With the lung volume decreased below 8% VC, FLS jumped upstream to End-3rd generation of the airway. These results were similar with the previous reports from excised dog lungs, which demonstrated the validity of the present technique. Since the present technique provides a more objective measure of FLS location, it would be useful in future studies of expiratory flow limitation.
A Design of New Surface Gradient Coil and Its Application to MR Computerized Tomography
Yi, Jeong-Han ; Cho, Zang-Hee ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 3, 1992, Pages 217~224
A new three-channel surface gradient coil obtained by using numerical optimization and its application to MR computerized nomography are presented. The new surface gradient coil pro aided linear field gradient region more than twice wider compared with the t'irst surface gradi encl coil, removed torque and field offset, and reduced coupling between the surface gradient coil and combined surface rf coil. We realized the new surface gradient coil set with
2 size, which generated more tharl 4G/cm with 100 amperes over a
region with good linearity. The optimal geometries of the three-channel surface gradient coil and volun teer's high-resolution in wiuo spinal cord Images obtained by using the optimized surface gradi ent coil set are presented.
In-vitro Evaluation of a Bileaflet Polymer Valve and Preliminary Animal Tests
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 3, 1992, Pages 225~234
In order to use a low cost polymer valve in our total artificial heart and ventricular assist device, we have developed a slit-type bileaflet polymer valve[BPV 1. The aim of this study is to determine the hydrodynamic effectiveness of the newly-designed BPV and its feasibility for temporary use in the blood pumps. For hydrodynamic comparison, we investigated in-vitro the pressure drop across the valve, the leakage volume, the flow rate and the flow pattern of the BPV, two mechanical valves and a trileaflet polymer valve. We employed the ventriculo-pulmonary bypassing method for in-vivo tests of the BPV's together vilh our electrohydraulic left venIn ricular assist device in mongrel dogs. The BPV showed adquate gydrodynamic performances and in the preliminary animal bests, there was no xvi dence of thrombus formation on the valve leaflets and around the struts. Detailed results obtained from the animal tests will be separately reported. This report involves the design criteria, fabrication and hydrodynamic charateristics of she BPV, and the basic merits and demerits of the valve are dis- cussed from the hydrodynamic point of view.
Impact Behavior Analysis of Mechanical Monoleaflet Heart Valve Prostheses in the Opening Phase
Cheon, Gill-Jeong ; Chandran, K.B. ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 3, 1992, Pages 235~244
In this paper, fluttering behavior of mechanical monoleaflet tilting disc heart valve prostheses during the opening phase was analyzed taking into consideration the impact between the occluder and the guiding strut at the fully open position. The motion of the valve occluder was modeled as a rotating system, and equations were derived by employing the moment equilibrium principle. Forces due to lift, drag, gravity and buoyancy were considered as external forces acting on the occluder. The 4th order Runge-Kutta method was used to solve the governing equations. The results iimonstrated that the occludes reaches steady equilibrium position only after damped vibration. Fluttering frequency varies as a function of time after opening and is in the range of 8-84 Hz. Valve opening appears to be affected by the orientation of the valve relative to gravitational force. The opening velocities are in the range of 0.65-1.42m/sec and the dynamic loads by impact of the occludes and the strut are in the range of 90-190 N.
In Vitro Evaluation of Reused Hollow Fiber Dialyzers
Kim, Y.H. ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 3, 1992, Pages 245~252
Air pressure decay (APD) rate and ultrafiltration rate(UFR) tests were performed on new and saline rinsed dialyzers as well as those reused in patients several times. C-DAK 4000 (Cordis Dow) and CF 15-11 (Baxter Travenol) reused dialyzers obtained (rom the dialysis clinic were used in the present study. The new dialyzers exhibited a relatively flat APD, whereas saline rinsed and reused dialyzers showed considerable amount of decay. C-DAK dialyzers had a larger APD(
mmHg/min) compared to CF dialyzers(
mmHg/min) (p<0.05). However, there was no observable difference in the UFR between the two dialyzers. Neither APD nor UFR showed any significant increase with an increasing number of reuses for up to more than 20reuses. A substantial number of failures observed in APD(larger than 20mmHg/min)on the reused dialyzers(2 out of 40 CF and 5 out 26 C DAK) were attributed to the possible damage on the fibers. The CF 15-11 HFDs which failed APD test did not show changes in the UFR compared to normal dialyzers indicating that APD Is a more son sitive test than UFR test to evaluate the integrity of the fibers.
Fluid Dynamics near end-to-end Anastomoses Part III in Vitro wall Shear Stress Measurement
Kim, Y.H. ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 3, 1992, Pages 253~262
The wall shear stress in the vicinity of end-to end anastomoses under steady flow condi- tions was measured using a flush-mounted hot-film anemometer(FMHFA) probe. The experi- mental measurements were in good agreement lith numerical results except In flow with low Reynolds numbers. The wall shear stress increased proximal to the anastomosis in flow from the Penrose tubing (simulating an artery) to the PTFE graft. In flow from the PTFE graft to the Penrose tubing, low wall shear stress was observed distal to the anastomosis. Abnormal distributions of wall shear stress in the vicinity of the anastomosis, resulting from the compli- ance mismatch between the graft and the host artery, might be an important factor of ANFH formation and the graft failure. The present study suggests a correlation between regions of the low wall shear stress and the development of anastomotic neointimal fibrous hyperplasia (ANFH) in end-to-end anastomoses.