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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Medical and Biological Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 1992
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 1992
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 1992
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 1992
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Enhancement of Blood Compatibility of Albumin-Immobilized Polyurethane
Gyu Ha Ryu ; Don ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 4, 1992, Pages 269~274
In this paper, we describe the design methodology and specifications of the developed module-based bedside monitors for patient monitoring. The bedside monitor consists of a main unit and module cases with various parameter modules. The main unit includes a 12.1" TFT color LCD, a main CPU board, and peripherals such as a module controller, Ethernet LAN card, video card, rotate/push button controller, etc. The main unit can connect at maximum three module cases each of which can accommodate up to 7 parameter modules. They include the modules for electrocardiograph, respiration, invasive blood pressure, noninvasive blood pressure, temperature, and SpO2 with Plethysmograph.raph.
Development of Integrated Speech Training Aids for Hearing Impaired
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 4, 1992, Pages 275~284
Development of Integrated Speech Training Aids for Hearing Impaired In this study, a spepch lralnlng aids that can do real-time display of vocal tract shape and other speech parameters together in a single system is implemenLed and self-training program for this system is developed. To estimate vocal tract shape, speech production process is assumed to be AR model. Through LPC analysis, vocal tract shape, intensity, and log spcclrum are calculated. And, fundamental frequency and nasality are measured using vibration sensors.
Impact Behavior Analysis of a Mechanical Monoleaflet Heart Valve Prosthesis in the Closing Phase
Cheon, Gill-Jeong ; Chandran, K.B. ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 4, 1992, Pages 285~298
An analysis of the dynamics in the closing phase of the occluder of a mechanical monoleaflet heart valve prosthesis is presented. The dynamic analysis of the fluid in the vicinity of the occluder was based on the control vo]use approach. The backflow velocity of the fluid was computed by applying the continuity, Bernoulli's and momentum equations in the unsteady state. By considering the fluid pressure and gravity as external forces acting on the occluder, the moment equilibrium on fine occluder was employed to analyze the motion of the occluder during closing and the force of impact between the occluder and the guiding struts. Occluder comes to rest after several oscillations in about 10-18 msec after the Inltiaton of closing. As the aortic pressure increases, the occludes closes faster and comes to the final resting position earlier and the impact force increases also. But backflow is not af footed by the variation of the aortic pressure. With decreasing time delay of the ventricle pressure, the occluder closes faster and impact force Increases. The computed magnitudes of the occluder tiP velocities as well as the backflow of the fluid during the closing phase using this model were in agreement with previously reported experimental measurements.
Development of Clinical Chemistry Analyzer with the Dry Reagent Strip(I)
Yu, Dong-Ju ; Jeong, Tae-Hwa ; Min, Hong-Gi ; Heo, Ung ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 4, 1992, Pages 299~306
For quantitative measurement of reflected light from a clinical diagnostic scrip, a prototype of reflectance photometer was designed. The strip loader and cassette were made to obtain more accurate re(leclance parameters. The strop was illuminated at
through optical fiber and the intensity of reflected light was determined at rectangulat angle using a photodiode. The kubelka-munk coefficient and reflection optical density were determined ar four different wavelengths(500,550,570 and 610nm) for blood glucose strip. For higher concentration than 300mg/dl about glucose, a saturation state of absorbance was observed at 500,550 and 570nm. The correlation between glucose concentration and parameters was the best at 610nm.
A Numerical Study for Various Values of the Parameters in the Model of Infection
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 4, 1992, Pages 307~312
This paper considers a model for the spread of an infection of the type proposed by K.L. Cooke. The model involves a threshold for becoming infective that lead to functional rather than ordinary differential equations. Three type of result presented. In sections 3, and 4 the dependence of the solution on parameters in the model is studied numerically.
Flow Dynamics Near End-to-End Anastomoses Part II. Computer Flow Simulation
Kim, Y.H. ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 4, 1992, Pages 313~322
A finite analytic(FA) numerical study was performed to determin'e flow dynamics in the vicinity of an end-to-end anastomosis. Experimental data of instantaneous lumen cross-section were used to simulate steady flow through an end-to-end anastomosis In order to solve the governing axisymmetric Wavier-Stokes equations. Wall shear stresses increased proximal to the anastomosis In flow from the Penrose tubing to the PTFE graft. In flow the PTFE graft to the Penrose tubing, low wall shear stresses were observed distal to the anastomosis. The present study suggests a correlation betweerl regions of low wall shear stress and the do velopment of pnastomotic neointimal fibrous hyperplasia(ANFH ) in end-to-end anastomoses.
A study of Image Compression Algorithm using DCT
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 4, 1992, Pages 323~330
A Study of Image Compression Algorithm using DCT This paper describes the system that implement a JPEG(Joint Photographic Experts Group) algorithm based on DCT(Discrete Cosine Transform) uslng CCD kameva, Image Grabber, and IBM PC. After cosine transforms the acquisited image, this algorithm quantize and entropy encode the coefficients by JPEG code table. The coefficients are reconstructed by the Huffman decoding, dequantized procedure, and Inverse cosine transform. The results obtained from the impleulented system are as follows. (1) For effcient storage and easy implementation, this system save Image as a PCX formal (2) Thls system get 7:1 compression ratio(3.8 RMSE value) without large distortion. (3) With a low pass filtering, thls system eliminate high frequency components and get 20% enhanced compression ratio. (4) Thls system enhance the reconstructed Image using histogram modeling.
A Study on Phase Velocity Correction of Motorized Wheelchair Based un Fuzzy Control
Lee, Chang-Hun ; Mun, Cheol-Hong ; Hong, Seung-Hong ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 4, 1992, Pages 331~338
In this study, Fuzzy control algorithm to generate a change of rocomotion condition according to an outer environment is introduced on a motorized wheelchair control. An optimal control rule for conquesting the less of safety and system Inefficiency in the past are given to this motorized wheelchair. And dynamic analysis Is also adopted to it. Using those rules, a proportional control was possible when the vehicle changed Its moving direction. The proposed method which considers the relationship between a moving velocity and the command from the joystick shows better performance in the change of moving direction.
Numerical Studies of Flow Across End-to-Side Distal Vascular Bypass Graft Anastomoses
Kim, Y.H. ; Kim, J.H. ; Shin, J.W. ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 4, 1992, Pages 339~352
A numerical simulation of the steady and pulsatile flow across the end-to-side anastomosis was performed In order to understand the role of flow dynamics in the preferential bevel opment of distal anastomotic intimal hyperplasla. The finite element technique was employed to solve two-dimensional unsteady pulsatile flow in that region. The results of the steady flow revealed that low shear stresses occur at the proximally occluded host artery and at the recirculation region in the Inner wall just distal to the toe region of the anastomosis. The nor- mal;zed wall shear rate was increased, as was the recirculation zone size in the host artery of the by-pass graft anastomosis, with increased anastomotic junction angle. In order to min imize the size of the low wall shear region which might result in the intimal hyperplasia in the by-pass graft anastomosis, a smaller anastomotic junction angle is recommended. The pulsatile flow simulation revealed flow that regions of low and ascillating mali shear do exist near the anastomosis as In the steady simulation. The shift of stagnation point depends on the pulsation of the flow. As the flow was accelerated at systole, the stagnation point moved downstream, disappered at early diastole and reappeared during late diastole. Low shear stress was also found along both walls of the occluded proximal artery. However, the diastolic flow behavior is quite different from the steady results. The vortex near the occluded artery moved downstream and inwardly during late systole, and disappeared during diastole. Recirculations proximal to the toe and heel regions were significant during diastole. Shear stress oscillation was found along the opposite wall. The results of the present study revealed that tow shear occurs at the proximally occluded host artery aud the recirculation region in the inner wall Just dlstal to the toe region of the anastomosis. The present study suggested that the regions of fluctuated wall shear stress wit flow separation is correlated with the preferential developing regions of anastomosis neointial fibrous hyperplasia.
A Study on the Prediction of Bone Remodeling of Plated-Human Femur using 3-Dimensional Finite Element Method
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 13, issue 4, 1992, Pages 353~362
The stress distribution of bone is altered by the rigid bone plate, sometimes resulting in unfavorable osteoporosis. The rigidity and the biocompatibility are important factors for the design of prosthesis. However, it is also necessary to consider the effect on the bone remodeling. In this paper, it is attempted to establish an approximate and simple method to predict the trend of the configuration of surface bone remodeling for the case of a bone plate using stress analysis. Thus, three dimensional finite element model of plated-human femur is generated and simulated. In addition. the stress difference method (SDM) is introduced and attempted to demonstrate the configuration of surface bone remodeling of the plated-human femur. The results are compared with those of invivo tests and the feasibility of the stress difference method is discussed. Key Words osteoporosis, prosthesis, biocompatibility, bone remodeling