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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Medical and Biological Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 1993
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 1993
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 1993
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 1993
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Design of The Locomotion System for The Motorized Wheelchair by Vision
Mun, Cheol-Hong ; Hong, Seung-Heung ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 14, issue 2, 1993, Pages 107~112
This paper describes the design and implementation of the Motorized wheelchair. The designed vision system can run 7 Km/h When the obstacle is not on the root. There is the obstacle on the root, this system can judge pass detour or stop.
A Measuring System for the Joint Rotations and the Myoelectric Signals of Human Arm Movements
Son, Jae-Hyun ; Lee, Kwang-Suk ; Hong, Sung-Woo ; Ji, Seong-Hyon ; Nam, Moon-Hyon ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 14, issue 2, 1993, Pages 113~123
The aim of this study is to design a electrogoniometer for the measurement of three dimensional human elbow joint rotations. Using this device and visual monitor, we measured the angle of elbow joint rotations during the goal-directed movements. And we extracted myoelectric signals(MES) to verify the inter-relationship of elbow joint activities and constructed a system for the analysis of the spectrum for MES. The data obtained from this system will be used for the controller signal of prosthetic arm.
Electrical Transmission Line Modelling of the Cochlear Basilar Membrane
Jarng, Soon-Suck ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 14, issue 2, 1993, Pages 125~136
The study of Cochlear biomechanics is to clearly define three biomechanical principles of the Cochlea : Activity, Nonlinearity and Feedback. In this article, the Cochlea is linearly and actively modelled in one dimensional time domain. The sharp tunning of the Basilar Membrane displacement is shown when the amplifying activity of hair cells is added to the model. The amplified energy of the travelling displacement wave is emitted throughout the Cochlear fluid, so that the model becomes unstable. A new technique is introduced to reduce strong echos fro the Helicotrema. It makes the model less unstable. Both pure and click tones are used as input stimuli onto the ear durm. When the model is normal, the click response of the model shows that the backward emission of the amplified fluid pressure has mainly the echos from the Helicotrema. However, when the linear and active model is assumed to be abnormal, that is, some of hair cells are damaged not to produce the active process, the effect of the hair cell damage is resulted in the Oto-acoustic emission. The frequency response of the abnormally emitted sound pressure shows that the Oto-acoustic emission has the information about the characteristic frequency of the damaged hair cell. The main aim of this paper is to demonstrate the active biomechanics of the Chchlea in the time domain.
Time Domain Analysis of Digital Filters for Noise Cancelling in ECG Signals
Nam, Hyun-Do ; Ahn, Dong-Jun ; Lee, Cheol-Heui ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 14, issue 2, 1993, Pages 137~145
Time domain analysis as well as frequency domain analysis of signal conditioning filters is very useful for practical applications. Time domain analysis of digital filters for noise cancelling in ECG signals is presented. Several band pass and band reject filters are designed for the analysis. Computer simulations are performed to compare the distortions of the Butterworth type filters and linear phase optimal FIR filters which are widely used for ECG signal processing. Band reject filters are applied to power line interference cancelling in ECG signals.
A Study of the Micor Mechanical System by Using the Magnetic Fluid
Kim, Dong-Wook ; Kim, Nam-Gyun ; Kim, Bu-Gil ; Yuhta, Toshio ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 14, issue 2, 1993, Pages 147~153
In this paper, we studied about the micro pressure transmission system using fluid. For the investigation of feasibility of microhydraulic system, the hydraulic characteristics were examined by using the capillary tube system and the micro cylinder system that consists of a rod and a micro capillary tube. A new hydraulic micro actuator using magnetic fluid and an external magnetic field was also investigated. The results showed that our microhydraulic system has the possibility of power transmission in arbitrary directions.
Analysis of Loosening Phenomenon in Artificial Hip Joint Application Related to Design Parameters
Kim, Young-Eun ; Chung, Chung-Hwa ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 14, issue 2, 1993, Pages 155~162
The human's biomechanical structure keeps an optimal state by adapting the original biomechanical structure according to a change in the physical environment. This phenomenon is believed to be the main cause of loosening of the total hip replacement which is used widely in these days. In this study the bone density change due to artificial hip joint, which is generally believed as bone-remodeling, was investigated by the finite element method. For this, 2-D FEM models with 4 nodal point elements were constructed for intact and implanted cases. The density was calculated by comparing the relative amounts of effective stress for these two cases. In this way, calculated new density values were used in the next step as input values and this procedure repeated until convergence was obtained. Severe density change was detected at the femoral cortex of the proximal-medial side as expected. Moreover, following surprising result was found from this analysis. Titanium alloy prosthesis showed less density change compared to stainless steel prosthesis at earlier stage, however, almost same amount of the density change was detected at final stage. It was also found that other design parameters could not significantly affect its density change.
In Vitro Test of an Adult-Sized Pneumatic Type Ventricular Assist Device
Kim, Sang-Hyeon ; Jang, Byeong-Cheol ; Kim, Won-Gi ; Kim, Nam-Hyeon ; Jo, Beom-Gu ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 14, issue 2, 1993, Pages 163~167
We developed a ventricular assist device(VAD) to be used as a bridge to heart transplantation or a circulatory assist device for patients with end-stage heart disease or poor myocardial function after cardiac surgery. It is a pneumatic and diaphragm-type VAD and its stroke volume is 90 cc. The upper housing and diaphragm is made of a segmented polyurethane and the lower back plate is made of a polycarbonate. Two Carbomedics
mechanical valves are used as inlet and outlet valves. It was tested in vitro and the cardiac output of the VAD was 7 L/min at a heart rate of 70 bpm. The line pressure from a pressure transducer inserted in the pneumatic line was recorded and compared with the ideal pressure tracing.
A Study on the Biotelemetry using Infra-red Light
Huh, Soo-Jin ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 14, issue 2, 1993, Pages 169~175
Recently, interest in infra-red(IR) telemetry has increased because of the entirely different propagation and reflection properties of IR light as compared to radiowaves. IR hardly penetrates most materials and is reflected from obstacles. An biotelemetry system using these characteristics of indirect transmitted IR lights was developed, in which 3 ECG's are multiplexed and modulated in PDM/PIM pulse sequence. This proto-type system enables us to realize the non-restraint measurement of biological signals. Compared with conventional radio telemetry, this technique has some merits such as no electromagnetic interference, no frequency allocation problem, no government control over transmission power.
A Study on Angiographgy Coding
Park, Sang-Hui ; Han, Young-Oh ; Park, Hyun-Soo ; Kim, Hyung-Suk ; Shin, Joong-In ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 14, issue 2, 1993, Pages 177~183
Medical imagies with high resolution are coded to be archived and communicated in MPACS. In this paper, we have studied on coding of Cardio-Angiography. Our coding technique is Subband-Vector Quantization. This techniques is irreversible coding method. This technique's advantages are removing blocking artifact and edge degradation, adapting for drastic image change because of dye injection, and fast decoding. We achieved good results for Cardio-Angiography data, but the study on more sophiscated motion estimation techniques and VQ techniques must be performed.
A Peak Recognition Algorithm for the Screening of Target Compounds
Min, Hong-Kee ; Hong, Seung-Hong ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 14, issue 2, 1993, Pages 185~193
In this paper, the peak detection algorithm was developed for the purpose of screening of the target compounds. Algorithm is divided into searching the characteristic ion and peak detection. The heuristic knowledge about analytical chemistry was applied for the searching the characteristic ion. Peak detection was accomplished in comparison with the peak identification strings and pattern strings around the retention time. Pattern strings are composed with the number which generated by pattern identification function. The variables of pattern identification function are the codes which represent the difference of two adjacent abundances Some of the free steroids were selected to demonstrate the proposed algorithm.