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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Medical and Biological Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
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The Effect or Resin ann ruler Type on the compressive strength of Light-activated Composite Resins
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 18, issue 1, 1997, Pages 1~8
This study was performed to evaluate the effect of resin and filler type on the compressive strength of light-activated composite resins. Experimental composite resins containing either amorphous spherical silica or crushed quartz in two matrix resins of BisGMA/TEGDMA and UTMA/TEGDMA were prepared and the specimens of 3 m in diameter and 6m in length were made. Compressive test was subjected to a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min, and the fracture surFaces were examined by SEM. The compressive strength of UTMA-based composite resin was higher than that of BisGMA-based composite resin. The loading rate of spherical silica was higher than that of crushed silica when the size dis- tribution of fillers was same. Strength decrease of Bis-GMA-based composite resin was severer than that of UTMA-based composite resin in a
c water environment. Fracture surface showed that the composite resin failure developed along the matrix resin and the filler/resin interface region.
Automatic Image Matching of Portal and Simulator Images Using courier Descriptors
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 18, issue 1, 1997, Pages 9~16
We develop an automatic imaging matching technique for combining portal image and simulator image for improvements in localization of treatment in radiation therapy. Fusion of images from two imaging modalities is treated as follows. We archive images thxough a frame-yabber. The simulator and portal images are edge detected and enhanced with interpolated adaptive histouam equalization and combined using geometrical parameters relating the coordinates of two image data sets which are calculated using Fourier descriptors. We don't use any kind of imaging markers for patient's convenience. clinical use of this image matching technique for treatment planning will result in improvements in localization of treatment volumes and critical structures. These improvements will allow greater sparing of normal tissues and more precise delivery of energy to the desired irradiation volume.
Development of a Patient Monitoring System Overall Architecture and Specifications
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 18, issue 1, 1997, Pages 17~24
We have developed a patient monitoring system including module-based bedside monitors, interbed network, central stations, clinical workstations, and DB servers. A bedside monitor with a color LCD can accommodate up to 3 module cases and 21 different modules. Six different physiological parameters of ECG, respiration, invasive blood pressure, noninvasive blood pressure, body temperature, and arterial pulse oximetry with plethysmoyaph are provided as parameter modules. In a single bedside monitor, modules and a module controller communicate with IMbps data rate through an intrabed network based on RS-485 and HDU protocol. At the same time, it communicates with other bedside monitors and central stations through interbed network based on 1 OMbps Ethernet and TCP/IP protocol. Central stations using 20" color CRT monitors can be connected with many bedside monitors and they display 18 channels of waveforms simultaneously. Clinical workstations are used mainly for the review of patient datE In order to accommodate more advanced data management capabilities such as 24-hour full disclosure, we have developed a relational database server dedicated to the patient monitoring system. Software for bedside monitor, central station, and clinical workstation fully utilizes graphical user interface techniques and all functions are controlled by a rotate/push button on the bedside monitor arid a mouse on the central station and clinical workstation. The entire system satisfies the requirements of AAMI and ANSI standards in terms of electrical safety and performances.nces.
An Experimental Study on the Analysis of the Interventricular Pressure Waveform in the Moving-Actuator type Total Artificial Heart
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 18, issue 1, 1997, Pages 25~36
To regulate cardiac output of the Total Artificial Heart(TAH) physiologically, the hemodynamic information must be toed back to the controller. So far, our group has developed an automatic cardiac output control algorithm using the motor current waveform, It is, however difficult to detect the preload level such as a filling status of ventricular inflow and the variation of atrial pressures within normal physiologic range(0-15 mmHg) by analyzing the motor current which simultaneously reflects the afterload effect. On the other hin4 the interventricular volume pressure(IVP) which is not influenced by arterload but by preload is a good information source for the estimation of preload states. In order to find the relationship between preload and IVP waveform, we set up the artificial heart system on the Donovan type mock circulatory system and measured the IVP waveform, right and left atrial pressures, inflow and outflow waveforms and the signals represented the information of moving actuator's position. We shows the feasibility of estimating the hemodynamic changes of inflow by using IVP waveform. fife found that the negative peak value of IVP waveform is linearly related to atrial pressures. And we also found that we could use the time to reach the negative peak in IVP waveform, the time to open outflow valve, the area enclosed IVP waveform as unfu parameters to estimate blood filling volume of diastole ventricle. The suggested method has advantages of avoiding thrombogenesis, bacterial niche formation and increasing longterm reliability of sensor by avoiding direct contact to blood.
A Study on Relationship between Heart Rate Variabilities and Autonomic Balance during Head-up Tilt
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 18, issue 1, 1997, Pages 37~44
In this paper, the power spectral analysis of heart rate variability(HRV) was performed to evaluate effects of orthostatic stress with head-up tiIt on autonomic nervous system(ANS) for 25 healthy male subjects(age : 24
5 yr.) and a new method was proposed to assess the autonomic balance. The ECG and respiration signals were recorded at tiIt angles of
successively for 10 minutes per each stage under the condition of frequency controlled respiration(0.25Hz). Heat rate(HR) gradually increased ils the angle increased Similarly, according to the increment of angle, normalized low frequency component(0.05-0.15Hz) gradually increased, whereas normalized high frequency component (0.20-0.30Hz) was reduce4 From these results it is speculated that orthostatic stress head-up tiLt, results in the prevalence of sympathetic tone in autonomic balance with the increment of sympathetic tone and the decrement of parasympathetic tone, which seems to meanthat autonomic nervous system plays a major role in compensating for disturbances of cardiovascular system due to it.
Development of Holter Analysis System by Visual Programming
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 18, issue 1, 1997, Pages 45~50
In this paper, we designed a Molter analysis system using the visual programming method It differs from the existing analysis system in that the various signal processing algorithms represented by icons were designed by GUI concept which provide unskilled user with easy and convenient analysis environment. In order to analyze ECG signal. we only select the icon representing an algorithm to be applied by mouse and arrange the selected icons upon the order to be jlrocessed on screen. As a result it provides a convenient usage and flexibility of analysis. Also, we can find the optimal algorithm for the ambulatory ECG analysis by comparing the several results obtained from the various analysis configuration.
Optimal Velocity Profile for Minimum Power Consumption of Korean Total Artificial Heat
Chang, Jun-Keun ; Min, Byoung-Goo ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 18, issue 1, 1997, Pages 51~64
A dynamic model of the Korean total artificial heart(TAH) which contains a brushless DC motor, all of mechanical components, the pump system with integrated variable volume space(WS) and the circulatory system model including the bronchial circulation were established Two different sets of seven differential equations were separately derived for the left and right systolic period of the Korean TAH operation. Throughout the computer simulation, a full-state fEedback optimal controller that minimizes the power consumption of the Korean TAH and drives the end stage velocity of the energy converter to zero was developed based upon the optimal control theory. Robustness of the controller were also analyzed with the dynamic model of the Korean TAH.
Design of A Human Model of the Moving-Actuator Type Total Artificial Heart
Chang, Jun-Keun ; Min, Byoung-Goo ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 18, issue 1, 1997, Pages 65~70
A human version of Korean total artificial heart(TAM) was designed basso on the magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) data To obtain accurate measurement or human thoracic structure including the valvular sited we analyzed the dimensions of the natural heart of healthy persons and cardiomyopathy(CM) patients. The MRI findings were analyzed to measure the volume of the thoracic cavity that would be occupied by the TAM. The design upgrade of the mechanical performed was also performed with the computer aided design(CAD) system to develop a new version of Korean TAH.
Motion Analysis of Tresidmill Walking with Various Slopes at a Normal Speed
Kim, Youngho ; Yang, Giltae ; Mun, Museong ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 18, issue 1, 1997, Pages 71~78
Kinematic and kinetic studies were performed to investigate the walking characteristics on a treadmill with various slopes at the same speed of 1.25m/sec. Six different slopes of the treadmill were selected . -4%(-
), and 20%(
). With increased slopes of the treadmill, both hip and knee flexion angles significantly increased at initial contact, and the maximum hip flexion during swing phase and the maximum knee flexion during stance phase also significantly increased Ankle dorsiflexion angle at initial contact and the maximum dorsiflexion increased with increased slopes. However, the maximum plantarflexion in early swing was slightly reduced with increased slopes. Hip extension in late stance and the maximum knee flexion in early swing was not changed sigilificantly with increased slopes. As for the vertical ground reaction force, compared to the yond level walking, both the first and the second peak forces increased, but the mid-support force decreased.
Evaluation of the Criteria for the Control of Arousal Level and Effect of Warning Signal
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 18, issue 1, 1997, Pages 79~86
This paper describes the development of portable arousal measurement and analysis system. Skin impedance change which responds to the change of arousal level was detected by the three elctrode constant current method and separated into two components(SIR, SIL). Relationship between Nz, IRI and arousal level was studied and criteria of arousal level control was decided by the sleep study. Measured data with and without warning signal were compared and analyzed.
Improvement of SNR in DANTE Fast MR Imaging
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 18, issue 1, 1997, Pages 87~96
A pixel profile in the conventional DANTE sequence is so poor that the excited area by DANTE sequence is a small portion of a pixel. This causes poor signal to noise ratio in DANTE image. In this paper, a frequency modulated(FM) DANTE imaging sequence is proposed to improve pixel profile in DANTE image. A DANTE pulse train is shaped by an FM function so that all the spins within a pixel are excited, thereby improving the signal to noise ratio. It also shows that the pixel profiles are dependent on the sweep in FM signal. Computer simulations and experimental result obtained using a 7.0 T NMR imaging system are presented.