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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Medical and Biological Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
Recent Development Trends and Future of Medical Image System
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 20, issue 4, 1999, Pages 365~399
Telerobotic Microsurigical Robot Design based on the analysis of Microsurgery
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 20, issue 4, 1999, Pages 401~407
A microsurgery telerobotic system has been developed to aid surgeons from physiological tremor, eye stram, hand tremor, contagious and radioactive hazard. This paper identifies four general areas of advanced microsurgery and analyzes the motion, tools, accuracy and applying forces with respect to microsurgery tasks, and proposes the criteria to design the microsurgical robot. The analysis of microsurgery can be helpful to clarify some basic concept and design of surgical robots. Based on this analysis results, we propose an efficient in-parallel-platform manipulator having a special kinematic structure suitable for microsurgery.
Reconstruction of 3D Volume of Talairach Brain Atlas
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 20, issue 4, 1999, Pages 409~417
Talairach atlas consists of three orthogonal sets of coronal, sagittal, and axial slices. This atlas has recently an important role as a standard brain atlas in diagnosing disease related with brain function and analyzing cause of brain disease. The 3D digital volume data set reconstructed from the atlas is widely applied to visualization and quantitative analysis of results processed in the digital computer. This paper represented application method of bi-linear interpolation technique, proposed tri-planar interpolation algorithm for 3D volume data reconstruction of Talairach atlas. And we implemented Talairach atlas editor and discussed problems in volume reconstruction of Talairach atlas. The bi-linear method was applied to only one set of the slices and considered the on intensity value in the interpolation process. The tri-planar technique concurrently uses three orthogonal sets of slices with the same information of brain structures. Talairach atlas editor visualized three sets. of atlas slices on the same coordinate and had editing function. Using the atlas editor, we represented problems in volume reconstruction by showing inconsistency of brain structures among three sets of atlas slices.
Recognizing Human Facial Expressions and Gesture from Image Sequence
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 20, issue 4, 1999, Pages 419~425
In this paper, we present an algorithm of real time facial expression and gesture recognition for image sequence on the gray level. A mixture algorithm of a template matching and knowledge based geometrical consideration of a face were adapted to locate the face area in input image. And optical flow method applied on the area to recognize facial expressions. Also, we suggest hand area detection algorithm form a background image by analyzing entropy in an image. With modified hand area detection algorithm, it was possible to recognize hand gestures from it. As a results, the experiments showed that the suggested algorithm was good at recognizing one's facial expression and hand gesture by detecting a dominant motion area on images without getting any limits from the background image.
A New EGG System Design and Speech Analysis for Quantitative Analysis of Human Glottal Vibration Patterns
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 20, issue 4, 1999, Pages 427~433
The purpose of the study is to develop an improved pitch extraction method that can be used in a variety of speech applications such as high-puality compression and vocoding, and recognition and synthesis of speech. To do so, we develop a new electroglottograph (EGG) measurement system that is based on the four modulation-demodulation type spot electrodes for detecting the EGG signals. Then, the glottal closure instant(GCI) is determined from the EGG signals on a real-time basis. We can obtain the pitch contour using the information on the GCI. It turns out that the new pitch contour algorithm (PCA) operates more reliably as compared to the conventional speech-only-based algorithm. In addition, we study the speech source models and glottal vibratory patterns for Koreans by measuring and analyzing the diversified vibration patterns of the vocal from the EGG signals.
Classification of the PVC Using The Fuzzy-ART Network Based on Wavelet Coefficient
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 20, issue 4, 1999, Pages 435~442
A fuzzy-ART(adaptive resonance theory) network for the PVC(premature ventricular contraction) classification using wavelet coefficient is designed. This network consists of the feature extraction and learning of the fuzzy-ART network. In the first step, we have detected the QRS from the ECG signal in order to set the threshold range for feature extraction and the detected QRS was divided into several frequency bands by wavelet transformation using Haar wavelet. Among the low-frequency bands, only the 6th coefficient(D6) are selected as the input feature. After that, the fuzzy-ART network for classification of the PVC is learned by using input feature which comprises of binary data converted by applying threshold to D6. The MIT/BIH database including the PVC is used for the evaluation. The designed fuzzy-ART network showed the PVC classification ratio of 96.52%.
Microstructure Observation of Pd-Cu-Ga system Dental Alloy in Clinical Heat Treatment
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 20, issue 4, 1999, Pages 443~449
A Study for the Distinction between Denervation Potentials and Endplate Spikes for the Diagnosis of Neuropathy
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 20, issue 4, 1999, Pages 451~459
During the electromyographic evaluation for the diagnosis of neuropathy, presence for site of lesion could be predicted by a detection of denervation potentials such as fibrillation potentials or positive sharp waves in a group of muscles. Unfortunately, since denervation potentials are distinguished by examiner's experience, it is possible to make mistake identifying endplate spikes as a denervation potential. The aim of the study was to extract parameters to make an algorithm for quantitative distinction between denervation potentials and endplate spikes. It will help to minimize the examiner's bias and to localize the site of lesion thus increase the reliability on EMG diagnosis. There types of signals, endplate spike, fibrillation potential and positive sharp wave were obtained from the EDB(extensor digitorum brevis) muscle using then neuropathic patients. Eight parameters such as duration, area, slope, peak-to-peak amplitude, positive peak negative peak amplitude, ratio of positive to negative peak amplitude, and number of phase were extracted and compared. As a results, peak-to-peak amplitude, positive peak amplitude, ratio of positive to negative peak amplitude showed statistically significant differences between endplate spikes and denervation potentials. It was concluded that those parameters could be used to establish an algorithm which will improve the accuracies in automated quantitative EMG diagnosis.
The Development of Pc Based EGG-NIBP Patient Monitor
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 20, issue 4, 1999, Pages 461~469
In this paper, an ECG-NIBP patient monitor is designed. This is an essential equipment to measure and monitor patient's physical condition - electrocardiogram(ECG) wave, heart rate(HR), and noninvasive blood pressure(NIBP) - in ICU, CCU, and operating room. The ECG is an electrical waveform produced by relaxation and contraction of the cardiac muscle. Most physicians diagnose patient's cardiac states from ECG pattern. A blood pressure is one of the clinical indexes measured in a emergency room or operating room. In this paper, the blood pressure is measured in artery by using the nonivasive oscillometric method. The developed patient monitor was inspected and compared with other instruments in operating rooms. The results were 1bpm of maximum difference in the heart rate, 15mmHg in the systolic pressure, 16mmHg in the diastolic pressure, and 25mmHg in the mean blood pressure. But the total results were 0.15bpm of the mean difference in the heart rate, 5mmHg in the systolic pressure, 10mmHg in the diastolic pressure, and 9mmHg in the mean blood pressure. The designed ECG-NIBP patient monitor can measure the ECG wave, HR, and BP. And the multi-tasking module of pulse oximetry . respiration . temperature monitor will be added in the near future.
Effect of Electrical Stimulation using ABR and ECochG Analysis based on Jastreboff Tinnitus Mocel
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 20, issue 4, 1999, Pages 471~477
Many researches have been performed whether electrical stimulation could be used for diagnosis and treatment on the auditory system impairment. Unfortunately, there were no standard methods or theoretical background for choosing stimulus conditions because of the lack of understanding on the transmission of electrical stimulation through the auditory pathway. This research was conducted to observe the effect of electrical stimulation on the tinnitus-induced animals. Nine guniea pigs were used for the experment and divided into two groups, five animals for the experimental group(A) and four animals for the control group(B). Experimental conditions were divided into four steps, before tinnitus induction and 1, 6, 12 hours after tinnitus induction using salicylate based on the Jastreboff model. In each experimental condition, ABR and ECochG were obtained, and autocorrelation coefficients were calculated from normalized waveforms based on rms values. Sum of all the autocorrelation coefficients was extracted as a parameter to observe the changes between before and after the electrical stimulation. As a result, ABR parameter values were rapidly increased 6 hours after tinnitus induction, the gradually returned back to the initial state. On the other hand, when electrical stimulation was applied, parameter values did not change compared with the initial sate. Parameter values of ECochG showed that the effect of electrical stimulation appeared 12 hours after the tinnitus induction. It was concluded that an electrical stimulation to the tinnitus-induced model changes the correlation coefficients of ABR and ECochG waveforms.
Kinematic Analysis of a Mastication Model Employing the 6-DOF Parallel Mechanism
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 20, issue 4, 1999, Pages 479~484
A Study of Human Model Based on Dynamics
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 20, issue 4, 1999, Pages 485~493
Human can generate various posture and motion with nearly 350 muscle pairs. From the viewpoint of mechanisms, the human skeleton mechanism represents great kinematic and dynamical complexity. Physical and behavioral fidelity of human motion requires dynamically accurate modeling and controling. This paper describes a mathematical modeling, and dynamic simulation of human body. The human dynamic model is simplified as a rigid body consisting of 18 actuated degrees of freedom for the real time computation. Complex kinematic chain of human body is partitioned as 6 serial kinematic chains that is, left arm, right arm, support leg, free leg, body, and head. Modeling is developed based on Newton-Euler formulation. The validity of proposed dynamic model, which represents mathematically high order differential equation, is verified through the dynamic simulation.
Speech Signal Processing using Pitch Synchronous Multi-Spectra and DSP System Design in Cochlear Implant
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 20, issue 4, 1999, Pages 495~502
We propose efficient speech signal processing algorithms and a system for cochlear implant in this paper. The outer and the middle car which perform amplifying, lowpass filtering and AGC, are modeled by an analog system, and the inner ear acting as a time-delayed multi filter and the transducer is implemented by the DSP circuit which enables real-time processing. Especially, the basilar membrane characteristic of the inner ear is modeled by a nonlinear filter bank, and then tonotopy and periodicity of the auditory system is satisfied by using a pitch-synchronous multi-spectra(PSMS) method. Moreover, most of the speech processing is performed by S/W so the system can be easily modified. And as our program is written in C-language, it can be easily transplanted to the system using other processors.
Analysis of Synthetic Aperture Techniques for Ultrasound Linear - scan Imaging
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 20, issue 4, 1999, Pages 503~513
A general expression for the beam patterns of various synthetic aperture(SA) techniques was derived based on a unified SA model. This model was used to analyze and compare the performance of existing SA methods. Based on the theoretical studies, we propose a new synthetic aperture technique that is best suitable for the linear-scan imaging. The proposed method enables dynamic tow-way focusing in real imaging so that the B-mode image resolution can be greatly improved. Compared to the conventional focusing technique, the focused beam pattern by the proposed shows the mainlobe width reduced by half and comparable sidelobe levels. Computer simulation results demonstrated the validity of the theoretical analysis and the proposed SA method.