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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Medical and Biological Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Nov 2002
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Volume 24, Issue 6 - 00 2002
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Medical Image Watermarking Using Mallat Wavelet Transform
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 81~85
In this paper, a new fragi1e watermarking algorithm for medical images is proposed. It makes possible to resolve the security and forgery problem of the medical images. In the proposed algorithm. the singularity which represents the inherent characteristic of the medical image is extracted and used as watermark. To extract the singularity point. we adopted Mallat wavelet transform because it can describe the edge of image exactly. Mallat wavelet transform produces horizontal and vertical subbands of the same resolution with the original image. The magnitude and phase components of the edge are obtained using these subbands. Based on the magnitude and phase components. LMM which will be used as watermark is determined. As LMM is the inherent singularity of image, if any forgery is applied to medical image, LMM of original and forged image are different each other Detecting the changes of LMM for the two images makes it possible whether any image is undergone forgery or not From the experimental results, we conformed that the proposed algorithm detects the forged area of the image very well.
An Efficient Motion Estimation and Compensation Method for Ultrasound Synthetic Aperture Imaging
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 87~99
This paper describes a method for overcoming the motion artifacts inherent in synthetic aperture(SA) imaging. based on the investigation results as to the influence of a target motion on synthetic aperture techniques. This method uses a region-based motion compensation approach in which only the axial motion is estimated and compensated for a given region of interest(ROI) under the assumption that the whole ROI moves uniformly The estimated axial motion is calculated with a crosscorrelation(CC) method at the Point where the focused signal has the maximum energy within the ROI. We also presents a method for estimating the axial motion using the autocorrelation(AC) method that is widely used to estimate average Doppler frequency Both computer simulations and in vivo experiments show that the proposed methods can improve greatly the spatial resolution and SNR of ultrasound imaging by implementing the SA techniques for two-way dynamic focusing without motion artifacts. In addition the AC-barred motion compensation method provides almost the same results as the CC-based one, but with a dramatically reduced computational complexity.
Segmentation and Visualization of Left Ventricle in MR Cardiac Images
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 101~107
This paper presents a segmentation algorithm to extract endocardial contour and epicardial contour of left ventricle in MR Cardiac images. The algorithm is based on a generalized gradient vector flow(GGVF) snake and a prediction of initial contour(PIC). Especially. the proposed algorithm uses physical characteristics of endocardial and epicardial contours, cross profile correlation matching(CPCM), and a mixed interpolation model. In the experiment, the proposed method is applied to short axis MR cardiac image set, which are obtained by Siemens, Medinus, and GE MRI Systems. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm can extract acceptable epicardial and endocardial walls. We calculate quantitative parameters from the segmented results, which are displayed graphically. The segmented left vents role is visualized volumetrically by surface rendering. The proposed algorithm is implemented on Windows environment using Visual C ++.
Comparison of Digital Filters with Wavelet Multiresolution Filter for Electrogastrogram
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 109~117
Electrogastrography(EGG) is a noninvasive method for measuring gastric electrical activity on the abdomen resulting from gastric muscle. EGG signals have a very low frequency range (0.0083 ~0.15 Hz) and extremely low amplitude(10~100 uV). Consequently, EGG signal is easily influenced by other noises. Both finite impulse response(FIR) and infinite impulse response (IIR) filters need high orders or have phase distortions for passing very narrow bandwidth of the EGG signal. In this study, we decomposed EGG signals using a wavelet multiresolution method with Daubechies mother wavelet. The EGG signals were decomposed to seven levels. We reconstructed signal by summing the decomposed signals from level four to seven. To evaluate the performance of the wavelet multiresolution filter(WMF) with simulated EGG signal using two kinds of FIR and four kinds of IIR filters., we used two indices; signal to noise ratio(SNR) and reconstruction squared error(RSE). The SNR of WMF had 9.5, 6.9, and 4.7 dB bigger than that of the other filters at different noise levels, respectively. Also, The RSE of WMF had
smaller than that of the other filters at different noise levels, respectively. The WMF performed better in the SNR and RSE than two kinds of FIR and four kinds of IIR filters
Behavior Analysis of the Treated Femur and Design of Composite Hip Prosthesis
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 119~130
The nonlinear finite element program has been developed to analyze the design performance of an artificial hip prosthesis and long term behavior of a treated femur with stems made of composite material after cementless total hip arthroplasty(THA). The authors developed the three dimentional FEM models of femoral bone with designed composite stem which was taken with elliptic cross section of 816 brick elements under hip contact load and muscle farce in simulating single leg stand. Using the program, density changes, stress distributions and micromotions of the material femoral bone were evaluated by changing fiber orientation of stems for selected manufacturing method such as plate cut and bend mold. The results showed that the composite materials such as AS4/PEEK and T300/976 gave less bone resorption than the metallic material such as cobalt chrome alloy, titanium alloy and stainless steal. It was found that increasing the long term stability of the prosthesis in the femur could be obtained by selecting the appropriate ply orientation and stacking sequence of composite.
Design and Implementation of the Web-based Monitoring System for an Artificial Heart
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 131~137
The remote monitoring system including hemodynamic information and pump status of the implanted animal could be helpful during the in vivo experiment or clinical trial for an artificial heart Implantation. In order to monitor the course of the in vivo experiment continuously and anywhere, web-based remote monitoring system was developed, which can monitor pressures(AoP, LAP, RAP, PAP) and flow information as well as the pump operating conditions. The system consists of data sending, storing viewer part. The data sending part was constructed using component object model and the viewer part was constructed using the Java applet. In addition, the dialog box was introduced to communicate earth other instantly and the alarming function was also introduced when the hemodynamic values were out of the desired ranges. The developed remote monitoring system was applied during the in vivo experiment of the BVAD (Bi-ventricular Assist Device) implantation for 1 month and showed designed work without failure.
Effects of Additives on Dental Composite Resins
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 139~145
Bis-GMA, 2.2-bis[p(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloyloxypropokyl)phenyl]Propane, is an essential component as a multifunctional methacrylate prepolymer in the light-curable polymeric dental composite resins. Two hydroxyl groups of the Bis-GMA molecule are considered to induce water sorption of the photocured composite resin in a mouth, resulting in gradual long-term deterioration of aesthetics and mechanical properties of the composite resins. In this study, some additives such as light stabilizer and antioxidant were added to composite resins to promote durability and storage stability of the last product. First of all, color change increased as a light stabilizer. Tinuvin P, was added to the composed resins and color stability was improved as an antioxidant, Irganox 245, was added to ones. In addition, when Tinuvin P and Irganox 245 were added together to the composed resins. the color stability was enhanced and mechanical properties such as diametral tensile strength before and after acceleration tests were also not greatly decreased. Therefore, when 0.5 weight Percent of Tinuvin P and 0.1 weight percent of Irganox 245 were added together to dental composite resins. the durability and color stability were enhanced, and furthermore the storage stability was also improved for the composed resins.
Tissue Engineered Cartilage Formation on Various PLGA Scaffolds
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 147~153
The purpose of this study was to evacuate the effect of different types of Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) scaffolds on the formation of human auricular and septal cartilages. All of the scaffolds were formed in a tubular shape for potential application for artificial trachea or esophagus with either 110,000 g/mol PLGA. 220,000 g/mol PLGA. or a combination of both. In order to maintain the tubular shape in vivo, two methods were used. One method was inserting polyethylene tube at the center of scaffolds made of 110,000 g/mol PLGA. The other method involved combination of the two different molecular weight PLGA's. The inner surface of tubular shaped scaffold made with 110,000 g/mol PLGA was coated with 220,000 9/mol PLGA to give more mechanical rigidity. Elastic cartilage was taken from the ear of a patient aged under 20 nears old and hyaline cartilage was taken from the nasal septum. The chondrocytes were then isolated. After second passage, the chondrocytes were seeded on the PLGA scaffolds followed by in vitro culture for one week. The cells-PLGA scaffold complex were implanted subcutaneously on the back of nude mice for 8 weeks. The tissue engineered cartilages were separated from nude mice and examined histologically after staining with the Hematoxylin Eosin. The morphology of the scaffolds were examined by scanning electron microscopy. The pores were well formed and uniformly distributed in the various PLGA scaffolds. After 8 weeks in vivo culture, cartilage was well formed with 110,000 g/mol PLGA. however lumen had collapsed. In contrast. a minimal amount of neocartilage was formed with 220,000 g/mol PLGA, while the architecture of scaffold and lumen were well preserved. Elastic cartilage formed more neocartilage than hyaline. Hyaline and elastic neocartilage were well formed on 110,000 g/mol PLGA with the polyethylene tube, exhibiting mature chondrocytes and preservation of the tubular shape. It was found that 110,000 g/mol PLGA was more appropriate for cartilage formation but higher molecular weight polymer was necessary to maintain the three dimensional shape of the scaffold.
University Virtual Environment for Attention Enhancement
Kang, Dong-Ju ; Kim, Sun-I. ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 155~163
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) is a childhood syndrome characterized by short attention span. impulsiveness, and hyperactivity, which often leadㄴ to learning disabilities and various behavioral problems. For the treatment of ADHD, medication and cognitive-behavior therapy is applied in recent yearn Although psycho-stimulant medication has been widely used for many rears. current findings suggest that, as the sole treatment for ADHD, it is an inadequate form of intervention in that parents don't want their child to use drug and the effects are limited to the period in which the drugs are physiologically active. On the other hand, EEG biofeedback treatment studies for ADHD have reported promising results not only in significant reductions in hyperactive, inattentive, and disruptive behaviors, but also improvements in academic performance and IQ scores. However it is too boring for children to finish the whole treatment. The recent increase in computer usage in medicine and rehabilitation has changed the way health care is delivered. Virtual Reality technology provides specific stimuli that can be used in removing distractions and providing environments that get the subjects'attention and increasing their ability to concentrate. VR technology can hold a patient's attention for a longer period of time than other methods can, because VR is immersive, interactive and imaginal. Based on these aspects, we developed Attention Enhancement System (AES) using VR technology, EEG biofeedback, and cognitive training method for enhancing attention and made a clinical trial to people who have attention difficulty and behavioral problems.
Quantitative Analysis for the Effect of Sensory Information on the Motor
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 165~170
The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of different sensory information on the motor function which is resulted from visual stimuli. Particularly, it was focused on the effect of complementary color stimuli on reaction time. Twenty volunteers(10 men & 10 women), between the age of 20 and 25 yearn participated in this experiment. Experiments were carried out in a light & sound-attenuated chamber, and the overall system consisted of a PC. interface card. LEDs. key board switch, and display panel. Although many measurements of sensory-motor integration has been studied the quantitative analysis of sensory-motor integration has not been developed well. Quantitative analyses were performed to investigate the effect of the different sensory information on the arm motor system in the point of view sensory-motor integration. The result showed that the reaction time for visual stimuli of complementary colors was faster than that under same color environments : and, in same color environments and the reaction speed was varied inversely with respect to the magnitude of the light wavelength.