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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Medical and Biological Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Nov 2002
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Volume 24, Issue 6 - 00 2002
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Measurement and Analysis of Image Brightness in Fiber-optic Imageguide for Ultrathin Endoscope
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 4, 2002, Pages 263~268
The image quality of imageguide depends on the structure, material, length of microfibers and the phenomena such as cross-talk and leaky ray between adjacent fibers. These Parameters should be considered as important factors in the image transmission qualify of fibers. However it is considered to be very difficult to assess all the parameters in a consistent way Therefore. two image characteristics, image resolution and image brightness are measured and analyzed to determine the image quality of imageguide. But the exact methods to measure two image characteristics of imageguide are not reported. In this study, the image brightness of imageguide for ultrathin endoscope is determined by measuring of the numerical aperture. the packing fraction and the attenuated power ratio of imageguide. Especially it is possible to obtain more exact results from measuring the numerical aperture of whole image guide than those from theoretical calculation of the single microfiber in an image guide. The image brightness of the image guide which has
microfibers is about 37% less than that with
Numerical Analysis of Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Current Density Imaging (MRCDI)
B.I. Lee ; S.H. Oh ; E.J. Woo ; G. Khang ; S.Y. Lee ; M.H. Cho ; O. Kwon ; J.R. Yoon ; J.K. Seo ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 4, 2002, Pages 269~279
When we inject a current into an electrically conducting subject such as a human body, voltage and current density distributions are formed inside the subject. The current density within the subject and injection current in the lead wires generate a magnetic field. This magnetic flux density within the subject distorts phase of spin-echo magnetic resonance images. In Magnetic Resonance Current Density Imaging (MRCDI) technique, we obtain internal magnetic flux density images and produce current density images from
. This internal information is used in Magnetic Resonance Electrical Impedance Tomography (MREIT) where we try to reconstruct a cross-sectional resistivity image of a subject. This paper describes numerical techniques of computing voltage. current density, and magnetic flux density within a subject due to an injection current. We use the Finite Element Method (FEM) and Biot-Savart law to calculate these variables from three-dimensional models with different internal resistivity distributions. The numerical analysis techniques described in this paper are used in the design of MRCDI experiments and also image reconstruction a1gorithms for MREIT.
A Numerical Analysis on the Hemodynamic Characteristics in Elastic Blood Vessel with Stenosis
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 4, 2002, Pages 281~286
In this study, blood flow in a carotid artery supplying blood to the human's brain has been numerically simulated to find out how the blood flow affects the genesis and the growth of atherosclerosis and arterial thrombosis. Velocity Profiles and hemodynamic parameters have been investigated for the carotid arteries with three different stenoses under physiological flow condition. Blood has been treated as Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluid. To model the shear thinning properties of blood for non-Newtonian fluid, the Carreau-Yasuda model has been employed. The result shows that the wall shear stress(WSS) increases with the development of stenosis and that the wall shear stress in Newtonian fluid is highly evaluated compared with that in non-Newtonian Fluid. Oscillatory shear index has been employed to identify the time-averaged reattachment point and this point is located farther from the stenosis for Newtonian fluid than for non-Newtonian fluid The wall shear stress gradient(WSSG) along the wall has been estimated to be very high around the stenosis region when stenosis is developed much and the WSSG peak value of Newtonian fluid is higher than that of non-Newtonian fluid.
Magnetic Nerve Stimulation Coils with Magnetic Mirror Effect
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 4, 2002, Pages 287~293
For non-contact nerve stimulations using time varying magnetic field, high amplitude current pulses have to be applied to a magnetic nerve stimulation coil. To increase the magnetic stimulation frequency we have to increase both power supply capacity and cooling capacity of the magnetic nerve stimulator. To alleviate these problems. we propose a new magnetic nerve stimulation coil design methods. Utilizing magnetic mirror effect of a ferro-magnetic plate attached to a magnetic stimulation coil. we have improved efficiency of the stimulation coil. We have analyzed magnetic mirror effect for various kinds of stimulation coils using the finite element method, and we present experimental results obtained with several kinds of stimulation coils.
Oxygen Transport in Axisymmetric Thrombosed Aneurysm
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 4, 2002, Pages 295~300
Localized hypoxia, due to the diminished
supply, is reported to cause necrosis of the arterial cell and to significantly decrease resistances to physiologic distending pressures. In the present study, in order to understand the mechanism of localized hypoxia which might result in the rupture of the aneurysm.
transport phenomena across intraluminal thrombus in axisymmetric aneurysms under steady laminar flow condition were numerically analyzed using the Fick's law and the analogy with the fluid-solid heat transfer. For computational models, varying the thickness of intraluminal thrombus, numerical results showed that for the axisymmetric aneurysm with intraluminal thrombus.
concentration became minimal at the aneurysm wall. With increased thickness of the intraluminal thrombus in the aneurysm. regions of low
concentration were widely distributed near the aneurysm wall, which resulted in the possibility of localized hypoxia. The present study verifis that intraluminal thrombus influences
transport to the aneurysm wall. depending on its size and structure.
Audio Stress Effect on Visual ERP Stimulated by 3-dimensional Environment
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 4, 2002, Pages 301~308
This research was performed to analyze quantitatively how spiritual stress affects some ERPs on human through sight stimulus after the settlement of visual and auditory integration environment in three dimension space. We measured ERPs in the normal state and spiritual stress sessions separately. The subjects were 10 normal men and women and vital signs was recorded from Fpl, Fz, Cz, Pz, O1, O2's scalps. The experiment was done in isolated room where electro-magnetic effect do not affect. The result showed that P300's amplitude was a little higher under stress session and latent period in this resulted in longer time. We recorded through voltage variation the activity of brain which is in charge of human's perception. cognition, process of action and evaluated the effect of spiritual stress. We expected that the result of this research can be used to evaluate the malfunction of brain.
The Effect of Compliance Structures Near the Mechanical Heart Valve on Valve Surface Erosion
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 4, 2002, Pages 309~315
Since the discovery, in the 1980s, of erosion-pit-induced fractures in implanted mechanical heart valves. cavitation on the surface of mechanical heart valves has been widely studied as a possible cause of pitting. Several factors, including peak dp/dt of the ventricular pressure. maximum closing velocity of the leaflet, and squeeze flow. have been studied as indices of the cavitation threshold. In the present study. cavitation erosion on the surface of a mechanical valve was examined by focusing on squeeze flow and the water hammer phenomenon during the closing period of the valve. In this study, we measures pressure wave forms near a valve and closing velocities of a disk, which were placed in a holder with and without compliance. In case of all holders, pressure drop of below vapor pressure expect at near the surface disk. It was also found that the closing velocity of the disk increased and that cavitation erosion was enhanced too. These results suggest that disk closing velocity during the closing phase has signifiant effects on pitting erosion.
Development of the External Fixator for a Bone Fracture
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 4, 2002, Pages 317~322
In this paper, the problems of the external fixator that have developed for a distal radius fracture so far are analyzed, and accordingly, the characterizations, which must have a prototype, are arranged. C-Arm is used. This instrument makes it possible for the real play of the internal body by x-ray permeability. From this data. it is possible to induce important design factors Finally. a basic mechanism, which has to be applied, is decided, and the Solid Edge program, which uses a 3-D design tool, completes then total instrument design.
Single use Automatic Lancet to Minimize Pain During Skin Puncture
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 4, 2002, Pages 323~327
Chronic diabetic patients need to sample capillary blood for monitoring and controlling the blood sugar level. Frequent sampling requires to minimize pain during skin puncture. The present study developed mechanisms to minimize pain with effective sampling procedure. which consisted of tapered spring, guiding tunnel, and 30G needle Penetration depth was limited to within 2mm for pain reduction as well as for safety. Simple no-reuse mechanism also prevented the cross-patient and secondary infection possibility. Clinical experiments demonstrated the best convenience and safety with minimal pain in the diabetes, normal, and nursing students groups. Sing1e blood sampling was enough for successful blood sugar test by portable analyzer. The present sing1e use auto-lancet should be of great convenience in frequent capillary blood sampling for the diabetes.
The Role of Slow Inhibitory Neurons in a Stochastic Neural Network Model with IF Neurons
C.J. Park ; In Sun Shin ; Kwang Suk Park ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 23, issue 4, 2002, Pages 329~332
We have investigated the role of slow inhibitory neurons in spontaneous activity using a model network controlled by stochastic mean field theory based on Integrated-and-Fire excitatory and fast inhibitory neurons. It is found that inputting slow inhibitory neurons to such network induces stable spontaneous activity at a much lower threshold than without slow inhibitory neurons in the network. This threshold range is low enough to be considered as biological threshold of cortical neurons. Only slow inhibitory neurons can give adjustable negative feedback in the network keeping lower rate and lower threshold.