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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Medical and Biological Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
A Novel Automatic Algorithm for Selecting a Target Brain using a Simple Structure Analysis in Talairach Coordinate System
Koo B.B. ; Lee Jong-Min ; Kim June Sic ; Kim In Young ; Kim Sun I. ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 129~132
It is one of the most important issues to determine a target brain image that gives a common coordinate system for a constructing population-based brain atlas. The purpose of this study is to provide a simple and reliable procedure that determines the target brain image among the group based on the inherent structural information of three-dimensional magnetic resonance (MR) images. It uses only 11 lines defined automatically as a feature vector representing structural variations based on the Talairach coordinate system. Average characteristic vector of the group and the difference vectors of each one from the average vector were obtained. Finally, the individual data that had the minimum difference vector was determined as the target. We determined the target brain image by both our algorithm and conventional visual inspection for 20 healthy young volunteers. Eighteen fiducial points were marked independently for each data to evaluate the similarity. Target brain image obtained by our algorithm showed the best result, and the visual inspection determined the second one. We concluded that our method could be used to determine an appropriate target brain image in constructing brain atlases such as disease-specific ones.
A New Ocular Torsion Measurement Method Using Iterative Optical Flow
Lee InBum ; Choi ByungHun ; Kim SangSik ; Park Kwang Suk ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 133~138
This paper presents a new method for measuring ocular torsion using the optical flow. Images of the iris were cropped and transformed into rectangular images that were orientation invariant. Feature points of the iris region were selected from a reference and a target image, and the shift of each feature was calculated using the iterative Lucas-Kanade method. The feature points were selected according to the strength of the corners on the iris image. The accuracy of the algorithm was tested using printed eye images. In these images, torsion was measured with
precision. The proposed method shows robustness even with the gaze directional changes and pupillary reflex environment of real-time processing.
Design of Implantable Microphone for Artificial Middle Ear System
Kim Min-Kyu ; Lim Hyung-Gyu ; Yoon Young-Ho ; Lee Jyung-Hyun ; Park Il-Yong ; Song Byung-Seop ; Kim Myoung-Nam ; Cho Jin-Ho ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 139~144
An implantable microphone that can be utilized as part of a totally implantable hearing aid is designed and implemented. The proposed microphone is implanted in the center of the pinna, and designed to ensure the speech frequency range and the appropriate sensitivity. The characteristics of the proposed microphone are evaluated using a finite element analysis (FEA). The microphone is composed of a small electric condenser microphone, titanium case 6.2mm in diameter and 3mm high, and
SUS316L vibrating membrane in contact with hypodermic tissue to maintain the sensitivity of the microphone. The microphone components are all made of biocompatible materials, then the assembled microphone is hermetically sealed using a polymer and ceramic. Experiments with the fabricated microphone confirm an operational bandwidth of up to 5kHz without any decline of sensitivity in 6mm of hypodermic tissue.
Development of a Portable Gait Phase Detection System for Patients with Gait Disorders
Ahn Seung Chan ; Hwang Sung Jae ; Kang Sung Jae ; Kim Young Ho ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 145~150
A new gait detection system using both FSR (force sensing resistor) sensors and a gyrosensor was developed to detect various gait patterns. FSR sensors were put in self-designed shoe insoles and a gyrosensor was attached to the heel of a shoe. An algorithm was also developed to determine eight different gait transitions during four gait phases: heel-strike, foot-flat, heel-off and swing. The developed system was evaluated from nine heathy mans and twelve hemiplegic patients. Healthy volunteers were asked to walk in various gait patterns: level walking, fore-foot walking and stair walking. Only the level walking was performed in hemiplegic patients. The gait detection system was compared with a optical motion analysis system and the outputs of the FSR sensors. In healthy subjects, the developed system detected successfully more than
for both level walking and fore-foot walking. For stair walking, the successful detection rate of the system was above
. In hemiplegic patients, the developed system detected approximately 98% of gait transitions. The developed gait phase detection system will be helpful not only to determine pathological gait phases but also to apply prosthetics, orthotics and functional electrical stimulation for patients with various gait disorders.
Change in Kinematics of the Spine after Insertion of an Interspinous Spacer for the Treatment of the Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Lee H. S. ; Moon S. J. ; Kwon S. Y. ; Jung T. G. ; Shin K. C. ; Lee K. Y. ; Lee S. J. ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 151~155
Interspinous spacers have been developed as an alternative surgical treatment for laminectomy or fusion with pedicle screws and rods for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. However, its biomedical efficacies are well not known. In this study, we evaluated kinematic behaviors of the surgical and the adjacent levels before and after inserting interspinous spacers. Three porcine lumbar spines were prepared. On each specimen, an interspinous spacer was inserted at the L4-L5. Flexion-extension moments (0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, 10Nm) were applied. A stereophotogrammetric set-up with DLT algorithm was used to assess the three-dimensional motions of the specimen where three markers
were attached to each vertebra. Results showed that extension motion decreased by
at the surgical level (L4-L5) after insertion of interspinous spacer. At the adjacent levels, the range of motion remained unchanged. In flexion, no significant changes in motion were observed regardless of levels. Therefore, our experimental results demonstrated the interspinous spacer is very effective in limiting the extension motion that may cause narrowing of the spinal canal and vertebral foramen while maintaining kinematic behaviors at the adjacent levels. Further, these results suggested that the use of interspinous spacer may be able to prevent lower back pain at the surgical level and to lower the incidence of degenerative changes at the adjacent levels.
A Numerical Study on the Effects of Drug Ejection Velocity on Endovascular Thrombolysis
Jeong Woo Won ; Rhee Kyehan ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 157~161
Direct injection of a fibrinolytic agent to the intraarterial thrombosis may increase the effectiveness of thrombolysis by enhancing the permeation of thrombolytic agents into the blood clot. Permeation of fibrinolytic agents into a clot is influenced by the surface pressure, which is determined by the injection velocity of fibrinolytic agents. In order to calculate the pressure distribution on the clot surface for different jet velocities (1, 3, 5 m/sec) and nozzle arrangements (1, 9, 17 nozzles), computational fluid dynamic methods were used. Thrombolysis of a clot was mathematically modeled based on the pressure and lysis front velocity relationship. Direct injection of a thrombolytic agent increased the speed of thrombolysis significantly and the effectiveness was increased as the ejecting velocity increased. The nine nozzles model showed about
increase of the lysed volume, and the one and seventeen nozzles models did not show significant differences. The wall shear stress decreased as the number of nozzles increased, and the wall shear stress in most vessel wall was lower than 25 Pa. The results implied that thrombolysis could be accelerated by direct injection of a drug with the moderate velocity without damaging the blood vessel wall.
Design Criteria to Miniaturize the Single Use Functional Respiratory Air Flow Tube
Kim Kyung Ah ; Lee Tae Soo ; Cha Eun Jong ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 163~169
Respiratory tubes with a length of 35mm and diameters of 10, 15, and 20mm were made for experimental purpose, and both the static
pressures were simultaneously measured for steady flow rates ranging 1-12//sec. Least squares analysis resulted successful fitting of
data with quadratic equations with correlation coefficients higher than 0.99(P<0.0001). The spirometric measurement standards of the American Thoracic Society(ATS) were applied to
data, which demonstrated the smallest tube diameter of 15mm to satisfy the ATS standards. The maximum
value of the velocity type transducer(the functional single use respiratory air flow tube) with the diameter of 15mm was estimated to be approximately
, implying more than 7 times larger sensitivity than the widely used pneumotachometers. These results showed that the velocity type respiratory air flow transducer is a unique device accomplishing miniaturization with the sensitivity increased, thus would be of great advantage to develop portable medical devices.
Automatic Liver Segmentation of a Contrast Enhanced CT Image Using an Improved Partial Histogram Threshold Algorithm
Seo Kyung-Sik ; Park Seung-Jin ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 171~176
This paper proposes an automatic liver segmentation method using improved partial histogram threshold (PHT) algorithms. This method removes neighboring abdominal organs regardless of random pixel variation of contrast enhanced CT images. Adaptive multi-modal threshold is first performed to extract a region of interest (ROI). A left PHT (LPHT) algorithm is processed to remove the pancreas, spleen, and left kidney. Then a right PHT (RPHT) algorithm is performed for eliminating the right kidney from the ROI. Finally, binary morphological filtering is processed for removing of unnecessary objects and smoothing of the ROI boundary. Ten CT slices of six patients (60 slices) were selected to evaluate the proposed method. As evaluation measures, an average normalized area and area error rate were used. From the experimental results, the proposed automatic liver segmentation method has strong similarity performance as the MSM by medical Doctor.
A New Hearing Aid Algorithm for Speech Discrimination using ICA and Multi-band Loudness Compensation
Lee Sangmin ; Won Jong Ho ; Park Hyung Min ; Hong Sung Hwa ; Kim In Young ; Kim Sun I. ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 177~184
In this paper, we proposed a new hearing aid algorithm to improve SNR(signal to noise ratio) of noisy speech signal and speech perception. The proposed hearing aid algorithm is a multi-band loudness compensation based independent component analysis (ICA). The proposed algorithm was compared with a conventional spectral subtraction algorithm on behind-the-ear type hearing aid. The proposed algorithm successfully separated a target speech signal from background noise and from a mixture of the speech signals. The algorithms were compared each other by means of SNR. The average improvement of SNR by ICA based algorithm was 16.64dB, whereas spectral subtraction algorithm was 8.67dB. From the clinical tests, we concluded that our proposed algorithm would help hearing aid user to hear clearly a target speech in noisy conditions.