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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Medical and Biological Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Estimation of Continuous Blood Pressure using PIT and Biometric Parameters
Park Eun-Kyoung ; Cho Baek-Hwan ; Park Sang-Hae ; Lee Jong-Youn ; Hwang Hwan-Sik ; Park Hun-Ki ; Lee Jong-Shill ; Kim In-Young ; Kim Sun-I ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 27, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~5
In this paper, we propose a subject-independent regression model to estimate systolic blood pressures (SBP) conveniently and continuously. There have been several researches on estimating SBP with pulse transit time (PTT) and they showed promising results. However, previous studies used only PTT as the estimation parameter, and their models were generated with just one person's PTT data which is not applicable to estimating other person's SBP. Therefore, we collected several additional biometric parameters with 202 healthy subjects. After statistical analysis of measured biometric parameters with SBP, we chose final estimating parameters including PTT to generate a multiple linear regression model for estimating SBP. Comparing the results of our study with approvable standards of automated sphygmomanometers developed by Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation and approved by American National Standards Institute (ANSI/AAMI) indicates that our proposed method for continuously blood pressures monitoring gives an acceptable error.
Fast Volume Visualization Techniques for Ultrasound Data
Kwon Koo-Joo ; Shin Byeong-Seok ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 27, issue 1, 2006, Pages 6~13
Ultrasound visualization is a typical diagnosis method to examine organs, soft tissues and fetus data. It is difficult to visualize ultrasound data because the quality of the data might be degraded by artifact and speckle noise, and gathered with non-linear sampling. Rendering speed is too slow since we can not use additional data structures or procedures in rendering stage. In this paper, we use several visualization methods for fast rendering of ultrasound data. First method, denoted as adaptive ray sampling, is to reduce the number of samples by adjusting sampling interval in empty space. Secondly, we use early ray termination scheme with sufficiently wide sampling interval and low threshold value of opacity during color compositing. Lastly, we use bilinear interpolation instead of trilinear interpolation for sampling in transparent region. We conclude that our method reduces the rendering time without loss of image quality in comparison to the conventional methods.
A Study on the Seamless Monitoring over the Wireless LAN and the Public Cellular Network for a Portable Patient Monitoring System
Kim Woo-Shik ; Cho Hyang-Duck ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 27, issue 1, 2006, Pages 14~21
As information technologies are developing, the improvement of the quality of life becomes worldwide issues. Especially, to improve the quality of life of a patient suffering intermittent diseases, in addition to the some portable equipments for measuring, analyzing, and notifying the status of the patients, methods of communication for seamless transmission of the measured data over to the remote site, such as an emergency center or a hospital, are required. In this paper, we address a seamless transmission of patient monitoring data such as ECG from a moving patient to a remote site, wherever the patient may be. We divide the whole environments into two wireless communication environments: an indoor one based on WLAN and an outdoor one based on CDMA cellular network in which the patient is assumed to move anywhere. We develop algorithms, implement them on a PDA-based hardware platform, and show some of the results for handover between the two environments in addition to the data transmission for each of the two environments.
An Efficient Focusing Method for High Resolution Ultrasound Imaging
Kim Kang-Sik ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 27, issue 1, 2006, Pages 22~29
This paper proposes an efficient array beamforming method using spatial matched filtering for ultrasound imaging. In the proposed method, ultrasound waves are transmitted from an array subaperture with fixed transmit focus as in conventional array imaging. At receive, radio frequency (RF) echo signals from each receive channel are passed through a spatial matched filter that is constructed based on the system transmit-receive spatial impulse response. The filtered echo signals are then summed. The filter remaps and spatially registers the acoustic energy from each element so that the pulse-echo impulse response of the summed output is focused with acceptably low side lobes. Analytical beam pattern analysis and simulation results using a linear array show that the proposed spatial filtering method can provide more improved spatial resolution and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) compared with conventional dynamic receive focusing (DRF) method by implementing two-way dynamically focused beam pattern throughout the field.
Improved Current Source Design to Measure Induced Magnetic Flux Density Distributions in MREIT
Oh Tong-In ; Cho Young ; Hwang Yeon-Kyung ; Oh Suk-Hoon ; Woo Eung-Je ; Lee Soo-Yeol ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 27, issue 1, 2006, Pages 30~37
Injecting currents into an electrically conducting subject, we may measure the induced magnetic flux density distributions using an MRI scanner. The measured data are utilized to reconstruct cross-sectional images of internal conductivity and current density distributions in Magnetic Resonance Electrical Impedance Tomography (MREIT). Injection currents are usually provided in a form of mono-polar or bi-polar pulses synchronized with an MR pulse sequence. Given an MRI scanner performing the MR phase imaging to extract the induced magnetic flux density data, the current source becomes one of the key parts determining the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the measured data. Since this SNR is crucial in determining the quality of reconstructed MREIT images, special care must be given in the design and implementation of the current source. This paper describes a current source design for MREIT with features including interleaved current injection, arbitrary current waveform, electrode switching to discharge any stored charge from previous current injections, optical isolation from an MR spectrometer and PC, precise current injection timing control synchronized with any MR pulse sequence, and versatile PC control program. The performance of the current source was verified using a 3T MRI scanner and saline phantoms.