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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Medical and Biological Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
A Study of Design of Hollow Fiber Membrane Modules for using in Artificial Lung by the PZT Actuator
Kim, Gi-Beum ; Kim, Seong-Jong ; Hong, Chul-Un ; Lee, Yong-Chul ; Kim, Min-Ho ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 143~153
The purpose of this work was to assess and quantify the beneficial effects of gas exchange, while testingto the various frequencies of the sinusoidal wave that was excited by the PZT actuator, for patients suffering from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or chronic respiratory problems. Also, this paper considered a simulator to design a hollow type artificial lung, and a mathematical model was used to predict a behavior of blood. This simulation was carried out according to the Montecarno's simulation method, anda fourth order Runge-Kutta method was used to solve the equation. The experimental design and procedure are then applied to the construction of a new device to assess the effectiveness of the membrane vibrations. As a result, the vibration method is very effective in the increase of gas transport. The gas exchange efficiency for the vibrating intravascular lung assist device can be increased by emphasizing the following design features: consistent and reproducible fiber geometry, and most importantly, an active means of enhancing convective mixing of water around the hollow fiber membranes. The experimental results showed the effective performance of the vibrating intravascular lung assist device. Also, we concluded that important design parameters were blood flow rates, fiber outer diameter and oxygen pressure drop. Based on the present results, it was believed that the optimal level of blood flow rates was 200
A Low-noise Multichannel Magnetocardiogram System for the Diagnosis of Heart Electric Activity
Lee, Yong-Ho ; Kim, Ki-Woong ; Kim, Jin-Mok ; Kwon, Hyuk-Chan ; Yu, Kwon-Kyu ; Kim, In-Seon ; Park, Yong-Ki ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 154~163
A 64-channel magnetocardiogram (MCG) system using low-noise superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) planar gradiometers was developed for the measurements of cardiac magnetic fields generated by the heart electric activity. Owing to high flux-to-voltage transfers of double relaxation oscillation SQUID (DROS) sensors, the flux-locked loop electronics for SQUID operation could be made simpler than that of conventional DC SQUIDs, and the SQUID control was done automatically through a fiber-optic cable. The pickup coils are first-order planar gradiometers with a baseline of 4 em. The insert has 64 planar gradiometers as the sensing channels and were arranged to measure MCG field components tangential to the chest surface. When the 64-channel insert was in operation everyday, the average boil-off rate of the dewar was 3.6 Lid. The noise spectrum of the SQUID planar gradiometer system was about 5 fT
Hz at 100 Hz, operated inside a moderately shielded room. The MCG measurements were done at a sampling rate of 500 Hz or 1 kHz, and realtime display of MCG traces and heart rate were displayed. After the acquisition, magnetic field mapping and current mapping could be done. From the magnetic and current information, parameters for the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia were evaluated to be compared with other diagnostic methods.
Performance Enhancement of Ultrasonic Sensitivity by Improving the Transmitter Circuit
Lee, Cheul-Won ; Kim, Young-Kil ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 164~169
We have developed the spirometer system; many patients having weak respiration have difficulties in using conventional spirometers in hospitals, because their weak breath can be affected by the errors of inertia and instrumental pressure. We have developed a new ultrasound spirometer using an ARM 920T processor. To detect weak respiratory signals, we add a comparator circuit, which can afford more information of respiration characteristics such as respiration volume, directions, and velocities. We have also developed Gill for graphical display of respiration characteristics. Through the pilot test, it has been verified that the developed spirometer is operating reliably.
An Extensive Analysis of High-density Electroencephalogram during Semantic Decision of Visually Presented Words
Kim, Kyung-Hwan ; Kim, Ja-Hyun ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 170~179
The purpose of this study was to investigate the spatiotemporal cortical activation pattern and functional connectivity during visual perception of words. 61 channel recordings of electroencephalogram were obtained from 15 subjects while they were judging the meaning of Korean, English, and Chinese words with concrete meanings. We examined event-related potentials (ERP) and applied independent component analysis (ICA) to find and separate simultaneously activated neural sources. Spectral analysis was also performed to investigate the gamma-band activity (GBA, 30-50 Hz) which is known to reflect feature binding. Five significant ERP components were identified and left hemispheric dominance was observed for most sites. Meaningful differences of amplitudes and latencies among languages were observed. It seemed that familiarity with each language and orthographic characteristics affected the characteristics of ERP components. ICA helped confirm several prominent sources corresponding to some ERP components. The results of spectral and time-frequency analyses showed distinct GBAs at prefrontal, frontal, and temporal sites. The GBAs at prefrontal and temporal sites were significantly correlated with the LPC amplitude and response time. The differences in spatiotemporal patterns of GBA among languages were not prominent compared to the inter-individual differences. The gamma-band coherence revealed short-range connectivity within frontal region and long-range connectivity between frontal, posterior, and temporal sites.
Design of Bristle Shapes using 3-dimensional Teeth Data for the Periodontally Involved Patients
Kim, Hyun-Jun ; Suh, Myung-Won ; Bae, Jong-Hyun ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 180~188
Bristles for the prosthetic and periodontally involved patients are investigated based on previous studies. Specifically, the ideal location and dimensions of bristles for the patients who were installed with fixed prostheses and severely involved periodontitis were investigated. 3D (Three-Dimensional) scanner was used to develop 3D visual models of bristles and teeth. These models were used for designing the ideal bristles. In the design, the interproximal area of dental arch and bristle must be maximized and the standard teeth may have to be chosen from many gypsum molds. During the design process the factors that influence plaque removal by the bristle were considered.
Trabecular bone Thickness Measurement of Rat Femurs using Zoom-in Micro-tomography and 3D Fuzzy Distance Transform
Park, Jeong-Jin ; Cho, Min-Hyoung ; Lee, Soo-Yeol ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 189~196
Micro computed tomography (micro-CT) has been used for in vivo animal study owing to its noninvasive and high spatial resolution capability. However, the sizes of existing detectors for micro-CT systems are too small to obtain whole-body images of a small animal object with
10 micron resolution and a part of its bones or other organs should be extracted. So, we have introduced the zoom-in micro-tomography technique which can obtain high-resolution images of a local region of an live animal object without extracting samples. In order to verify our zoom-in technique, we performed in vivo animal bone study. We prepared some SD (Sprague-Dawley) rats for making osteoporosis models. They were divided into control and ovariectomized groups. Again, the ovariectomized group is divided into two groups fed with normal food and with calcium-free food. And we took 3D tomographic images of their femurs with 20 micron resolution using our zoom-in tomography technique and observed the bone changes for 12 weeks. We selected ROI (region of interest) of a femur image and applied 2D FDT (fuzzy distance transform) to measure the trabecular bone thickness. The measured results showed obvious bone changes and big differences between control and ovariectomized groups. However, we found that the reliability of the measurement depended on the selection of ROI in a bone image for thickness calculation. So, we extended the method to 3D FDT technique. We selected 3D VOI (volume of interest) in the obtained 3D tomographic images and applied 3D FDT algorithm. The results showed that the 3D technique could give more accurate and reliable measurement.
Implementation of Urinary Incontinence Therapy Device with Wireless Bluetooth Communication
Lee, Seung-Jik ; Kim, Kyung-Ah ; Lee, Tae-Soo ; Kim, Wun-Jae ; Cha, Eun-Jong ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 27, issue 4, 2006, Pages 197~202
Devices in current market to perform electrical stimulation therapy of the urinary incontinence frequent in aging women are very much impractical to us ε due to the wired configuration. The present study implemented new wireless device to enhance self as well as in-hospital therapy with the easiest and the most convenient application. The therapy system consisted of two modules, called 'master' and 'slave', communicating with each other by the wireless Bluetooth protocol. The patient controls therapy processes on the master module in hand, transmitting the required informations to operate the slave module placed within her pants with the viginal electrode connected, delivering appropriate electrical stimulation. Wireless communication enabled self therapy with clothes on, leading to a great convenience for the patient. The stimulation output signal was comparable to commercialized products in both waveform and stimulation capacity.