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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Medical and Biological Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
Automated Pegboard Utilizing RFID System with Multiple Reader Antennas
Choi, Hyun-Ho ; Ryu, Mun-Ho ; Yang, Yoon-Seok ; Shin, Yong-Il ; Kim, Nam-Gyun ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 28, issue 5, 2007, Pages 585~589
This study proposes an automated pegboard utilizing the RFID system with multiple reader antennas for the rehabilitation services and the occupational therapy. The system automates the scoring by detecting the plugging correctness as well as the plugging status. It also aims to increase the patient's interest and the functional intelligence. The system was prototyped and tested for the automatic capability of the scoring the session time and success rate. The proposed system will be served as the typical example for the ubiquitous rehabilitation devices.
Muscle Activities in the Lower Limbs for the Different Movement Patterns on an Unstable Platform
Piao, Yong-Jun ; Choi, Youn-Jung ; Kwon, Tae-Kyu ; Hwang, Ji-Hye ; Kim, Jung-Ja ; Kim, Dong-Wook ; Kim, Nam-Gyun ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 28, issue 5, 2007, Pages 590~600
We performed experimental studies on the muscle activities in the lower limbs for the different movement patterns on an unstable platform. A training system for postural control using an unstable platform that we previously developed was applied for the experiments. This unstable platform provides 360 degrees of movement allowing for training of posture in various directions and provides simultaneous excitations to visual sensory, somatic sensation and vestibular organs. Compare with the stable platform, keeping body balance on the unstable platform requests more effective sensation from vision, vestibular sense and somatic sense. Especially, the somatosensory inputs from the muscle proprioceptors and muscle force are crucial. To study the muscle activities for the different movement patterns and find the best training method for improving the ability of postural control through training and improving the lower extremity muscular strength, fifteen young healthy participants went through trainings and experiments. The participants were instructed to move the center of pressure following the appointed movement pattern while standing on the unstable platform. The electromyographies of the muscles in the lower limbs were recorded and analyzed in the time and the frequency domain. Our experimental results showed the significant differences in muscle activities for the different movement patterns. Especially, the spectral energy of electromyography signals in muscle for the movement pattern in anterior-posterior direction was significantly higher than those occurred in the other patterns. The muscles in the lower leg, especially tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius were more activated compared to the others for controlling the balance of body on the unstable platform. The experimental results suggest that, through the choice of different movement pattern, the training for lower extremity strength could be performed on specific muscles in different intensity. And, the ability of postural control could be improved by the training for lower extremity strength.
An Iterative Spot Matching for 2-Dimensional Protein Separation Images
Kim, Jung-Ja ; Hoang, Minh T. ; Kim, Dong-Wook ; Kim, Nam-Gyun ; Won, Yong-Gwan ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 28, issue 5, 2007, Pages 601~608
2 Dimensional Gel Electrophoresis(2DGE) is an essentialmethodology for analysis on the expression of various proteins. For example, information for the location, mass, expression, size and shape of the proteins obtained by 2DGE can be used for diagnosis, prognosis and biological progress by comparison of patients with the normal persons. Protein spot matching for this purpose is comparative analysis of protein expression pattern for the 2DGE images generated under different conditions. However, visual analysis of protein spots which are more than several hundreds included in a 2DGE image requires long time and heavy effort. Furthermore, geometrical distortion makes the spot matching for the same protein harder. In this paper, an iterative algorithm is introduced for more efficient spot matching. Proposed method is first performing global matching step, which reduces the geometrical difference between the landmarks and the spot to be matched. Thus, movement for a spot is defined by a weighted sum of the movement of the landmark spots. Weight for the summation is defined by the inverse of the distance from the spots to the landmarks. This movement is iteratively performed until the total sum of the difference between the corresponding landmarks is larger than a pre-selected value. Due to local distortion generally occurred in 2DGE images, there are many regions in whichmany spot pairs are miss-matched. In the second stage, the same spot matching algorithm is applied to such local regions with the additional landmarks for those regions. In other words, the same method is applied with the expanded landmark set to which additional landmarks are added. Our proposed algorithm for spot matching empirically proved reliable analysis of protein separation image by producing higher accuracy.
Study on the Improvement of Postural Balance of the Elderly using Virtual Bicycle System
Kwon, Tea-Kyu ; Yoon, Young-Il ; Piao, Yong-Jun ; Kim, Nam-Gyun ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 28, issue 5, 2007, Pages 609~617
In this paper, a new rehabilitation training system was developed to improve equilibrium sense of the elderly by combining virtual reality technology with a fixed exercise bicycle. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the training system, the elderly participated as test subject in the investigation of the influence of different the parameters on postural balance control. We measured three different running modes of virtual bicycle system with two successive sets. The parameters measured were running time, velocity, the weight movement, the degree of the deviation from the road, and the variables about the center of pressure. The repeated training, our results showed that the running capability of the elderly improve compared. In addition, it was found out that the ability of postural control and the equilibrium sense was improved with the presentation of the visual feedback information of the distribution of weight. From the results of this experiment, we showed that our newly developed system might be useful in the diagnosis of equilibrium sense or in the improvement of the sense of sight and, somatic, and vestibular sense of the elderly in the field of rehabilitation training.
Studies on Visual Function Measurements for Building Visual Function Database of the Elderly
Kim, Dong-Wook ; Park, Kwang-Suk ; Kim, Jung-Ja ; Kim, Nam-Gyun ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 28, issue 5, 2007, Pages 618~627
As our society progresses rapidly toward an aged society, there is a stiff increase in the population of the aged persons who have difficulties in adjusting themselves to environments due to declines of their physical functions. Therefore, there is a great need for the concept of 'Universal Design' that demands the design of overall social structure to care for the elderly. Due to this reason, the physical function of the aged persons should thoroughly be studied for the development of rehabilitation and training equipments to help the recovery of physical functions of the elderly. Among the variety of physical functions of the elderly, visual functions, motion characteristics, hearing functions, and somatosensory functions have significant influence toward everyday lives and are physical functions to study for the construction of urgently needed physical function databases of the elderly. This study concentrates on visual functions among the variety of physical functions of the elderly. To measure various visual functions of the elderly, a measurement room for the elderly has been developed, which can mimic everyday lives and perform measurements of visual functions with subjects in seated position. The measurement items for the construction of the database were capabilities in everyday vision according to changes in arrangement of colors and light intensity and capabilities in everyday vision, color distinction, dark adaptation, and light glare against changes in contrast.
The Effect of Human Lower Limb Vibration on Postural Stability during Unstable Posture
Eun, H.I. ; Yu, M. ; Kim, D.W. ; Kwon, T.K. ; Kim, N.G. ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 28, issue 5, 2007, Pages 628~635
We studied the effect of vibratory stimulations of different leg muscles, tibialis anterior(TA) and triceps surae(TS), and plantar zones in ten healthy subjects during 1) quiet standing, 2) forward lean of body, 3) backward lean of body, 4) right lean of body, and 5) left lean of body. The experiments were performed on the force platform. The effect of vibration were measured by monitoring the area of COP(Center of pressure) sway. The subjects wore a vibratory stimulation system on foot and ankles and were given the instruction not to resist against the applied perturbations. The results show that all vibratory stimulations to lower limb muscles and plantar zones reduced the COP sway area. This reduction of the COP sway area occurred also in partial vibratory stimulations during quiet standing. In forward lean of body, vibratory stimulations to TA reduced the COP sway area. During backward lean of body, vibratory stimulations to TS reduced the COP sway area. When the subject was tilted right, vibratory stimulations to left plantar zone reduced the COP sway area. During left lean of body, vibratory stimulations to right plantar zone reduced the COP sway area. Thus, the influence of vibratory stimulations to leg muscle and plantar zones differed significantly depending on the lean of body. We suggest that the vibration stimuli from leg muscles and plantar zones could be selectively used to help maintaining postural balance stable.
Analysis on the Effects of the Lower Extremities Muscle Activation during Muscular Strength Training on an Unstable Platform with Magneto-Rheological Dampers
Choi, Y.J. ; Piao, Y.J. ; Kwon, T.K. ; Kim, D.W. ; Kim, J.J. ; Kim, N.G. ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 28, issue 5, 2007, Pages 636~646
Adequate postural control depends on the spatial and temporal integration of vestibular, visual, and somatosensory information. Especially, the musculoskeletal function is essential to maintain the postural control. The experimental studies was performed on the muscular activities in the lower extremities during maintaining and moving exercises on an unstable platform with Magneto Rheological(MR) dampers. The unstable platform of the developed system was controlled by electric currents to the MR dampers. A subject executed the maintaining and moving exercises which are presented through the display monitor. The electromyographies of the eight muscles in lower extremities were recorded and analyzed in the time and the frequency domain: the muscles of interest were rectus femoris(RF), biceps femoris(BF), tensor fasciae latae(TFL), vastus lateralis(VL), vastus medialis(VM), gastrocnemius(Ga), tibialis anterior(TA), Soleus(So). The experimental results showed that the muscular activities differed in the four moving exercises and the nine maintaining exercises. For the anterior-posterior pattern, the TA showed highest activities; for the left-right pattern, the TFL; for the 45,
pattern, the TFL and TA. Also, the rate of the increase in the muscular activities were affected by the condition of the unstable platform with MR dampers for the maintaining and moving exercises. The experimental results suggest that the choice of different maintaining and moving exercises could selectively train different muscles in various intensity. Futhermore, the findings suggested that the training using this system can improve the ability of postural control.
Effects of Vibratory Stimulus on Postural Balance Control during Standing on a Stable and an Unstable Support
Yu, Mi ; Eun, Hey-In ; Kim, Dong-Wook ; Kwon, Tae-Kyu ; Kim, Nam-Gyun ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 28, issue 5, 2007, Pages 647~656
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of vibratory stimulus as somatosensory inputs on the postural control in human standing. To study these effects, the center of pressure(COP) was observed while subjects were standing on a stable and an unstable support with co-stimulated mechanical vibrations to flexor ankle muscles(tibialis anterior tendon, achilles tendon) and two plantar zones on both foot. The COP sway measurement was repeated twice in four conditions: (1) with visual cue and vibration, (2) without visual cue and vibration, (3) with visual cue and without vibration, (4) without visual cue and with vibration. The calculated parameters were the COP sway area and the distance, the median frequency and the spectral energy of COP sway in three intervals
. The results showed that vibratory stimulus affect postural stability. The reduction rate of the COP sway with vibratory stimulus were higher on the unstable support because the effect of postural stability increases when afferent nervous flow is more activated by vibration on unstable support. If unclear visual or vibratory information is received, one type of information is compared with the other type of sensory information. Then the input balance between visual and vibratory information is corrected to maintain postural stability. These findings are important for the rehabilitation system of postural balance control and the use of vibratory information.
A Remote Medical Treatment System for Stroke Recovery using ZigBee-Based Wireless Brain Stimulator
Yun, H.J. ; Yang, Y.S. ; Ryu, M.H. ; Kim, J.J. ; Kim, N.G. ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 28, issue 5, 2007, Pages 657~664
Stroke patients need regular medical treatments and rehabilitation training from their doctors. However, severe aftereffects caused by stroke allow them minimum activities, which make it difficult for them to visit doctor. Recently, electric brain stimulation treatment has been found to be better way compared to conventional ones and many are interested in using this method for the treatment of stroke. In this study, we have developed a remote medical treatment system using wireless electric brain stimulator that can help the stroke patients to get a treatment without visiting their doctors. The developed remote medical treatment system connects the doctors to the brain stimulator implanted in the patients via the internet and ZigBee communication built in the brain stimulator. Also, the system receives personal information of the connected patients and cumulates the total records of electric stimulation therapy in a database. Doctors can easily access the information for better treatment planning with the help of graphical visualization tools and management software. The developed remote medical treatment system can be applied to the electric stimulation treatments for other brain diseases with a minor change.
An Algorithm for Classification of ST Shape using Reference ST set and Polynomial Approximation
Jeong, Gu-Young ; Yu, Kee-Ho ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 28, issue 5, 2007, Pages 665~675
The morphological change of ECG is the important diagnostic parameter to finding the malfunction of a heart. Generally ST segment deviation is concerned with myocardial abnormality. The aim of this study is to detect the change of ST in shape using a polynomial approximation method and the reference ST type. The developed algorithm consists of feature point detection, ST level detection and ST shape classification. The detection of QRS complex is accomplished using it's the morphological characteristics such as the steep slope and high amplitude. The developed algorithm detects the ST level change, and then classifies the ST shape type using the polynomial approximation. The algorithm finds the least squares curve for the data between S wave and T wave in ECG. This curve is used for the classification of the ST shapes. ST type is classified by comparing the slopes of the specified points between the reference ST set and the least square curve. Through the result from the developed algorithm, we can know when the ST level change occurs and what the ST shape type is.
A Non-invasive Real-time Respiratory Organ Motion Tracking System for Image Guided Radio-Therapy
Kim, Yoon-Jong ; Yoon, Uei-Joong ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 28, issue 5, 2007, Pages 676~683
A non-invasive respiratory gated radiotherapy system like those based on external anatomic motion gives better comfortableness to patients than invasive system on treatment. However, higher correlation between the external and internal anatomic motion is required to increase the effectiveness of non-invasive respiratory gated radiotherapy. Both of invasive and non-invasive methods need to track the internal anatomy with the higher precision and rapid response. Especially, the non-invasive method has more difficulty to track the target position successively because of using only image processing. So we developed the system to track the motion for a non-invasive respiratory gated system to accurately find the dynamic position of internal structures such as the diaphragm and tumor. The respiratory organ motion tracking apparatus consists of an image capture board, a fluoroscopy system and a processing computer. After the image board grabs the motion of internal anatomy through the fluoroscopy system, the computer acquires the organ motion tracking data by image processing without any additional physical markers. The patients breathe freely without any forced breath control and coaching, when this experiment was performed. The developed pattern-recognition software could extract the target motion signal in real-time from the acquired fluoroscopic images. The range of mean deviations between the real and acquired target positions was measured for some sample structures in an anatomical model phantom. The mean and max deviation between the real and acquired positions were less than 1mm and 2mm respectively with the standardized movement using a moving stage and an anatomical model phantom. Under the real human body, the mean and maximum distance of the peak to trough was measured 23.5mm and 55.1mm respectively for 13 patients' diaphragm motion. The acquired respiration profile showed that human expiration period was longer than the inspiration period. The above results could be applied to respiratory-gated radiotherapy.
Analysis on the Blood F1ow, Pressure and Pulsatility of a Dual Pulsatile Extracorporeal Life Support
Choi, Seong-Wook ; Min, Byoung-Goo ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 28, issue 5, 2007, Pages 684~693
Previous trials for development of a pulsatile-Extracorporeal Life Support had some defects such as insufficient blood flow, high pressure at its membrane oxygenator and the high risk of blood cell damage. To solve those problems of previous pulsatile-ECLSs, we suggest dual pulsatile blood pump structure for the new pulsatile-ECLS. Two pulsatile pumps areconnected in a parallel manner and this new structure raises the inflow capacity and efficiency and it decreases the high blood pressure at membrane oxygenator. In in-vitro experiments, The Energy Equivalent Pressure Increment(EEP inc.) was 10%, and it showed that its pulsatilty was
times higher than other commercial ECLS In in-vivo experiments, we had applied a new pulsatile-ECLS to 30 Kg pigs and a new pulsatile-ECLS couldsupport high blood flow and pulsatility above 2 L/min, 10% EEP inc.
Performance Evaluation of Speech Onset Representation Characteristic of Cochlear Implants Speech Processor using Spike Train Decoding
Kim, Doo-Hee ; Kim, Jin-Ho ; Kim, Kyung-Hwan ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 28, issue 5, 2007, Pages 694~702
The adaptation effect originating from the chemical synapse between auditory nerve and inner hair cell gives advantage in accurate representation of temporal cues of incoming speech such as speech onset. Thus it is expected that the modification of conventional speech processing strategies of cochlear implant(CI) by incorporating the adaptation effect will result in considerable improvement of speech perception performance such as consonant perception score. Our purpose in this paper was to evaluate our new CI speech processing strategy incorporating the adaptation effect by the observation of auditory nerve responses. By classifying the presence or absence of speech from the auditory nerve responses, i. e. spike trains, we could quantitatively compare speech onset detection performances of conventional and improved strategies. We could verify the effectiveness of the adaptation effect in improving the speech onset representation characteristics.
The Study of Design and Implementation of RFID Emergency Medical Information System(REMIS)
Hong, Kyu-Seog ; Hwang, Sung-Oh ; Lee, Hyun-Sook ; Yoon, Young-Ro ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 28, issue 5, 2007, Pages 703~712
In this paper, we designed the RFID(Radio Frequency Identification) Emergency Medical Information System(REMIS). This REMIS offers the emergency patient's medical information using RFID and HL7(Health Level 7) to an emergency medical technician. In emergency situation as like coma, if the communication, from the patient's current location to the hospital, is possible, REMIS offer the medical information of the patient through REMIS server to an emergency medical technician. In the state of communication blocked, REMIS can offer the patient identification and the emergency information through RFID tag, which the patient wear, to an emergency medical technician. When this system was designed, the protection of the patient's medical information and their privacy was considered, and the HL7 was used to be compatible with another medical systems. Therefore, in this paper, REMIS was designed that it is always possible to offer the emergency patient's information to an emergency medical technician regardless of any communication status and to improve the emergency rescue process, effectively.