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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Medical and Biological Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 36, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Automatic Detection Algorithm for Snoring and Heart beat Using a Single Piezoelectric Sensor
Urtnasan, Erdenebayar ; Park, Jong-Uk ; Jeong, Pil-Soo ; Lee, Kyoung-Joung ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 143~149
DOI : 10.9718/JBER.2015.36.5.143
In this paper, we proposed a novel method for automatic detection for snoring and heart beat using a single piezoelectric sensor. For this study multi-rate signal processing technique was applied to detect snoring and heart beat from the single source signal. The sound event duration and intensity features were used to snore detection and heart beat was found by autocorrelation. The performance of the proposed method was evaluated on clinical database, which is the nocturnal piezoelectric snoring data of 30 patients that suffered obstructive sleep apnea. The method achieved sensitivity of 88.6%, specificity of 96.1% with accuracy of 95.6% for snoring and sensitivity of 94.1% and positive predictive value of 87.6% for heart beat, respectively. These results suggest that the proposed method can be a useful tool in sleep monitoring and sleep disordered breathing diagnosis.
Effect of the Bean Sprouts Growth by Scanning Frequency of Diagnostic Ultrasound Probe Type and Mode Change
Choi, Kwanyong ; Lim, Hyun Soo ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 150~154
DOI : 10.9718/JBER.2015.36.5.150
Long time ultrasound scan can cause a temperature rise in human tissue and affect the physical body. This is closely connected with patients' safety. So many researchers have been studied on this matter with animals such as mammals and experimental rat, because diagnostic ultrasound has been used many types of human organ to find disease. Therefore, this study is tested on bean sprouts to search how far the tissue temperature changes because of the excessive scanning consequence from ultrasound diagnosis and frequent number of ultrasonic scanning and how much affect their growth. The United States and several European countries have restrictions for number of scanning, while South Korea does not have any limitation for using ultrasound diagnosis. Comparison was that how different condition affect its' growing. The testing group is like many pregnancy moms to have 50 minutes in B-mode and color doppler mode by linear, convex and sector probe every day for a week and the other is to scan only once during the testing period. As a result, it was confirmed that there was a significant growing difference on frequent ultrasonic scanning group compared to normal one. So the final conclusion is that there needs to have a significant limitation of ultrasound scan time and a number of inspection when having for diagnostic ultrasound and recommendation like USA and a few European countries.
Development and Clinical Evaluation of the Upper Extremity Rehabilitation Game Program for Patients with Upper Extremity Hemiplegia After Stroke Using Smartphone: Preliminary Study
Lim, Hyunmi ; Choi, Yoon-Hee ; Paik, Nam-Jong ; Ku, Jeonghun ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 155~161
DOI : 10.9718/JBER.2015.36.5.155
In the paper, we developed the mobile based rehabilitation system for patients with upper extremity hemiplegia after stroke and evaluated clinical usefulness and effectiveness of the system. The sensors built in the smartphone were used to track patients' upper limb motion and the movements was transferred to the tablet PC through bluetooth connection so that the game contents could be interact with the movements. The rehabilitation game contents was based on Brunnstrom stage(B-stage), and was designed to lead accurate movement of upper limb. For the clinical evaluation of the effectiveness, 11 patients were recruited and make them perform an exercise of their wrist, shoulder, and forearm using the system for two weeks. The change of upper limb motor function was measured using fugl-meyer assessment(FMA), Brunnstrom stage(B-stage). And the change of quality of life was measured using EuroQoL-5 Dimension(EQ-5D), Beck Depression Inventory(BDI). The results showed significant improvement in upper limb function but not in quality of life. We verified mobile based rehabilitation program could be useful and effective for the clinical use.
A Study on the Safety and Performance Test Guideline of Low Intensity Therapeutic Ultrasound Device
Kim, Ju-Young ; Kim, Jae-Young ; Noh, Si-Cheol ; Choi, Heung-Ho ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 162~168
DOI : 10.9718/JBER.2015.36.5.162
In this study, we suggested the performance and safety testing guideline for low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) represented by the ultrasound fracture treatment device and cartilage treatment device and low intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) represented by ultrasonic face lifting device. For these study, the international standards and management regulations of Korea, Japan and United State were analyzed. And the usefulness and applicability were evaluated by testing with commercial equipment and reflecting the views of the industry and experts. As a result of this study, the safety and performance test guidelines for low intensity therapeutic ultrasound device were proposed by presenting the 10 items for LIPUS and 12 items for LIFU. The suggested guidelines are considered a high utilization in the domestic testing and approval authorities. And they are also thought to be useful to new technology development.
Performance Estimation of an Implantable Epileptic Seizure Detector with a Low-power On-chip Oscillator
Kim, Sunhee ; Choi, Yun Seo ; Choi, Kanghyun ; Lee, Jiseon ; Lee, Byung-Uk ; Lee, Hyang Woon ; Lee, Seungjun ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 169~176
DOI : 10.9718/JBER.2015.36.5.169
Implantable closed-loop epilepsy controllers require ideally both accurate epileptic seizure detection and low power consumption. On-chip oscillators can be used in implantable devices because they consume less power than other oscillators such as crystal oscillators. In this study, we investigated the tolerable error range of a lower power on-chip oscillator without losing the accuracy of seizure detection. We used 24 ictal and 14 interictal intracranial electroencephalographic segments recorded from epilepsy surgery patients. The performance variations with respect to oscillator frequency errors were estimated in terms of specificity, modified sensitivity, and detection timing difference of seizure onset using Generic Osorio Frei Algorithm. The frequency errors of on-chip oscillators were set at
as the worst case. Our results showed that an oscillator error of
affected both specificity and modified sensitivity by less than 3%. In addition, seizure onsets were detected with errors earlier or later than without errors and the average detection timing difference varied within less than 0.5 s range. The results suggest that on-chip oscillators could be useful for low-power implantable devices without error compensation circuitry requiring significant additional power. These findings could help the design of closed-loop systems with a seizure detector and automated stimulators for intractable epilepsy patients.
The Estimation of Activated Prefrontal Brain Area due to The Execution of Mental Tasks using fNIRS
Hong, Seunghyeok ; Lee, Jongmin ; Heo, Jeong ; Baek, Hyun Jae ; Park, Kwang Suk ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 177~182
DOI : 10.9718/JBER.2015.36.5.177
The activation of prefrontal cortex of brain during some mental tasks like mental arithmetic induce has been studied using hemodynamic imaging modalities. In this study, we focused on the differentiation of activated area in local prefrontal brain caused by the different mental activities as well as evaluating the classification accuracy of in-house fNIRS system. The study preliminarily validated the device including the signal quality and tightness of contact between detectors and prefrontal area. Experimental results of mental tasks on 5 subjects showed the subject dependent tendencies in correlated prefrontal activation and the area of highest accuracy.
Estimation of Blood Pressure Diagnostic Methods by using the Four Elements Blood Pressure Model Simulating Aortic Wave Reflection
Choi, Seong Wook ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 183~190
DOI : 10.9718/JBER.2015.36.5.183
Invasive blood pressure (IBP) is measured for the patient's real time arterial pressure (ABP) to monitor the critical abrupt disorders of the cardiovascular system. It can be used for the estimation of cardiac output and the opening and closing time detection of the aortic valve. Although the unexplained inflections on ABP make it difficult to find the mathematical relations with other cardiovascular parameters, the estimations based on ABP for other data have been accepted as useful methods as they had been verified with the statistical results among vast patient data. Previous windkessel models were composed with systemic resistance and vascular compliance and they were successful at explaining the average systolic and diastolic values of ABP simply. Although it is well-known that the blood pressure reflection from peripheral arteries causes complex inflection on ABP, previous models do not contain any elements of the reflections because of the complexity of peripheral arteries' shapes. In this study, to simulate a reflection wave of blood pressure, a new mathematical model was designed with four elements that were the impedance of aorta, the compliance of aortic arch, the peripheral resistance, and the compliance of peripheral arteries. The parameters of the new model were adjusted to have three types of arterial blood pressure waveform that were measured from a patient. It was used to find the relations between the inflections and other cardiovascular parameters such as the opening-closing time of aortic valve and the cardiac output. It showed that the blood pressure reflection can bring wide range errors to the closing time of aortic valve and cardiac output with the conventional estimation based on ABP and that the changes of one-stroke volumes can be easily detected with previous estimation while the changes of heart rate can bring some error caused by unexpected reflections.
Effect of Laser Acupuncture on Arterial Pulse
Cho, Jaekyong ; Kang, Dong Hwan ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 191~197
DOI : 10.9718/JBER.2015.36.5.191
Laser acupuncture is defined as the stimulation of traditional acupuncture points with low-intensity, nonthermal laser irradiation. Possible advantages in using laser acupuncture are the noninvasive, painless and low risks of infection treatment. The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of laser acupuncture on the quality and waveform of arterial pulses. Ten acupuncture points were stimulated repeatedly three times in 30 individuals by laser with emission in the near infrared spectral region (808 nm) using an out power and power density of 45 mW and
. The analysis of pulse quality and waveform was performed based on the measurement of arterial pressure of the left and right wrist, using a 3-dimensional blood pressure pulse analyzer. Excess-like pulse quality of subjects before laser acupuncture changed significantly to balanced pulse quality after 10, 20, and 30 minutes of laser acupuncture; coefficient of deficient or excess,
, decreased significantly from 0.68 before acupuncture to 0.61, 0.55, and 0.55 after 10, 20, 30 minutes of laser acupuncture (
), respectively. Other pulse qualities, floating or sinking, slow or rapid, choppy or slippery did not change significantly by laser acupuncture (p > 0.05). Pulse waveform analysis showed that amplitude of main peak (systolic function or aortic compliance,
) of left and right artery pulse waves decreased significantly after 10, 20, and 30 minutes of laser acupuncture (p < 0.05). Other parameters, duration of one cardiac cycle (T), duration of rapid systolic ejection (
), duration of the systolic phase (
), and duration of the diastolic phase (
) of left and right artery pulses did not change significantly after laser acupuncture (p > 0.05).
Estimation of Cardiac Pumping Performance according to the Ventricular Electrical Activation Time Distribution by Using Physiome Model
Kim, Hyeong-Gyun ; Lim, Ki Moo ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 198~203
DOI : 10.9718/JBER.2015.36.5.198
The purpose of the study is to examine the effects of pacemaker location on cardiac pumping efficacy theoretically. We used a three-dimensional finite element cardiac electromechanical model of canine ventricles with models of the circulatory system. Electrical activation time for normal sinus rhythm and artificial pacing in apex, left ventricular free wall, and right ventricular free wall were obtained from electrophysiological model. We applied the electrical activation time maps to the mechanical contraction model and obtained cardiac mechanical responses such as myocardial contractile ATP consumption, stroke work, stroke volume, ejection fraction, and etc. Among three artificial pacing methods, left ventricle pacing showed best performance in ventricular pumping efficacy.
Real-time Detection of Deep Sleep using Electrodermal Activity
Jung, Da Woon ; Choi, Sang Ho ; Joo, Kwang Min ; Lee, Yu Jin ; Jeong, Do-Un ; Park, Kwang Suk ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 204~210
DOI : 10.9718/JBER.2015.36.5.204
Although many studies have analyzed the relationship between electrodermal activity (EDA) and sleep stages, a practical method for detecting sleep stage using EDA has not been suggested. The aim of this study was to develop an algorithm for real-time automatic detection of deep sleep using the EDA signal. Simultaneously with overnight polysomnography (PSG), continuous measurement of skin conductance on the fingers was performed for ten subjects. The morphometric characteristics in the fluctuations of EDA signal were employed to establish the quantitative criteria for determining deep sleep. The 30-sec epoch-by-epoch comparison between the deep sleep detected by our method and that reported from PSG exhibited an average sensitivity of 74.6%, an average specificity of 98.0%, and an average accuracy of 96.1%. This study may address the growing need for a reliable and simple measure for identifying sleep stage without a PSG.
Penalized-Likelihood Image Reconstruction for Transmission Tomography Using Spline Regularizers
Jung, J.E. ; Lee, S.-J. ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 211~220
DOI : 10.9718/JBER.2015.36.5.211
Recently, model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) has played an important role in transmission tomography by significantly improving the quality of reconstructed images for low-dose scans. MBIR is based on the penalized-likelihood (PL) approach, where the penalty term (also known as the regularizer) stabilizes the unstable likelihood term, thereby suppressing the noise. In this work we further improve MBIR by using a more expressive regularizer which can restore the underlying image more accurately. Here we used a spline regularizer derived from a linear combination of the two-dimensional splines with first- and second-order spatial derivatives and applied it to a non-quadratic convex penalty function. To derive a PL algorithm with the spline regularizer, we used a separable paraboloidal surrogates algorithm for convex optimization. The experimental results demonstrate that our regularization method improves reconstruction accuracy in terms of both regional percentage error and contrast recovery coefficient by restoring smooth edges as well as sharp edges more accurately.
Development of Multi-Array Electrode and Programmable Multi-channel Electrical Stimulator for Firing Trigger Point of Myofascial Pain Syndrome
Kim, SooHong ; Kim, SooSung ; Jeon, GyeRok ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 221~227
DOI : 10.9718/JBER.2015.36.5.221
In this study, Multi-Array Electrodes (MAE) and Programmable Multi-channel Electrical Stimulator (PMES) were implemented for firing Trigger Points (TPs) of the patient with Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS). MAE has 25 Ag/AgCl electrodes arranged in the form of array (
) fabricated with flexible pad, which are applicable to be easy-attached to curved specific region of the human body. PMES consisted of 25 channels. Each channel was to generate various electric stimulus patterns (ESPs) by changing the mono-phasic or bi-phasic of ESP, On/Off duration of ESP, the interval between ESP, and amplitude of ESP. PMES hardware was composed of Host PC, Stimulation Pattern Editing Program (SPEP), and Multi-channel Electrical Stimulator (MES). Experiments were performed using MAE and PMES as the following. First experiment was performed to evaluate the function for each channel of Sub- Micro Controller Unit (SMCU) in MES. Second experiment was conducted on whether ESP applied from each channel of SMCU in PMES was focused to the electrode set to the ground, after applying ESP being output from each channel of SMCU in PMES to MAE.
Evaluation of Accuracy and Inaccuracy of Depth Sensor based Kinect System for Motion Analysis in Specific Rotational Movement for Balance Rehabilitation Training
Kim, ChoongYeon ; Jung, HoHyun ; Jeon, Seong-Cheol ; Jang, Kyung Bae ; Chun, Keyoung Jin ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 228~234
DOI : 10.9718/JBER.2015.36.5.228
The balance ability significantly decreased in the elderly because of deterioration of the neural musculature regulatory mechanisms. Several studies have investigated methods of improving balance ability using real-time systems, but it is limited by the expensive test equipment and specialized resources. Recently, Kinect system based on depth data has been applied to address these limitations. Little information about accuracy/inaccuracy of Kinect system is, however, available, particular in motion analysis for evaluation of effectiveness in rehabilitation training. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to evaluate accuracy/inaccuracy of Kinect system in specific rotational movement for balance rehabilitation training. Six healthy male adults with no musculoskeletal disorder were selected to participate in the experiment. Movements of the participants were induced by controlling the base plane of the balance training equipment in directions of AP (anterior-posterior), ML (medial-lateral), right and left diagonal direction. The dynamic motions of the subjects were measured using two Kinect depth sensor systems and a three-dimensional motion capture system with eight infrared cameras for comparative evaluation. The results of the error rate for hip and knee joint alteration of Kinect system comparison with infrared camera based motion capture system occurred smaller values in the ML direction (Hip joint: 10.9~57.3%, Knee joint: 26.0~74.8%). Therefore, the accuracy of Kinect system for measuring balance rehabilitation traning could improve by using adapted algorithm which is based on hip joint movement in medial-lateral direction.
Characteristics of ROM and EMG to Balance Training in Unstable Plate System: Primary Study
Jun, SungChul ; Lim, HeeChul ; Lee, ChangHyung ; Kim, TaeHo ; Jung, DukYoung ; Chun, KeyoungJin ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 235~239
DOI : 10.9718/JBER.2015.36.5.235
The purpose of this study was to investigate the unstable plate system for the advanced balance ability. 7 male volunteers (age
) performed the partial squat motion on the shape of CAP type(
) and BOWL type(
) plate system. The range of motion (ROM) and muscle activation were acquired by the motion analysis system and the EMG system. Results of ROMs of the CAP type plate system were shown the widely range of the deviation in the ankle joint on the sagittal plane (sagittal plane - hip joint
, knee joint
, ankle joint
; transverse plane - hip joint
, knee joint
, ankle joint
; frontal plane - hip joint
, knee joint
, ankle joint
). Muscle activation results of the CAP type plate system were indicated higher in major muscles for balance performance than the BOWL type plate system (vastus lateralis 0.90 > 0.62, peroneus longus 0.49 > 0.21, biceps femoris 0.38 > 0.14, gastrocnemius 0.11 > 0.05). These findings may indicate that the CAP type plate system would expect better effectiveness in perform the balance training. This paper is primary study for developing balance skills enhancement training device.