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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Medical and Biological Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Dec 1985
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jun 1985
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Left Ventricular Image Processing and Displays of Cardiac Function
Kuwahara, Michiyoshi ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 6, issue 1, 1985, Pages 1~4
Background EEG signals can be represented as the sum of a conventional AR process and an innovation process. It is know that conventional estimation techniques, such as least square estimates (LSE) or Gauasian maximum likelihood estimates (MLE-G) are optimal when the innovation process satisfies the Gaussian or presumed distribution. When the data are contaminated by outliers, however, these assumptions are not met and the power spectrum estimated by conventional estimation techniques may be fatally biased. EEG signal may be affected by artifacts, which are outliers in the statistical term. So the robust filtering estimation technique is used against those artifacts and it performs well for the contaminated EEG signal.
Bioengineering Approaches to Quantitation of Diagnosis and Treatment Monitoring for Patients with Liver Cancer: Ultrasonic Image Processing by Kalman Filtering
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 6, issue 1, 1985, Pages 5~12
In this paper Kalman filtering technique is applied to ultrasound signal to improve resolution capability, Ivhlch is in use of diagnostic imaging systems. The main advantage of Kalman filter algorithm for the analysis of reflected ultrasound signal is its recursive structure which can be easily adapted to tlme varing system. Because soft-tissues, such as liver, act as distributed acoustic low-pass filters which continually change the propagating pulse. tIne can put to practical use above advantage to find a suitable signal generallng model. In state-space description of the system, the 6th order system produces tl)e 1)esc spectral approximation to the source pulse As a result of spectrum analysis, 6th order estimator for two closely spaced ((p.5 mm) reflectors enhances resolution by 4dB-lOdB. By using this result, the possibility to detect even minute tumor is demonstrated.
Some Evidence of Squeeze Film Lubrication in Biological Joints
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 6, issue 1, 1985, Pages 13~18
A solution scheme for the squeeze film problem using the Newton-Raphson method with a tangential matrix is presented. The integration of elasticity equation is done with the aid of isoparametric elements and the film thickness under a sinusoidal load is obtained. A new squeeze-suction phenomenon which shoㅁvs the possibility oi maintaining fluid film under cyclic positive load conditions is observed for small load and Period and large compliance parameter cases. Thia could be an interesting result in applications like the viscous hydroplaning and the biological joints.
Frequency Analysis of EMG Signals using Power Spectral Density
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 6, issue 1, 1985, Pages 19~30
This paper describes the EMG signals in frequency domain using power spectral density, The changes in the moan frequency can represent the energy distribution which results from changing in load before and during fatigue. Most of EMG signal power spectrum is located between 10 and 200Hz. Shifts of the high-energy regions of the power spectra can be inferred from the changes in the mean frequency. If the load is increased without fatigue-ocurring, the high frequency regions have more energy than the low frequency regions. And if load is increased during fatigue, the low frequency regions have more energy than the high frequency regions.
Digital Signal Processing for Improvement of Resolution in A-mode
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 6, issue 1, 1985, Pages 31~36
In this paper, we describe the digital signal-processing for ultrasonic echo signals for the improvement of range resolution. The problem is to find the magnitude of analytic signals that are consistent with the arrival-rate of energy. It is also baaed upon the fact that the shapes of echo signals do not change, although the ampli- tudes and widths of the echo signals become smaller and wider than those of the transmitted signals. We have made the improvement in range resolution by using the quadrature-low pass filter and the area filter which are made on the basis of the theory discussed above.
A Study on the Development of Porcelain Bonded Ni-Cr Dental Alloy
Lee, Gyu-Hwan ; Sin, Myeong-Cheol ; Choe, Bu-Byeong ;
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 6, issue 1, 1985, Pages 37~46
Development of a dental Ni-Cr alloy system for porcelain veneering crown and bridge was studied in this research. The principles of alloy design were a) It should not contain toxic beryllium. b) It should have low melting Point. c) It should be easily ground and polished. d) It should possess an adequate strength to resist the deformational force In the mouth. e) It should be bondable Ivith porcelain by chemically. After investigating the effect of minor elements such as boron and rare earth metals on the mechanical properties of the Ni-Cr alloy system, the compromised ideal composition for dental use was determined. The composition was l9.6%, Cr, 5.6% Mo, 3.4% Si, 1, 0% Fe, 0.01% Ti, 0.5-1.0% B, 0.2-0.6% misch metal, balance Ni. To compare the performance of experimental alloy with commercially available alloys, the properties such as strength, melting point, and bond strength were measured. The results Ivere as follows: a) Boron increases the strength of the alloy but reduces the elongation. b) Misch metal increases the strength when the boron content is low, but does not increase the strength when boron content is high. And it reduces the elongation drastically, c) Mechanical strength of the experimental alloy was not superior to commercially available Be containing alloy, but handling performance such as castability, ease of granting and polishing, and cuttability were superior to the Be containing alloy.
A Study on the Stationary Canceler in the Ultrasonic Pulse Doppler System
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 6, issue 1, 1985, Pages 47~54
In this paper, clutter in ultrasound pulsed Doppler system is analyzed mathematically. And stationary canceler which reduce the clutter is designed. The operating characteristics of the stationary canceler is investigated in body (in vivo) by audio signal and spectrum analyzer.
A Real Time Automated Diagnosis Algorithm of Electrocardiogram Based-on Microcomputer
Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research, volume 6, issue 1, 1985, Pages 55~64
The cardiac activation process using three dimensional ventricular model is simulated.To study this theme, we constructed a cardiac ventricular model and simulated the cardiac activation process using the action potential duration and the activation time. The cardiac ventricular model is generated by the logical combination of the elliptic equations. The action potential duration could be obtained from the fact that it is linearly distributed between model cells. The cardiac activation process was simulated by the law of "all-or-none" Based on the activation time and the action potential do-ration the cardiac potential at the arbitrary time after the activation of the model cell was computed. To test the validity of model, the comparison of the results of model simulation with the physiological data was performed. In conclusion, this model shows the simular results which is comparable to the real conduction of the cardiac excitation.xcitation.