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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Dietetic Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Nov 2010
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Aug 2010
Volume 16, Issue 2 - May 2010
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Assessment of Accidents Occurrence and Cuisine Employees' Awareness of Workplace Safety in Contract Foodservice Management Company
Kim, Ok-Sun ; Oh, Se-In ;
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association, volume 16, issue 4, 2010, Pages 299~317
The study was conducted in two phase. In phase I, workplace safety accidents were investigated that happened from 2004 to 2008 in 52 medium-sized contract managed foodservice companies located in Seoul. In phase II, a survey was conducted to examine the cuisine employees' awareness of workplace safety. The survey was administered to the same foodservice management companies from April 12 to April 20, 2009. The final response rate was 84% (N=336), and the data were analyzed using SPSS Windows (ver. 12.0). The analysis showed that more accidents occurred in the age groups of 51~60 and 41~50 and among women. Forty-four percents of the accidents were reported by the employees who had been engaged in foodservice for 1~4 years. The majority of the safety accidents occurred in May~June of the year and the injuries were related to the 'hands and arms'. Approximately 38.5% of the injuries happened during 'movement and transportation'. More than half of the accidents were not managed as 'industrial accidents'. By type of injuries, 28.6% of the accidents were 'fractures'. In terms of the companies' actions, 44% of the accidents were dealt by companies' paying medical bills. The results of this study could be useful to develop evaluation indicators for safety education programs, decrease cuisine employees' safety accidents, protect assets, and prevent various worker and industrial accidents to create a pleasant work environment.
Dietitians' Perceptions of Safety Supervision in Institutional Foodservices (I) - Status of Accidents and Assessment of Hazards -
Park, Hye-Ran ; Moon, Hye-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association, volume 16, issue 4, 2010, Pages 318~331
The objectives of this study were to investigate the status of accidents and to assess hazards in institutional foodservices in the Changwon and Masan areas. A survey was conducted from February 1 to March 31, 2009 using questionnaires, and 142 dietitians participated. The dietitians' perception of accident risks in workplace averaged 3.11 points. Forty-five percent of the respondents responded that accidents had occurred more than once between 2006 and 2008. In addition, 28.2% of the respondents experienced employee absences or turnover due to accidents during Year 2008. 'Musculoskelectal injuries or disorders (65.5%)', 'slips or falls (64.8%)', 'burns (57.7%)', and 'cuts and punctures (48.6%)' were the predominant accidents in foodservice. 'Knives (76 points)', 'steam kettles (41 points)', 'vegetable cutters (34 points)' and 'turn kettles (26 points)' were the equipment with severe accidents, such as burns or cut injuries. Among foodservice processes, 'carpal tunnel syndrome while washing (2.83 points)', 'burned by frying oil (2.64 points)', 'cut by sharp tools (2.55 points)', 'musculoskelectal injury by moving heavy weight food materials (2.41 points)', and 'injury by slipping on wet workplace floors and trenches (2.19 points)' were the most frequently occurring accidents at foodservice sites. To prevent safety accidents, dietitians' perceptions of safety supervision should be improved, and therefore, it is necessary they receive safety education.
Optimizing Production Conditions of Germinated Brown Rice Cookie Prepared with Beet Powder
Joo, Na-Mi ; Kim, Soo-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association, volume 16, issue 4, 2010, Pages 332~340
This study was conducted to develop an optimal composite recipe for nutritional cookies containing beet powder. Flour was substituted with whole wheat flour containing germinated brown rice powder. The sensory optimal composite recipe was determined by making cookies containing two levels of beet powder (A) or butter (B) according to Central Composite Design (CCD) and by conducting the sensory evaluation and instrumental analysis according to Response Surface Methodology (RSM). Using CCD, the results of physical measurement for ten conditions with two variables were obtained. The values of lightness (L), redness (a), and yellowness (b) were in the range of 36.65~49.03, 22.15~29.31, and 13.96~19.34, respectively. Lightness decreased significantly (P<0.001) and redness increased significantly (P<0.01) upon an increase in beet powder. The results of sensory evaluation showed very significant values in color (P<0.05), texture (P<0.05), flavor (P<0.01), taste (P<0.05), and overall quality (P<0.05), whereas those of the instrumental analysis showed significant values in lightness (P<0.001), redness (P<0.01), spread ratio (P<0.01), and hardness (P<0.05). As a result, the optimal sensory ratio of beet cookie was calculated for beet powder 7.75 g and butter 77.88 g.
Optimization of Brown Rice Cookies using Purple Sweet Potato
Kim, Bo-Ram ; Joo, Na-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association, volume 16, issue 4, 2010, Pages 341~352
The aim of this study was to use purple sweet potato powder to develop a recipe for a nutritional cookie with an optimal composition of ingredients and texture, in order to acquire strong preference responses by all age groups in sensory tests. Wheat flour was partially substituted with purple sweet potato powder to reduce the wheat flour content of the cookies. Measurements were made and analyzed according to the Response Surface Methodology technique, which showed 16 experimental points including 3 replicates for the purple sweet potato powder, sugar, and butter. The compositional and functional properties of the sample were measured, and the values obtained were applied to a mathematical model. A canonical form and perturbation plot showed the influence of each ingredient on the final product mixture. The results of sensory evaluations showed very significant values for flavor (P<0.0071), texture (P<0.0306), taste (P<0.0190), and overall quality (P<0.0142). Instrumental analysis showed significant values for hardness (P<0.0027), yellowness (P<0.0061) and spread ratio (P<0.0001). The optimal compositional ratios were determined to be 21.75 g for the purple sweet potato powder, 37.05 g for the sugar, and 60.59 g for the butter.
Effects of Total Quality Management Performance on Dietitians' Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in Business and Industry Foodservice Operations
Im, So-Young ; Yi, Na-Young ; Chang, Hye-Ja ; Kwak, Tong-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association, volume 16, issue 4, 2010, Pages 353~368
The purpose of the study was to identify the relationships Total Quality Management (TQM) performance, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment among dietitians in business and industry foodservice. A total of 300 dietitians working in business and industry foodservices in Seoul and Gyeonggi province were surveyed using a self-administrated questionnaire and 203 responses were obtained. The data were analyzed using SPSS Windows (Ver. 12.0) for descriptive analysis and reliability analysis, and AMOS (Ver. 5.0) for structural equation modeling. The respondents were all female, 56.7% single, and 71.4% under regular employment. By foodservice management type, 52.7% of the foodservice operations were self-operated. The majority of the operations provided meals more than twice a day (73.9%), and 70.4% offered a non-selective menu. The dietitians of the contracted foodservices tended to have higher TQM performance scores than those of the self-operated foodservices (P<0.01). There were no significant differences in job satisfaction and organizational commitment scores by the type of the foodservice management. TQM performance was found to have a positive effect on job satisfaction, and job satisfaction affected organizational commitment for both the self-operated and contracted foodservices. A relationship between TQM performance level and organizational commitment of self-operated foodservices was not found. On the other hand, TQM performance level was the principal significant factor for increasing the organizational commitment of contracted foodservices. This research suggests that business and industry foodservices need to improve TQM performance to enhance job satisfaction and organizational commitment of foodservice dietitians and to develop specified TQM strategies that can be applied to each type of foodservice management.
Short Term Weight Control Program of Obese Female College Students through Food Consumption Monitoring Using Mobile Phone Equipped with Camera
Jung, Eun-Young ; Hong, Yang-Hee ; Kim, Young-Suk ; Kim, Yun-Joo ; Chang, Un-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association, volume 16, issue 4, 2010, Pages 369~377
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of food consumption monitoring based on a digital photography method using a mobile phone on food consumption and weight reduction. Eighteen female college students (>30% body fat) participated in the weight control program using a mobile-phone for 4 wks. The energy intake was reduced significantly after 3 wks compared to baseline (P<0.05, baseline: 1,453.0 kcal, 3rd wk: 1,171.1 kcal, 4th wk: 1,130.8 kcal). The subjects lost 2.8 kg of body weight, 1.4% of % body fat, and 1.1
of body mass index (BMI) after 4 wks. There were also significant differences in blood pressure (P<0.001) and serum cholesterol (total cholesterol: P<0.05, LDL-cholesterol: P<0.01) before and after the self-regulated diet program. In this study, the digital photography method using a mobile-phone influenced weight control through trained consumption monitoring, which helps individuals reduce discrepancies between perceived and actual consumption levels. Therefore, effective monitoring by taking food pictures using a mobile-phone can lead individuals to rely more heavily on easy-to-monitor visual cues.
Analysis of Hospital Foodservice Management and Health Insurance Coverage of Inpatient Meals in Seoul
Kim, Hye-Jin ; Kim, Eun-Mi ; Lee, Geum-Ju ; Lee, Jung-Joo ; Lim, Jung-Hyun ; Lee, Jung-Min ; Jeon, Hyun-Jung ; Lee, Hae-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association, volume 16, issue 4, 2010, Pages 378~396
The objectives of this study were to explore hospital foodservice management and to investigate conditions related to health insurance coverage of inpatient meals. A questionnaire was distributed to the nutrition departments of 44 hospitals in Seoul on July 2009. The average kitchen area was 0.5
, and centralized distribution systems were in place. Partition walls from contamination zones, separate work tables to prevent cross-contamination, exclusive areas for preparing tube feeding, and split carts with refrigerated and convection heat settings were largely used in tertiary hospitals. Most dietitians did meal rounds (93.2%) and surveyed for patient satisfaction (86.4%). The major theme of QI (Quality Improvement) was menu management (31.8%). The health insurance fees for meals were (won)4,938.9 for a general diet, (won)5,199.8 for a therapeutic diet, (won)4,067.0 for tube feeding, (won)9,950.0 for sterilized diet, and (won)18,383.4 for diets not covered by health insurance. The prices for general and therapeutic diets were significantly lower in hospitals compared to tertiary or general hospitals (P<0.001). The cost composed of 48.3% food, 44.0% labor and 7.7% overhead for general diets and 47.9%, 44.5% and 7.6% for therapeutic diets. In the case of health insurance coverage for patient meals, the number of items applied to general diets averaged 2.8 out of 4 and for therapeutic diets it averaged 1.9 out of 3. To reform the health insurance coverage system for patient meals, it is urgent that the qualified level of patient meals is presented from a national viewpoint, and monitoring should be performed consistently by developing the evaluation tools.