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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Dietetic Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 19, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Time Series Analysis of Standards and Results of Nutritional Domain in Hospital Evaluation Program
Lee, Joo-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 317~342
DOI : 10.14373/JKDA.2013.19.4.317
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current state of foodservice and clinical nutrition management in a hospital-based nutrition department. Nutritional guidelines and survey reports of hospital evaluation programs from 2004 to 2009 were analyzed. In total, 275 hospitals in the first period and 288 hospitals in the second period were evaluated. The division of knife and chopping board use decreased from 97.2% in 2005 to 89.7% in 2008, the maintenance of a proper freezer temperature (below
) increased from 82.1% in 2004 to 97.7% in 2007 (88.9% to 97.4% from large hospitals and 69.8% to 86.5% from small/medium hospitals in 2005 and 2008, respectively). In tube-feeding management, the performance rate of material cold storage and the offer rate of tube-feeding were 65.9% and 94.2% in 2007, respectively. The cold storage of material, proper use within 24 hours after opening or production, and the use of an appropriate label were 47.3%, 71.2% and 67.2% in 2009, respectively. The rate of a management system for undernourished patients was 86.0% in 2007 (56.4% for large hospitals, 18.9% for small/medium hospitals) and 14.3% in 2009. In standards of nutrition support management, the performance rates of constructing a nutrition support team, the nutrition support team activity, and organizing multidisciplinary team were 66.7%, 43.6%, and 64.1% respectively, in 2004. For large hospitals, those rates were 61.1%, 36.1%, and 58.3%, in 2005, 93.0%, 62.8%, and 91.9% in 2007, and 69.2%, 43.6%, and 69.2% in 2008, respectively. The results of this study suggest standards on sanitary foodservice preparation, production, and tube-feeding production need to correspond with HACCP regulations for small/meidium hospitals in standards of a healthcare accreditation system. It will be necessary to understand the operating conditions of nutrition departments in convalescent hospitals, psychiatric hospitals, and geriatrics hospitals. As the application of accreditation is required from 2013, standards will need to be improved and continuously updated for healthcare accreditation.
Nutrient Intake Status of Korean Drinkers: Analysis of Data from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), 2011
Kim, Hyung-Tae ; Chun, Sung-Soo ; Joung, Sun-Hee ; Yun, Mi-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 343~355
DOI : 10.14373/JKDA.2013.19.4.343
This study analyzed the dietary habits and nutrient intake status of adult drinkers in Korea. Alcohol drinking patterns were obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Among 4,968 persons, 91.5% were drinkers. Classification of their drinking patterns by the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score showed 64.5% of the drinkers were normal drinkers, 22.4% problem drinkers and 13.2% alcohol-dependent drinkers. Overall, 47% of the drinkers were considered alcohol-dependent in the Rapid Alcohol Problems Screen (RAPS4). Significant differences were found between those who abstained from alcohol (86.8%) and alcohol-dependent drinkers (68.9%); when asked about breakfast habits 73.4% of non-drinkers often had family meals, while only 55.4% of the alcohol-dependent drinkers had family meals. Dietary energy, alcohol energy, and total energy intake significantly increased for the alcohol-dependents (P<0.001). In addition, the intake of eight nutrients (protein, vitamin A, vitamin
, niacin, calcium, phosphorous and iron), significantly increased in the following order (least to highest): abstainers, normal drinkers, drinkers with a moderate addiction to alcohol and alcohol-dependent drinkers (P <0.05). Nutrient Adequacy Ratios (NAR) of all nutrients, except vitamin C, and the Mean nutrient Adequacy Ratio (MAR) significantly increased in the following order (least to highest): abstainers, normal drinkers, drinkers with a moderate addiction to alcohol and alcohol-dependent drinkers (P<0.05). The intake of vitamin
, and niacin per 1,000 kcal, according to drinking pattern, decreased in the order of abstainers, normal drinkers, drinkers with a moderate addiction to alcohol, and alcohol-dependent drinkers (P<0.001). The above results show that the nutrient intake of normal drinkers, drinkers with a moderate addiction to alcohol, and alcohol-dependent drinkers are higher than abstainers. However, overall intake of vitamin
, and niacin per 1,000 kcal was low. Therefore it is necessary to increase vitamin
, and niacin intake for drinkers.
A Comparative Study on the Perception, Preference and Usage of Korean Festival Foods among Women by Age in Busan
Lee, Jeong-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 356~372
DOI : 10.14373/JKDA.2013.19.4.356
This study was carried out to investigate the perception, preference and usage of Korean festival foods of women according to age in Busan. The survey was conducted from October 15, 2012 to November 30, 2012 using questionnaires and the data were analyzed with the SPSS program. In general, younger women (20~30 years old) had a lower interest in Korean festival foods than slightly older women (40~50 years old). Most of women over 40 years of age prepared Korean festival foods at home, but many who were in their 20`s (45.9%) and 30`s (41.1%) obtained their foods from family and relatives. Overall, 62.5% of the subjects wanted to inherit Korean festival food from family and relatives. The dissemination of information and recipes of Korean festival foods were needed for succeeding to Korean festival foods. The taste score was significantly lower for women in their 20`s compared to those over 40. Women under 40 reported a lower ease of cooking compared to women over 50. Tangguk (4.93) on Seollal showed the highest perception degree in the order of Namul (4.91), Tteokguk (4.90), and Sikhye (4.90). Jeon, Yaksik, Sikhye, and Gangjeong were the most highly preferred in every group. The preference degree of Pajeon was significantly higher in women under 40 than in those over 60. Tteokguk and Tangguk were more highly preferred in women in their 30`s and 40`s compared to the other groups. There was a significant positive correlation between preference for festival food and education level, degree of knowledge, degree of interest, will for inheritance, and will for learning (P<0.01). In conclusion, festival foods rich in local tradition should be developed, publicized and used to educate others. The simplification of cooking methods and the development of processed foods are needed to pass on the traditional food culture of Busan.
The Effects of Nutrition Education and Regular Exercise on Nutritional Status, Quality of Life and Fatigue in Hemodialysis Patients
Kim, Min-Ji ; Park, Chan-Nam ; Kang, Young-Eui ; Lee, Sang-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 373~388
DOI : 10.14373/JKDA.2013.19.4.373
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a nutrition education and exercise on nutritional status in hemodialysis patients, with regard to quality of life (QoL), and fatigue. The subjects were divided into two groups : an educated (E) group (11 men and 9 women) and a non-educated (NE) group (7 men and 22 women). The educated group received a nutrition education and a regular exercise program for 3 months. Data on anthropometric indices and biochemical parameters were obtained from medical records. Dietary habits and nutrient intake were assessed through questionnaires and three-day food records. QoL (through the SF-36 questionnaire) and fatigue (measured by a visual analogue scale questionnaire) were assessed before and after the interventions. Dietary habit scores regarding food variety and fluid intake control significantly increased (P<0.05) after the nutrition education. Furthermore, the intake of total energy, carbohydrates, Fe, and vitamin A significantly increased (P<0.05). Vitamin C intake also significantly increased (P<0.01). Hb levels decreased whereas TG levels increased in the NE group. BUN levels decreased in the E group. After the nutrition education, QoL aspects, such as feelings of pain and general health, and the total score significantly increased (P<0.05) and the level of fatigue score decreased (P<0.01). The results of this study indicate that nutrition education and exercise for hemodialysis patients provides changes in dietary habit, daily nutrient intake, biochemical parameters, QoL, and the level of fatigue. Therefore, nutrition education and exercise help improve nutritional status and QoL.
Nutritional Composition and Antioxidative Activity of Different Parts of Taraxacum coreanum according to Drying Methods
Oh, Hee-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 389~399
DOI : 10.14373/JKDA.2013.19.4.389
This study compared the nutritional composition and antioxidative activity of different parts of Taraxacum coreanum (aerial parts and roots) according to different drying methods (natural drying and freeze-drying). There were no significant differences in vitamin C content in roots depending on the drying methods. However, vitamin A (P<0.01), E (P<0.001) and C (P<0.001) content of aerial parts, and vitamin A (P<0.001) and E (P<0.05) content of roots were significantly higher after freeze-drying compared to natural drying. For organic acids, the oxalic acid content of the aerial parts and roots were the highest. The total polyphenol and total flavonoid content in extracts from the aerial parts (P<0.01) and roots (P<0.05) were significantly higher after freeze-drying compared to natural drying. In addition, the total polyphenol and flavonoid content, DPPH radical scavenging activity, and antioxidative index from the natural drying and freeze-drying of Taraxacum coreanum extracts were significantly higher in the aerial parts compared to the roots (P<0.05). These results suggest that the nutritional composition and antioxidative activity of Taraxacum coreanum are higher in the aerial parts compared to the roots, and higher after freeze-drying compared to natural drying. Therefore, the aerial parts of Taraxacum coreanum could be suggested as an antioxidative functional food source.
Nutritional Management by Dietitian at Elderly Nursing Homes in Gyeonggi-do
Yoon, Mi-Ock ; Moon, Hyun-Kyung ; Jeon, Ju-Young ; Sohn, Cheong-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 400~415
DOI : 10.14373/JKDA.2013.19.4.400
The purpose of the study was to examine the current status of nutritional management at elderly nursing homes. A survey was performed of 83 nursing homes from January 5, 2011 to January 21, 2011 via mail. A total of 34 nursing homes responded to the survey and 149 elderly subjects were analyzed according to the presence of a dietitian. Among the 34 nursing homes, 70.6% had a dietitian on duty. All of the facilities with a dietitian had the dietitian making the meal plan, whereas 70% of the facilities without dietitian served meals planned by a non-professional person. Overall, however, a low proportion of nursing homes implemented dietetic treatments for residents with diseases. For the nutritional assessment of these residents, a mini nutritional assessment (MNA) was performed. MNA scores were significantly associated with body mass index (BMI), mid-arm circumference (MAC), calf circumference (CC), ingestion problems, and weight loss during the last 3 months (P<0.001). Among the elderly studied, 5.4% were malnourished, and 36.9% were at risk for malnutrition by MNA score. The results of this survey show that the current management of nutrition at nursing homes is insufficient because the elderly who needed dietetic treatment did not receive proper care. Dietetic management is the most important service in all nursing homes. Therefore, to improve the nutritional status of elderly residents in nursing homes, systematic nutrition management by nutrition experts should be implemented.
Analysis of Reasons for Continuing Education in Dietitians
Sohn, Cheong-Min ; Cho, Young-Yun ; Bea, Mi-Yong ; Do, Eun-Kyoung ; Na, Woo-Ri ; Kim, Mi-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2013, Pages 416~423
DOI : 10.14373/JKDA.2013.19.4.416
This study analyzed the reasons for continuing education among dietitians. An internet-based survey of 622 dieticians was conducted from August 31, 2012 to September 12, 2012. Based on data from the Participation Reasons Scale (PRS) questionnaire, factor analysis was conducted by principle component analysis for the extraction of major factors. Subsequent reliability analysis was performed by assessing Cronbach`s
. The ANOVA-test was performed to compare the participation reason scores for each factors according to general characteristics. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS ver.17.0, and P<0.05 was considered significant. Factor analysis for the participation reasons revealed four types of factors. These factors were "maintenance and development of professional competencies", "interaction and responsibility of professionals", "job stability and personal profits" and "services for customers" respectively. Among the participation reasons, "maintenance and development of professional competencies" was the first reason with a 29.34% variance. In addition, the participation reasons for continuing education differed according to age (P<0.05), the highest level of education (P<0.05), workplace (P<0.01), and work experience in dietetic area (P<0.001). In conclusion, continuing education programs for dietitians should focus on effectively developing and promoting professionalism.