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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Fashion & Textile Research Journal
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for ClothIng Industry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Correlation between On-line Game and Popular Stars - Focused on Fashion -
Son, Yi-Jeong ; Lee, In-Seong ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 811~821
This study examined on the most noticeable game industry in a digital era, and on the definition and feature of post-digital generation enjoying it, along with the relations with the game. Especially, this paper examined correlations between game characters' fashion and pop singers' fashion targeting post-digital generation enjoying games. As the result of this study, on-line game's popularity affected popular culture and game business and popular stars have close interrelation. In addition, through variosus objective surveys, the game characters' fashion was classified into five images before being analyzed; fighter's image, retro image, surreal image, sensual image, and unisexual image. The game characters' fashion wasn't only analyzed also studied correlation between on-line game character's fashion and pop singers' fashion by five images. Consequently in case of game characters' fashion, it influenced on pop singers' fashion targeting teens and twenties enjoying games, which meant fashion connections between game characters and pop singers.
The Persimmon Dye with Experiment of Changing Concentration and Iron-dye Process, its Application Possibility for Textile Design
Lee, Soon-Deuk ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 822~826
The data for application of mordanting is shown in this experiment by researching dying properties of iron-dye process and concentration changes using persimmon. The strength of persimmon-dying fabrics was controlled by diluting persimmon dye with water and iron mordanting showed the possibility of textile design. The experiments were performed with various conditions processed with iron mordanting liquid by adding water to persimmon-dying liquid and drying well. The most dark color of fabric is observed with the pure persimmon dying without adding water. As the adding water is increased, the color of the fabric is getting lighter with the amount of adding water. After process of iron mordanting, dark color of the fabric turns into dark grey and light color turns into light grey. The possibility of persimmon dying with fabric can be applied in the design of textile with deepened color.
A Study on the Aesthetic Characteristics of Splatter Films' Make-up
Chang, Mee-Sook ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 827~835
The purpose of this paper is to clarify the aesthetic characteristics of splatter films' make-up. Splatter films are one of horror movies that consist of gore and excessive violence. These represent the cruelty with the victims' physical damages made by special effect make-up. Splatter make-up is classified into the trickle of blood, the cutting of body, and the exposure of the inner parts of body, and changes a fake into a fact with reality. The aesthetic characteristics of splatter make-up were shown in the uncanny, the abjection and the irony. The uncanny which is strange and displeasure feeling is presented by the fragmentation of body, and the living of nonliving thing. The abjection means humble image, and the concept of border or ambiguity. The former is expressed by the matters of body's secretion and excretion. The latter is shown by the use of blood(the life and death) and corpses(the human and inhuman), and animatronics(the human and instruments). The irony which is a sense of humor caused by conflict between external appearance and reality. This is represented by comics induced by discord between excessive violence and make-up tricks, and the brutality and the weakness.
A Study on the Traits of Maximalism Expressed in Shoes Design
Kwon, Jung-Sook ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 836~847
Maximalism in modern fashion has emerged as an anti-conception against Minimaslism which dominated the trend of 21st century. Contrary to the traits of Minimalism which are oriented to constraint and editing, Maximalism expresses human sensitivity, concern to tradition and other culture, and instinctive desire for decoration. The trend of Maximalism is reflected in various areas of fashion and shoes design, and its influence is still enlarging. This idea for designing shoes come from analyzing the related documentaries, fashion magazines and internet sites since 2005, when the maximalism was main concepts in worldwide fashion trends. The traits of Maxmalistic trend expressed in shoes are decentralizing, pluralisml, sensitivity, etc. The molding constituents, such as form, material, color, accessary decoration, have been expressed as diversified and differentiated traits of shoes design through molding modes such as exaggeration and concentration, distortion and modification, removal and mixing-up. This study takes advantage of this opportunity to grasp the diversified and colorful trend and molding traits of Maximalim expressed in shoes design, close up the molding value of shoes design, and finally enlarge the realm of aesthetic expression of shoes design.
The Application and Development Method of Construction Lines for Conceptions of Clothes Design
Kong, Mi-Ran ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 848~856
In today's world where a preference for prestigious brands prevails, it's essential to have creative design conceptions rather than try simple mimicking or following in order to be recognized for creative and objective design works. In that sense, the development of clothes design using construction lines offers a great approach towards the ideas of reinterpreting and creating new designs since it creates new forms by understanding lines as signs of conception and transforming them. That approach allows a designer to improve his or her imagination, creativity and expression in a freer and richer manner, think of many original ideas through diverse changing processes, and develop the skill to visualize the ideas by incorporating geometric forms of abstract lines into clothes. When approaching the conception of clothes design from the standpoint of construction lines, you need to adopt more specific and systematic design methods instead of vague imagination to introduce simple facts or theories to a new design process. That's one of the ways you can approach clothes design easily and enhance your conception skills. The process of clothes design according to the conception of construction lines is composed of the following stages; the preparation stage involves an understanding of the principles and the entire process of clothes design conception based on construction lines; the idea stage requires a designer to make free alterations of the given basic construction lines by moving and replacing the lines and sides in diverse ways; in the creation and expression stage, the designer uses the newly reconstructed construction lines to create clothes design; and in the evaluation stage, the designer makes a presentation of his or her subjective design works and has his or her works assessed and tested in an objective fashion. In today's modern society that demands new and original globalized design, the results of the study will help to invigorate the development of new fashion design in a more systematic and practical manner by suggesting a feasible and gradual educational program for the development of design based on the technique of construction lines.
A Study on the Type of Hibiscus Pattern on Aloha Shirts
Suh, Mi-Young ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 857~863
The purpose of this study is to analyze the types of Hibiscus patterns expressed on Aloha shirts. This study analyzed real data collected from man's aloha shirts displayed at the International Market Place in Waikiki of Hawaii during January 21-27, 2007. 35 pieces of Aloha shirts with Hibiscus Patterns were was analyzed. The total of each analysis means all number of patterns sampled or appeared to analyze the types of patterns. The motif of Hibiscus was sampled a total of 42 units for some shirts having several motifs. Its motif was divided into two groups, 20 units(47.62%) of natural type and 22 units(52.38%) of stylized type, according to modeling. Two types were much the same percentage. Hibiscus patterns were classified into three groups, isolated, band and arabesque type, by formation type. The isolated type was appeared most frequently. The layout of Hibiscus pattern was classified into three groups, engineered print, all over print and border print. All over print was appeared most frequently. The data of this study will be provided as a resource to promote using and developing of the pattern of Korean rose of Sharon.
Importance of Store Attribute, VM factors, and Store Loyalty by Consumers' G Sensibility Types for Apparel Store Choice
Oh, Hee-Sun ; Kim, Eun-Young ; Lee, Ho-Jung ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 864~872
This study investigated store attributes, VM factors, and store loyalty for store choice behavior by G sensibility types. A total of 425 usable questionnaires were obtained from students who enrolled at universities in Busan, Korea. For data analysis, factor analysis, cluster analysis,
-test, and ANOVA were conducted by using SPSS 10.1. The major results were as follows: First, G sensibility was classified into five types: G1(My pace type), G2(Active type), G3(Whimsical type). G4(Mania type), and G5(Sensational type). Particularly, G3 was most highly observed in male and female groups. Second, there was significant difference in the importance of store attribute, such as merchandise assortment among G sensibility types. Third, there were significant differences in VM factors of store image, physical facilities, and display and layout among G sensibility types. Especially, G5 type consumers considered store image, physical facilities, and merchandise display and layout more importantly, than did the other types. Fourth, there was significant difference in store loyalty among G sensibility types. This study discussed managerial implications of visual merchandising strategy for apparel retailers.
The Relationship between Department Store Sales Person's Perception of Ethical Management and Their Job Performance
Chun, Tae-Yoo ; Park, No-Hyun ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 873~881
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of sales person's perception of ethical management on job performance in department stores. Sales person's perception of ethical management consists of such things as fairness, looking for short-term profits and observing the rules. Job performance consists of such things as sales person's organizational commitment, Sales person's service delivery level, rational operations, and participational attitude. For these purposes, the author developed several hypotheses. The data was collected from 435 sales person's in department stores. The results of this study are as follows: First, fairness, looking for short-term profits, and observing the rules had a significantly positive effect on sales person's organizational commitment. Second, fairness and observing the rules had significantly positive effect on sales person's service delivery level. Third, fairness had a significantly positive effect on rational operation. Fifth, looking for short-term profits and observing the rules had significantly positive effect on participational attitude. At the end of this paper, limitations, further research directions, and implications are suggested.
A Study on Attitudinal Body Image and Clothing Behavior According to the Body Cathexis
Lim, Kyung-Bock ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 882~889
The purpose of this study is to analyze the differences of attitudinal body image and clothing behavior according to the body cathexis. The data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire from 419 male and female college students in Jechon and analyzed by factor analysis, cluster analysis, t-test and regression. The results of this study were as follows : 1. Male students were more satisfied with their body than female students. Also it was found that height influenced to the body cathexis only to male students. 2. Attitudinal body image and clothing behavior classified into four factors. 3. Male and female students classified into satisfied and unsatisfied group and each group showed different attitudinal body image and clothing behavior. 4. Different attitudinal body images affected to the clothing behavior according to body cathexis and gender.
The Effects of Service Quality of Internet Shopping Malls on Consumer Satisfaction and Word of Mouth Intention
Jun, Dae-Geun ; Kang, Eun-Mi ; Choi, Joo-Young ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 890~899
This study aimed to identify the effects of service quality of internet shopping malls on consumer satisfaction and word of mouth intention. The data were obtained from questionnaires completed by 345 people aged between 20 and 39 living in Busan. The SPSS package was used for data analysis whose methods included factor analysis, ANOVA, cluster analysis and regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows: First, the service quality factors were determined to be reliability, diversity, convenience, accuracy & communicability. Differences among the groups divided by service quality factors were found to be meaningful in consumer satisfaction and word of mouth intention. Second, reliability, diversity, convenience & accuracy significantly affected consumer satisfaction, however all the service quality factors significantly effected word of mouth intention. Finally, consumer satisfaction, reliability, diversity, accuracy & communicability had an significant effect on word of mouth intention. It would be helpful for the managers of internet shopping malls that consumers can be satisfied with right fashion products and efficient inter-communication based on trustfulness in the long-term relationship.
The Effects of Customers' Chemyeon and Relationship Benefits on Switching Behavior for Apparel Purchases
Suh, Yong-Han ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 900~906
This study investigated factors influencing consumers' switching behavior in apparel purchasing situation. As customer switching behavior is getting more and more important, a considerable amount of researches have focused on how service providers acquire and sustain customers. The field of customers' switching behavior has been relatively well researched over the years, at least from the perspective of the cultural value(Chemyen). The purpose of this study is to understand customer' switching behavior to relationship benefits and Chemyeon. The sample was consisted on 182 females over 20 years old living in Ulsan and Gyungnam province. The data was analyzed by frequency, reliability, factor analysis, and structural equation model analysis. Findings showed that Chemyeon was shown to reduce customer' switching behavior. Also, three factors of relationship benefits(economic benefit, social·psychological benefit, and special treatment benefit) had negative effects on customer' switching behavior.
Unethical behaviors in retail settings: Differences by consumer characteristics and anomie
Park, Kyung-Ae ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 907~916
The purposes of this study were to examine the consumer beliefs on the wrongness and occurrence of unethical behaviors in retail settings, to examine the differences in unethical beliefs by consumer characteristics, and to examine the effects of anomie on unethical beliefs. A total of 609 questionnaires collected from a consumer survey were analyzed. Results revealed that respondents tended to perceive illegal activities as the most unethical and the least prevalent behaviors and downloading intellectual properties as the least unethical and the most prevalent behaviors. There were differences by age, marital status, occupation, and education in the four dimensions of unethical beliefs including actively benefiting from illegal/deceiving activities, passively benefiting at the expense of the seller, no harm/no foul, and common but questionable actions. Partial differences were observed by shopping frequency and return experience. Valuelessness of anomie affected actively benefiting from illegal/deceiving activities and no harm/no foul.
A Study on the Relationship between Perceived Risks and Return Behavior on Internet Clothing Shopping
Ji, Hye-Kyung ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 917~925
The purpose of this study was to find out the relationship between consumer's perceived risks and return behavior on internet clothing shopping. Questionnaires were distributed to the consumers, total 517, males and females, aged from 20 to 39, who had experience of clothing purchasing through internet shopping malls. The results showed that consumer's return factors related to the perceived risks on internet shopping process. The results were as follows. First, factors of perceived risks in internet clothing shopping were categorized into product performance, account-related, delivery, economic, and social psychological risk. 5 consumer types of perceived risk were segmented by low-perceived risk group, product performance/delivery-perceived risk group, account related-perceived risk group, harmony with oneself/account related-perceived risk group, and harmony with others/economic-perceived risk group. Second, the consumer's perceived risks on internet shopping process affected one's return behavior. The factors of return was differentiated on the types of consumer's perceived risk. The relation between consumer's perceived risks and return behavior on internet clothing shopping was significant. Therefore company had better draw various strategies to manage consumer's perceived risk, in order to reduce the returns and improve consumer's satisfaction.
The Study on Domestic Fashion Information Service Industry for Systematization of Fashion Trend Information Planning Process
Choi, Mi-Young ; Son, Mi-Young ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 926~935
The field of textile and fashion is regard to be sensitive to trend, however, the professional fashion information planning company for trend forecasting has not settled down in Korea. This study was designed to propose systemizing for fashion trend information planning in domestic fashion information service market. The empirical research was conducted by analysing in-depth interview data and news-scrap contents about each fashion information planning company. The result are as follows; First, fashion information service showed a little difference according to the type of fashion information companies, but they provided not only general fashion trends but also external market environmental information, survey-based consumer information and various segmented market research reports including academic information. Second, the fashion information planning process is largely divided into 3 stages; trend analysis, trend forecasting, trend application. The trend application step is the stage which connects the fashion information service industry to the fashion business. Thirdly, as a result of the competitive power evaluation for fashion information planning, the domestic fashion information planning companies came to reveal the fact that the possibility of carrying out and information analysis power were weak, however, how to present trend information had a relatively competitive. Consequently, this study is expected to play a role in understanding the importance of fashion trend information, and further ahead it would be helpful to organize the curriculum of fashion information planning subject in order to educate the future fashion executives.
The Effect of the Transactional Leadership and Transformational Leadership on Team Empowerment and Performance
Lee, Sung-Chul ; Kim, Hong ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 936~946
The purpose of this study is to analyze whether transactional leadership and transformational leadership have an effect on team empowerment and performance. To this end, a survey was conducted from August 1 to 30 in 2008, among team members of fashion companies. The data was collected with 586 subjects, the statistical analysis methods were frequency analysis, reliability analysis, factor analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows; First, contingent reward of transactional leadership had an effect on team empowerment factors and team performance factors. Second, charisma, individualized consideration and intellectual stimulation of transformational leadership had an effect on team empowerment factors and team performance factors. Third, team potency, team autonomy and team meaning of team empowerment had an effect on team performance factors.
A Study on the Collar Construction Factors of the Women's Tailored Jacket
Kim, Gu-Young ; Kim, Yeo-Sook ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 947~954
The purpose of this research is to find out related factors to obtain the best collar pattern of the women's tailored jacket by analyzing the difference of the shapes between the drafted pattern and that of being stitched. The experimental conditions established are as follows. The position and angle of its break point, the notch and the width of the collar and lapel are kept unchanged. The collar decrease in neckline edge and the top collar larger than the under collar. The crossing point of gorge line is changed to make the collar's roll line straight. When the pattern is changed to make the outline of the lapel straight, the amount of cloth is changed too. According to the experimental conditions, The experimental clothes using muslin were made to. put on the manikin and the suitable methods of making the collar pattern were decided. In order to find out the influence of fabric materials on the jacket' shapes, Three kinds of wool fabrics were used and the results were evaluated. Summary of the research is as follows. When 0.5cm of the neckline edge is shortened, the standing part of the collar has less wrinkles, and its position looks natural and lastly, the material has slightly affected the collar's condition. It is desirable to make the top collar 0.2cm longer than the under collar. But the length should be different according to the fabric material. It it is thick cloth, the length has to be extended. To make the roll line straight, 0.4cm of the crossing point of gorge line should be corrected. The thick cloth needs more correction. To make the lapel's outline straight, it needs outwardly round 0.2cm more and materials make little difference to affect the shape.
The Visual Effect by Physical and Clothes Design of the Mid-aged Korean and American Women(I) - Focusing on the Physical Visual Effects -
Park, Soon-Chun ; O'Rourke-Kaplan, Marian ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 955~965
This study used the method that measure the participants' responds on the experiment, and the measurement means is a survey. The primary factor plan is
. The independent variable are neckline(5), trousers or skirt style(2), somatotype(3), culture(2), and the dependant variables are physical visual effect and the favor of clothe design. In cases of Korean, thin somatotype had better were V-neckline suit for looking shoulders wide because they have too narrow shoulders, and were pants suit than skirt suit for looking pelvis major. thin somatotype person who wants to look tall should wear china collar or tailored collar suit with pants. If she wears round neckline suit with skirt, the lower part of body and the height look tall. Pants suit with V neckline and skirt suit with china collar make standard somatotype looked having wide shoulders. Standard somatotype person with wide shoulder should avoid this style. The size of waist and pelvis was looked thick in round neckline and was looked thin in V neckline. So it will be better to find the right suit for one's weakness. Obesity had better wear V neckline to look neck slim and not wear stand and tailored collar. When obesity person wears pants suit, she is looked having slim waist than skirt suit. In case of American, thin somatotype in pants suit looks much taller than in skirt suit when she wears round neckline and stand collar suit. Standard somatotype has no difference because it is the basic shapes. Generally, it goes with all kinds of suit design. The belly and pelvis of American's obesity look fatter and bigger than Korean's obesity. The same with Korean, round neckline suit makes obesity looked belly and pelvis fat and big.
Development of the Standard Size Dimensions and Reference Sizes for Improving Size Suitability of Gloves
Kim, Eun-Kyong ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 966~978
The aim of this study was to provide size intervals in hand requisite in design of gloves. In this study, a survey was administered to gather information about glove manufacturers' sizing systems. In addition, KS glove standards' size dimensions were analyzed. As well, the ISO hand sizing system was also studied. Based on all the analyses' results, a new glove size intervals were composed. The size comprised the control dimensions of hand length and hand circumference. The size interval was 8mm in hand length and 13mm in hand circumference. The size range was established by making the coverage above 80%. The coverage of the new size interval system for an adult's hand was 86.4% and 13 sizes were suggested. The coverage of the male size system was 86.0% and 10 sizes were suggested. The coverage of the female size system was 87.6% and 8 sizes were suggested. For the unfitted gloves, size ranges based on hand length and hand circumference were developed. For the adults group, S, M, L, and XL were suggested and the coverage of the new size range was 78.8%. For the male group, S, M, and L were suggested and the coverage was 82.3%. For the female group, S, M, and L were also suggested and the coverage was 81.3%.
Lower Body Type of Women in their Thirties after Childbirth
Lee, Jeong-Ran ; Hong, Eun-Suk ; Paek, Kyung-Ja ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 979~988
The purpose of this study is to analyze the lower body size and forms of married women in their thirties who have experienced pregnancy and parturition. Their measurements derived from the direct anthropometry and indirect photographic measures were compared to those of 20's. Improving consumer satisfaction for missy brand, especially in fitness of skirt and pants, some lower body classification were presented. The results were as follows : 1. The characteristics of lower body showed many differences by individuals especially in depth, girth, length and angle measures rather than height and breadth measures. Many items including index, calculations and angles revealed significant differences compared to those of 20's. Several breadth items, crotch length had distinct increase than those of women in twenties. Flattened buttocks side silhouette from waist to hip, buttocks drooping and decrease of inclination implied the influence of pregnancy, parturition and aging. 2. We hardly find out sizing system differences between missy brand and miss brand. Based on waist and hip girth measurements of subjects, sizing system of missy apparel wasn't suitable for their body size. Excessive drop(hip girth-waist girth) of missy brands, 25~30 cm, was almost the same to the drop of miss brands. 3. To improve the size satisfaction of missy women, we classified the lower body into 5 types according to drop, buttocks angle and hip length. Type 1 was small waist with large buttocks projection, and hip length was close to an average. Type 2 was small waist with medium buttocks projection, and the hip length was close to an average. Type 3 was medium waist, with average projection of the buttocks and hip length. Type 4 was large waist, projection of the buttocks and the hip length were close to an average. Type 5 was large waist, projection of the buttocks was small and the hip length was close to an average.
Effect of the Pattern Making Method on the Silhouette of the Flared Skirt
Shin, Young-Ran ; Chu, Mi-Seon ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 989~996
The purpose of this study is to provide the basic knowledge for the pattern development of a flared skirt. Two flat pattern (FP) methods, the concentric circle method and the corrected concentric circle method, and a draping were used for pattern making. Using these patterns, skirts were made with lengthwise grain in the centerline. The influence of pattern making method on the silhouette of the flared skirt was evaluated by the hemlines formed at the skirt worn in a dress form. Moreover, the combined influence of pattern making method and cutting direction on the silhouette of the flared skirt was examined with the draping pattern (DP) skirt and a FP skirt with
bias grain in the centerline. The DP skirt had more uniform nodes and formed a stable wave form than the FP skirts throughout the whole hemlines. The number of nodes was reduced with lining in the two FP skirts, whereas the number of nodes was not changed in the DP skirt. The unit wave form of all the skirts by three patterns showed long loop form, and the slope angles of the unit wave form of the two FP skirts were higher than that of the DP skirt. The silhouette of the flared skirt was highly influenced by the shape of the waist circumference line in patterns. The DP skirt with lengthwise grain in the centerline showed good silhouette with uniform nodes and high marking efficiency, compared to the FP skirt with
bias grain in the centerline.
A Study of Blouse Pattern to Improve the Uniform of the Women Empolyee of Department Store -Focused in the Case of D Department Store-
Lee, Yeong-Suk ; Kim, Soon-Boon ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 997~1005
The purpose of this study was to provide the available date to improve the uniform e of the woman employee of the department more aesthetical and functional on the base of the former studies on their situation of uniform wearing. The process of the study was to compare and evaluate the studied uniforms made of elastic material with the one two times after pattern amendment. The nine subjects composed of threes of 20s, 30s and 40s of age and the evaluators were 5 clothing experts. The 5 scored scale of sensory evaluation method was used to evaluate the appearance and the moving function. The data were analysed with mean and t-test. The results were as flowers: 1.The material of blouse was changed with Poly-span to improve the appearance and the moving function. 2.The new uniform got far more good evaluations in the appearance and the moving function showing the significant difference in p<.001 level. 3.The improved uniform blouse pattern was presented fig2 and fig3.
A Comparative Study of Preference and Possibility to Acceptance about Functional Warmth Smart Clothing
Hwang, Young-Mi ; Lee, Jeong-Ran ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1006~1013
This study is basic material for development of a smart girdle. Through the intentionally sampling of 313 consumers from teenagers to the forties who have experienced wearing girdles, lifestyles on consumer's age, attitude to health, favor of warm functional girdle, and possibility to acceptance were surveyed and analyzed by questionnaire. The result of the study are summarized as followed. 1. Analysis about lifestyle with warmth and attitude to health showed that subjects in their thirties and forties have higher than teenagers and the twenties in frequency of distribution. This means people are tend to have more attention to warmth and health as they grow older. 2. In result about analysis of characteristic of wearing girdle, subjects were prefer girdle made of cotton which have superior permeability and hygroscopic property. The reason that wearing girdle is to complement of weak points of body somatotype in the thirties and forties and feel the stability during menstrual period in the twenties and teenagers. The time zone of putting on girdle is mainly winter while one is out wearing one-piece or skirt. 3. When surveyed about the preference to functional warmth girdle and possibility to acceptance, the results were that the subjects in their thirties were first, forty something was second, followed by subjects in their twenties, teenagers. It was shown that over 60% subjects were highly distributed. With regard to necessity of functional warmth girdle, every age groups were shown over 3.6 at average. This result was inferred that subjects had positive possibility to acceptance about functional warmth smart girdle.
A Study on Personal Color Therapy practice to Skin Care
Lyu, Ji-Hye ; Sung, Kwang-Sook ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1014~1022
This study focuses on practical appliance of color therapy to skin care. After visiting the notion of color therapy and skin care, this study considers the ideas and background theories for diagnosis of constitution and skin. Cosmic duals force five element theory developed in China was the first introduction; Ayurvedic medicine and seven chakra notion are examined. Cosmic duals force five element theory, an idea describing the composition and movement rule of the cosmic components, adopted five colors(white, yellow, red, blue, and black) for cure purposes. In future, mental effect of the color is examined in the latter part of this study. The practice of the color therapy assigns solarized cream treatment and photo therapy, simultaneously proposes the use of color therapy to the skin care. For the diagnosis of the constitution, cosmic duals force five element theory and ayurvedic medicine are followed in a sequence. Cosmic duals force five element theory introduces five colors. Constitution medicine considers four types, ayurvedic medicine adopts three types, and seven colors are mentioned as chakra colors. Such a variations lead to possible disagreement on constitution analysis and driven colors. This study adopts the above methodologies for selecting potential color therapy for skin care. Adopt of selected cases are purely a part of the proposal. Initially, examined theories serve as a pilot for selecting a representative hypothesis. Followed selection of constitution and matched color for the use of the skin care are the scope of this study. In summary, background methodologies are implemented for the calculation of color therapy.
A Study on the Preference of Knitwears of Dermatitis Patients
Kong, Jin-Hee ; Kwon, Young-Ah ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1023~1035
This study conducted a survey to find out dermatitis patients' preferred garment performance and their sentiment in spring/summer knitwears. SPSS 12.0 program was used for factor analysis, frequency analysis, T-test, ANOVA, and Duncan test. The result was as follows; First, in garments, patients required 'health hygiene', 'practicality in use care', 'skin contact' and 'easy movement'. Especially, 'skin contact' is an important property to be considered in patients' clothes. Second, in garment sensitivity, patients importantly considered 'modesty', 'feminine', 'boldness', 'decency', 'easy movement', 'youth', and 'simplicity'. Third, patients preferred simple and modest plain knitwear in light color with thin and soft fabric such as plain knit. And especially, dot pattern in knitwears should be avoided. Fourth, the preferred style of patients was that 'appropriately fit with suitable ease.' They also preferred 'front closed,' ; 'boat neckline' and 'V neckline'; 'raglan sleeve' and 'set-in sleeve'. For hem trim, they preferred 'rib'. Male preferred simple and plain style with round collar of 'tubular trim' and 'rib trim', while female preferred sophisticated and characteristic style with setin sleeve.
Dyeability and Functionality of Silk Fabrics treated with Persimmon Juice
Huh, Man-Woo ; Bae, Jung-Sook ; An, Sun-Young ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1036~1044
This research from analyzing dyed silk fabrics treated with persimmon juice by padding concludes as follows : The add on is increased as the number of padding increase and the color of the dyed fabrics holds red-yellow colors which has low brightness and high chromatic colors. The fabrics dyed with persimmon juice have properties such as 2nd grade of light fastness, 4~5th grade of perspiration fastness and rubbing fastness, and 3~4th grade of washing fastness. The dyed fabrics exposed to UV light have deeper yellow-red color than things exposed to sunlight. The silk fabrics treated premordants have shown strong yellow colors, especially the fabrics added Fe mordant have shown greenish red-yellow colors. As the padding times of dyeing with persimmon juice are increased, strength and water-repellent property are enhanced along warp and weft direction respectively but anti-crease property is decreased. Also, the dyed fabrics have good antibacterial activity and deodorization.
Natural Dyeing of Polyester Fabric with Microcapsules(II) - Scutellaria baicalensis -
Min, Kyung-Hae ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1045~1050
Developing of high technology, productivity of the fiber product has being rapidly increased and also various kinds of advanced treatment process lead consumer's needs to more high functional, clean and healthy goods. Moreover, increasing in the concern of eco-friendly material and processing, it has been getting popular that the dyeing method like as using natural dyes is more eco-friendly and natural-friendly treatment process. The method, used in this study, adhesion by binding with micro-capsulized natural material to fabric has low change in quality by external influence and high ability in spray effect by broken capsule which comes to pressure and friction when it dressed. Also it has wide application from natural fiber to synthetic fiber. The purpose of this study is development of multi-functional synthetic material with micro-capsulized Scutellaria baicalensis on PET. Moreover, it was driven by comparison of colormetric properties and fastness between regular dip-dyeing method and binding with micro-capsulized material method. Dye ability was arranged mostly low exhaustion but the PET treated by micro-capsule was more or less better than the dip-dyeing PET. Through the SEM(Scanning Electron Microscope) of PET treated by micro-capsule, it has good residence of capsules even after 5 or 10 times washing. Wash and light fastness was arranged some different grade by each condition but mostly high achievement and the micro-capsulized PET was more improved than regular dip-dyed PET.
Effect of Pre-treatment with BTCA on Lightfastness of Cotton Fabric dyed with Combination of Safflower red / Amur Cork Tree
Jeong, Sun-Young ; Jang, Jeong-Dae ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1051~1057
Safflower red and Amur Cork Tree dyes have used for dyeing on cotton fabrics largely. But they have low degree of lightfastness, So this study investigated the effect of BTCA pre-treatment on lightfastness of cotton fabrics dyed with Safflower red and Amur Cork Tree. The result is as the following; By FT-IR spectra, crosslingking was proved in cotton fabric pre treated with BTCA. K/S value of Safflower red dyed cotton fabric pretreated with BTCA was much more decreased than untreated cotton fabric with BTCA. It showed that the hue of the Safflower red dyed cotton fabric changed from reddish purple to red. However, K/S value of Amur Cork Tree dyed cotton fabric pre treated with BTCA was much more increased than untreated cotton fabric with BTCA. It showed that the hue of the Amur Cork Tree dyed cotton fabric changed from green yellow to yellow. For K/S value of Combination dyed cotton fabric pre treated with BTCA, Safflower red color was much more decreased than untreated cotton fabric. But Amur Cork Tree color was much more increased than untreated cotton fabric. It changed from reddish purple, red, yellowe red, to yellow in hue.
of Combination dyed cotton fabric in 40 hours irradiation was 15.7, however
of Combination dyed cotton fabric treated with 2% BTCA was 8.0, and that treated with 3% BTCA was 9.8. So, pre-treatment with BTCA to combination dyed cotton fabric with Safflower red and Amur Cork Tree showed more effective improvement of Lightfastness than untreated cotton fabric with BTCA.
Efficient Drying Conditions for a Condensing Clothes Dryer
Chung, Hae-Won ; Kim, Hyo-Jeong ; Hwang, So-Yeon ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 10, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1058~1063
The use of clothes dryers is increasing in Korea and throughout Asia, because of preference for the drum type washer dryer. Clothes dryers consume more energy than almost any other home appliance. This paper suggests efficient ways for drying laundry with condensing clothes drier. We dried cotton fabrics with the condensing clothes dryers and observed the energy input, temperature and RH of the dryer during the drying process. In the early stages of drying process, the air temperature inside the clothes dryer decreased and the RH and the drying time increased as the weight of fabrics increased. We found that it was important to consider the total weight of the fabrics that included heat-sensitive fibers. It took more than half the drying time and the energy input for a 2.5 kg load that it did for a 5 kg load. Therefore, drying larger one load was more efficient than divided smaller loads, because increasing the weight of the fabrics reduced the energy input per kg of drying clothes. The lower the initial moisture regains of the fabrics were, the lower the energy input and the drying time were. The energy input for spinning after washing was much less than that for drying in the dryer. Consequently, it is more efficient to reduce the moisture content of the clothes by lengthening the spinning time of the washer to reduce the energy consumption and the drying time. During the drying process opening the door twice for 30 seconds each time lowered the air temperature and the RH of the dryer, but did not affect the moisture regain of the fabrics, the drying time, and the energy input.