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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Fashion & Textile Research Journal
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for ClothIng Industry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
The visual Effect by physical and clothes design of the mid-aged Korean and American women(II) -Focusing on the psychological visual effects-
Park, Soon-Chun ; O'rourke-Kaplan, Marian ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 371~382
In this study, I examined the psychological visual effect and clothes preference by clothes designs for the mid-aged Korean and American women's somatotypes. The psychological visual effects of each somatotypes' clothes are like these. First, the primary factors for psychological visual effect were analyzed into 5, neat, feminine, polished, modern and active. Second, in thin somatotype, Korean evaluated that china collar and V-neckline are the least feminine, and stand collar is the most polished and the modernest. American evaluated that V-neckline is the most feminine, and tailored collar is the modernest. It shows that there's the difference of culture. In standard somatotype, Korean thought stand collar with pants is the neatest, but tailored collar and china collar with pants are not neat. Contrary, they thought tailored collar with skirt is the neatest and stand collar with skirt is not neat. American thought tailored collar with skirt is the neatest and modernest. The neat visual effects are evaluated differently according to the clothes' styles of bottom. In obesity, Korean evaluated that tailored collar with skirt is the neatest and modernest, but stand collar with skirt is not modern. Stand collar with pants is the modernest, but tailored collar with pants is the least modern and active. American evaluated that round neckline with pants is not neat, modern and active, and round neckline with skirt is the modernest and the most active. So neckline's visual effects are differently showed by culture and the clothes' styles of bottom.
The Effects of Technological Collaboration and Innovation on Company Performance of Textile and Clothing Companies
Park, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Mun-Young ; Yoh, Eun-Ah ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 383~389
The purposes of this study were to investigate the level of technological collaboration and technological innovation, and to analyze the effects of these variables on performance of textile and clothing companies. The data were collected from participants of Preview in Daegu Exhibition and Seoul Fashion Sourcing Fair as well as a panel on the Research Institute. The results showed that the numbers of technological collaboration and technological innovation were relatively low but the level of technological collaboration was slightly high. The regression analyses indicated that technological collaboration had a significant effect but technological innovation didn't have a significant effect on company performance. However, these two variables had significant effects on innovation performance.
Male Market Segmeotation: A Comparative Analysis of Retail Choice Behavior According to Fashion Involvement and Store Attributes
Sung, Hee-Won ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 390~398
The research purposes are (1) to identify male market segmentation based on fashion involvement, (2) to compare purchase intention of clothing items and store attribute evaluation at two different retail formats, department store and internet shopping mall, and (3) to compare the influence of store attributes on intention to purchase fashion products at two retail formats among segments. The data are collected from 275 male consumers through internet research institute. The major results of this study are as follows. First, the dimensions of fashion involvement are identified into external involvement and internal involvement. Male respondents present high mean scores on external involvement items, emphasizing social roles of clothing. Two involvement factors generate three market segments: high involvement group(32.4%), external involvement group(44%), and low involvement group(23.6%). Second, high involvement group shows higher mean scores on purchase intention of seven clothing items than low involvement group. Third, department store attributes are identified into four factors, product assortment, quality per price, service, and symbolic image, while internet shopping mall includes assortment & convenience, quality per price, and symbolic image. High involvement group again presents higher mean scores on each retail attribute factor than low involvement group. Finally, quality per price is the most significant variable to explain the purchase intention at department store among three market segment, whereas assortment & convenience and quality per price are important predictors to increase purchase intention at internet shopping mall. However, relative importance of each attribute variable is different among three involvement groups.
The Effect of Leadership of Team Leaders and Trust of Team Members on Job Commitment and Satisfaction in Fashion Companies
Choi, Soo-Il ; Lee, Eun-Jin ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 399~408
The purpose of this study is to analyze whether leadership of team leaders and trust of team members have an effect on job commitment and satisfaction in fashion companies. A survey was conducted from December 8 to 22 in 2008, among team members of fashion companies. The data was collected with 464 subjects, the statistical analysis methods were frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows; first, contingent reward, intellectual stimulation and individualized consideration of leadership had an effect on all factors of trust. Charisma of leadership had an effect on calculus-based trust and identification-based trust, but management by exception had an effect on knowledge-based trust. Second, calculus-based trust and identification-based trust about team leaders had an effect on job commitment and satisfaction of team members. Third, charisma, contingent reward and intellectual stimulation of leadership had an effect on job commitment and satisfaction of team members.
Influence of Consumer Innovativeness on Smart Clothing Innovativeness Evaluation
Kang, Keang-Young ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 409~416
Consumer Innovativeness is the level of acceptance tendency of new thinking, new product, and service without any communication with other people or experience. Product Innovativeness can be defined with the terms, newness, discontinuous, and radicalness of a product. The purpose of this research is finding if there are relationship between consumer innovativeness, consumers' product innovativeness evaluation, and attitude toward a product. The subjects were 338 male and female consumers aged from 18 to years old. The data were analyzed by regression analysis, t-test, Pearson correlation analysis, ANOVA. In conclusion, consumer's fashion innovativenes had important effects on smart clothing innovativeness evaluation, but consumer's technology innovativeness had no effect on it.
The Effect of Store Characteristics of Outlet on Consumption Emotion, Relationship Quality, and Loyalty
Chun, Tae-Yoo ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 417~426
This study is to examine the structural relationships among store choice attributes, consumption emotion, relationship quality, and loyalty of Outlet. The data were collected from customers who have purchased clothing at the fashion outlet stores, For data analysis and structural equation model were analyzed by using LISREL. The subjects were male/female consumer experienced in purchasing clothes at fashion outlet stores. The results of this study are as follows: First, product, advertising, and instore atmostphere had significantly positive effect on consumption emotion. Second, consumption emotion had significantly positive effect on relationship quality(consumer's satisfaction and trust) and loyalty. Third, relationship quality(consumer's satisfaction and trust) had significantly positive effect on loyalty.
The Effect of Environmental and Organizational Characteristics of the Fashion Companies on Continuous Acceptance Intention and Performance of the Internet Business
Lee, Eun-Jin ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 427~436
The purpose of this study is to analyze whether environmental and organizational characteristics have an effect on continuous acceptance intention and performance of the internet business in fashion companies. A survey was conducted from January 15 to February 15 in 2009, among members of fashion companies carrying out internet business. The data was collected with 288 subjects, the statistical analysis methods were frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows; First, environment characteristics(internal pressure, external pressure) and organizational characteristics(chief executive officer, capacity of the organization and future directivity) of the fashion companies had an effect on continuous acceptance intention of the internet business. Second, environment characteristics and organizational characteristics of the fashion companies had an partially effect on performance of the internet business. Third, elevation of the business, customer relationship improvement and raise the market reactivity in performance factors of the fashion companies had an effect on continuous acceptance intention of the internet business.
The Qualitative Study on the Evaluation and the Application of 3D scan and virtual try-on technology
Choi, Young-Lim ; Nam, Yun-Ja ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 437~444
According to the activation of the fashion electronic commerce, this research investigated the merits and demerits and improvement plan of the 3D virtual try-on technology using the qualitative research method. This research was performed by interview with 70 evaluation group. The evaluation group of 3D virtual try-on was organized and the fit evaluation process by 3D human body scan and the 3D virtual try-on of the i-Fashion technology center were experienced. This study was performed by interview after the actual and virtual try-on about the casual shirt. The convenience and accuracy of measurement, usability in online shopping, body evaluation, complement of sizing system, and body shape management were discovered as merits. The requirement of high accuracy in sizing and avatar, limits of fabric expression, practical limitation by cost, vexatious of measurement garment, differences between real and virtual fittings, personal information leakage risk, and etc were pointed out as demerits. The mass customization, customized garment connected with medical service, humanized avatar, improved fitting report, entertainment, coordination, wardrobe manager were proposed as improvement plan.
A Study on the Sizing System for Highschool Girls' Uniforms
Hyun, Eun-Kyung ; Nam, Yun-Ja ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 445~452
This study aims to improve the fit of high school girls' uniforms. This study researched on the fit of the recent high school girls' uniforms and developed a sizing system that adequately reflects their body figures. The results are as follows. First, the research showed that over 50% of the highschool girls wore their blouses too tight, whereas over 60% of the girls wore skirts that were appropriately fitted. Second, to classify the high school girls' figures, factor analysis and cluster analysis were conducted. 5 factors were extracted for upper body and 3 factors for the lower body. The girls were then divided into 3 groups for the upper body and 4 groups for the lower body. Third, KS size intervals were used for frequency distribution of height and bust for the bodice, height and waist for the lower body. Sizing system of the uniform company and the frequency distribution of sizes were compared. As a result, sizing system of the uniform company and the frequency distribution slightly overlapped. Fourth, sizing system considering body type distribution and high frequency distribution section of sizes was suggested. As a result, for the upper body, when 6 sizes were suggested, 43.9% of the population was covered and when 11 sizes were suggested, 58.3% was covered. For the lower body, when 6 sizes were suggested, 32.2% was covered, and when 11 sizes were suggested 58.9% of the population was covered.
The Effects of the Seam Finish on Fabric Drape
Song, Young-Eun ; Chu, Mi-Seon ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 453~459
The purpose of this study was to provide the basic knowledge to determine the proper seam finish according to the design of sewing products. Four seam finishes(no seam finishes, over-edged seam finishes, turned-and-stitched seam finishes, and bias-bound seam finishes) were constructed with seams in warp, weft and bias directions of the fabric. Using a drape measurement system involving two 18cm diameter supporting disks and a digital camera, the images of draped specimens were captured and processed. Drape behavior was evaluated in terms of drape coefficient, node number, and drape profile. Drape coefficients of the fabrics increased with seam formation and varied by the seam finishes, however no significant differences in drape coefficients by the seam finishes were observed on the heavier fabric. Node numbers of heavier fabric were more deeply affected by the seam finishes than those of lighter fabric. The specimens with turned-and-stitched seam finishes and bias-bound seam finishes showed significantly smaller node numbers compared to the specimens with no seam finishes and over-edged seam finishes on heavier fabric. The length of the seamed part showed positive correlation with the weight of the specimens and negative correlation with the number of nodes in each seam direction. The maximum length of all draped specimens was found in the same direction as the seam direction. In the case of the lighter fabric, the seam and the seam finish had a great influence on the shape of the draped profile.
Changes on Drapability and Mechanical Properties of Weft Knitted Fabrics with Folded Yarn Conditions
Kim, Mi-Ra ; Jeon, Youn-Hee ; An, Seung-Kook ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 460~464
The purpose of the study was to investigate the changes of drapability and mechanical properties with folded yarn conditions. The samples were knitted 100% cotton yarn with hand-knitting machine. Mechanical properties were measured by Instron and Kawabata tester. Drapability was measured by Drapemeter. The differences in each sample were observed in the experimental results. This study showed that folded conditions were important conditions for fabric handle and properties.
Enzymatic Processing and Property of Denim by Acid Cellulase
Seo, Hye-Young ; Song, Wha-Soon ; Kim, Hye-Rim ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 465~468
In this study, acid cellulase was used to treat denim fabrics by varying pH, temperature, enzyme concentration, treatment time and non-ionic surfactant (Triton X-100) concentration. Treatment condition was controlled based on the weight loss. The characteristics of enzyme-treated fabrics were measured in terms of tearing strength, stiffness, and color difference. The optimum conditions for cellulase treatment of denim fabric were pH 5.0,
, 3% (o.w.f.), 90minutes. The weight loss did not change significantly with the addition of a non-ionic surfactant, but it improved when more non-ionic surfactant were used. The tearing strength of enzyme-treated denim fabrics did not deteriorate. The stiffness of the treated fabrics improved with the enzymatic treatment with and without the non-ionic surfactant. The difference in color of fabrics treated with enzyme increased.
Effect of Cellulase on Characteristics of Denim
Kim, Jee-Yeon ; Song, Wha-Soon ; Kim, Hye-Rim ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 469~473
Recently, eco-friendly processing has been focused in the textile industry in order to reduce environmental pollutions. Applications of enzyme technology to the textile industry are an example of more environmentally compatible processes. However, there is not enough quantity of referring to denim fabric subjected to enzymatic treatment. In this study, depending on pH, temperature, cellulase concentration, and treatment time, the weight loss of denim fabrics was examined. Characteristics of enzyme-treated fabrics were measured by tearing strength, stiffness, and K/S values. The effect of a non-ionic surfactant (Triton X-100) on characteristics of the enzyme-treated fabrics was evaluated. The cellulase treatment condition on the cotton fabric were optimized to pH 6.0,
, 1%(o.w.f.), and 60minutes. Characteristics of denim fabrics by cellulase treatment in the presence of Triton X-100 did not improve because Triton-X inhibited the activity of enzyme.
Preparation of Thermal Bonding Fabric by using-low-melting-point Bicomponent Filament Yarn - Head tie -
Ji, Myeong-Kyo ; Lee, Shin-Hee ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 474~480
The purpose of this study is to prepare the hardness of polyester(PET) fabric by thermal bonding with low melting component of bicomponent fiber and to describe the change of physical properties of thermal bonded PET fabrics. The PET fabrics were prepared with regular PET fiber as warp and bicomponent fiber as weft. The bicomponent fiber of sheath-core type were composed with a regular PET core and low melting PET sheath. The thermal bonding of PET fabric was carried out in pin tenter from 120 to
temperature range for 60 seconds. In this study, we investigated the physical properties and melting behavior of PET fiber and the effect of the temperature of the pin tenter on the thermal bonding, mechanical properties. Melting peak of warp showed the thermal behavior of general PET fiber. However, melting peak of weft fiber(bicomponent fiber) showed the double melting peak. The thermal bonding of the PET fabric formed at about temperature of lower melting peak. The optimum thermal bonding conditions for PET fabrics was applied at
for 60seconds by pin tenter. On the other hand, the tensile strength of the PET fabric decreased with an increasing temperature of thermal bonding.
Effect of Heat Setting on Physical Properties of Dyeable Polypropylene Fabric
Lee, Shin-Hee ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 481~487
The purpose of this study is to improve the defects of dyeable polypropylene(DPP) fabric by heat setting and to describe the change of physical properties of DPP fabrics. The thermosetting was carried out in autoclave from 100 to
temperature range for 2 min. In this study, we investigated the effect of the thermosetting temperatures on the structural, thermal, mechanical properties(e.g., the strength and elongation) and dyeability of DPP fabrics. The melting energy(J/g), the tensile strength was found to increase with increasing temperature of thermosetting. The diffraction peak at Bragg angle(
were very strong and diffraction intensity increased with increasing thermosetting temperatures. And d-spacing and half-width decreased with increasing thermosetting temperatures. On the other hand, the dyeability(K/S) and crease recovery decreased with an increasing thermosetting temperatures.
Seamless-Effect Knitwear Development using Jacquard Knitting Structure
Kwon, Sung-Ha ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 488~495
The purpose of this study is to experiment and develop seamless-effect knitwear design using tubular-jacquard structure in order to find a new method of manufacturing knitwear and to suggest a new design. The study is based on changing the point of view about using the practical technique like the tubular jacquard which has been used mainly for expressing patterns. The result of experimenting this, a piece of fabric is able to being worn as a piece of garment. As for using circular structure of tubular jacquard, a body can be fitted into the big space between front and back part of fabric and seams can be made of small patterns of jacquard fabric. The silhouette, the drape and the result of the garment of this experiment are different from the ordinary outfit. Therefore, the study to find a new way of design and manufacturing should go on to suggest a different form and method.
Quality Improvement of Wool and Silk Treated with the Actinidin Protease Extracted from Kiwifruit
Kang, Sang-Mo ; Kim, Soo-Jin ; Noh, Sun-Young ; Kwon, Yoon-Jung ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 11, issue 3, 2009, Pages 496~501
In this study, a kiwifruit-produced protease was used to improve the quality of the wool and silk fabrics. The wool and silk were treated with the actinidin from kiwifruit. Following this protease treatment, changes in the surface of a single yarn of the fabrics were observed via both an optical microscope and a scanning electron microscope (SEM). In order to determine the amount of dye uptake in the fabric, changes in the K/S value of the wool and silk were measured by spectrophotometric analysis. Also, we performed a tensile strength examination to determine variation in their mechanical properties. By increasing the protease treatment time to 48h, the dyeing properties of fabrics were enhanced, and the surfaces of the single yarns of the fabrics became smoother, because of the removal of soil and scale in them. However, no mechanical changes were detected in the fabrics. Thereby, we suggest that the kiwifruit-produced actinidin treatment can improve the quality of the fabrics.