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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Fashion & Textile Research Journal
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for ClothIng Industry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
The Design Characteristics of Modern Children`s Clothes - Focus on Children`s Clothes for Girls From The 2006S/S-2010S/S Collections -
Kong, Mi-Ran ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 347~362
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.347
The analysis results of the characteristics of children`s clothes for school girls from the 2006S/S-2010S/S collections reveal that the most frequent type of item composition was 2`PS & 3`PS. T-shirts were the popular kind of item for upper garments and pants for lower garments. The major silhouettes were H and A line. The predominant neckline was U, which was followed by camisole and V. The major collar styles were stand-up and flat. Chromatic colors were used more than achromatic ones and after white the most popular colors were blue, pink, red, black, navy, and green. The dominant color scheme was a two-color or three-color scheme. The percentage of solid and patterned material garments was the highest and the most popular pattern was flowers. The most popular style of garment had no decorative detail that was followed by one-item, two-item, and three-item decoration. The major kinds of decorative detail were frills, pleats, and prints.
A Study of Cultural Products based on the Traditional Temple Culture
Kim, Sun-Young ; Choi, Young-Soon ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 363~370
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.363
This study is for the development of fashion cultural products that simultaneously evolved with the contemporary use of traditional temple culture in addition, it analyzed the cultural products available in the Korean market. Methodology, this study conducted a literature review and empirical research. We targeted the cultural products carried at twelve web-based shopping malls for Buddhist cultural products and six souvenir shops in Korean Buddhist temples to collect data on those products in order to analyze the items, design motives, materials, and price ranges. The study results showed that interior items represented the largest portion of the targeted goods, followed by accessories/sundries, clothing/fashion items, stationery, and tableware. The most commonly used design motive was lotuses, followed by the images of Buddha or Buddhist Goddesses and Dharma. The most common materials include fibers, jewelry (such as gold and silver), wood, metals, ceramics, paper, and plastic. The most active price range was between KRW10,000 and KRW50,000, followed by less than KRW10,000 and KRW100,000 to less than KRW500,000. This study discovered the potential for traditional temple culture to advance it further in a contemporary manner and indicated the need to develop a wide variety of cultural products and emphasize its global acceptance.
21st century Female`s Ideal Beauty & Formative Characteristics of Fashion Design
Lee, Kwan-Yi ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 371~380
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.371
Based on results using factor analysis, Women`s definition of "Ideal beauty" can be materialize into four key factors, "Confident beauty", "Graceful beauty", "Lively beauty", and "Genuine beauty". Factor analysis was conducted to materialize Women`s definition of "Ideal beauty"and the above four factors were representative of 56.31% of total variance. "Ideal beauty" defined by age category was also found significant difference, indicating existence of different "Ideal beauty "definition for age groups. Itemized age category`s "Ideal beauty" definitions are as follows, 18-22 years, bright and lively, 23-27 years, cute and confident, 28-32 years, sensible and confident 33-37 years, hard-working, 38-42 years, ability and composure, 43-47 years, casual and graceful, 48-52 years, refined and noble, 53 years and above, healthy and proper as "Ideal beauty" definitions. The defined "ideal beauty" was steadily shifted with age group. Women 38 years and younger were defined external attributes to "Ideal beauty", as women 38 years and older were defined inner attributes to "Ideal beauty". Women`s definition of "Ideal beauty" can materialize into four key factors, "Confident beauty", "Graceful beauty", "Lively beauty", and "Genuine beauty".
Differences in Advertising Responses and WOM Communication by Consumption Orientation
Kim, Seon-Sook ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 381~389
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.381
This study presents a marketing communication strategy from the aspect of new consumption orientation. Consumer preference on ads media, on-line ads media, and WOM usage were examined for new consumption orientation groups. This study was executed in a question survey format. A total of 182 questionnaires were obtained and data were analyzed by PASW 18.0 and AMOS 7. The results were as follows. First, 8 types of consumption orientation factors were revealed; `impulsive purchase`, `promotion oriented`, `social contribution`, `passive conformity`, `innovative`, `conspicuous`, `rational`, and `environmental conservation`. Then 4 groups were formed, `Rational & Positive`, `Conspicuous Conforming`, `Positive Social Interested` and `Low Price Oriented`. Second, communication responses were analyzed through consumption orientation groups. The `Rational & Positive` group responded positively to every type of advertising media (especially new media). The `Conspicuous Conforming` and `Positive Social Interested` groups preferred traditional media such as TV, radio, and magazines; in addition, the `Low Price Oriented` group liked only online banner ads. For WOM preference, the `Rational & Positive` and `Positive Social Interested` group preferred verbal consumer information like WOM. In distribution types, the just `Positive Social Interested` group revealed a significant result for internet shopping malls. The results from this study will help establish marketing communication strategies based on the features of consumption orientation.
A Preliminary Study for Developing a Measure of Mentoring Functions Scale - Focused on the Clothing & Textiles Majoring College Students -
Lee, Seung-Min ; Park, Hyun-Hee ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 390~399
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.390
The purpose of this study is to find the connectional structure of mentoring perceived by the 2-year college students who are majoring in fashion, and to develop the scale with which the mentoring effect can be measured on the basis of the results. To achieve the purpose, research was conducted through a survey questionnaire. The research was carried out obtaining data from the 2-year college students. Responses from this questionnaire were gathered from 265 students. The questionnaire was made with 31 mentoring scales and removed inadequate 18 questions for statistics analysis. The remaining questionnaires consisting of 13 questions were categorized into three factors. The first factor (5questions) relates to the sensitivity developmental function. The second factor (5questions) pertains to the psychosocial function and the third factor (3questions) was for the fashion career developmental function. The results derived from the analysis of the questionnaire survey are as follows: First, the role model function is not enticing enough for the student to continue role model or professor for future student. The students are more interested into discovering their own capability in fashion by entering a fashion company. Second, the result of this study was confirmed through descriptive statistics, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. Third, the results of this study can be a guide-line for professors to help student to which is fashion in spite of outside comment and own future career task.
The Influence of Pop-up Store Attributions Toward Brand Attitude and Revisiting Intention - Focus on Sports Brands -
Chae, Hee-Ju ; Choi, Hyeon-Young ; Jang, Jin-Hee ; Ko, Eun-Ju ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 400~412
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.400
This study explores the characteristics and effects of a pop-up store based on how the store attributions of a pop-up store influence brand attitude and brand patronage intention. The questionnaire consisted of 3 instruments: store attributes, brand attitude, and brand revisiting intention. Data were analyzed by factor analysis, frequency analysis, reliability analysis, and multiple regressions, using SPSS 18.0. We surveyed 123 males and females, who had an experience of a pop-up store, and interviewed five experts who work in the fashion related area. The results of this study were as follows. First, it was shown that VMD has positive impacts on brand patronage intention, but with no significant relationship to brand attitude. Second, a brand culture`s experience of a pop-up store has a strong influence on brand attitude and brand patronage intention. Third, products in the store are the most important factors that influence brand attitude. The findings indicate that the promotion of diverse attributes of apop-up store is critical to make customers perceive brand attitude and brand patronage intention that are expected to be used to establish advanced marketing strategies.
The Effects of Salesperson`s Nonverbal Communication on Consumer Emotions and Service Quality in Fashion Shopping
Cho, Youn-Joo ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 413~422
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.413
This study is to verify the influence of salesperson`s nonverbal communication on consumer emotions, and service quality in fashion shopping. This study sample is limited to Busan and Kyungnam Province`s fashion shopping consumers. The responders included 239. Data were analyzed by frequency, factor analysis, and AMOS. As the results, kinesics, proxemics, paralanguage, and physical appearance are a major influence on positive consumer emotions that influence service quality. Kinesics and proxemics are a major influence on negative consumer emotions; however, paralanguage, and physical appearance are not a major determinant to influence negative consumer emotions; in addition, there is a direct link between negative consumer emotions and service quality. Also, consumer emotions mediated the relationship between nonverbal communication and service quality. Therefore, fashion firms should train employee manners to ensure that nonverbal communication is important in service encounters.
A Study on the Purchasing Practice and Satisfaction of Down-aging Clothes for the Female in their 40s-50s
Lim, Ji-Young ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 423~429
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.423
This study investigated purchasing practice and size satisfaction to offer basic data to establish a marketing strategy and produce down-aging clothes for females in their 40s-50s. For the data analysis, crosstabs, factor analysis, and one-way ANOVA were used. The results were as follows; first, middle-aged women were observed to purchase down-aging clothes "to look younger" and not purchase clothes "due to the lack of right sizes." For women who answered to `not purchase clothes`, they also acknowledged that they intended to purchase down-aging clothes in the future if the right size is available. Second, people in their early 40s significantly considered perceptual qualities such as fashion and brand names while people in their late 50s placed the most importance in practicality and wearability. For body shapes, people with overweight body types were found to significantly consider physical performance, practicality, and wearability. Third, the examination of purchase satisfaction levels by age groups showed that younger age groups had high satisfaction level for wear functionality related items that included size and activity however, the late 50s group had the lowest satisfaction level. Middle-aged women purchased clothes to look younger however, they simultaneously wear clothes that are plain and conservative or respectable and graceful. Therefore, the development of products reflect the analysis of designs that can help create a more youthful appearance and women`s preferred styles are needed in addition to the establishment of a differentiated sizing system for middle-aged female consumers in the incorporation of the characteristics of middle-aged women`s body parts.
Sensibility Preference of Eco-Friendly Fabric Products and Trust Reliability
Na, Young-Joo ; Kim, Hyo-Won ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 430~437
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.430
This study analyzed the sensibility of eco-friendly fabrics for college students and investigated their attitude on environmental problems, trust reliability onto eco-apparel products, and their purchase state. We tested 6 eco-friendly fabrics (recycled polyester, organic cotton, green tea, charcoal, bamboo, and nettle) through a survey using the Likert scale of 12 polar sensibility words. Most fabrics showed feelings that were smooth, natural, female, and country these were followed by fashion, cheap, functional, sustainable, warm, and vintage. In addition, nettle fabric showed `rough` feeling, and recycled polyester fabric showed an `artificial` feeling. Correspondence analysis showed the distance and direction between fabric types and sensibility words with a 2D diagram where the X axis was named with `Soft <-> Hard` and Y axis was with `Environmental <-> Manmade` to represent the relationship between fabric types and the sensibility words. According to the results of the multiple regression analysis, the cognition level of the consumer for environmental problems was found to be the most influential variable on the loyalty purchase of eco-friendly products; however, the trust reliability level of consumer onto eco-friendly apparel products was found to be the most influential variable on the conditional purchase of eco-friendly apparel products.
Female Adolescents` Awareness of Health Harmfulness and Skinny Jeans Purchasing Behavior: Focus on the Effect of Appearance-Relative Behavior
Ham, Seon-Ja ; Jung, Hye-Jung ; Oh, Kyung-Wha ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 438~447
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.438
This study investigates the effects of appearance-relative behaviors of adolescent female consumers on their awareness of heath harmfulness and skinny jeans purchasing behaviors and identifies the influential variables on the wearing satisfaction of skinny jeans. A survey was carried out with middle and high school female students and 386 responses were analyzed using descriptive analysis, factor analysis, a reliability test, and regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows, 1) From the results of the factor analysis on appearance-related behaviors and clothing benefits of skinny jeans for female adolescents, each of the variance assessments clearly showed factorial structures. 2) As a result of looking at the influences of appearance-relative behaviors on the clothing benefits of skinny jeans, respondents who paid more attention to their appearance tended to consider hygiene and activity comfort less important. In addition, respondents who had higher fashion concerns tended to consider aesthetic, practicability, desired trend, and activity comfort more important. 3) Respondents who had higher fashion concerns and considered activity comfort more important among skinny jeans benefits showed a higher level of satisfaction when wearing skinny jeans. However, respondents who thought aesthetic and health hygiene more important when buying skinny jeans showed a lower level of satisfaction when wearing skinny jeans. Female adolescents showed less satisfaction when wearing skinny jeans, as they perceived harmfulness about skinny jeans more.
Research on Growing Progress of Foot Size to Improve Appellation of Shoe Sizes
Choi, Young-Lim ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 448~453
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.448
This study aims to categorize age groups for shoes manufacturing including shoes size and boot tree development for Koreans. In order to carry out the research, the characteristics of different parts of foot in relation to size are analyzed according to age and sex, making use of human body measurement database. As a result of statistical analysis, it was found that the measurement items such as foot length, metatarsal tibiale, foot breadth and instep circumference of a person reached the range of standard deviation and average numerical figures of an adult group (18-24) from the age of 14 in men`s case, and from 12 for women`s case, which indicates the time of completion of their foot growth. Based on these findings where males of 14 years old and females of 12 are within similar measurement range to adults, it is necessary to categorize the age groups for shoe sizing system into the following four groups: males 13 years old or under, males 14 years old or over, females 11 years or under, and females 12 years or over. The proportional measurement produced by dividing each measurement item of foot parts by foot length was compared in an independent samples t-test, and there were meaningful differences according to different foot shapes of the two age groups of males 13 or under - males 14 or over, and females 11 or under - females 12 or over. Also, the independent samples t-test for the age groups of males 13 or under - females 11 or under, and males 14 or over - female 12 or over, showed similar meaningful differences, which indicates the differences in foot shapes of male and female during the period of growth.
A Study on Establishing of Fit Test Conditions for Slacks
Kim, Seon-Young ; Nam, Yun-Ja ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 454~464
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.454
In this study, fitness tests for slacks were divided into shape fitness test and motion fitness test, and the fitness test conditions for slacks were designed as the first step for standardization of measuring scales. Shape fitness test consisted of analyzing the parameters of appearance sensory tests as described in preceding studies, performing a simulated appearance sensory test, collecting and considering apparel experts` opinions about the test parameters, and establishing test conditions in terms of test regions, descriptions and faces. For the regions of the abdomen, hip, crotch, thighs, and knees, the parameter of unnecessary wrinkle/stretch was observed from the anterior and posterior body, and then evaluated; for waist, hip, crotch, knee and hem circumference, the parameters of ease and horizontality were observed from the anterior body and posterior body followed by evaluation; and, at the levels of waist, hip, crotch, knee and hem circumference, the division of the lateral line were observed from the lateral body followed by evaluation. Motion fitness test was composed of reviewing and analyzing comparatively the methods of motion fitness tests as mentioned in preceding studies, and establishing test conditions in terms of test motions and test regions. For each of the waist, abdomen, hip, crotch, and knees, wear sensation was tested in the positions as follows: upright standing, moderate walking, chairsitting, bending forward to the maximum, and kneeling down, provided that as the measured points of garment pressure, anterior waist, abdominal protrusion, buttock protrusion, crotch, and midpatella were set and tested.
Analysis Characteristics of Image Words Shown on the Face of Woman - Women in their 20s and 60s -
Kim, Ae-Kyung ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 465~471
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.465
This thesis collected words, feelings, and psychological images expressed in female faces in their 20s and 60s. The comparative analysis of the characteristics will be based on the effective image of direction and improvement. Through the analyzed station of word of images collected, female faces in 20s of image are positive images such as pretty, cute, and elegant; however, there were also negative images such as gloomy, sharp, and stubborn. Female faces in 60s image are negative image such as scary, gloomy, sharp, and stubborn. To the analyzed station of word`s tendency (usually expressed appearance), external-oriented tendency significantly developed in their 20s and 60s. It shows that the importance of appearance is emphasized in women face image in 20s and 60s.
A Study of Fine Fiber Formation and Physical Properties of Polyacrylonitrile Copolymer
Lee, Shin-Hee ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 472~477
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.472
The conditions of wet spinning were considered in order to prepare the fine denier of acrylic fiber. Polyacrylonitrile copolymer was synthesized by the copolymerization of acrylonitrile (AN) and methyl acrylate (MA) initiated by an aqueous sulfite-chlorate redox system. Acrylic fiber was manufactured through wet-spinning in a dimethyl formamide (DMF) system. The conditions of wet-spinning were investigated by i-value, spinning speed, diameter of spinneret, draw ratio, water content of spinning dope and morphology of protofiber. The physical properties of fibers were investigated by Instron. In this experiment, the minimum i-value decreased with the decreasing spinneret diameter, an increased spinning speed, and an increased coagulation bath (CBC) concentration. The maximum draw ratio increased with an increased CBC. The optimum CBC and water content of the spinning dope were 60%-65% and 3.5%, respectively. The tenacity at the breaking point increased with a decreased fineness of fiber. The elongation at breaking point was almost the same value as a function of the fineness of fiber.
Dyeability and Functionality of Chaenomelis Fructus Extract
Nam, Ki-Yeon ; Lee, Jung-Soon ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 478~485
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.478
The dying properties of fabrics with Chaenomelis Fructus extract were studied through an investigation of the characteristic of Chaenomelis Fructus colorants, the effect of dyeing conditions (dye temperature, dyeing concentration, and times on dye uptakes), effect of mordant, effect of UV irradiation, and color change in addition, antimicrobial ability and deodorant ability were estimated. In the UV-Visible spectrum, the wavelength of maximum absorption of Chaenomelis Fructus extract was 280 nm and showed that tannin is the major pigment component. From the increase of absorbance by UV irradiation, it was assumed that catechol tannin color was developed through UV irradiation. An increased dyeing concentration resulted in a larger dye uptake. Dye uptake increased as the dyeing time and temperature increased. Chaenomelis Fructus extract showed relatively good affinity to silk than cotton. Mordant, Fe and Cu were effective to increase the dye uptake of cotton fabric in addition, the dye uptake of silk fabric mordanted with Fe and K improved. UV irradiation let the color of dyed fabrics develop regardless of the UV irradiation stage however, UV irradiation on the dyed fabric was more effective than on the extract for the color development. Dyed silk fabric showed very good antimicrobial abilities of 99.9% in addition, deodorant ability improved in the fabric dyed with Chaenomelis Fructus extract.
Sound Characteristics and Mechanical Properties of Taekwondo Uniform Fabrics
Jin, Eun-Jung ; Cho, Gil-Soo ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 486~491
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.486
This study examined the sound characteristics of Taekwondo uniform fabrics to investigate the relationship between the sound parameters and the mechanical properties of the fabric as well as to provide the conditions to maximize the frictional sound of the uniform. Frictional sounds of 6 fabrics for Taekwondo uniforms were generated by the Simulator for Frictional Sound of Fabrics. The frictional speeds were controlled at low(0.62 m/s), at mid(1.21 m/s) and at high(2.25 m/s) speed, respectively. The frictional sounds were recorded using a Data Recorder and Sound Quality System subsequently, the physical sound properties such as SPL(Sound Pressure Level) and Zwicker`s psychoacoustic parameters were calculated. Mechanical properties of specimens were measured by KES-FB. The SPL, Loudness(Z) values increased while Sharpness(Z) value decreased. In the physical sound parameter, specimen E had the highest SPL value at low speed and specimen B at high speed. In case of Zwicker`s psychoacoustic parameters, the commercially available Taekwondo uniform fabrics(E, F) showed higher values of Loudness(Z), Sharpness(Z), and Roughness(Z), that indicates they can produce louder, shaper and rougher sounds than other fabrics for Taekwondo uniforms. The decisive factors that affected frictional sounds for Taekwondo uniforms were W(weight) as well as EM(elongation at maximum load) at low speed and WC(compressional energy) at high speed.
Effect of Washing Solution Characteristics on the Removal and Color of Cocoa Stains
Chung, Hae-Won ; Kim, Hyo-Jeong ;
Fashion & Textile Research Journal, volume 14, issue 3, 2012, Pages 492~500
DOI : 10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.3.492
Cocoa is a popular drink for children and contains healthy polyphenols however; a deep brown stain is left when cocoa is spilled over clothes. The main pigments in cocoa are anthocyanins that change in washing solutions with different alkalinity and metals. The removal and color changes in a cocoa stain after washing with various pH solutions and water hardness were studied. Alkalinity and the water hardness of washing solutions were important factors for the removal of cocoa stains. The removal of cocoa things in washing solutions without detergent was low (and even became negative after removal and darker) in solutions with a pH 9 and above. The cocoa stain was not removed and only the fabric color faded, although the cocoa stained cloth was washed with Korea tap water that has a pH of 7. The cocoa stain removal in detergent solutions was conspicuously higher than for only water. Even in detergent solutions, the cocoa stain removal decreased as water hardness increased. Cocoa stain removal was more effective and the color dimmest when the stained cloth was washed in a solution without the metal cations, and the bleach added with the detergent at a temperature of
and for longer than 20 minutes. Effective and economical equipment for tap water softening for a washing machine should be developed and used to improve cocoa stain removal.