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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
Durable Water and Oil Repellent Finish of Wool Fabric(II)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 1~6
It is important in the durable water and oil repellent finishing for wool fabric what kinds of water-repellent agents will be used. Water repellent agents and its concentration were aleady chosen in the previous paper, one of the crosslinking agents which has less damages(harsh handle or yellowing) to the treated fabrics was a low molecular weight urethane-based resins(eg. Elastron BN-11). In repellent finishing, fabrics were padded in a bath which contained aqueous solution of water-repellent agents, and crosslinking agents, and wetting agents, followed by drying and curing. The most suitable treating condition for excellent repellency and durability to dry-cleaning was as follows ： Fabrics are padded at liquor pick-up ratio of 50%, with aqueous solution which contained $30g/\ell$ of water-repellent agents, and $1g/\ell$ of crosslinking agents, and 40g/s of wetting agents. And the padded fabrics were dried at
for 1 minute, and cured at
for 1 minute. For the fabrics, water and oil repellencies and durability to repeated dry-cleanings were observed. For enhancing the durability to dry-cleaning, the role of crosslinking agents was important for they bonds water-repellent agents and fibers to 3-dimensional net structure. Therefore, the most suitable drying and curing conditions should be selected according to the kinds of crosslinking agents.
A Study on the Dyeing of Polyester Fabric by Microwave Heating(I)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 7~14
Microwaves are high frequency radiation capable of generating very rapid, uniform and efficient heating of textile material. Microwave heated dyeing of polyester fabric was tried with different solvent systems, irradiation time and dye concentration. Microwave fixation methods were used with 100% water,30% urea, EG and DMF, respectively, pad-baths in which the padded fabrics were exposed over a heated or boiling water bath to maintain sufficient moisture content during irradiation. In order to ascertain the relation between the dyeing property of polyester fabric and the microwave irradiation condition caused by microwave heating, the K/S values and fastness properties of dyed fabrics such as light, washing and sublimation fastness were measured.
Physical Properties of Polyester Yarns and Fabrics Treated with Various Heat Temperatures in Dyeing ＆ Finishing Processes
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 15~23
Stability and Reactivity of Vinylsulfonyl Reactive Dyes
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 24~29
Flame Retardant Finishing for Nylon Fabric with Phosphate Compound
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 30~36
The need for the effective flame retardant finishing for synthetic fiber Is required. This paper is focussed on the analysis of physical properties of nylon 6 fabric treated with tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate(TCEP) in comparision with the untreated fabric. In order to evaluate the flame retardance effect, limiting oxygen index and burn rate were determined. Above 20% add-on of TCEP on nylon 6 fabric, reasonable flame retardancy was observed. Thermal stability of the treated nylon 6 fabric was evaluated by TGA. It seems that TCEP acts via a condensed phase mechanism. Tenacity and moisture regain of the treated fabrics were not changed and washfastness of those was excellent.
The Change of Mechanical Properties of Alkali Hydrolyzed PET Fabric with Tank/Liquor-flow Machine - Bending and Shear Properties -
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 37~44
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effect of weight loss of polyethylene terephthalate(PET) fabrics on the mechanical properties such as bending and shear. In order to compare the effect of treatment machine on the mechanical properies of treated PET fabrics, PET fabrics were hydrolyzed with NaOH aqueous solution using Tank machine and Liquor flow machine, respectively. The results were as follows ： 1. The bending rigidity and shear stiffness of hydrolyzed PET fabric decreased markedly up to about 10％ weight loss regardless of treatment machines. At the above 10％ weight loss, the variation of these properties is nearly unchanged. In addition, the bending hysteresis and shear hysteresis also showed similar trend. 2. Weft density change of PET fabrics treated with Liquor flow machine decreased by 1pick/inch. It is assumed that this is attributed to the tension during the treatment of Liquor flow machine. On the other hand, the weft density change of PET fabrics treated with Tank machine is scarcely influeneced by the weight loss. While warp density of PET fabrics treated with Liquor flow machine had no change with weight loss, warp density of PET fabrics treated with Tank machine decreased by 6pick/inch due to the tension. 3. The bending rigidity and shear stiffness of PET fabrics hydrolyzed with liquor flow machine slightly higher than with Tank m/c at the above 10％ weight loss. It is assumed that this is caused by the increasement of the crossing pressure of warp and weft yarn and contact points of filaments in the yarns. Also, the bending and shear hysteresis of PET fabrics treated with Tank machine were higher than that of liquor flow machine.
A Study on Reuse System of Dyeing Wastewater using Membrane
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 45~52
Reuse of wastewater become an important consideration to solve the environmental pollution problems in recent industriallzation and urbanization. Especially, he characteristic of dyeing process is subject to use much water and thus has serious problems for removal of color and organic pollutants in their wastewater. This report is divided into two main parts ： The purpose of the first part was to determine if alkaline wastewater discharged from textile dyeing operation factory could be flocculated directly by Fenton oxidation method. This study was conducted to investigate Fenton reagent dose and reaction condition of Fenton method as pretreatment for dyeing wastewater in K dyeing industry were investigated. In the second part of this research, to treat dyeing wastewater it was found that the most effective way is to use ultrafiltation and reverse osmosis at the conditions of the pH 7.0~8.0 and operating pressure of
. This paper is mainly dealt with the application on reuse system of dyeing wastewater treatment using ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis membranes. The results showed that dyeing wastewater could be reused by chemical, filter and membrane sequential treatment process.
The Effect of Benzophenone Derivatives on the Shielding of Ultraviolet Rays and Light-fastness of the Dyed Fabrics
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 4, 1998, Pages 53~61
The absorptions of ultraviolet rays of benzophenone derivatives were investigated in terms of the position of substituent, especially hydroxyl group. When the derivatives were added to the aqueous solution of Rhodamin B, which has very low light-fastness, all of them delayed the photofading of Rhodamin B solution. But on the fabrics, only the derivatives with the hydroxyl group at 2-position showed the good ability of ultraviolet rays absorption. The benzophenone derivatives absorb ultraviolet rays to form a hydrogen bond between hydroxyl group and carbonyl group, and return to their original structure by releasing heat energy. In solution, the derivatives can form a intermolecular hydrogen bond, and absorb the ultraviolet rays. But on the fabric, the intermolecular hydrogen bond is impossible, only hydroxyl group of 2-position forms a intramolecular hydrogen bond, and that makes the derivatives on the fabric absorb ultraviolet rays.