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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
Influence of Oxygen Plasma Treatments on Yellowing of Polyester Fabrics
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 6, 1998, Pages 1~9
The effects of oxygen plasma treatments at different discharge power, reaction pressure, treatment time on yellowing of polyester fabrics were studied. Surface characteristics of the treated fabrics were also investigated by means of SEM and ESCA. The results were as follows : The yellowing of fabrics increases as the power and the treatment time are increased, and decreases as the pressure is increased. The plasma treatment of 100 Watt, 200 mTorr, 5 min. is the optimal condition which is most effective in holding whiteness as well as high weight loss of fabrics.
A Study on the Mechanical Properties to the Weight Reduction Rate of PET Fabrics(II)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 6, 1998, Pages 10~19
This study surveys the mechanical properties such as tensile and compressional properties to the weight reduction rate of PET fabrics with various weft linear densities, weft t.p.m. and desities. 18 kinds of plain and 12 kinds of satin weave fabrics were woven and processed with variation of weight reduction rate(0％, 12％, 25％ and 30％) in dyeing and finishing processes. Tensile work, resilience and compressional work and resilience of these finished fabrics treated with different weight reduction rates were measured by KES-FB System and discussed with various wok linear densities, weft t.p.m., densities, and weight reduction rates.
Shrinkproof Finish of Viscose Rayon Fabric
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 6, 1998, Pages 20~26
100％ viscose rayon fabric was treated with 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) by pad-dry-cure process in the presence of various catalysts. The dimensional stability, mechanical properties and hand values of fabric treated with BTCA were investigated. The ester-crosslinking reaction was influenced by the concentration of BTCA and type of catalyst. The fabric treated with BTCA was comparable or superior to that treated with conventional crosslinking agents such as dimethyloldihydroxyethyleneurea and 4,5-dihydroxy-1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone in respect of wrinkle recovery, shrinkproof property, retention of strength, and hand values. But in yellowing of fabric, the fabric treated with BTCA was inferior to that treated with conventional crosslinking agents. The fabric treated with BTCA/sodium formate was inferior to that treated with BTCA/sodium hypophosphite in respect of WRA, but had better strength retention and whiteness.
Analysis and Dyeing of Natural Pigments Extracted from Onion Shell(Allium cepa)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 6, 1998, Pages 27~32
도시 Traditionally, dyes extracted from onion shells have been used as natural pigments but dyeing methods with reproducibility have not been developed. In this study, the dyes were analyzed by high performance thin layer chromatography(HPTLC) to obtain the ratio of pigments in water and ethyl acetate extract. Furthermore, the present study was also carried out to obtain the information characteristic of wavelength which proportionally decrease for continuous dyeing reaction. Scanning of water extract showed 4 peaks by the mobile phase of benzene/ethyl acetate/acetic acid(40/10/5) and the peak 1 exhibited yellow color with the maximal absorption spectra of 306nm and 309nm while ethyl acetate extract showed 9 peaks in the same mobile phase. The water extract after ethyl acetate extraction was adjusted to 0.5 of O.D.(optical density) at 550nm by adding of water and compared wavelength of the pigments from 200 to 600nm to find the proportional decrease of wavelength. As the result, it showed that wavelength of 306nm could be the standard of dyeing monitoring points.
Miscibility and Bleaching of Modified Polypropylene
Cho, Kyu-Min ; Cho, In-Sul ; Chang, Du-Sang ; Lee, Eun-Woo ; Kim, Oh-Nyen ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 6, 1998, Pages 33~41
A Study on Biodegradability of Various Dyeing Auxiliaries
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 6, 1998, Pages 42~48
For the effective operation of complex dyeing wastewater treatment plant, the biodegradability of various dyeing agents were investigated. For experiments in biodegradability, activated sludge from aeration tank of wastewater treatment plant was used. Biodegradability of dyeing agents were compared by measuring the
. removal efficiency of dyeing agents was less than 80% , while
removal efficiency was less than 60% after of days. Therefore, biodegradation by activated sludge were found very difficult. Judging from this, it is necessary to isolate strains biodegrading dyeing agents in order to operate activated sludge process safely.
A Study on the Antimicrobial Activity of Allylamine Polymers(I)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 6, 1998, Pages 49~54
The antimicrobial activities of the copolymer of N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-diallyl ammonium chloride (DMDAAC) and acrylamide(AA) were investigated. A series of copolymers with various ratios of DMDAAC and AA were prepared by free radical initiation via an intra-intermolecular propagation mechanism, ie, cyclopolymerization, and the antimicrobial activities of the prepared copolymers were measured by minimum inhibitory concentration(MIC) test. The copolymers were, then, methylolated under basic condition for reactivity with hydroxyl group of cellulose. Both antimicrobial activity and fastness to laundering of the cotton fabrics finished using the methylolated copolymers were evaluated. From the results it was shown that the copolymers with different ratios of DMDAAC and AA have MIC values in the range of 1∼100ppm. As the ratio of AA in the copolymers increases, the anitmicrobial activity decreases. The fastness of the cotton fabric finished by the methyolated copolymers to 10 repeated launderings in anionic commercial detergent is good enough to show colony reduction above 90％ regardless of DMDAAC and AA ratios.
Effect of Added Commercial Bleaching Agent in Detergency of Enzyme Mixed Deterging Agent
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 10, issue 6, 1998, Pages 55~66
In order to investigate the detergency effects of various detergents to stained polyester & cotton fabric with solid soils such as carbon black, liquid paraffin and fat, the optimum washing conditions according to the types of washing agent, the assesment of detergency effect by the measurement of reflectance after and before washing were studied. The detergency effect of various detergents to stained polyester and cotton fabric increased by using the mixtures of bleaching and enzyme detergent. In order to obtain the excellent detergency effect, 2-step treatment, the pre-washing with bleaching agent and bleaching-enzyme mixture detergent treatment is preferred. In comparison of the detergency to polyester and cotton fabric, it is assumed that the detergency to polyester stained fabric was superior than that to cotton stained fabric because of the difference of adhesive force between soil material and fabric in preparing solid stained fabric.