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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Mechanical Properties to the Weight Reduction Rate of PET Fabrics(III)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~8
This study surveys the mechanical properties such as surface properties(MIU, MMD, SMD) to the weight reduction rate of PET fabrics. For this purpose, 12 kinds of satin and 18 kinds of plain weave fabrics are prepared with change of the physical properties of weft yarn(T.P.M., density, and denier). The weight reduction rate was 0%, 12%, 25%, and 30%. Coefficient of friction(MIU), mean deviation of friction(MMD), and geometrical roughness(SMD) of the fabrics were measured and discussed with wed twist, yarn linear density, weft fabric density and weave structures.
Antibacterial and Deodorization Activities of Cotton Fabrics Dyed with Amur Cork Tree Extracts
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 1, 1999, Pages 9~15
Using water and methanol, the colorant components were extracted from the heartwood of amor cork tree which is known as the oldest natural yellow dye. The dyeabilities of the colorant on cotton and the fastness of cotton fabrics dyed with amur cork tree extracts were investigated. According to the dye uptake and mordant concentration, antibacterial activities and deodorization properties of dyed fabrics were also investigated. As a results, K/S values of dyed fabrics were increased with concentrations of mordants and amur cork tree extracts. Washing fastness of dyed fabrics was very low, light fastness was fair and the other fastness were good. Deodorization rates of dyed fabrics were increased in proportion to concentrations of amur cork tree extracts. The reduction rates of bacteria measured by Bioassay tests were also increased in proportion to concentrations of mordants and amur cork tree extracts.
The Effects of Two-step Fixation and Urea on the Alkali Discharge Printing of Cotton Fabrics Dyed with C. I. Reactive Black 5
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 1, 1999, Pages 16~24
The effects of two-step fixation of steaming and baking on the dischargeability of cotton fabrics dyed with C.I. Reactive Black 5(Bl-5) were investigated when the concentrations of
and benzaldehyde sodium bisulfite(BASB) were increased over 120/kg. Remarkably increased dischargeability resulted from baking for 3 min or more at 160t after steaming for 8 min or more at
, but 120g/kg or more amounts of
and BASB(50%) had little influence on dischargeability. Therefore the discharge mechanism can be suggested that covalent bonds between cellulose and Bl-5 undergo
attack by hydroxide ion formed by the reaction of
and water in steaming at
first and then, through transition states they are cleavaged in baking at 160t to yield hydrolyzed Bl-S and compounds of BASB and Bl-5 isolated from fiber, which are undyeable and removed by washing. The effect of urea, one of the hydrotrope agents, on discharge printing was also studied. The result which dischargeability was greatly improved by increasing the steaming time from 8 min to 15 min at
or by increasing the amount of urea obviously shows that water in steaming and urea in print paste play an important role in discharge printing. And as an increase of the baking time from 5 min to 7 min at
makes it possible to improve dischargeability, it is once more confirmed that high temperature of about 160t is exactly required to discharge the dyed Bl-5. The colored discharge printing demands a more amount of urea because urea contributes to the putting color fixation as well as the discharge reaction.
Surface Property of PET Fabric Treated with
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 1, 1999, Pages 25~33
PET fabric was grafted with
plasmas generated by glow discharge. The water repellency of plasma-treated fabrics were evaluated with contact angle meter. The change in surface morphologies was observed by SEM, and the change of surface chemical characteristics were analyzed by FT-IR, ESCA and microchemical analysis technique. The results obtained are as follows : 1) The contact angle of plasma-treated fabric was over
. 2) It was observed by SEM that the surface of treated substrate was over coated with thin film formed by the fluorocarbon plasma treatment. 3) According to ESCA analysis, there were prevailing -CHF-,
- and a little
components on fluorocarbon plasma treated substrate. -CHF- and
- components were reduced by washing, and
- component was recovered by heat treatment. 4) In consideration of quantitative analysis of fluorine and F/C ratio by ESCA, we found that fluorination reached to the inner of substrate.
Changes in Physical Properties of Paper by Solvent-Bonding between Cellulose Fibers Using Aqueous Solution of N-Methylmorpholine N-Oxide
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 1, 1999, Pages 34~41
To examine the increase of paper strength by solvent-bonding using N-methylmorpholine N-oxide (NMMO), a paper was treated with aqueous solutions of NMMO, concentrated at
for selected periods of time, and pressed for 5 seconds followed by washing and drying. The effect of the increasing NMMO concentration on bonding state and some important properties of samples were mainly investigated. With increasing concentration of NMMO, the degree of bonding between fibers was increased, the fiber cross-sectional shape was changed from 'thin ribbonlike' to 'round rodlike' by swelling with solvent, and the longitudinal waves (crimp) were introduced to fibers, hence the shrinkage, weight per unit area, and thickness of paper were increased. Consequently, the tensile strength and elongation, under standard and wet conditions, and the stiffness were increased, and the water absorption was decreased generally with increasing concentration of NMMO. The moisture regain of treated samples was lower than that of the untreated sample, because of the reduction of space between fibers. But the moisture regain was increased a little with increasing concentration of NMMO due to the fiber swelling with NMMO followed by structural relaxation.
A Study on Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Aramid Fabrics
An, Seung-Kook ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 1, 1999, Pages 42~47
Chemical Modifications of Regenerated Cellulose Fiber
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 1, 1999, Pages 48~60
In this paper, a new regenerated celluosic fiber, "Tencel" was treated with cellulase enzyme. Also Tencel fabrics were pretreated with NaOH and dyed with various reactive dyes, and subsequently finished with DMDHEU.
value was calculated by measuring color difference before and after wet abrasion test to rubbing. The fibrillation propensity was estimated on Tencel by means of weight loss,
value, and SEM observation. Weight loss of NaOH pretreated Tencel fabric is more lower than that of original fabric. The cellulase treatment decreased tensile strength but improved wet abrasion strength, wrinkle recovery, and bending properties. Tendency of fibrillation for Tencel fabric was reduced by NaOH-pretreatment, dyeing with multifunctional reactive dyes, and afterfinishing by DMDHEU.by DMDHEU.