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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
Dyeing Properties of Polyester Ultrarmicrofiber
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 3, 1999, Pages 1~8
Polyester ultrarmcrofiber(UMF, fiber fineness : 0.05d) and the other three kinds of polyester fibers(0.52, 1.04 and 2.08d) were dyed with two disperse dyes, C.1. Disperse Red 60 and Blue 56. Dyeing rates and absorption isotherms of these dyes have been measured at 100, 115 and
in water system. The dye bath was maintained at pH 5.0 with acetic acid(0.1mo1/1) /sodium acetate(0.1mo1/1) buffers and a liquor ratio of 1000：1. The absorption isotherms from two disperse dyes are nearly linear up to the saturation values, which increase with the temperature of dyeing. Dye uptake decreased with the fiber fineness in lower temperature
, whereas increased in higher temperature
. A comparatively greater quantity of dye is necessary to dye ultrarmcrofiber fabrics than conventional fabrics. Disperse Blue 56 having a good build-up property is agreed to Fothergill's equation, which is inversely varied with the fiber fineness by the quantity of dye necessary to obtain a given shade.
Thermosol Dyeing of Industrial Polyester Belt
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 3, 1999, Pages 9~14
To investigate the effect of dyeing conditions, such as pick-up rate, dye concentration, time and temperature in thermosol dyeing on the dyeability of industrial polyester belt, dye uptake and rubbing fastness were measured. The dye uptake was increased with the increase of pick-up rate, dye concentration, dyeing time and temperature. The high rubbing fastness(class 5) for polyester belt dyed with Cibacet Blue F3R at the various conditions was obtained.
The Effect of Natural Mordants on the Silk Fabrics Dyed with Green Tea Extracts(I) - Analysis of Natural Mordants and the Effect on Color Changes -
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 3, 1999, Pages 15~22
This study investigated the mordanting effect of natural mordants such as camellia ash, bean chaff ash and pyrolignite of iron(Iron(II) Acetate) on silk fabrics dyed with green tea extracts. Experimental variables include the conditions of extraction and dyeing, and types of natural mordants. Inorganic ion contents In natural mordants were analysed by Induced Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometer. In the ash Al, Fe, Si and Mn were in % unit, Cr and Ni were detected in ppm unit, and in the aqueous extracts of the ash all the metal ions were in ppm unit. On the other hand, fairly high content of Al(2.13% ) in camellia ash extract and Fe(7.91% ) in the aqueous extracts of pyrolignite iron were detected. The absorbance intensity of green tea extracts in UV-Visible spectrum increased with the temperature and time of extraction. The maximum absorption wavelength of the extracts appeared at 272.5nm and 210.5nm. The US values of silk fabrics dyed with green tea extracts were increased with temperature and time of dyeing. Surface color of silk fabric dyed with green tea extracts was 9.1YR, but it was changed from 7.9YR to 7.5YR by camellia ash extract and 7.4YR to 6.4YR by bean chaff ash extract with increase in mordant concentration. Pre-mordanted and post-mordanted fabrics with pyrolignite of iron were changed from 1.4YR to 1.1R and 7.2P to 4.2P, respectively.
The Evaluation of Bleaching and Detergency of Artificially Stained Fabric
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 3, 1999, Pages 23~31
In order to investigate the detergency of the mixture of compact detergent and bleaching agent to fabric stained with a coffee and a red wine, respectively, and a japanese wet stained fabrics, to evaluation of detergency was studied under various washing conditions. In order to study the effect of alkaline agent addition on the detergency, the soda ash was added in the compact detergent system. The results are as follows : In a low temperature washing condition, the alkalinity of washing liquor effected more the removal of the composite stained fabrics than that of oilic stained fabrics. For the colored stained fabric such as red wine stained sample, the influence of the repeated washing treatment on the detergency was not significant factor. On the other hand, the influence of the repeated washing treatment for the coffee stained and japanese wet stained fabric on the detergency was gradually increased.
Development of Functional Textile Material by Using Chitosan 1. Preparation and Characterization of Chitosan Fiber and Chitosan Fiber Coated with S-carboxymethyl Keratein
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 3, 1999, Pages 32~40
Chitosan fiber was prepared by wet spinning with various draw ratio. Chitosan fiber was coated with f-carboxymethyl keratein(SCMK) by extruding chitosan solution into 1 M NaOH solution containing 1% SCMK. Among three chitosan used in this study(chitosans of 5 cps, 50 cps, 100 cps), 50 cps chitosan gave the best tenacity and optimum concentration was 5%. SCMK coating increased the tenacity of chitosan fiber. Regardless of SCMK coating, tenacity and elongation of both chitosan fibers were increased with the increase of draw ratio. Chitosan fiber showed antimicrobial activity against Staphyloccus aureus showing 66∼72% of bacteria reduction rates. On the other hand, chitosan fiber coated with SCMK didn't show any antimicrobial activity.
Removal of Hemoglobin from Acrylic Acid Grafted Nylon Fabric The Removal and the State of Adhesion of Hemoglobin on Grafted Nylon Fabric-
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 3, 1999, Pages 41~48
The removal of hemoglobin from acrylic acid grafted Nylon fabrics has been investigated. In order to change detergency of Nylon 6 fabric, acrylic acid(AA) were graft copolymerized on Nylon fabric using ammonium persulfate(APS) as a initiator, and then acrylic acid grafted Nylon was treated with NaOH solution. The graft ratio increased linearly with increasing acrylic acid concentration. The graft ratio was the highest when the concentration of APS was 0.05%, and it decreased as the concentration of APS increased. The surface of Nylon fabric became rough due to graft. Moisture regain was increased by graft and alkaline treatment, contact angle was also improved compared with the ungrafted. The hemoglobin was easily solubilized and removed from grafted Nylon fabric, while it was difficult to remove hemoglobin from ungrafted Nylon fabric. The effects of graft on removal of hemoglobin was related with increase of moisture regain and transformation of COOH to COONa by alkaline treatment.
A Study on the Dyeing of Polyester Fabric by Microwave Heating(II)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 3, 1999, Pages 49~57
The effect of padding solution for the microwave heat dyeing of polyester fabric was studied variously. The dyeing property of polyester fabric varied with the kinds of added chemicals in the padding solution. Polyester fabrics impregnated in aqueous urea solution and aqueous sodium chloride solution for 10 minutes and then dyed for 7 minutes by microwave apparatus(2450 MHz, 700 W) under optimum conditions give good exhaustion. An aqueous solution of urea and a sodium chloride solution was more effective than water as padding solution for microwave heating dyeing. The K/S values of dyed polyester fabric by microwave were significantly affected by the type of solvent added in padding media and its concentration. Added solvents, n-hexane, acetone and dimethyl formamide were also more effective than water as padding media for the microwave heating dyeing. It is assumed that the effect of used solvents on dyeing property of polyester fabrics depends on the solubility parameter difference between solvent and polyester fabric.