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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Ultrasonic Vibration in Desizing and Scouring of Polyester Fabrics
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 5, 1999, Pages 1~6
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of a scouring machine including an ultrasonic system on desizing and scouring polyester fabrics. The ultrasonic frequency of the improved machine showed up at 28.882 kHz. Frequency amplitude increased with the current and the bath temperature, and then showed a constant level. Scouring effect of the ultrasonic machine was better than that of the conventional scouring machine using the mechanical stirring. The ultrasonic machine showed the optimum scouring effect at
of bath temperature and 10 min. of operation time, as compared to the conventional machine that required operating conditions of high temperature at
, stirring speed at 40 rpm, and stirring time for 15 min..
Flame-Retardant and Water-Repellent Finishing of Automobile Indoor Fabrics
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 5, 1999, Pages 7~12
The objective of this study is to apply water repellent and flame retardant finishes simultaneously to the fabric used for automobile. Both two step and one step methods were tried to apply the finishing agent to the fabric. In the two step method, water repellent agent was treated first, and flame retardant agent was applied next. The reverse finishing process was also attempted. In the one step method, flame retardant agent and water repellent agent treated to the fabric in one bath. The results of two step method revealed that the finishing effect was better when the water repellent agent was treated first than when flame retardant agent was treated first. In one step method, fluoro water repellent agent was superior to silicon water repellent agent.
Studies on Transfer Printing of Cotton and Polyester/Cotton Blended Fabrics Treated with Water Soluble Polyurethane Resin
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 5, 1999, Pages 13~21
In this study, selected cotton fabrics and polyester/cotton(P/C) blended fabrics are treated with a soluble polyurethane(SPU) and then, printed by heat transfer to determine the effect of SPU treatment on dye uptake of the samples. The results obtained are as follows： 1) In heat transfer, dye-uptake gets higher in Vopotion to temperature and time. The optimum printing temperature and printing time of C.I. Disperse Orange 3 and C.I. Disperse Violet 1 are
and 50sec. 2) Dye-uptake gets higher according to SPU concentration ; both cotton and P/C fabrics show the highest at
. 3) In color, as temperature, time and SPU concentration increase, P/C fabrics show more yellowish orange color than cotton fabrics in case of C.I. Disperse Orange 3 and P/C fabrics show more reddish violet color than cotton fabrics in case of C.I. Disperse Violet 1. 4) All fastness of cotton and P/C fabrics treated with SPU are good, but color fastness to washing and water of cotton fabrics treated with SPU are not good.
Increase in Color Depth of Polyester Fiber by Alkali Treatment and Analysis of the Surface Structure
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 5, 1999, Pages 22~29
The increase in color depth of polyester fiber dyed with black disperse dyes was investigated with respect to the kinds of resins and alkali treatment. The color depth of the dyed polyester fiber increased continuously according to the concentration of resins coated onto the fabrics. The alkali treatment to polyester fiber before dyeing also enhanced the color depth. It was thought that the polyester fiber was hydrolyzed by alkali resulting micropores on the sample. And the following treatment with a resin, Jet Black T-101, to the polyester fiber increased the color depth much higher. The successive process of alkali treatment, dyeing and Jet Black T-101 treatment could give the best color depth to polyester fiber. Although the alkali treatment reduced the tensile strength of polyester fiber, the color depth of polyester fiber enhanced sufficiently within the range of practically acceptable weight loss and strength. To analyze the micropore on the polyester fiber formed by alkali treatment, nitrogen porosimeter was used. As the weight loss of polyester fiber treated with alkali increased, the BET(Brunauer-Emmett-Teller) surface area, total pore volume, and average pore size of the sample increased.
The Dyeability and Antimicrobial Activity of Artemisia princeps Extracts
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 5, 1999, Pages 30~37
The extracts drawn out from Artemisia princeps by water was concentrated. Using this concentrate the silk and the cotton fabrics were dyed, and they were measured with the K/S value, surface color and mordant quantity in order to evaluate the dyeability and the antimicrobial activity. The results are as follows; 1. The K/S value of the silk fabric was much higher than that of the cotton fabric. And the color yield of the dyed silk fabric was most efficient for the premordanting method. 2. The surface colors on the dyed fabric depended heavily upon mordants used or mordanting methods. For all cases, the value of the dyed fabric was generally dark. For the Cr-mordant among various mordants, the chroma produced clear and the color difference was distinct when using the Fe-mordant. 3. On the other hand the amount of absorbed mordant in the silk fabric was larger than that of the cotton fabric. And the Cu-mordant was most efficient. 4. The color fastness was significantly improved when mordants were added. Cr-mordant improved best in all of the dry cleaning, wet cleaning and perspiration fastness. Iron and abrasion fastness showed over 4-5 grade regardless of any mordant. And light fastness was best in Cu-mordant. 5. The Cu-mordant showed the greatest antimicrobial activity in both of mordant treat silk and cotton fabrics.
Calculation of Optimum Parameters on Dual Adsorption Isotherm System
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 5, 1999, Pages 38~43
A calculation method of optimum parameters on dual adsorption isotherm system was examined. The optimum parameters were obtained by non-linear regression analysis based upon a limited solute concentration of dual adsorption isotherm. The results were analyzed with adducing experimental data of formerly reported treaties. The percentage mean deviation of dual adsorption equation calculated with optimum parameters was less than about 5% of experimental data, which was far less than results obtained with parameters of the adduced treatises.
Analysis of Dynamic Viscoelasticity Behavior on Drawing of Poly(ethylene 2,6-naphthalate) Film
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 11, issue 5, 1999, Pages 44~54
Poly(ethylene 2,6-naphthalate), PEN, is a relatively well-known polymer used for engineering purposes. Naphthalene ring provides rigidity to the polymer backbone, thus, it elevated the glass transition temperature and enhanced mechanical properties. The structure and properties of PEN affect a processing conditions severely, and the high-thermal stability have been had a poor thermal processibility. Hence, the basic mechanism of solvent drawing, is very much the same as that of thermal drawing from glassy state since both involve the inducement of segmental mobility. The former achieves the goal by use of chemical energy, and the latter does so by use of thermal energy. Generally, the sorption of the solvent by the polymer has a plasticizing effect, and leads to a lowering of the glass transition temperature,
. In this paper, the dynamic viscoelasticity behavior in liquid-drawing process of an unoriented amorphous PEN films were investigated using Rheovibron. The results are as follows ： (1) For the drawing in silicone oil, the drawing below
-dispersion due to an inhomogeneous taut structure. (2) For the drawing in water, the inhomogeneous taut structure reduced by the effect of plasticization even below
. (3) For the drawing in butanol, the only aliphatic segment in PEN have some molecular mobility but the mobility of the aromatic segment having naphthalene ring is nearly impossible. (4) For the drawing in dioxane/water mixing solvent, the solvent effect is complementary each other and accordingly the entire molecular conformation have stable state. (5) For the drawing in dioxane/butanol mixing solvent, the inhomogeneity of the taut structure and the aromatic segment increase with increasing the temperature and this tendencies correspond with that of the draw ratio.