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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Effect of Processing Conditions of ITY on the Physical Properties of Compound Yarn for New Synthetic Fabrics(I)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 12, issue 5, 2000, Pages 273~279
Interlace textured yarn was developed in order to increase weaving process efficiency. Today, interlace texturing is very useful method of manufacturing the high added value compound yarns for new synthetic fabrics. In this research, new silky type high added value compound yarns were. manufactured by interlace texturing technology and tested their properties. The object of this research is to investigate the relationship between interlace textured yarn properties and processing parameters that is air pressure, yarn tension and take-up speed. The original filament yarns used were TTD(Thick & Thin Semi-Dull) 110d/72f and SCD(Semi-Dull Cation Dyeable) 75d/36f. 27 specimens were manufactured and tested for their physical properties-nip density, tensile properties, multi-step shrinkage test and surface structure by SEM. The air pressure was main process condition to change properties of interlace textured yarns. And interlace textured process had influence on weaving preparation process, weaving, knitting and so on. It has some influence on shrinkage properties of dyeing and finishing processes.
A Study on the Dyeing Properties of Chestnut Bur Extract on Silk and Cotton(I)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 12, issue 5, 2000, Pages 280~287
For thousands of years, dyes were obtained from natural sources, such as plants and animals. Although synthetic dyes have replaced many natural dyes for commercial use but natural dyes with their fascinating color are still used extensively by some people. To investigate the dyeing properties of chestnut bur, which is most widely found in our country, some experiments were performed under the several dyeing conditions with silk and cotton fabrics. It was found that
of chestnut but extract was 410nm and the color of the fabric dyed is Yellow Red. The K/S value of silk and cotton fabrics increased when the dyeing temperature was higher than
and the dyeing time was more than 30 minutes. Optimal dyeing pH was between 5 and 6, and repetition of dyeing increased K/S value of the sample fabrics. K/S value of silk fabric dyed with chestnut bur extract was higher than that of cotton. Post-mordanting method showed higher color yield compared with pre-mordanting, and higher temperature and increased time in mordanting increased the dye-uptake.
Dyeing of Tencel with Coptis chinensis Franch
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 12, issue 5, 2000, Pages 288~294
The dyeing of Tencel fabric with Coptis chinensis Franch was studied. The colorant was extracted with distilled water under various concentrations of dyestuff, times, mordants. UV-VIS spectra were obtained to find the maximum wavelength and absorbance of colorant. Tencel fabric was dyed with different mordants in pre and post-mordanting methods. Maximum wavelength of spectrum was 343 nm, and K/S value of pre-mordant was higher than post-mordant. Aluminium and stannic mordants changed color from yellow to blue-greenish and red-bluish. Colorfastnesses of light, and washing were low grade, but that of perspiration was increased.
Effect of Inorganic Fillers on the Properties of Hydrated PAN Melt(I) -Rheological Properties of Hydrated PAN Melt-
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 12, issue 5, 2000, Pages 295~300
The melting behavior of hydrated polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and the rheological properties of hydrated PAN melt were investigated using DSC md modified capillary rheometer. With increasing the water content, Tm of the hydrated PAN was rapidly decreased and finally levelled off above a critical water content. However, the melt viscosity was further decreased even above the critical water content. The hydrated PAN melt showed a typical shear thinning behavior. In arrhenius plot, when the hydrated PAN melt was supercooled, it exhibited a different dependency on temperature from that above melting temperature.
The Dyeability and Antibacterial.Deodorization Activity of Silk Fabrics by Gromwell Extracts
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 12, issue 5, 2000, Pages 301~307
Silk fabrics were dyed with Gromwell extracts after mordanted with various mordants and their dyeability, antibacterial.deodorization activity, fastness and change of surface color were investigated. Silk fabrics were mordanted at
for 30 minutes and subsequently dyed at
for 30 minutes. The dye-uptake of silk fabrics increased with the concentration of Gromwell extracts and mordants. Surface color of silk fabrics changed differently according to the type of mordants used. Antibacterial and deodorization activities of silk fabrics dyed with Gromwell extracts were good. Cu mordant was more effective for deodorization activity. Dyed silk fabrics showed poor light fastness but good dry-cleaning and perspiration fastness.
Organic Solvent Dyeing (IV) - The Effect of Water on Dyeing of Polyester Fiber in Alkanes -
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 12, issue 5, 2000, Pages 308~314
The dyeability of C. I. Disperse Violet 1 on polyester fiber in alkance including a small amount of water was investigated. Up to 1% of water in alkanes the dye uptakes were increased rapidly. The dyeing transition temperature of the polyester fiber in alkanes with 1% of water was
that is lower by
in alkanes only. This means that water plasticizes the polyester fiber, and that dyes begin to penetrate the polyester fiber at lower temperature. Addition of trichloromethane which is known as a strong plasticizer on polyester fiber, in alkanes, increased the dye uptakes of C. I. Disperse Violet 1 on polyester fiber at
, but the dyeing transition temperature was lower by
than in alkanes only.
Antibacterial Characteristics of the Extracts of Yellow Natural Dyes
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 12, issue 5, 2000, Pages 315~322
The purpose of this study was to investigate the antibacterial effects of natural colors extracted from yellow natural dyes(Tumeric, Amur Cork Tree and Onion Shell). The water and the methanol extracts of Tumeric and Amur Cork Tree significally decreased the growth of E. coli in vitro and the methanol extract of Tumeric exhibited the strongest inhibitory effect among the samples. Silk and nylon fabrics dyed with water and methanol extracts of the yellow natural dyes showed antimicrobial activities against E. coli and Staph aureus in the Bioassay Test. Nylon fabric dyed with methanol extracts of them showed strong antibacterial effect on E. coli compared with that of water extracts. However, slik fabrics dyed with the extracts could not reduce the growth of E. coli. Silk or nylon fabrics dyed with methanol or water extracts of yellow natural dyes showed antimicrobial activities against Staph aureus. The antimicrobial activity of the fabrics dyed with methanol extracts from Tumeric, Amur Cork Tree and Onion Shell was stronger than that of water extracts, especially, the fabrics dyed with Tumeric extract showed the highest antibacterial property among the dyed fabrics.
High Softening Technology of Cotton Fabrics Treated with Liquid Ammonia
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 12, issue 5, 2000, Pages 323~329