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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
A Study on Natural Dyeing ( I ) - Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Amur Cork Tree -
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~8
Amur cork tree is natural basic and yellow dye largely used for dyeing on cotton. The most effective solvent for extract of berberine from amur cork tree was methanol. The dyeabilities of the colorant on cotton and the fastness of cotton fabrics dyed with amur cork tree extract were investigated. And according to the concentration, temperature and time of pre-treatment, K/S values, wash fastness and Hand Value of cotton fabrics dyed with amur cork tree extract were investigated. As a results, K/S values of dyed cotton fabrics were increased by Pre-treatment with chinese gallotannin and the optimum condition of chinese gallotannin treatment was 15%owf concentration at
, 30min. The wash fastness was enhanced to 3.5 grades. There was no degradations of Hand Value of cotton fabrics treated with chinese gallotannin.
Changes in Surface Shape and Physical Properties of Acetate Fabrics by Alkaline and Cellulase Treatment
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 9~17
The purpose of this study is to present basic data for the enzymatic modification of acetate fabrics. The weight loss and rate of weight loss of acetate fabrics increased with increasing NaOH concentration and treating time. Acetyl value decreased as the weight loss became higher. The weight loss of alkaline-treated acetate fabrics were directly proportional to the concentration and treating time of cellulase. The optimum temperature and pH in cellulase treatment were
and pH 3.5. The surface shape revealed that density of fiber decreased by alkaline-treatment. With the treating time of cellulase, fibrillation occurred. In case of higher weight loss in alkaline treatment, fibril is removed after 180 min. The tensile strength decreased by alkaline and cellulase treatment. Especially, in case of higher weight loss of alkaline treatment, tensile strength decreased suddenly. Alkaline treatment increased the drapability of acetates, while cellulase treatment increased it initially but decreased gradually with treatment time. The dyeability after alkaline treatment was improved for reactive dye, but deteriorated for disperse dye. The cellulase treatment of acetate lowered the dyeability for both types of dyes.
Effects of Cationic Surfactants on the Selected Physical Properties of DP Finished Cotton Fabrics (I) -Wetting Behavior of Single Fiber-
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 18~22
Effects of cationic surfactants old the wetting behavior of the DMDHEU treated cotton fibers were investigated using a technique based on the Wilhelmy principle. The results indicated that Interactions between the fiber and water ill the interface make contributions to wettability of the cotton fiber surface because of reorientation of polar groups at the interface. The effects of types and concentration of cationic surfactant on the wettability of both control and durable press(DP) finished cotton fiber are discussed. Below and near the critical micelle concentration(cmc), the adsorption of hexadecyltrimethylammoniumbromide(HTAB) on the control fiber makes the fiber surface more hydrophobic. Near and above the cmc of octadecyltrimethylammouniumbromide(OTAB) , the decrease in advancing contact angles indicates that the control cotton surface became hydrophilic. By the adsorption of both HTAB and OTAB onto the fiber surface, the hydrophobicity of the DP finished fiber surface became mere hydrophilic.
A Study of the Dyeability and Physical Properties of Mordanted and Finished Fabrics Dyed with Natural Dye of Safflower
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 23~31
To improve the dyeability and colorfastness of cotton and silk fabric dyed with natural dye of safflower, cotton and silk fabrics were pre-treated with different mordants such as halliic-acid, alum, brine and tannic-acid. Also, to investigate the effect of finishing treatment of fabrics on dyeability, cotton was treated with chitosan and mercerized before dyeing. L, a, b, ΔE and colorfastness(light, Laundry, sweat) of each samples were measured and compared. Mordant treatment didn't improved significantly dyeability and colorfastness on cotton and silk. But, on cotton mercerization and chitosan treatment improved dyeability and colorfastness. To compare the efficiency of extracted dye and Powered dye, extracted red dye of safflower prepared as powder. Cotton and silk were dyed with dyeing solution which made with powdered dye according to different concentration. Efficiency of powdered dye was found out lower than extracted dye solution.
Sputtering of Silk Fabric Using Poly(vinyl alcohol) Binder
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 32~37
Silk fabric was sputter-treated with Au, Cu, SUS, and Ti using poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) as a binder, and its changes in color, antielectrostatic property, airpermearbility, and rubbing fastness were investigated. Sputter-treated silk fabric had a natural color of metal target, which was deepened by treatment of PVA solution. The rubbing fastness of thin metal layer formed by sputtering was improved by PVA treatment. Au had highest rubbing fastness among the metal targets. In addition, PVA treatment posterior to sputtering resulted In higher rubbing fastness than the other treatment method. However, a reverse trend was found in antielectrostatic property. Air permeability of the sputter-treated silk fabric was improved by PVA treatment, which was highest when sputtering was conducted prior to PVA treatment.
Decolorization in Dyebath by Dye Adsorption of Chitin -Effects on the Adsorption in Direct Dyebath-
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 38~44
The adsorption ability of dyes on chitin, a natural polymer was investigated for decolorization of dye wastewater. Chitin was manufactured in lab by decalcification in dilute aqueous hydrochloric acid solution and deproteination in dilute aqueous sodium hydroxide solution with shrimp shells. Absorbance of residue solution of dyebaths after dye adsorptions of chtin were measured in varieties of dye concentration and dipping periods. Three kinds of Direct dyes -C.I. Direct Red 81 (red 81), C.I. Direct Brown l(brown 1) and C.I. Direct Green 26(green 26) - were used. Red 81 and brown 1 have smaller molecular weight than green 26. The results from experimentals were of]tamed as follows: 1) Adsorption of green 26 was improved in dyebath by addition of salt, but red 81 and brown 1 were not found any improvements. 2) Smaller size of chitin particles could be absorbed much more speedy. In this experiments, the smallest range of chitin particle size was
and less. 3) The most efficient amount of chitin for 20m1 of dyebath was 0.2g, 4) Both of red 81 and brown 1 showed good and speedy adsorption abilities as dyestuffs of over 90 percent in just one minute in dyebath of 0.01% dye concentration. But green 26 was absorbed slowly because of its large molecular weight. It took 40minutes to absorb dyestuffs of over 90 percent in dyebath of 0.01% dye concentration.
The Dyeing Properties of Polygonum cuspidatum Extract( I )
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 45~54
The Purpose of this studs was to investigate dyeing properties of silk and nylon fabrics by Polygonum cuspidatum extract. The properties were evaluated by it's extracting condition, dyeing condition, mordants variables, methods of mordanting and color fastness. Silk fabric showed the highest K/S value at
, while Nylon fabric showed at
. Surface color of dyed fabrics were various by the used mordants ; none-, and Al-mordanted fabrics were yellow, Cu-mordanted fabrics were redish yellow, Fe-mordanted fabrics were olive green. Fe-mordanted silk fabrics showed excellent laundering fastness and light fastness. Both silk and nylon fabric showed excellent laundering and dry cleaning fastness.
Reactive Dyeing in Immixcible Two-phase System of Water/organic Solvent (I)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 55~60
Cotton fabric was deed with a reactive dye in water/dichloromethane two-phase immiscible solvent media. In order to minimize dye loss due to its hydrolysis, the reactive dyeing was carried out in dichloromethane containing a small amount of water. With only 2ml of water in 23m1 of dichloromethane, 1.0g of cotton fabric could be dyed perfectly. The uptake ratio was increased greatly, compared with that of normal reactive dyeing in a waters medium. It would seem that the one of hydrophobic solvents, dichloromethane, can assist the eden dyeing as it disperses a small amount of dye-dissolved water phase and conveys this water phase to the fabric entirely and uniformly.
Comparison of Physical Properties on the Worsted Fabrics Woven with Rapier and Air Jet Looms(II) - Characteristics of Shear, Compression and Surface -
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 61~67
In this study, the fabrics were woven with worsted grams of Nm 2/72 and the structure of 5 harness satin on rapier and air-jet loom with different weft insertion mechanism and then fabrics were finished in the same processes. Also the physical properties were measured with KES-FB system and discussed with the characteristics of looms for comparing the difference of physical properties of the worsted fabrics which were woven with two different looms under the same structure. Pot shearing and compression properties, then showed similar behavior and the fabric finishing processes were seemed to affect much more than the difference of the loom types. For the surface roughness, the rapier fabrics showed higher irregularity than the air-jet fabrics.
A Study on Physical Characteristics of DTY and Elastic DTY - Characteristics of Tensile Properties and Shrinkage Ratio -
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 68~75
Tensile and shrinkage characteristics of DTY, EDY and Macel were investigated experimentally. The drawn textured yarn(DTY) made by an existing belt type false twist and the elastic drawn textured yarn(EDY) made by non-torque false twist method modified from the belt type one. Macel was the yarn which had drawn and un-drawn arrangements. The tenacity of EDY had lower value than that of DTY. EDY had higher strethch than that of DTY. Especially Macel yarn had higher stretch than that of DTY compared with the same diameter of yarn. With time course behavior the tenacity and elongation of DTY and EDY had stabled tendency without variation. Before scouring Process, the wet and dry shrinkage patio of EDY load higher value than that of DTY. However, they decreased artier the process. At the same time, the stretch characteristic of EDY was significant as the diameter of yarn became higher.