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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
The physical properties and the dyeability of nylon fibers prepared by high speed spinning
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 197~207
The physical properties and dyeability of the nylon 6 fibers prepared by high speed spinning at take-up speed of 4,100~5,600m/min were investigated. The strain decreased as the take-up speed was raised from 4,100m/min to 4,400m/min, but further increase of take-up speed could not decrease the strain. The stresses of the fibers spinned at various take-up speed did not make any noticeable differences. Birefringences, densities and crystallinities of the fibers increased with the take-up speed and then reached to a nearly maximum value at 5,300m/min. In DSC diagrams, the
form of crystal became dominant at higher take-up speed. The dye uptakes of C. I. Acid Blue 113 on the fibers decreased a little with the increase of take-up speed.
Compatibility Analysis of Disperse Dyes in Dyeing of PET/Spandex Blends
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 208~213
In dyeing PET/Spandex blends with disperse dyes, many disperse dyes are absorbed more readily into Spandex than PET. Inorganic/organic(I/O) values can characterize the affinity of disperse dyes for Spandex and PET fibers. As I/O values of disperse dyes approach that of Spandex, the dye uptake in Spandex increases. On the contrary, the disperse dyes of higher I/O values are absorbed more into PET than Spandex. The dye uptake in PET increases with increasing I/O values of disperse dyes. As I/O values of disperse dyes increase, the rate of dyeing become slower in the dyeing of PET/Spandex blends. Hence, the affinity and the compatibility of disperse dyes in PET/Spandex blends dyeing can be evaluated with I/O value.
A Study on the Alkali Hydrolysis of PET fabric with Ultrasonic Application(I) - Decomposition Rate Constant and Activation Energy -
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 214~222
In order to give a silk-like touch to PET fabrics, the PET fabrics were treated with NaOH alkaline solution in various conditions. In alkaline treatment, the liquor flow type pilot weight reduction apparatus with magnetostrictive ultrasonic transducer was used for the study. The weight loss of PET fabrics hydrolyzed in 4% and 6% NaOH solution, at
for 60min. with ultrasonic application showed 3.7~4.6% higher than that of treated fabric without ultrasonic application. From the difference of specific weight loss, the treatment condition of the maximum of hydrolyzation effect appeared at
in 6% NaOH solution, respectively. During the alkali hydrolysis of PET fabrics, the decomposition rate constant(k) increased exponentially with the treatment temperature and were not related with ultrasonic cavitation. The activation energy
in decomposition of PET fabrics were 21.06kcal/mol with ultrasonic application and 21.10kcal/mol without ultrasonic application. The ultrasonic application gave a little higher value of the activation entropy
and a little lower value of Gibbs free energy
compared with not used ultrasonic apparatus.
Properties and UV-cut effects of cotton fabric treated with
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 223~228
Cotton fabric was treated with
-PEG600 dispersion colloid by pad-dry-cure and wet-fixation process to improve the performance properties as well as UV-cut effect. As the concentration of
/PEG increased tensile strength, crease resistance, stiffness of treated cotton fabric increased. Application of wet-fixation method provided a further improvement in tensile strength, crease resistance, stiffness of treated cotton fabric. Cotton fabric treated with
/PEG was more efficient in UV-cut property than untreated cotton.
A Study on the Component Analysis of Sappan Wood Extracts
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 229~239
Colorants were extracted from the heartwood of sappan lin. with MeOH under reflux, and the concentrate or the powder of dye was prepared by low pressure concentration method using suitable organic solvent. Various components were isolated from sappan wood, and the chemical structure and mechanism of compound having the excellent antibacterial and deodorization properties were analyzed. The results obtained are as follows ; The seventeen components of sappan wood were seperated by HPLC chromatography, and the five components among them were existed more than 6% and the other components were existed lower than 0.6%. The resolving powers of the non-polar solvent and polar solvent systems were evaluated by their ability to resolve the samples. It showed that chloroform-methanol-water(800:150:10) system has the best resolving power. Although the seperation rate is very slow, polyamide C-100 column chromatography gives a clear seperation of sappan wood. On the basis of the spectrometric data such as IR, UV,
, the chemical structure of compound haying the excellent antibacterial and deodorization properties was established as brazilin containing the functional groups such as two quaternary carbon, one benzyl carbon, methylene contiguous to oxygen and methylene caused by oxygen atom.
A Study on Natural Dyeing(6) - Extract, Purification and Characters of Berberine -
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 240~248
The most effective solvent for extract of dye from amur cork tree was methanol. Two protoberberine alkaloids, berberine and palmatine, were isolated from amur cork tree by Prep-TLC, and the developing solvent was Benzene : AcOEt ; PrOH ; MeOH ; EtNH
(8: 4: 2: 0.5: 0.5). Dyes were stable at a high temperature and there wasn't any change of color at pH 3~9 and with added metal mordants. In adsorption spectra of aqueous solution of berberine and tannin mixture, two isosbestic points
were found and the mole fraction of reaction of components was 1:1.
The Degumming and Sericin Recovery of the Silk fabric Using the Electrolytic Water
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 14, issue 4, 2002, Pages 249~258
Natural silk is formed by two proteins : the crystalline fibroin (inside the silk thread) and amorphous sericin (as a tube outside the thread). The degumming process is used to eliminate the external sericin prior to dyeing ; generally it makes use of soaps at about pH 10. Sericin is the protein constituent that "gums"together the fibroin filaments of cocoon silk. It constitutes about 25% of the weight of the cocoon, is soluble in hot water and "gels" on cooling. The removal of sericin from raw silk, known as degumming, is a simple but important process usually employing hot dilute soap or alkaline solution and occasionally dilute acids or enzymic methods. During degumming, alkali is taken up by the sericin and the free acid from the soap is formed ; this may be deposited on the fiber, reducing the rate of degumming and protecting it from hydrolysis. Alkali is often added to maintain or restore the pH of the baths, but it is rarely used alone, since it leaves the silk rather harsh in handle. If complete sericin removal is required as for printing, sodium carbonate may be added. If the pH of the bath exceeds 11, the fibroin is attacked. Recently, According to the development of electrolysis, we can be obtained the electrolytic reduction water(above pH 11.5) and electrolytic oxidation water (below pH 3). The aim of this work was to study a degumming process using electrolytic water and a possibility of sericin recovery. The new degumming process used electrolytic water operates at
for 2hr. without any reagents. The wastewater of this process are formed by a solution of sericin in water. This conditions suggest the study of a possible recovery of this protein (sericin) which has an amino acid composition suitable for many used in cosmetics, textile finishing agents, animal feeding, etc. The degumming process using electrolytic water is available to reduce treatment costs and pollute and at the same time to recover sericin.