Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Study on Dyeing Properties of Nylon 66 Nano Fiber (1) -Levelling Type Acid Dyes-
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 1~9
In recent, development of nano fiber has been one of the most active subjects in the world. Nano fiber is defined as a ultra fine yarn with a diameter unit of
, which is possible to be produced by an electro-spinning technology. In this study, physical characteristics and dyeing properties of nylon 66 nano fiber were investigated. Nylon 66 nano fiber was dyed with levelling type acid dyes. X-ray diffraction method and DSC analysis were used for the measurement of the degree of crystallization. Analysis of amino end groups was also performed in order to examine a relationship between number of amino groups and its dyeing property as well as water absorption behavior. The maximum exhaustion % of dyes and dyeing rate under various dyeing conditions, such as dyeing temperature and pH in dye bath, along with build-up properties for 2 acid dyes were evaluated. It was found that the degree of crystallization of nano fiber was smaller than that of regular fiber, and amino end groups of nano fiber were less than regular fiber. Half dyeing time of nano fiber was shorter than regular fiber because of the bigger specific surface area. Effect of pH on exhaustion % was small in case of nano fiber. Exhaustion of nano fiber increased with higher concentration of dye.
The Degumming and Sericin Recovery of the Silk fabric Using the Electrolytic Water(II)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 10~18
In this work, Aqueous sericin solution was prepared by degumming process with electrolytic reduction water. Then, the microfiltration and ultrafiltration systems were applied to the concentration of aqueous sericin solution. The objective of this study was to select the optimum operating condition among the different pressure. The permeate flux and rejection ratio were observed with time, pressure, flow rate and concentration. and, the wastewater and permeated water quality values such as pH, BOD, COD, and NH levels were measured. In order to see the influence of electrolytic reduction water, the flux of pure water and electrolytic reduction water by PVDF22(MF) and PS100(UF) membrane was measured. In microfiltration system, the relative flux reduction decreased rapidly to 0.02 in the 30min, as the concentration polarization and gel layer formation were increased. and then the sericin concentration rejection ratio was 40%. In ultrafiltration system, the permeate flux decreased with time and concentration, and increased with the operating pressure and flow rate. Optimal condition in PS100 membrane system for sericin concentration was operating pressure 1.464kgf/
, operating flow rate
. At that time, sericin concentration rejection ratio was 83% respectably. The sericin solution was concentrated from 0.1wt% solution to 0.2 wt % solution during about 2 hrs by the UF filteration membrane system.
A Study on the Preparation of Poly(vinyl alcohol) Polarizing Film
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 19~25
Both poly(vinyl alcohol)
and PVA-dye polarizing film were prepared using PVA with number-average degree of polymerization of 1,700, 2,300, 2,600. The optical property of used dye in this study closed to the that of iodine. The PVA-dye polarizing film was prepared through the dyeing process. In comparison of the result of the measurement of the heat and humidity resistance of two types polarizing films, it of PVA-dye polarizing film was higher than that of a conventional
polarizing film. The transmittance and the polarization efficiency of PVA-dye polarizing film was significantly influenced by dye concentration, dipping time, salt concentration, and temperature of dye bath. The PVA-dye polarizing film exhibited a high polarization efficiency of 99.3% and a good transmittance of 42.4%.
Effects of Weaving Machine Characteristics on the Physical Properties of PET Fabrics (I)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 26~35
This study surveys the tension differences between Korean domestic and foreign looms and analyses fabric mechanical properties due to warp and weft tension differences using KES-FB system. Paper is divided by two parts. In this 1st paper, fabric is designed as 5 harness satin weave using 75d/36f warp and 100d/192f weft polyester filaments, and is woven by
rapier loom by Textec Co.Ltd and Picanol
rapier loom by Picanol Co.Ltd respectively. These grey fabrics are processed on the same dyeing and finishing processes. Weavability is also analysed by measuring warp tension variation according to the warp position, the relationship between shed amount and the warp tension on one fixed heald frame is surveyed, and the relationship between end breaks and warp and weft tensions is also discussed.
Effects of Weaving Machine Characteristics on the Physical Properties of PET Fabrics (II)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 16, issue 4, 2004, Pages 36~44
This research surveys the differences of fabric mechanical properties according to the different looms and the fabric positions with relation to warp and weft weaving tensions on the Picanol and Omega looms respectively. For this purpose, the grey fabrics woven in the previous paper are processed in dyeing and finishing processes, and the processing shrinkages are measured on each processes such as dryer, scouring, pre-set, dyeing and final-set using the fabric density and width. The mechanical properties of the finished fabrics are measured and discussed with relation to the warp and weft weaving tensions of the two looms and the variations of the fabric mechanical properties according to the fabric positions are also discussed. In addition, the fabric thickness according to the fabric positions such as right, left selvedges and center of the fabrics is also measured and discussed with the characteristics of the Picanol and Omega looms.