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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
The One-bath One-step Dyeing of Nylon/Cotton Blends with Acid Dyes and Mononicotinic acid-triazine type Reactive Dyes
Kim Ji-Yeon ; Lee Ki-Poong ; Park Hyun-Min ; Yoon Nam-Sik ; Cho Kwang-Ho ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 16, issue 5, 2004, Pages 1~7
Because acid dyes and reactive dyes require acidic condition for adsorption and alkaline condition for fixation respectively, it is difficult to dye nylon/cotton blends in one-bath one-step dyeing method. In this paper we tried to find out the suitable dye and dyeing condition for one-bath one-step dyeing of nylon/cotton blends. MNT type reactive dyes showed higher exhaustion on cotton as compared with MCT type dyes at neutral pH, which means that the MNT type reactive dyes are preferable for one-bath one-step dyeing method. The optimum condition for one-bath one-step dyeing of nylon/cotton blends was found to be pH 7. Wash fastness of fabrics dyed with half-milling type acid dyes was superior to that of fabrics dyed with levelling type acid dyes, when MNT type reactive dyes were used together.
Light Fastness of Silk Fabric dyed with Safflower and Amur Cork Tree extract for Combination dyeing
Jung Sun-young ; Jang Jeong-dae ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 16, issue 5, 2004, Pages 8~18
In order to study on the color change of silk dyed with natural colorant due to light fading, and find out the effect of combination dyeing, colorant extracts of safflower red, safflower yellow and amur cork tree were used, either singly or in combination. In combination dyeing, safflower yellow or amur cork tree dyeing process was added on the top of the silk fabric was dyed with safflower red. Color change and light fastness were investigated by
H, V/C, and Color difference. Brightness of silk fabric dyed with safflower red and safflower yellow increased gradually with increasing the radiation time of UV light, but amur cork tree was decreased and turned to dull. Color difference of dyed with Amur cork tree showed higher than the others. Combination dyeing of safflower red and amur cork tree provided better light fastness than the one of safflower red and safflower yellow.
Dyeing on cellulose fibers by the solution extracted from natural fresh leaves of indigo plant.
Ju Jeong ah ; Ryu Hyo seon ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 16, issue 5, 2004, Pages 19~27
The dyeing on cellulose fibers such as cotton and viscose viscose rayon was carried out by the use of solution extracted from natural fresh leaves of indigo plant under several dyeing conditions. The dyeing affinity of viscose rayon was higher than that of cotton. The total K/S value of dyed fabrics was considerably increased with repeated dyeings, while a dyeing time has a little influence on it. Both fibers were hardly dyed by indigo at
and cotton was dyed better at
, but in viscose rayon, a little difference of total K/S was shown between
. The color change of dyed fabric according to dyeing conditions was evaluated by the CIELAB color system. viscose rayon had a lower
so that it looked bluer than cotton and when the celluose fibers were dyed by indigo plant at the lower temperature, the bluer it looked. By repeated dyeings the
value of dyed fabrics was much increased but the
value was little influenced and in case of viscose rayon the change was considerable.
A Study on Adhesive Properties of Cellulose Triacetate Film by Argon Low Temperature Plasma Treatment
Koo Kang ; Park Young Mi ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 16, issue 5, 2004, Pages 28~34
The polarizing film application exploits the unique physicochemical properties between PVA(Poly vinyl alcohol) film and CTA(Cellulose triacetate) film. However, hardly any research was aimed at improving the adhesion characteristics of the CTA film by radio frequency(RF) plasma treatment at argon(Ar) gaseous state. In this report, we deal with surface treatment technology for protective CTA film developed specifically for high adhesion applications. After Ar plasma, surface of the films is analyzed by atomic force microscopy(AFM), roughness parameter and peel strength. Furthermore, the wetting properties of the CTA film were studied by contact angle analysis. Results obtained for CTA films treated with a glow discharge showed that this technique is sensitive to newly created physical functions. The roughness and peel strength value increased with an increase in treatment time for initial treatment, but showed decreasing trend for continuous treatment time. The result of contact angle measurement refer that the hydrophilicity of surface was increased. AFM studies indicated that no considerable change of surface morphology occurred up to 3 minutes of treatment time, but a considerable uneven of surface structure resulted from treating time after 5 minutes.
Comparative Studies on Morphology of Low Temperature Ar-Plasma-treated Polymer Surfaces
Seo Eun-Deock ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 16, issue 5, 2004, Pages 35~41
Poly(ethylene terephthalate), polyimide(Kapton), and polypropylene surfaces were modified with argon low temperature plasma by RF glow discharge at 240m Torr, 40W to investigate the surface morphological changes due to the plasma treatment using atomic force microscopy(AFM). Analysis of the AFM images and Ra(average roughness) revealed that the plasma treatment resulted in significant ablation on the surfaces. The morphological changes and surface roughness, however, were different depending on material characteristics such as heat stability, presence of amorphous region, swelling phenomenon, and molecular structure of repeating unit. It was assumed that polypropylene due to its tertiary hydrogen was ablated easily compared to poly(ethylene terephthalate), and that polyimide was more resistant to the ablation than PET due to rigid skeleton of imide and stable phenyl ring structure.
Electromagnetic Shielding Effectiveness of Melt-blown Nonwoven Fabric with Width and Interval of Thin Copper Film
Shin Hyun Sae ; Son Jun Sik ; Kim Young Sang ; Jeong Jin Soo ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 16, issue 5, 2004, Pages 42~47
The main objective of this work is to develop melt-blown nonwoven fabric composite materials have electromagnetic shielding characteristics using thin copper film. Melt-blown nonwoven fabric is the matrix phase and thin copper films are the reinforcement of the composite materials. Thin copper films are incorporated as conductive fillers to provide the electromagnetic shielding property of the melt-blown nonwoven fabric. The width and interval of thin copper films in the nonwoven fabric are varied by changing 1, 3, 5 mm for thin copper film's width and 1, 3, 5 mm for thin copper film's interval. The shielding effectiveness(SE) of various melt-blown nonwoven fabrics is measured in the frequency range of 50 MHz to 1.8 GHz. The variations of SE of melt-blown nonwoven fabric with width and interval of thin copper films are described. Suitability of melt-blown nonwoven fabric for electromagnetic shielding applications is discussed. The results indicate that the melt-blown nonwoven fabric composite material using thin copper film can be used for the purpose of electromagnetic shielding.
Effects of Weaving Machine Characteristics on the Physical Properties of PET Fabrics (III)
Kim Seung Jin ; Jin Young Dae ; Kang Ji man ; Jung Gee Jin ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 16, issue 5, 2004, Pages 48~53
This study surveys the tension differences between Textec and Vamatex looms and analyses fabric mechanical properties using KES-FB system according to warp and weft tension differences. Fabric is designed as 5 harness satin weave using 150d/48f warp and 200d/384f weft polyester filaments, and is woven by
-Panter rapier loom by Textec Co.Ltd and P1001es rapier loom by Vamatex Co.Ltd., respectively. These grey fabrics are processed on the same dyeing and finishing processes. Weavability is also analysed by measuring warp tension variation according to the warp position. The relationship between shed amount and the warp tension on one fixed heald frame is surveyed, and the relationship between end breaks and warp and weft tensions is also discussed.
Effects of Weaving Machine Characteristics on the Physical Properties of PET Fabrics (IV)
Kim Seung Jin ; Jin Young Dae ; Kang Ji man ; Jung Gee Jin ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 16, issue 5, 2004, Pages 54~61
This research surveys the differences of fabric mechanical properties with the different looms and the fabric positions according to the warp and weft yarn tensions on the Vamatex and Omega-Panter looms respectively. For this purpose, the grey fabrics woven by PET filament using two test looms are dyed and finished. The processing shrinkages are measured on each processes such as dryer, scouring, pre-set, dyeing and final-set using the fabric density and width. The mechanical properties of the finished fabrics are measured and discussed with relation to the warp and weft yarn tensions of the two looms and the fabric positions. In addition, the fabric thickness according to the fabric positions such as right, left selvedges and center of the fabrics is also measured and discussed with the characteristics of the Vamatex and Omega-Panter looms.