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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
A Study on The Physical Properties of Sheath/Core Type Nylon/PET High Hollow Composite Yarns and its Fabrics
Kim, Seung-Jin ; Park, Kyung-Soon ; Jo, Jin-Hwang ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 21, issue 4, 2009, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2009.21.4.001
This paper surveys the physical properties of sheath/core nylon/PET high hollow composites filaments and its fabrics according to the various elution conditions such as concentration of elution, eluted time and eluted temperature. For this purpose, sheath/core nylon/PET filament was texturized and four kinds of fabric specimens were woven with different warp and weft densities. These grey fabrics were eluted with two kinds of concentrations of NaOH (30g/l, 40g/l), three kinds of eluted temperatures
) and two kinds of eluted times (60min, l20min). The elution characteristics of these specimens were investigated and discussed with different elution conditions. In addition, the mechanical properties such as extensibility, bending rigidity, shear modulus and compressional work of these specimens aceording to the elution conditions were analysed and summarized with cross-sectional shapes of eluted filaments measured by SEM.
The Optimum Processing Conditions of ATY for PET Braiding for Automotive Hoses
Kim, Seung-Jin ; Choi, Woo-Hyuk ; Kim, Sang-Ryong ; Jo, Jin-Hwang ; Moon, Chan ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 21, issue 4, 2009, Pages 11~22
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2009.21.4.011
This study surveys the optimum processing conditions of ATY for PET braiding for automotive hoses. For this purpose, high tenacity and low shrinkable PET filaments with three types of deniers are prepared. Twenty seven ATY specimens are manufactured with variation of feed speed and overfeed on the air jet texturing machine. The physical properties of various yam according to the ATY processing conditions are measured and analysed for deciding the optimum ATY processing condition. Two kinds of ATY filaments made under the optimum air texturing conditions are processed with variation of tpm, heat setting temperature and heat setting time on the 2-for-l twister and setting chamber, respectively. The optimum twisting and heat setting conditions are decided through analysis of the yam physical properties. Finally, the braiding fabric specimens are manufactured using conventional filament and newly developed filament made under optimum twisting and heat setting conditions. The bursting strengths of these braiding specimens are compared and discussed between two types of specimens.
Dyeing Properties and Storage Stability of Leaf Powder Prepared from Dyer's Knotweed(II) - by Hot Air and Room Temperature Drying Methods -
Shin, Youn-Sook ; Son, Kyung-Hee ; Yoo, Dong-II ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 21, issue 4, 2009, Pages 23~32
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2009.21.4.023
The objective of this study is to investigate the efficacy of leaf powder colorants as substitutes for traditional indigo dyeing. Leaf powder colorants were prepared by hot air(
) and room temperanrre(
) drying methods from fresh leaves. The presence of indigo in the leaf powder colorants was confirmed by UV/Visible absorption spectra. All the powder colorants showed broad absorption at 602 nm as same as synthetic indigo. Dyeing was done by reduction method with sodium hydrosulfite and sodium hydroxide. Leaf powder colorants produced blue color on silk fabrics, showing similar color to the one dyed traditionally with fresh juice extract. The powder colorants prepared at room temperature drying were more stable for long term storage than that prepared by hot air drying. Thus, the powder colorants prepared by room temperature drying was reduced and dyed in one-step process without sodium hydroxide in the dyebath for further investigate dyeing properties. K/S value of the fabric dyed without sodium hydroxide was much higher than one dyed with sodium hydroxide. Regardless of the addition of sodium hydroxide, rubbing fastness was fairly good showing above 4 rating. Fastness to dry cleaning and light of the fabrics dyed without sodium hydroxide were mote higher than that dyed in alkaline condition.
UV-induced Crosslinking of Poly(vinyl acetate) Films Containing Benzophenone
Sim, Young-Jae ; Seo, Eun-Kyo ; Choi, Gyong-Jun ; Yoon, Sung-Jong ; Jang, Jin-Ho ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 21, issue 4, 2009, Pages 33~38
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2009.21.4.033
Poly(vinyl acetate) films containing benzophenone were photocrosslinked by continuous UV irradiation.UV irradiation of PVAc film containing 5% benzophenone induced bulk crosslinking of the polymer indicated by 84.1% of gel fraction after ethyl acetate extraction. The crosslinking was attributed to the recombination of tertiary polymer radicals generated upon UV irradiation, which was enhanced by the hydrogen abstraction of benzophenone. Also the UV irradiation resulted in scission of ester linkage and photooxidation of PVAc surface, which was verified by ATR and zeta potential analysis, implying that the PVAc surface became more polar and hydrophilic. The zeta potential proportionally increased from +4.5mV to -26.8 mV with increasing UV irradiation. Also the surface energy of the PVAc film increased with higher UV irradiation upto 56.5
by the enhanced Lewis acid/base component with larger contribution of Lewis acid parameter. Accordingly the crosslinked PVAc showed higher thermal stability with increasing UV energy.
Preparation of Superabsorbent PVA Films with Polycarboxylic Acid Crosslinkers
Koo, Gwang-Hoe ; Yoon, Sung-Jong ; Jang, Jin-Ho ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 21, issue 4, 2009, Pages 39~45
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2009.21.4.039
PVA films were crosslinked with dimethylol dihydroxy ethylene urea (DMDHEU) and three polycarboxylic acids of butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA), citric acid and malic acid Different factors influencing the crosslinking treatment with BTCA were investigated including BTCA and sodium hypophosphite (SHP) concentration, curing temperature and time. The cured films was extracted with boiling water and gel fraction was calculated based on weight change of the PVA films. The gel fraction of PVA films increased with increasing curing temperature and time. And the resistance to water and thermal stability of the crosslinked PVA films improved with the BTCA crosslinking treatment. While crosslinking with citric acid gave the highest gel fraction among the crosslinkers, crosslinking with malic acid showed the highest absorbancy in 0.9% saline solution, which was attributed to lower crosslink density and high number-average molecular weight between crosslinks. The superabsorbent PVA films could be prepared by adjusting the crosslinking condition of PVA with polycarboxilic acids.
Development of PET Flame Retardant Sheets for Industrial Materials by Control of Manufacturing Process
Kim, Hea-In ; Hong, Yo-Han ; Park, Soo-Min ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 21, issue 4, 2009, Pages 46~56
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2009.21.4.046
In order to establish the standard manufacturing condition of PET flame retardant sheets, physicochetnical properties of the samples made by the conventional flame-retardant finishing were systematically investigated, including compatibility among flame retardant agent and finishing auxiliaries, surface property, and wicking property. From this results, the addition of washing and renapping process after the shearing process was required for the more effective in producing PET flame-retardant sheet by the standard finishing. The effect of the modification of the regular flame retardant finishing process was studied by FTIR, TGA, and flame retardancy test.
Properties of Antimicrobial Membrane Using an N-Halamine Material
Baek, Ji-Yoon ; Kim, Sam-Soo ; Lee, Jae-Woong ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 21, issue 4, 2009, Pages 57~62
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2009.21.4.057
N-Halamines are compounds which have covalent bonding between nitrogen and halogen. N-Halamine materials possess strong antimicrobial properties against wide spectrum of bacteria. The aim of this study is to prepare N-halamine membranes using m-aramid and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). Surface characteristics using scanning electron microscope (SEM), pore size distribution, liquid permeability and mean pore size were measured to confirm feasibility as membrane. The results indicated that increased PYA portion up to 15% in the m-aramid/PVA blend resulted in improved pore size distribution, liquid permeability as well as mean pore size. Furthermore, antibacterial efficacy of the membranes after chlorination was confirmed and the results showed that bacteria in water were inactivated.
m-Aramid Films in Diverse Coagulants
Kim, Ji-Young ; Jung, Ji-Won ; Kim, Sam-Soo ; Lee, Jae-Woong ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 21, issue 4, 2009, Pages 63~67
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2009.21.4.063
m-Aramid dissolved in N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc), were coagulated in different coagulants such as water, methanol, ethanol, propanol and butanol. Various concentrations and temperatures of the coagulants were also used to evaluate dyeing properties of coagulated m-aramid films. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) was employed to investigate the surface morphology of m-aramid films. Wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) was conducted in order to measure crystallinity change of mcaramid fibers and films. WAXD patterns showed that crystallinity of m-aramid fibers was reduced after film formation. In addition, color depth (K/S value) was measured and the results revealed that the film coagulated in water possessed fairly enhanced color depth.