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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Synthesis of New Phospholipid Biocompatible Textile Finishing Agent
Ko, Yong-Il ; Yi, Jong-Woo ; Kim, Sung-Hoon ; Bae, Jin-Seok ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 293~299
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2010.22.4.293
A methacrylate monomer having phospholipid polar group and cell membrane structure is known as highly biocompatible. Based on these properties, new biocompatible multi-functional textile finishing agent was developed using phospolipid copolymer. 2-Methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPCE) was synthesized using 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), 2-chloro-2-oxo-1,3,2-dioxaphospholane (COP) and triethylamine (TEA), and then polymerized to prepare MPCE copolymer by radical polymerization using azobisisobutyronitrile(AIBN). The structures of MPCE was characterized by FT-IR and 1H NMR and will be evaluated as textile finishing agent in further study.
Alternative Finishing Process for Poly(ethylene terephthalate)(PET) Tire Cord using Atmospheric Plasma
Kim, Sam-Soo ; Song, Eun-Young ; Cho, Dong-Lyun ; Park, Jun ; Park, Sung-Ho ; Lee, Jae-Woong ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 300~305
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2010.22.4.300
Poly(ethylene terephthalate)(PET) tire cord has relatively lower adhesion properties caused by limited reacting sites. In order to improve the adhesion force between PET tire cord and rubber, an additional process to activate surface of PET has been employed. Atmospheric plasma was used to substitute the chemical finishing process of PET tire cord as a green dipping process. Contact angle was measured to confirm surface change of PET after plasma treatment. The treated PET tire cords with/without resorcinol-formaldehyde-latex(RFL) and unvulcanized rubber were vulcanized in a testing mold at
. After atmospheric plasma treatment of PET tire cord, adhesion force was somewhat increased under some conditions.
Fabric Dyeing with Indigo and Japanese pagoda tree for Color mixture (II) － Treatment on Protein Fibers －
An, Sun-Young ; Bae, Jung-Sook ; Huh, Man-Woo ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 306~313
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2010.22.4.306
To achieve color diversification of natural dyeing, color mixture dyeing with Indigo and Japanese pagoda tree is applied to wool and silk fabrics. After dyeing with Japanese pagoda tree extract solution of 5~25%(o.w.f.), the indigo dyeing was carried out up to four times. Alternatively after repeat dyeing with indigo one to seven times, the dyeing with Japanese pagoda tree extract solution was applied in 5 steps(5~25%). In color mixture dyeing, the dye uptake of wool fabrics appears higher than that of silk. The sequence of Japanese pagoda tree extract dyeing after Indigo dyeing was generally higher dye uptake compared with that of Indigo dyeing after Japanese pagoda tree extract dyeing. For wool and silk fabric, the pre-dyeing with Japanese pagoda tree solution was more effective for color diversification but the pre-dyeing with Indigo was more effective for the exhibition of intermediate color shade.
Preparation and Screen Printing of Natural Dye Powders
Nam, Sung-Woo ; Kim, Ki-Tea ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 314~324
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2010.22.4.314
The purpose of this study is to obtain the dyed-fabrics of the elaborate patterns using the natural dye powders extracted from Galla Rhois, Sophorae Flos Immaturus, Clove, Sappan Wood, Madder, Log Wood and Japanese Green Alder. Specific informations on the separation and powder-making of each colorant were disclosed. Appropriate printing paste preparation and printing conditions including the viscosity and mordant concentration in the printing paste were investigated. The dyeability and colorfastness of the screen-printed silk fabrics with the colorant powders were discussed in terms of practical applicability. The deodorization and antimicrobial activities of the silk fabrics screen-printed with natural dyes were also assessed.
Alkaline Dissolution and Dyeing Properties of Sea-island Type Ultrafine Nylon Fiber
Lee, Hae-Jung ; Lee, Hyo-Young ; Park, Eun-Ji ; Choi, Yeon-Ji ; Kim, Sund-Dong ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 325~331
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2010.22.4.325
The alkaline dissolution behavior of sea-island type ultrafine nylon fiber were dependent on the concentration of NaOH and treatment time, and the most appropriate condition for alkaline dissolution was to treat with 20g/l NaOH for 30 min at
. The dyeing properties of sea-island type ultrafine nylon fiber and regular nylon fiber were examined with 3 different types of acid dyes in this study. The dye uptakes of ultrafine nylon fiber were higher than regular nylon fiber because of large surface area per unit mass, which increased as the dye bath pH decreased. The dyeing rates on ultrafine nylon fiber were faster and dye exhaustions were higher than regular nylon fiber, however color strength and rating of wash fastness were lower. It was also found that levelling type acid dye showed fast dyeing rate on both nylon fibers than metal-complex and milling type acid dyes.
Dyeing Properties of Acid and Reactive Dye for Super Soft Angora / PET, Nylon Blended Fabric
Kim, Young-Sung ; Lee, Seok-Jang ; Son, Young-A ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 332~340
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2010.22.4.332
Nowadays natural textile materials should cope with the global warming. Soft, thin and light angora fibers which have two components. One is spiky hair and the other is soft hair. The spiky hairs have a disadvantage of pilling out. The soft hairs have promising properties comparable to cashmere goat hairs, which is cheap compared to very expensive cashmere goat hairs. In this study, we investigated the dyeing properties of angora/PET, Nylon blend fabrics to acid dyes and reactive dyes including various series of acid dyes and reactive dyes for the dyeing of the blended super soft angora fabrics and their potential for deep shade dyeing effects. Our focus is to get a relation between various kind of blend and their dyeability.
The Effect of Sodium Sulfate in Liquid or Solid Form on Reactive Dyeing and Fastness Properties of Cellulose Knitted Fabric
Kim, Mi-Ri ; Lee, Hae-Jung ; Lee, Jung-Jin ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 341~348
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2010.22.4.341
Sodium sulfate is commonly added in reactive dyebath in order to increase substantivity of the reactive dye to cellulose fiber by reducing repulsion between anionic dye and fiber. While sodium sulfate is mostly used in solid form, it is inconvenient to dissolve a large amount of powder sodium sulfate. Furthermore, if there is undissolved salt in dyebath it might cause unlevel dyeing. In this study, sodium sulfate in liquid or solid form was used in dyeing of cellulose fabric with reactive dyes of three primary color and the effect of type or amount of sodium sulfate on dyeing and fastness properties was investigated. When the amount of sodium sulfate rose to 30-50 g/l, K/S value of the dyed fabric markedly increased; further rise in sodium sulfate concentration resulted in slow increase in K/S value. For light color, optimum amount was about 30 g/l in solid form and 50-100 g/l in liquid form while, for medium to deep color, it was 50 g/l and 100-150 g/l in solid and liquid form, respectively. When using each optimum amount of salt in solid or liquid form for medium color, shape of dyeing curve as well as exhaustion was similar to each other. On the whole, similar color fastness results were obtained regardless of type or amount of sodium sulfate.
Half-degumming Behaviors of Raw Silk Yarns Degummed with Soap and Alkalis
Park, Geon-Yong ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 349~355
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2010.22.4.349
To investigate the half-degumming of raw silk, the degumming was carried out with soap or sodium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate and some mixed agents at
for 15 and 30 minutes. With soap of 20~25%o.w.f. degumming losses were about 7~12%. Degumming losses with sodium carbonate of 2~5%o.w.f. were about 6~15%. And about 6~12% wright losses were observed in the degumming with sodium bicarbonate of 20~30%o.w.f. In the degumming with the mixed degumming agents of soap and sodium carbonate, degumming losses were 9~15% with 5%o.w.f. soap and 2~5%o.w.f. sodium carbonate. Sodium carbonate was more effective on the removal of sericin from raw silk than soap. During drying generally half degummed silk yarns stuck together to result in harsh and hard lumps by the adhesion and solidification of the residue sericin of partially degummed silk. Sodium hydrosulfite in degumming agent effectively protected the adhesion of half degummed silk yarns.
Effect of Raising Process of Warp-knitted Fabric Containing Silver Nano-particles
Son, Eun-Jong ; Jung, Sung-Hoon ; Hwang, Young-Gu ; Jung, Hyun-Mi ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 356~361
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2010.22.4.356
This study was aimed to investigate the antibacterial efficiency of silver nano-particles and the dyeing properties of a brushed warp-knitted fabric. The properties of the brushed warp-knitted fabric containing silver nano-particle by field production processes were evaluated by analyzing its silver contents, antibacterial activity, color difference, exhaustion curve, fastness and tearing strength. Bacterial reduction ratio amounts to 91.4 and 99.9 for Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae respectively. As the brushed pile length of its fabrics is longer, the exhaution rate of disperse dye becomes higher. The brushing process of its fabrics reduces the tearing strength. The results indicate that the brushed warp knitted fabric containing silver nano-particle can be a practically promising product.
Manufacturing and Characteristics Analysis of PU/MWNT Composite Film for Forming
Park, Jun-Hyeong ; Kim, Jeong-Hyun ; Kim, Seung-Jin ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 362~372
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2010.22.4.362
This paper surveys the physical properties of the multiwall carbon nanotube (MWNT) and polyurethane composite film for improvement of mechanical properties and electrical characteristics. The modification of MWNT was carried out by acid treatment with nitric and sulphuric acid mixed solution, and then followed by thermal treatment for enhancing MWNT dispersion with polyurethane. This modified MWNT was mixed with polyurethane by changing the loading content of MWNT and dispersion time under the dimethylformamide solution in the ultrasonic wave apparatus. Various physical characteristics of the modified PU/MWNT films were measured and analyzed in terms of the loading content and dispersion time. The maximum absorbance of the PU/MWNT films were observed with the 2wt% loading at dispersion times of 2 and 24 hour, respectively. The minimum electrical volume resistivity of PU/MWNT film was shown at the loading content of 0.5wt% or more irrespective of dispersion treating time. However the optimum condition was assumed to 2wt% loading at dispersion time of 2 hours by assessing the surface profile of the film using video microscope. The breaking stress and strain of the PU/MWNT film decreased with increasing loading content, but no change of physical properties was shown with increasing in dispersion time.
Study on Abrasion Resistance of Mooring Ropes
Lee, Eun-Joo ; Lee, Chang-Hwan ; Kim, Joo-Yong ;
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 22, issue 4, 2010, Pages 373~379
DOI : 10.5764/TCF.2010.22.4.373
The laboratory inspection and analysis of several types of ropes such as edge tensile test, D/d tensile test and abrasion test were carried out in order to investigate the abrasion degradation by external damage and to obtain the fundamental data for measurement against the abrasion. PET ropes were socketed and evaluated under tensile testing. A yarn-on-yarn abrasion test machine has been developed to study the damage and failure associated with rubbing between fiber surfaces. The abrasion test method consists of sliding a length of interwrapped yarn against itself in a reciprocating fashion, either dry or immersed in liquid. It has also been adapted to measure yarn-on-yarn friction. The influence of spin finish on yarn friction and abrasion was investigated extensively. This study indicates that finish has a major effect not only on yarn performance but also on rope performance under the marine environment.