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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Coloration and Finishing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 1993
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 1993
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 1993
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 1993
Selecting the target year
Studies on the Natural Dyes (V) - Depression of Silk Yellowing and Destruction by the Treatment with Color of Camellia Leaf-
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 2, 1993, Pages 91~98
The silk fabrics were treated with color solution extracted from leaf of Camellia. The depression effect of destruction and yellowing of silk treated with color solution, shift of UV-VIS spectra of color solution, color difference of silk fabrics by dyeing with acid dyes and drycleaning fastness of silk treated with color solution were studied. UV-VIS spectra appeared to hypsochromic shift by irradiation. The decrease of tensile strength and the elongation of the silk treated with color solution showed depressed but those of untreated silk increased by irradiation. The yellowness index of silk treated with color solution showed a little change by irradiation. The color difference after dyeing with several acid dyes on treated and untreated silk showed not remarkable changes. Dsrycleaning fastness of silk treated by color solution was excellent.
One Bath Dying of Silk/Synthetic Fiber Blends (2) (Color perseption of adsorption and desorption behavior of disperse dyes on silk and transfer to synthetic fibers)
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 2, 1993, Pages 99~108
In one dyeing system of silk/synthetic blend fabrics (polyester, nylon, acetate) with acid dyes/disperse dyes, dyeability and desorptibility of disperse dyes on silk fabric and transfer from dyed silk fabrics to synthetic fabrics by color difference were examined. When silk dyed with C.I. Disperse Red 19 and C.I. Disperse Red 60 at 10
for 60 minutes, color difference of dyed silk were
E=47.65 for blank silk, respectively. The desorption rate of the dyed silks were measured in boiling bath with and without dye-free synthetic fibers. The desorption rate of dyed silk was effected by affinity of synthetic fabrics contained. When silk dyed with Red 19 and Red 60 was reduced at 10
for 60 minutes, the decolouration rates of dyed silk were 75% and 40%, respecdtively.
Synthesis of Thermotropic Liquid-Crystalline Polyamides and Copolyamides Containing a Different Spacer in the Main Chain and Their Structure Interpretation
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 2, 1993, Pages 109~116
Synthesis and liquid-crystallinites of thermotropic polyamides and copolyamides were investigated. Thermotropic polyamides and copolyamides containing a flexible spacer in the backbone were obtained by the two or three components melt polycondensations of 4,4'-dicarboxy-
-diphenoxy alkane as an A components, 4,4'-diacetoamido-3,3' dimethoxybiphenyl as a B, 1,4-diacetoamido-benzene (diacetylated p-phenylenediamine) was used as another amide-group-forming minomer. The content of the amide groups in the thermotropic polyamide and Copolyamide widely varied depending on the structure of the amide-group forming diacetoamido monomers. A polymer (9CLDI) showed a typical nematic texture between 218
) and 345
) The melting points of the members of this series of polymers increased with decreasing methylene spacer. The polymer structure and mesmorphic nature were examined by solid and solution
-NMR spectroscopy, cross polarizing microscopy with a hot stage.
A Study on Improvement of Light Fastness on Silk-Dyed Fabric by Aftertreatment with Copper Sulfate/Thiourea
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 2, 1993, Pages 117~124
The Silk fabric was dyed with various acid dyes, and than treated with copper sulfate or copper sulfate/thiourea. Munsell color system, dye exhaustion and light fastness were investigated for the treated fabrics. The results obtaind are as follows: 1) The color variation of the silk-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate was shown redish, but original color with copper sulfate/thiourea. 2) Copper sulfate/thiourea was much more effective than copper sulfate only to increase the light fastness. 3) The crease recovery was increased by aftertreatment with copper sulfate/thiourea. 4) Dye exhaustion and tensile strength of the silk-dyed fabric by aftertreatment with copper sulfate was decreased about 8-15% more than those of untreated.
Foam Application for Water and Oil Repellent Finishes
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 2, 1993, Pages 125~133
This study was to investigate the application of foam finishing technology (FFT) for the silicone finishing of cotton fabrics and the tluorochemical finishing of polyester fabrics. The repellency properties, soil resistance properties and selected physical properties were demonstrated and compared the foam finishing with the conventional padding application. Amino-funetional silicone prorided better durability than epoxy-functional silicone and conventional reactive silicone after three launderings. Foam finishing fabrics improved stiffness but showed lower or equivalent water and oil repellency properties, soil resistance properties, tearing strength and abrasion resistance than those of the fabrics treated by conventional padding process. But, it was evident that the foam application of silicone and fluorochemical finishes to the fabrics were feasible.
Color Depth of Polyamide Fabrics Pretreated with Low-Temperature Plasma under Atmospheric Pressure
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 2, 1993, Pages 134~138
Wool, silk and nylon 6 fabrics were treated with low-temperature plasma under atmospheric pressure of acetone/argon or helium/argon for 30 and 180 sec, and then dyed with leveling type acid dye, C.I. Acid Red 18 and milling type acid dye, C.I. Acid Blue 83. In spite of short time of the plasma treatment for thirty seconds, the color depth of wool fabrics was increased remarkably with both of the plasma gases, aceton/argon or helium/argon and with the kinds of dyes i.e., levelin type or milling type. But the atmosperic low-temperature plasmas did not increase the depth of silk and nylon 6 fabrics dyed with both of the acid dyes regardless of the teated time and plasma gases. It seems that low-temperature plasma by atmospheric-pressure discharge is effective for improvement of dyeing of wools as is the same way with the low-temperature plasma by glow discharge. The kinds of plasma gases and treated time did not influnce the depth of wool fabric pretreted with the atmosperic low-temperature plasmas.
Effects of Air-Gap Distances on Properties of Cellulose Fiber Spun
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 2, 1993, Pages 139~143
The effects of air-gap distance on properties of cellulose fiber spun from the 6 wt% solution of cellulose in monohydrate N-methylmorpholine N-oxide (NMMO) were investigated. The diameter of fiber spun was drastically reduced in 10 cm of air-gap distance at fixed drawing speed, however, no great change was observed beyond 40 cm. As the distance lengthened, the Cellulose II structure was first appeared and followed by Cellulose II and IV mixed morphology. Also the degree of crystallinity and the size of crystals were tending to decrease.
Surface Graft Copolymerization of Acrylamide onto Polyacrylonitrile
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 2, 1993, Pages 144~148
To increase the moisture content and thereby to reduce the static charge of polyacrylonitrile (PAN), thin layer surface photografting of acylamide (AAm) onto PAN fabrics by using benzophenone as a initiator with a mixtured solvent was carried. The effects of reaction conditions such as monomer, initiator concentrations, UV irradiation time and immersion time of fabrics on grafting were investigated. The percent grafting slightly increased with increasing monomer concentration, benzophenone concentration up to limiting value and thereafter decreased or level offed. The percent grafting was significantly increased with increasing irradiation and immersion times. The moisture regain increased with increasing the percent grafting. The static charge decreased with increasing the percent grafting.
양모염색에 있어서의 문제점
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 2, 1993, Pages 149~152
Textile Coloration and Finishing, volume 5, issue 2, 1993, Pages 153~164